List of sovereign states and dependent territories in Asia

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This is a list of sovereign states and dependent territories in Asia. It includes fully recognized states, states with limited but substantial international recognition, de facto states with little or no international recognition, and dependencies of both Asian and non-Asian states. In particular, it lists 49 generally recognized sovereign states (all of which are members of the United Nations), two states with substantial but not general international recognition (of which one is a UN observer state), four largely unrecognized de facto states, and six dependent and other territories.

The 49 generally recognized sovereign states listed here include two countries that are generally classified as European or African nations but with portions of their territory being in Asia, while the two states with substantial but not general recognition are both fully encompassed in Asia. Though a majority of the Russian Federation's land area is located within Asia, it is generally considered a European country because of its historical, cultural, ethnic, and political ties to Europe. Its capital and largest city, Moscow is located within Europe, and the vast majority of its population lives within its European part. In addition, while Egypt extends into Asia through the Sinai Peninsula, it is generally considered to be an African country because most of its population and geographic area is in Africa.

Geographical boundaries of Asia[edit]

Asia (orthographic projection).svg

The divisions between Asia and Europe occur at the Ural Mountains, Ural River, and Caspian Sea in the east, the Caucasus Mountains and the Black Sea, Bosporus Sea of Marmara, Dardanelles and the Aegean Sea in the south. Azerbaijan, Georgia, Greece, Kazakhstan, Russia, and Turkey all have territory in both Asia and Europe. Armenia and Cyprus are entirely in Western Asia but are socio-politically European countries and members of the Council of Europe, with Cyprus also being a member of the European Union.[citation needed]

The division between Asia and Africa is normally considered to be the Suez Canal, placing the Sinai peninsula (which is part of Egypt) in Asia. Therefore, Egypt, an African country, may also be considered to be a country in Asia.

The division between Southeast Asia and Australia/Oceania is disputed and currently placed somewhere between Java and New Guinea. Indonesia spans both areas, but is ordinarily considered to be an Asian country.[1] East Timor is sometimes considered to be part of Australasia or Melanesia, but due to its being surrounded by Indonesia, and its once being politically part of Indonesia, it is generally considered to be in Southeast Asia. Papua New Guinea is occasionally thought of as a Southeast Asian country,[2][3][4] but it is generally considered to be part of Australasia or Melanesia. The division between East Asia and Oceania is usually placed somewhere between the Japanese archipelago and the Northern Mariana Islands of Micronesia.[5] Certain Japanese islands are often categorized as being within Micronesia due to non-continental geology and similar biogeography.[6][7] The division between Asia and North America is considered to be the Bering Strait. Some of the Aleutian Islands, however, may be considered to be in Asia.[citation needed]

Sovereign states[edit]

A sovereign state is a political organization with effective sovereignty over a population for whom it makes decisions in the national interest.[8] According to the Montevideo convention, a state must have a permanent population, a defined territory, a government, and the capacity to enter into relations with other states. It is also important to note that these states were categorized accordingly independent of our endorsement or opposition to their statehood and is based solely on their de facto and de jure statuses[9]

United Nations member states[edit]

There are 49 Asian states or states with substantial territory in Asia in this list. All are members of the United Nations.[10]

Flag Map English short, formal names, and ISO
Domestic short and formal name(s)
Population 2021
Flag of Afghanistan
Afghanistan (orthographic projection).svg

Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan

Dari: امارت اسلامی افغانستانافغانستان (Afghānistān – Imārat-i Islāmī-yi Afghānistān)

Pashto: د افغانستان اسلامي امارتفغانستان (Afġānistān – Də Afġānistān Islāmī Imārat)

Dari and Pashto: کابل (Kābəl)
40,099,462 652,230 km2 (251,827 sq mi) Afghan afghani
Flag of Armenia
Armenia (orthographic projection).svg

Republic of Armenia

Armenian: Հայաստան – Հայաստանի Հանրապետությու (Hayastan – Hayastani Hanrapetut'yun) Yerevan

Armenian: Երևան (Yerevan)
2,790,974 29,743 km2 (11,484 sq mi) Armenian dram
Flag of Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan with Nagorno Karabakh region.svg

