List of sovereign states and dependent territories in Asia

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This is a list of sovereign states and dependent territories in Asia. It includes fully recognized states, states with limited, but substantial, international recognition, de facto' states with little or no international recognition, and dependencies of both Asian and non-Asian states. In particular, it lists 49 generally recognized sovereign states (all of which are members of the United Nations), two states with substantial, but not general, international recognition (of which one is a UN observer state), four largely unrecognized de facto' states, and six dependent territories and other territories.

The 49 generally recognized sovereign states listed here include two countries that generally are classified as European or African nations but with portions of their territory being in Asia, while the two states with substantial, but not general, recognition are both fully encompassed in Asia. Though majority of the Russian Federation's land area is located within Asia, it is generally considered a European country because of its historical, cultural, ethnic and political ties to Europe, its capital and largest city Moscow is located within Europe, and the vast majority of its population lives within its European part. In addition, while Egypt extends into Asia through the Sinai Peninsula, it generally is considered an African country because most of its population and geographic area is in Africa.

Geographical boundaries of Asia[edit]

The divisions between Asia and Europe occur at the Ural Mountains, Ural River, and Caspian Sea in the east, the Caucasus Mountains and the Black Sea, Bosporus Sea of Marmara, Dardanelles and the Aegean Sea in the south. Azerbaijan, Georgia, Greece, Kazakhstan, Russia, and Turkey all have territory in both Asia and Europe. Armenia and Cyprus are entirely in Western Asia but are socio-politically European countries and members of the Council of Europe, with Cyprus also being a member of the European Union.[citation needed]

The division between Asia and Africa is usually considered to be the Suez Canal, placing the Sinai peninsula (which is part of Egypt) in Asia, and therefore Egypt, an African country, also may be included as a country in Asia.

The division between Asia and Australasia (Oceania) is disputed, and placed somewhere between Java and New Guinea. Indonesia spans both areas, but is considered to be Asian. East Timor is sometimes considered to be part of Australasia, but due to it being surrounded by Indonesia and its once being part of Indonesia, it is considered Asian. Papua New Guinea is occasionally considered Asian by virtue of neighboring Indonesia, but this is rare, and it is generally accepted to be part of Australasia. The division between Asia and North America is considered to be the Bering Strait. Some of the Aleutian Islands may be considered as Asian.[citation needed]

Sovereign states[edit]

A sovereign state is a political association with effective sovereignty over a population for whom it makes decisions in the national interest.[1] According to the Montevideo convention, a state must have a permanent population, a defined territory, a government, and the capacity to enter into relations with other states. It is also important to note that these states were categorized accordingly independent of our endorsement or opposition to their statehood and is based solely on their de facto and de jure statuses[2]

United Nations member states[edit]

Asia (orthographic projection).svg

There are 49 Asian states or states with substantial territory in Asia in this list. All are members of the United Nations.[3]

Flag Map English short and formal names
Domestic short and formal names[4][5] Capital
Population 2018
Flag of Afghanistan
Afghanistan (orthographic projection).svg

Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
Dari: جمهوری اسلامی افغانستان – افغانستان (Afghānestān – Jomhūrī-ye Eslāmī-ye Afghānestān)

Pashto: د افغانستان اسلامي جمهوریت – افغانستان(Afghān̄istān – Afghānistān Islāmī Jumhūrīyat)

Dari: کابل (Kābul)

Pashto: کابل(Kābul)
37,171,921 652,230 km2 (251,827 sq mi)
Flag of Armenia
Armenia (orthographic projection).svg

Republic of Armenia
Armenian: Հայաստան – Հայաստանի Հանրապետությու (Hayastan – Hayastani Hanrapetut'yun) Yerevan

Armenian: Երևան (Yerevan)
2,951,745 29,743 km2 (11,484 sq mi)
Flag of Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan (orthographic projection).svg

Republic of Azerbaijan
Azerbaijani: Azǝrbaycan – Azǝrbaycan Respublikası Baku

Azerbaijani: Bakı
9,949,537 86,600 km2 (33,436 sq mi)
Flag of Bahrain
Map of Bahrain.svg Bahrain

Kingdom of Bahrain
Arabic: مملكة البحرين – البحرين(Al Baḩrayn – Mamlakat al Baḩrayn) Manama