Republic of Azerbaijan

Azerbaijani: Azǝrbaycan – Azǝrbaycan Respublikası Baku

Azerbaijani: Bakı
10,312,992 86,600 km2 (33,436 sq mi) Azerbaijani manat
Flag of Bahrain
Bahrain on the globe (Bahrain centered).svg Bahrain

Kingdom of Bahrain

Arabic: مملكة البحرين – البحرين (Al Baḩrayn – Mamlakat al Baḩrayn) Manama

Arabic: المنامة (Al Manāmah)
1,463,265 760 km2 (293 sq mi) Bahraini dinar
Flag of Bangladesh
Bangladesh (orthographic projection).svg Bangladesh

People's Republic of Bangladesh

Bengali: বাংলাদেশ – গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ (Bānglādesh – Gaṇaprajātantrī Bānglādesh) Dhaka

Bengali: ঢাকা (Ḍhākā)
169,356,251 147,570 km2 (56,977 sq mi) Bangladeshi taka
Flag of Bhutan
Bhutan (orthographic projection).svg Bhutan

Kingdom of Bhutan

Dzongkha: འབྲུག་ཡུལ་ – འབྲུག་རྒྱལ་ཁབ་ (Druk Yul – Druk Gyalkhapb) Thimphu

Dzongkha: ཐིམ་ཕུ (Thimphu)
777,486 38,394 km2 (14,824 sq mi) Bhutanese ngultrum
Flag of Brunei
Brunei (orthographic projection).svg Brunei

Brunei Darussalam

Malay: Brunei – Negara Brunei Darussalam (‎بروني – ‎نڬارا بروني دارالسلام) Bandar Seri Begawan

Malay: Bandar Seri Begawan (بندر سري بڬاوان)
460,356 5,765 km2 (2,226 sq mi) Brunei dollar
Flag of Cambodia
Cambodia on the globe (Cambodia centered).svg Cambodia

Kingdom of Cambodia

Khmer: កម្ពុជា – ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា (Kâmpŭchéa – Preăhréachéanachâkr Kâmpŭchéa) Phnom Penh

Khmer: ភ្នំពេញ (Phnum Pénh)
16,589,023 181,035 km2 (69,898 sq mi) Cambodian riel
Flag of China
CHN orthographic.svg China[b]

People's Republic of China

Chinese: 中国 – 中华人民共和国 (Zhōngguó – Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó) Beijing

Chinese: 北京 (Běijīng)
1,425,893,465 9,596,961 km2 (3,705,407 sq mi) Renminbi
Flag of Cyprus
EU-Cyprus.svg Cyprus[b]

Republic of Cyprus

Greek: Κύπρος – Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία (Kýpros – Kypriakí Dimokratía)

Turkish: Kıbrıs – Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti

Greek: Λευκωσία (Lefkosia)

Turkish: Lefkoşa
1,244,188 9,251 km2 (3,572 sq mi) Euro
Flag of Egypt.svg
EGY orthographic.svg Egypt[n 1]

Arab Republic of Egypt

Arabic: مصر – جمهورية مصر العربية (Miṣr—Jumhūrīyat Miṣr al-ʿArabiyya) Cairo

Arabic: القاهرة (al-Qāhirah)
109,262,178 1,001,449 km2 (386,662 sq mi) Egyptian pound
Flag of Georgia
Georgia (orthographic projection with inset).svg Georgia[a][b]

Georgian: საქართველო (Sak'art'velo) Tbilisi / T'bilisi

Georgian: თბილისი (T'bilisi)
3,757,980 69,700 km2 (26,911 sq mi) Georgian lari
Flag of India
India (orthographic projection).svg India

Republic of India

English: India – Republic of India

Hindi: भारत – भारत गणराज्य (Bhārat – Bhārat Gaṇarajya)
New Delhi

English: New Delhi

Hindi: नई दिल्ली (Naī Dillī)
1,407,563,842 3,287,263 km2 (1,269,219 sq mi) Indian rupee
Flag of Indonesia
Indonesia (orthographic projection).svg Indonesia[a]

Republic of Indonesia

Indonesian: Indonesia – Republik Indonesia Jakarta

Indonesian: DKI Jakarta
273,753,191 1,904,569 km2 (735,358 sq mi) Indonesian rupiah
Flag of Iran
Iran (orthographic projection).svg Iran