Arabic: المنامة(Al Manāmah)
1,569,446 760 km2 (293 sq mi)
Flag of Bangladesh
Bangladesh (orthographic projection).svg Bangladesh

People's Republic of Bangladesh
Bengali: বাংলাদেশ – গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ (Bānglādesh – Gaṇaprajātantrī Bānglādesh) Dhaka

Bengali: ঢাকা (Ḍhākā)
161,376,708 147,570 km2 (56,977 sq mi)
Flag of Bhutan
Bhutan (orthographic projection).svg Bhutan

Kingdom of Bhutan
Dzongkha: འབྲུག་ཡུལ་ – འབྲུག་རྒྱལ་ཁབ་ (Druk Yul – Druk Gyalkhapb) Thimphu

Dzongkha: ཐིམ་ཕུ (Thimphu)
754,388 38,394 km2 (14,824 sq mi)
Flag of Brunei
Location Brunei ASEAN.svg Brunei

Brunei Darussalam

Nation of Brunei, the Abode of Peace
English: Brunei Darussalam

Malay: Brunei – Negara Brunei Darussalam
Bandar Seri Begawan

English: Bandar Seri Begawan

Malay: Bandar Seri Begawan
5,765 km2 (2,226 sq mi)
Flag of Cambodia
Location Cambodia ASEAN.svg Cambodia

Kingdom of Cambodia
Khmer: កម្ពុជា – ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា (Kâmpŭchéa – Preăhréachéanachâkr Kâmpŭchéa) Phnom Penh

Khmer: ភ្នំពេញ (Phnum Pénh)
16,249,792 181,035 km2 (69,898 sq mi)
Flag of China
CHN orthographic.svg China[b]

People's Republic of China
Chinese: 中国 – 中华人民共和国 (Zhōngguó – Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó) Beijing

Chinese: 北京 (Běijīng)
1,427,647,786 9,596,961 km2 (3,705,407 sq mi)
Flag of Cyprus
EU-Cyprus.svg Cyprus[b]

Republic of Cyprus
Greek: Κύπρος – Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία (Kýpros – Kypriakí Dimokratía)

Turkish: Kıbrıs – Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti

Greek: Λευκωσία (Lefkosia)

Turkish: Lefkoşa
1,189,265 9,251 km2 (3,572 sq mi)
Flag of Egypt.svg
EGY orthographic.svg Egypt

Arab Republic of Egypt[n 1]
Arabic: مصر – جمهورية مصر العربية (Miṣr—Jumhūrīyat Miṣr al-ʿArabiyya) Cairo

Arabic: القاهرة (al-Qāhirah)
98,423,598 1,001,449 km2 (386,662 sq mi)
Flag of Georgia
Georgia (orthographic projection with inset).svg Georgia[a][b] Georgian: საქართველო (Sak'art'velo) Tbilisi / T'bilisi

Georgian: თბილისი (T'bilisi)
4,002,942 69,700 km2 (26,911 sq mi)
Flag of India
India (orthographic projection).svg India

Republic of India
Hindi: भारत – भारत गणराज्य (Bhārat – Bhārat Gaṇarajya)
New Delhi

Hindi: नई दिल्ली (Naī Dillī)
1,352,642,280 3,287,263 km2 (1,269,219 sq mi)
Flag of Indonesia
Indonesia (orthographic projection).svg Indonesia[a]

Republic of Indonesia
Indonesian: Indonesia – Republik Indonesia Jakarta

Indonesian: Jakarta
267,670,543 1,904,569 km2 (735,358 sq mi)
Flag of Iran
Iran (orthographic projection).svg Iran

Islamic Republic of Iran
Persian: جمهوری اسلامی ایران – ایران(Īrān – Jomhūrī-ye Eslāmī-ye Īrān) Tehran

Persian: تهران(Tehrān)
1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi)
Flag of Iraq
Iraq (orthographic projection).svg Iraq

Republic of Iraq
Arabic: العراق – جمهورية العراق(Al 'Irāq – Jumhūrīyat al 'Irāq) Baghdad

Arabic: بغداد(Baghdād)
38,433,600 438,317 km2 (169,235 sq mi)
Flag of Israel
Israel (orthographic projection) with disputed territories.svg Israel

State of Israel
Hebrew: יִשְרָאֵל – מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל(Yisra'el – Medinat Yisra'el)

Arabic: إسرائيل – دَوْلَة إِسْرَائِيل(Isrā'īl – Dawlat Isrā'īl)
Jerusalem (Claimed and de facto)[c]

Hebrew: ירושלים(Yerushalayim)
8,381,516 20,770 km2 (8,019 sq mi)
Flag of Japan
Japan (orthographic projection).svg Japan Japanese: 日本 – 日本国 (Nihon / Nippon – Nihon-koku / Nippon-koku) Tokyo

Japanese: 東京 (Tōkyō)
127,202,192 377,915 km2 (145,914 sq mi)
Flag of Jordan
Jordan (orthographic projection).svg Jordan

Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
Arabic: اﻷرُدن – المملكة الأردنية الهاشميه(Al Urdun – Al Mamlakah al Urdunīyah al Hāshimīyah) Amman

Arabic: عمان(Ammān)
9,965,318 89,342 km2 (34,495 sq mi)
Flag of Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan (orthographic projection).svg Kazakhstan[a]

Republic of Kazakhstan
Kazakh: Қазақстан – Қазақстан Республикасы (Qazaqstan – Qazaqstan Respýblıkasy)

Russian: Казахстан – Республика Казахстан (Kazahstan – Respublika Kazahstan)

Kazakh: Нұр-Сұлтан

Russian: Нур-Султан (Nur-Sultan)
18,319,618 2,724,900 km2 (1,052,090 sq mi)
Flag of North Korea
North Korea (orthographic projection).svg North Korea

Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Korean: 조선 – 조선민주주의인민공화국 (Chosŏn – Chosŏn-minjujuŭi-inmin-konghwaguk) Pyongyang

Korean: 평양 (Phyŏngyang)
25,549,604 120,538 km2 (46,540 sq mi)
Flag of South Korea
South Korea (orthographic projection).svg South Korea

Republic of Korea
Korean: 한국 – 대한민국 (Hanguk – Daehan Minguk) Seoul

Korean: 서울 (Seoul)
51,171,706 99,720 km2 (38,502 sq mi)
Flag of Kuwait
KWT orthographic.svg Kuwait

State of Kuwait
Arabic: دولة الكويت – اﻟﻜﻮﻳت(Al Kuwayt – Dawlat al Kuwayt) Kuwait City

Arabic: الكويت(Al Kuwayt)
4,137,312 17,818 km2 (6,880 sq mi)
Flag of Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan (orthographic projection).svg Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyz Republic
Kyrgyz: Кыргызстан – Кыргыз Республикасы (Kyrgyzstan – Kyrgyz Respublikasy)

Russian: Кыргызстан – Кыргызская Республика (Kyrgyzstan – Kyrgyzskaja Respublika)

Kyrgyz: Бишкек (Bishkek)

Russian: Бишкек (Biškek)
6,304,030 199,951 km2 (77,202 sq mi)
Flag of Laos
Location Laos ASEAN.svg Laos

Lao People's Democratic Republic
Lao: ປະເທດລາວ – ສາທາລະນະລັດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ປະຊາຊົນລາວ (PathetLao – Sathalanalat Paxathipatai Paxaxôn Lao) Vientiane

Lao: ວຽງຈັນ (Viangchan)
236,800 km2 (91,429 sq mi)
Flag of Lebanon
Lebanon (orthographic projection).svg Lebanon

Lebanese Republic
Arabic: لبنان – الجمهورية اللبنانية(Lubnān – Al Jumhūrīyah al Lubnānīyah) Beirut

Arabic: بيروت(Bayrūt)
6,859,408 10,452 km2 (4,036 sq mi)
Flag of Malaysia
Malaysia (orthographic projection).svg Malaysia Malaysian: Persekutuan Malaysia Kuala Lumpur[d]

Malay: Kuala Lumpur
31,528,033 329,847 km2 (127,355 sq mi)
Flag of the Maldives
Maldives (orthographic projection).svg Maldives

Republic of Maldives
Dhivehi: ދިވެހިރާއްޖެ – ދިވެހިރާއްޖޭގެ ޖުމްހޫރިއްޔާ (Dhivehi Raajje – Dhivehi Raajjeyge Jumhooriyyaa) Malé / Male'