Islamic Republic of Iran

Persian: جمهوری اسلامی ایران – ایران (Īrān – Jomhūrī-ye Eslāmī-ye Īrān) Tehran

Persian: تهران (Tehrān)
87,923,432 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi) Iranian rial
Flag of Iraq
Iraq (orthographic).svg Iraq

Republic of Iraq

Arabic: العراق – جمهورية العراق (Al 'Irāq – Jumhūrīyat al 'Irāq) Baghdad

Arabic: بغداد (Baghdād)
43,533,592 438,317 km2 (169,235 sq mi) Iraqi dinar
Flag of Israel
Israel (orthographic projection).svg Israel

State of Israel

Hebrew: יִשְרָאֵל – מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל (Yisra'el – Medinat Yisra'el)

Arabic: إسرائيل – دَوْلَة إِسْرَائِيل (Isrā'īl – Dawlat Isrā'īl)
Jerusalem (Claimed and de facto)[c]

Hebrew: ירושלים (Yerushalayim)
8,900,059 20,770 km2 (8,019 sq mi) Israeli new shekel
Flag of Japan
Japan (orthographic projection).svg Japan

Japanese: 日本 – 日本国 (Nihon / Nippon – Nihon-koku / Nippon-koku) Tokyo

Japanese: 東京 (Tōkyō)
124,612,530 377,915 km2 (145,914 sq mi) Japanese yen
Flag of Jordan
Jordan (orthographic projection).svg Jordan

Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan

Arabic: اﻷرُدن – المملكة الأردنية الهاشميه (Al Urdun – Al Mamlakah al Urdunīyah al Hāshimīyah) Amman

Arabic: عمان (Ammān)
11,148,278 89,342 km2 (34,495 sq mi) Jordanian dinar
Flag of Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan (orthographic projection).svg Kazakhstan[a]

Republic of Kazakhstan

Kazakh: Қазақстан – Қазақстан Республикасы (Qazaqstan – Qazaqstan Respýblıkasy)

Russian: Казахстан – Республика Казахстан (Kazahstan – Respublika Kazahstan)

Kazakh: Астана (Astana)

Russian: Астана (Astana)
19,196,465 2,724,900 km2 (1,052,090 sq mi) Kazakhstani tenge
Flag of North Korea
Democratic People's Republic of Korea (orthographic projection).svg North Korea

Democratic People's Republic of Korea

Korean: 조선 – 조선민주주의인민공화국 (Chosŏn – Chosŏn-minjujuŭi-inmin-konghwaguk) Pyongyang

Korean: 평양 (Phyŏngyang)
25,971,909 120,538 km2 (46,540 sq mi) North Korean won
Flag of South Korea
Republic of Korea (orthographic projection).svg South Korea

Republic of Korea

Korean: 한국 – 대한민국 (Hanguk – Daehan Minguk) Seoul

Korean: 서울 (Seoul)
51,830,139 99,720 km2 (38,502 sq mi) South Korean won
Flag of Kuwait
KWT orthographic.svg Kuwait

State of Kuwait

Arabic: دولة الكويت – اﻟﻜﻮﻳت (Al Kuwayt – Dawlat al Kuwayt) Kuwait City

Arabic: الكويت (Al Kuwayt)
4,250,114 17,818 km2 (6,880 sq mi) Kuwaiti dinar
Flag of Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan (orthographic projection).svg Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyz Republic

Kyrgyz: Кыргызстан – Кыргыз Республикасы (Kyrgyzstan – Kyrgyz Respublikasy)

Russian: Кыргызстан – Кыргызская Республика (Kyrgyzstan – Kyrgyzskaja Respublika)

Kyrgyz: Бишкек (Bishkek)

Russian: Бишкек (Biškek)
6,527,743 199,951 km2 (77,202 sq mi) Kyrgyzstani som
Flag of Laos
Laos on the globe (Southeast Asia centered).svg Laos

Lao People's Democratic Republic

Lao: ປະເທດລາວ – ສາທາລະນະລັດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ປະຊາຊົນລາວ (PathetLao – Sathalanalat Paxathipatai Paxaxôn Lao) Vientiane

Lao: ວຽງຈັນ (Viangchan)
7,425,057 236,800 km2 (91,429 sq mi) Lao kip
Flag of Lebanon
Lebanon (orthographic projection).svg Lebanon