Dhivehi: މާލެ (Maale)
515,696 298 km2 (115 sq mi)
Flag of Mongolia
Mongolia (orthographic projection).svg Mongolia Mongolian: Монгол – Монгол улс (Mongol – Mongol uls) Ulaanbaatar

Mongolian: Улаанбаатар (Ulaanbaatar)
3,170,216 1,564,116 km2 (603,909 sq mi)
Flag of Myanmar
Location Burma (Myanmar) ASEAN.svg Myanmar

Republic of the Union of Myanmar
Burmese: မြန်မာ – ပြည်ထောင်စု သမ္မတ မြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော်‌ (Myanma – Pyidaungzu Myanma Naingngandaw) Nay Pyi Taw

Burmese: နေပြည်တော် (Nay Pyi Taw)
53,708,320 676,578 km2 (261,228 sq mi)
Flag of Nepal
Nepal (orthographic projection).svg Nepal

Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal
Nepali: सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल (Nepāl – Saṁghīya Loktāntrik Ganạ tantra Nepāl) Kathmandu

Nepali: काठमाडौं (Kāṭhmāḍauṁ)
28,095,714 147,181 km2 (56,827 sq mi)
Flag of Oman
Oman (better) (orthographic projection).svg Oman

Sultanate of Oman
Arabic: عُمان – سلطنة عُمان('Umān – Salţanat 'Umān) Muscat

Arabic: مسقط(Masqaţ)
4,829,473 309,500 km2 (119,499 sq mi)
Flag of Pakistan
Pakistan (orthographic projection).svg Pakistan

Islamic Republic of Pakistan
English: Pakistan – Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Urdu: پَاکِسْتَان – اسلامی جمہوریہ پاکستان(Pākistān —Islāmī Jamhuriyah-e-Pākistān)

English: Islamabad

Urdu: اسلام آباد(Islāmābād)
212,228,286 881,913 km2 (340,509 sq mi)
Flag of the Philippines
PHL orthographic.svg Philippines

Republic of the Philippines
English: Philippines – Republic of the Philippines

Filipino: Pilipinas – Republika ng Pilipinas

English: Manila

Filipino: Maynila
106,651,394 343,448 km2 (132,606 sq mi)
Flag of Qatar
QAT orthographic.svg Qatar

State of Qatar
Arabic: قطر – دولة قطر(Qatar – Dawlat Qatar) Doha

Arabic: الدوحة(Ad Dawḩah)
2,781,682 11,586 km2 (4,473 sq mi)
Flag of Russia
Russian Federation (orthographic projection) - Crimea disputed.svg Russia[11][a]

Russian Federation
Russian: Росси́я – Российская Федерация (Rossija – Rossijskaja Federacija) Moscow[12]

Russian: Москва (Moskva)
17,098,242 km2 (6,601,668 sq mi)
Flag of Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia (orthographic projection).svg Saudi Arabia

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Arabic: السعودية – المملكة العربية السعودية(As Su‘ūdīya – Al Mamlakah al 'Arabīyah as Su‘ūdīyah) Riyadh

Arabic: الرياض(Ar Riyāḑ)
33,702,756 2,149,690 km2 (830,000 sq mi)
Flag of Singapore
Singapore in its region (zoom).svg Singapore

Republic of Singapore
Chinese: 新加坡 – 新加坡共和国 (Xīnjiāpō – Xīnjiāpō Gònghéguó)

English: Singapore – Republic of Singapore

Malay: Singapura – Republik Singapura

Tamil: சிங்கப்பூர் – சிங்கப்பூர் குடியரசு (Chiṅkappūr – Chiṅkappūr Kuṭiyarachu)

Chinese: 新加坡 (Xīnjiāpō)

English: Singapore

Malay: Singapura

Tamil: சிங்கப்பூர் (Chiṅkappūr)
5,757,499 697 km2 (269 sq mi)
Flag of Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka (orthographic projection).svg Sri Lanka

Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
Sinhala: ශ්‍රී ලංකාව – ශ්‍රී ලංකා ප්‍රජාතාන්ත්‍රික සමාජවාදී ජනරජය (Shrī Laṁkā – Shrī Laṁkā Prajātāntrika Samājavādī Janarajaya)

Tamil: இலங்கை – இலங்கை ஜனநாயக சமத்துவ குடியரசு (Ilaṅkai – Ilaṅkai Jaṉanāyaka Choṣhalichak Kuṭiyarachu)
Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte

Sinhala: ශ්‍රී ජයවර්ධනපුර කෝට්ටේ (Shrī Jayavardhanapura Koṭṭe)

Tamil: ஶ்ரீ ஜெயவர்த்தனபுர கோட்டை (Shrī Jĕyavarttaṉapura Koṭṭai)
21,228,763 65,610 km2 (25,332 sq mi)
Flag of Syria
Syria (orthographic projection).svg Syria

Syrian Arab Republic
Arabic: سورية / سوريا – الجمهورية العربية السورية(Sūrīyah / Sūriyā – Al Jumhūrīyah al 'Arabīyah as Sūrīyah) Damascus

Arabic: دمشق(Dimashq)
185,180 km2 (71,498 sq mi)
Flag of Tajikistan
Tajikistan (orthographic projection).svg Tajikistan

Republic of Tajikistan
Tajik: Тоҷикистон – Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон (Tojikiston – Jumhurii Tojikiston) Dushanbe

Tajik: Душанбе (Dushanbe)
9,100,835 143,100 km2 (55,251 sq mi)
Flag of Thailand
Thailand (orthographic projection).svg Thailand

Kingdom of Thailand
Thai: ไทย – ราชอาณาจักรไทย (Thai – Ratcha Anachak Thai) Bangkok

Thai: กรุงเทพมหานคร (Krung Thep Maha Nakhon)
69,428,453 513,120 km2 (198,117 sq mi)
Flag of Timor-Leste
Timor Leste (orthographic projection).svg Timor-Leste/East Timor[a]

Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste
Portuguese: Timor-Leste – República Democrática de Timor-Leste

Tetum: Timor Lorosa'e – Repúblika Demokrátika Timor Lorosa'e

Portuguese: Dili
Tetum: Dili
1,267,974 14,874 km2 (5,743 sq mi)
Flag of Turkey
Turkey (orthographic projection).svg Turkey[a]

Republic of Turkey
Turkish: Türkiye – Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Ankara

Turkish: Ankara
82,340,088 783,562 km2 (302,535 sq mi)
Flag of Turkmenistan
Turkmenistan on the globe (Eurasia centered).svg Turkmenistan Turkmen: Türkmenistan Ashgabat

Turkmen: Aşgabat
5,850,901 488,100 km2 (188,456 sq mi)
Flag of the United Arab Emirates
United Arab Emirates (orthographic projection).svg United Arab Emirates Arabic: اﻹﻣﺎرات – دولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة(Al Imārāt – Al Imārāt al 'Arabīyah al Muttaḩidah) Abu Dhabi

Arabic: أبوظبي(Abu Dhabi)
9,630,959 83,600 km2 (32,278 sq mi)
Flag of Uzbekistan
Узбекистан на глобусе.svg Uzbekistan

Republic of Uzbekistan
Uzbek: O‘zbekiston – O‘zbekiston Respublikasi Tashkent

Uzbek: Toshkent
32,476,244 447,400 km2 (172,742 sq mi)
Flag of Vietnam
Location Vietnam ASEAN.svg Vietnam / Viet Nam

Socialist Republic of Vietnam
Vietnamese: Việt Nam – Cộng Hòa Xã Hội Chủ Nghĩa Việt Nam Hanoi

Vietnamese: Hà Nội
332,698 km2 (128,455 sq mi)
Flag of Yemen
Yemen on the globe (Yemen centered).svg Yemen

Republic of Yemen
Arabic: اليمن – الجمهورية اليمنية(Al Yaman – Al Jumhūrīyah al Yamanīyah) Sana'a (de jure)[h]

Arabic: صنعاء(Şan‘ā')
28,498,683 527,968 km2 (203,850 sq mi)

States with limited, but substantial, international recognition[edit]

In this list, Palestine is a state with substantial international recognition and UN observer-state status but without practical control over tangible territory, while Taiwan is a de facto state with full practical sovereignty over its territory and unofficial ties with most of the international community but not widely recognized de jure. Although a founding member of the United Nations as the Republic of China, since 1971 Taiwan is no longer recognized by the United Nations.