Lebanese Republic

Arabic: لبنان – الجمهورية اللبنانية (Lubnān – Al Jumhūrīyah al Lubnānīyah) Beirut

Arabic: بيروت (Bayrūt)
5,592,631 10,452 km2 (4,036 sq mi) Lebanese pound
Flag of Malaysia
Malaysia (orthographic projection).svg Malaysia

Malay: Malaysia Kuala Lumpur[d]

Malay: Kuala Lumpur
33,573,874 329,847 km2 (127,355 sq mi) Malaysian ringgit
Flag of Maldives
Maldives (orthographic projection).svg Maldives

Republic of Maldives

Dhivehi: ދިވެހިރާއްޖެ – ދިވެހިރާއްޖޭގެ ޖުމްހޫރިއްޔާ (Dhivehi Raajje – Dhivehi Raajjeyge Jumhooriyyaa) Malé / Male'

Dhivehi: މާލެ (Maale)
521,457 298 km2 (115 sq mi) Maldivian rufiyaa
Flag of Mongolia
Mongolia (orthographic projection).svg Mongolia

Mongolian: Монгол – Монгол улс (Mongol – Mongol uls) Ulaanbaatar

Mongolian: Улаанбаатар (Ulaanbaatar)
3,347,782 1,564,116 km2 (603,909 sq mi) Mongolian tögrög
Flag of Myanmar
Myanmar on the globe (Myanmar centered).svg Myanmar

Republic of the Union of Myanmar

Burmese: မြန်မာ – ပြည်ထောင်စု သမ္မတ မြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော်‌ (Myanma – Pyidaungzu Myanma Naingngandaw) Nay Pyi Taw

Burmese: နေပြည်တော် (Nay Pyi Taw)
53,798,084 676,578 km2 (261,228 sq mi) Myanmar kyat
Flag of Nepal
Nepal (orthographic projection).svg Nepal

Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal

Nepali: सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल (Nepāl – Saṁghīya Loktāntrik Ganạ tantra Nepāl) Kathmandu

Nepali: काठमाडौं (Kāṭhmāḍauṁ)
30,034,989 147,516 km2 (56,956 sq mi) Nepalese rupee
Flag of Oman
Oman (orthographic projection).svg Oman

Sultanate of Oman

Arabic: عُمان – سلطنة عُمان ('Umān – Salţanat 'Umān) Muscat

Arabic: مسقط (Masqaţ)
4,520,471 309,500 km2 (119,499 sq mi) Omani rial
Flag of Pakistan
Pakistan (orthographic projection).svg Pakistan

Islamic Republic of Pakistan

English: Pakistan – Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Urdu: پَاکِسْتَان – اسلامی جمہوریہ پاکستان (Pākistān —Islāmī Jamhuriyah-e-Pākistān)

English: Islamabad

Urdu: اسلام آباد (Islāmābād)
231,402,117 881,913 km2 (340,509 sq mi) Pakistani rupee
Flag of the Philippines
PHL orthographic.svg Philippines

Republic of the Philippines

English: Philippines – Republic of the Philippines

Filipino: Pilipinas – Republika ng Pilipinas

English: Manila

Filipino: Maynila
113,880,328 343,448 km2 (132,606 sq mi) Philippine peso
Flag of Qatar
QAT orthographic.svg Qatar

State of Qatar

Arabic: قطر – دولة قطر (Qatar – Dawlat Qatar) Doha

Arabic: الدوحة (Ad Dawḩah)
2,688,235 11,586 km2 (4,473 sq mi) Qatari riyal
Flag of Russia
Russian Federation (orthographic projection) - Crimea disputed.svg Russia[20][a]

Russian Federation

Russian: Росси́я – Российская Федерация (Rossija – Rossijskaja Federacija) Moscow[21]

Russian: Москва (Moskva)
145,102,755 (including Crimea) 17,098,242 km2 (6,601,668 sq mi) Russian ruble
Flag of Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia (orthographic projection).svg Saudi Arabia

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Arabic: السعودية – المملكة العربية السعودية (As Su‘ūdīya – Al Mamlakah al 'Arabīyah as Su‘ūdīyah) Riyadh