Flag Map English short and formal names Status Domestic short and formal names Capital Population 2018
Flag of Palestine
State of Palestine (orthographic projection).svg Palestine

State of Palestine
Recognized by 138 UN member states. See International recognition of the State of Palestine. One of two United Nations non-member observer states Arabic: فلسطين(Filasṭīn) Ramallah (de facto)
Arabic: رام الله

Jerusalem (declared)
Arabic: القدس
6,220 km2 (2,402 sq mi)
Flag of Taiwan
Taiwan on the globe (Southeast Asia centered).svg Taiwan

Republic of China[6][13]
Claimed as part of the People's Republic of China. Officially recognized as sovereign by 14 UN member states and the Holy See, which deem it to be the rightful government of all of China. In addition, Taiwan maintains unofficial relations with most other countries and is de facto recognized by most sovereign states. See Political status of Taiwan for more information about the situation. Traditional Chinese: 臺灣/台灣 – 中華民國 (Táiwān—Zhōnghuá Mínguó) Taipei[6][7]

Traditional Chinese: 臺北/台北 (Táiběi)
35,980 km2 (13,892 sq mi)[14]

De facto states with little or no international recognition[edit]

The four de facto states on this list have little or no international recognition and are not members of the United Nations. All are defined as states by the declarative theory.

Flag Map English short and formal names Status Domestic short and formal names Capital Population (2011) Area
Flag of Abkhazia
Location of the region of Abkhazia in Eastern Europe.svg Abkhazia

Republic of Abkhazia[15]
Claimed as an autonomous republic of Georgia.[16] Recognised by five UN states.[17] Abkhazian: Аҧсуа (Apswa)[15] Sukhumi / Sukhum[15]

Abkhazian: Аҟəа (Akwa)[citation needed]
250,000[18] 8,660 km2 (3,344 sq mi)[16]
Flag of Nagorno-Karabakh
Republic of Artsakh (orthographic projection).svg Artsakh

Republic of Artsakh[19]
Claimed as part of Azerbaijan.[20] Recognised only by three non-UN states.[citation needed] Armenian: Լեռնային Ղարաբաղ – Լեռնային Ղարաբաղ Հանրապետություն[citation needed] (Lernayin Gharabaghi – Lernayin Gharabaghi Hanrapetut’yun)[19] Stepanakert[19]

Armenian: Ստեփանակերտ (Stepanakert)
141,400[21] 7,000 km2 (2,703 sq mi)[22]
Flag of Northern Cyprus
Northern Cyprus (ortographic projection).png Northern Cyprus

Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus[23]
Claimed as part of the Republic of Cyprus. Recognised only by Turkey.[23] Turkish: Kuzey Kıbrıs – Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti[24] North Nicosia

Turkish: Lefkoşa[25]
285,356[26] 3,355 km2 (1,295 sq mi)[14]
Flag of South Ossetia
Location of South Ossetia in Europe2.png South Ossetia

Republic of South Ossetia
Claimed as part of Georgia.[27] Recognised by five UN states. Ossetian: Хуссар Ирыстон – Республикӕ Хуссар Ирыстон (Khussar Iryston – Respublikæ Khussar Iryston)

Russian: Южная Осетия – Республика Южная Осетия (Yuzhnaya Osetiya – Respublika Yuzhnaya Osetiya)

Ossetian: Цхинвал or Чъреба (Chreba)[citation needed]
70,000[27] 3,900 km2 (1,506 sq mi)[28]

Dependent territories and other territories[edit]

The four entities in this list are controlled by a state of which they are not considered to be a part.

Flag Map English short and formal names Status[29] Domestic short and formal names Capital Population Area[14]
Flag of the United Kingdom, as used in Akrotiri and Dhekelia
Akrotiri and Dhekelia in United Kingdom.svg Akrotiri and Dhekelia

The Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia
British overseas territory English: Akrotiri and Dhekelia – Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia Episkopi Cantonment

English: Episkopi Cantonment[7]
15,700[30][e] 254 km2 (98 sq mi)
Flag of the United Kingdom, as used in the British Indian Ocean Territory
British Indian Ocean Territory in United Kingdom.svg British Indian Ocean Territory[4][6] British overseas territory English: British Indian Ocean Territory Camp Justice 4,000[31][f] 54,400 km2 (21,004 sq mi)
Flag of Christmas Island
Christmas Island on globe (Southeast Asia centered) with borders.svg Christmas Island

Territory of Christmas Island[4]
Territory of Australia English: Christmas Island – Territory of Christmas Island Flying Fish Cove[6] / The Settlement[7] 1,843[32] 135 km2 (52 sq mi)
Flag of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Cocos (Keeling) Islands on the globe (Southeast Asia centered).svg Cocos (Keeling) Islands

Territory of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands[4]
Territory of Australia English: Cocos (Keeling) Islands – Territory of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands West Island[7] / Bantam[6] 544[32] 14 km2 (5 sq mi)

Special areas of internal sovereignty[edit]

The two entities are integral areas of their controlling state, but have a political status that was decided through an international agreement.

Flag Map English short and formal names Status[29] Domestic short and formal names Capital Population Area[14]
Flag of Hong Kong
Hong Kong in China (zoomed) (+all claims hatched).svg Hong Kong

Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China[6]
Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China Chinese: 香港 – 中華人民共和國香港特別行政區

English: Hong Kong – Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China
Hong Kong[6] 7,122,508[30] 1,104 km2 (426 sq mi)
Flag of Macau
Macau in China (zoomed) (extra close) (special marker) (+all claims hatched).svg Macau / Macao

Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China[33]
Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China Chinese: 澳門 – 中華人民共和國澳門特別行政區

Portuguese: Macau – Região Administrativa Especial de Macau da República Popular da China
Macau / Macao[6] 573,003[30] 28.2 km2 (10.9 sq mi)

See also[edit]


  1. ^
    Area and population figures given are for the whole state, including areas located outside of Asia. Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Russia, and Turkey all contain territory in Europe. The border between Asia and Oceania is not clearly defined, and Indonesia and East Timor are sometimes placed in Oceania.
  2. ^ a b c d
    The area and population of states with separatist regions includes that of the separatist regions.
  3. ^
    Jerusalem was declared the capital of Israel in 1950.[34] The 1980 Jerusalem Law states that "Jerusalem, complete and united, is the capital of Israel", and the city serves as the seat of the government, home to the President's residence, government offices, supreme court, and parliament.[35] United Nations Security Council Resolution 478 declared the Jerusalem Law "null and void" and called on member states to withdraw their diplomatic missions from Jerusalem.[36] Foreign countries maintain their embassies in Tel Aviv and other Israeli cities.[37]
  4. ^
    Although Kuala Lumpur is the official capital of Malaysia, Putrajaya is the seat of government.[38]
  5. ^
    Akrotiri and Dhekelia are British military bases, with the population including 8,000 United Kingdom personnel and dependents.[39]
  6. ^
    Although the islands have no remaining indigenous inhabitants, a military base shared between the United Kingdom and the United States is located on the island of Diego Garcia, with a staff of 4,000 people.[31]
  7. ^
    Represents total land area. Including claimed ocean area, total area 54,400 km2 (21,004 sq mi).
  8. ^
    Sana'a is the constitutional capital of Yemen, but the city and most of parts of the territory have been placed under Houthi rebel control since 2014 and is administered by the Supreme Political Council. However, Aden, the former capital of South Yemen, was also the de facto capital of its internationally recognized government, is now placed under the administration of the Southern Transitional Council since 2018 and the President of Yemen remains in exile in Saudi Arabia due to the ongoing civil war that is currently ravaging the country.
  1. ^ Although the majority of Egypt is in Africa, it could be argued that the Sinai Peninsula is geographically a part of Asia.


  1. ^ Ashley, Richard K (1 June 1988). "Untying the Sovereign State: A Double Reading of the Anarchy Problematique". Millennium – Journal of International Studies. Sage Journals. 17 (2): 227–262. doi:10.1177/03058298880170020901.
  2. ^ "Montevideo Convention on the Rights and Duties of States". Council on Foreign Relations. 26 December 1933. Retrieved 10 August 2011.
  3. ^ "United Nations Member States". United Nations. Retrieved 10 August 2011.
  4. ^ a b c d e "Field Listing :: Names". CIA. Retrieved 28 July 2011.
  5. ^ a b "UNGEGN List of Country Names" (PDF). United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names. 2007. Retrieved 28 July 2011.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "List of countries, territories and currencies". Europa. 9 August 2011. Retrieved 10 August 2011.
  7. ^ a b c d e "Field Listing :: Capital". CIA. Retrieved 3 August 2011.
  8. ^ "UNGEGN World Geographical Names". United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names. 29 July 2011. Retrieved 3 August 2011.
  9. ^ a b ""World Population prospects – Population division"". United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  10. ^ a b ""Overall total population" – World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision" (xslx). (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  11. ^ Russia is a transcontinental country located in Eastern Europe and Northern Asia, but is considered European historically, culturally, ethnically, and politically, and the vast majority of its population (78%) lives within its European part.
  12. ^ Moscow is located in Europe.
  13. ^ "Government Information Office, Republic of China (Taiwan)". Government Information Office, Republic of China (Taiwan). Archived from the original on 3 April 2005. Retrieved 10 August 2011.
  14. ^ a b c d "Field Listing :: Area". CIA. Retrieved 7 August 2011.
  15. ^ a b c "About Abkhazia". Abkhazia Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Archived from the original on 14 July 2011. Retrieved 3 August 2011.
  16. ^ a b "Abkhazia (autonomous republic, Georgia)". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 3 March 2011.
  17. ^ "Abkhazia presents proof of independence recognition by Vanuatu". RT. 7 June 2011. Retrieved 3 August 2011.
  18. ^ "Regions and territories: Abkhazia". BBC News. 8 February 2011. Retrieved 8 August 2011.
  19. ^ a b c "Country Overview". Office of the Nagorno Karabakh Republic in the United States. Retrieved 3 August 2011.
  20. ^ "Regions and territories: Nagorno-Karabakh". BBC News. 20 January 2011. Retrieved 3 August 2011.
  21. ^ "Official website of the President of the Nagorno Karabagh Republic". Retrieved 8 August 2011.
  22. ^ "Nagorno-Karabakh (region, Azerbaijan)". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 8 August 2011.
  23. ^ a b "A Mediterranean Quagmire". The Economist. 22 April 2010. Retrieved 3 August 2011.
  24. ^ "Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti Cumhuriyet Meclisi" (in Turkish). Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  25. ^ "Cyprus country profile". BBC News. 27 May 2011. Retrieved 3 August 2011.
  26. ^ "DPÖ: "2009 sonu itibarıyla nüfus 285 bin 356"". Kibris Postasi. 8 October 2010. Archived from the original on 15 March 2012. Retrieved 8 August 2011.
  27. ^ a b c "Regions and territories: South Ossetia". BBC News. 8 February 2011. Retrieved 8 August 2011.
  28. ^ Kafkas Vakfi. "South Ossetia". Hartford Web Publishing. Retrieved 8 August 2011.
  29. ^ a b "Field Listing :: Dependency Status". CIA. Retrieved 8 August 2011.
  30. ^ a b c "Country Comparison :: Population". CIA. July 2012. Retrieved 2 September 2012.
  31. ^ a b "British Indian Ocean Territory". CIA. Retrieved 14 August 2011.
  32. ^ a b Australian Government – Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development. "2016 Census: Christmas Island" (PDF). Retrieved 10 January 2018.
  33. ^ As reflected in the Chinese text of the Macau emblem, the text of the Macao Basic Law Archived 5 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine, and the Macao Government Website Archived 29 June 2012 at the Wayback Machine, the full name of the territory is the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China. Although the conventions of "Macao Special Administrative Region", "Macao" and "Macau" can also be used.
  34. ^ "Middle East :: Israel". CIA. Retrieved 10 August 2011.
  35. ^ "Basic Law: Jerusalem, Capital of Israel". The Knesset. Retrieved 10 August 2011.
  36. ^ "Resolution 478" (PDF) (Press release). United Nations Security Council. 1980. Retrieved 10 August 2011.
  37. ^ Embassies and Consulates in Israel, Israel Science and Technology Directory
  38. ^ "Putrajaya – Federal Administrative Capital". Malaysian Government. Archived from the original on 29 August 2011. Retrieved 15 August 2011.
  39. ^ "Akrotiri". CIA. Retrieved 14 August 2011.