Arabic: الرياض (Ar Riyāḑ)
35,950,396 2,149,690 km2 (830,000 sq mi) Saudi riyal
Flag of Singapore
Singapore on the globe (Southeast Asia centered) zoom.svg Singapore

Republic of Singapore

Chinese: 新加坡 – 新加坡共和国 (Xīnjiāpō – Xīnjiāpō Gònghéguó)

English: Singapore – Republic of Singapore

Malay: Singapura – Republik Singapura

Tamil: சிங்கப்பூர் – சிங்கப்பூர் குடியரசு (Chiṅkappūr – Chiṅkappūr Kuṭiyarachu)

Chinese: 新加坡 (Xīnjiāpō)

English: Singapore

Malay: Singapura

Tamil: சிங்கப்பூர் (Chiṅkappūr)
5,941,060 697 km2 (269 sq mi) Singapore dollar
Flag of Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka (orthographic projection).svg Sri Lanka

Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka

Sinhala: ශ්‍රී ලංකාව – ශ්‍රී ලංකා ප්‍රජාතාන්ත්‍රික සමාජවාදී ජනරජය (Shrī Laṁkā – Shrī Laṁkā Prajātāntrika Samājavādī Janarajaya)

Tamil: இலங்கை – இலங்கை ஜனநாயக சமத்துவ குடியரசு (Ilaṅkai – Ilaṅkai Jaṉanāyaka Choṣhalichak Kuṭiyarachu)
Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte

Sinhala: ශ්‍රී ජයවර්ධනපුර කෝට්ටේ (Shrī Jayavardhanapura Koṭṭe)

Tamil: ஶ்ரீ ஜெயவர்த்தனபுர கோட்டை (Shrī Jĕyavarttaṉapura Koṭṭai)
21,773,441 65,610 km2 (25,332 sq mi) Sri Lankan rupee
Flag of Syria
Syria (orthographic projection).svg Syria

Syrian Arab Republic

Arabic: سورية / سوريا – الجمهورية العربية السورية (Sūrīyah / Sūriyā – Al Jumhūrīyah al 'Arabīyah as Sūrīyah) Damascus

Arabic: دمشق (Dimashq)
21,324,367 185,180 km2 (71,498 sq mi) Syrian pound
Flag of Tajikistan
Tajikistan (orthographic projection).svg Tajikistan

Republic of Tajikistan

Tajik: Тоҷикистон – Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон (Tojikiston – Jumhurii Tojikiston) Dushanbe

Tajik: Душанбе (Dushanbe)
9,750,064 143,100 km2 (55,251 sq mi) Tajikistani somoni
Flag of Thailand
Thailand (orthographic projection).svg Thailand

Kingdom of Thailand

Thai: ไทย – ราชอาณาจักรไทย (Thai – Ratcha Anachak Thai) Bangkok

Thai: กรุงเทพมหานคร (Krung Thep Maha Nakhon)
71,601,103 513,120 km2 (198,117 sq mi) Thai baht
Flag of Timor-Leste
Timor Leste (orthographic projection).svg Timor-Leste/East Timor[a]

Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste

Portuguese: Timor-Leste – República Democrática de Timor-Leste

Tetum: Timor Lorosa'e – Repúblika Demokrátika Timor Lorosa'e

Portuguese: Díli

Tetum: Díli
1,320,942 14,874 km2 (5,743 sq mi) United States dollar
Flag of Turkey
Turkey (orthographic projection).svg Turkey[a]

Republic of Turkey

Turkish: Türkiye – Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Ankara

Turkish: Ankara
84,775,404 783,562 km2 (302,535 sq mi) Turkish lira
Flag of Turkmenistan
Turkmenistan on the globe (Eurasia centered).svg Turkmenistan

Turkmen: Türkmenistan Ashgabat

Turkmen: Aşgabat
6,341,855 488,100 km2 (188,456 sq mi) Turkmenistani manat
Flag of the United Arab Emirates
United Arab Emirates (orthographic projection).svg United Arab Emirates

Arabic: اﻹﻣﺎرات – دولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة (Al Imārāt – Al Imārāt al 'Arabīyah al Muttaḩidah) Abu Dhabi

Arabic: أبوظبي (Abu Dhabi)
9,365,145 83,600 km2 (32,278 sq mi) United Arab Emirates dirham
Flag of Uzbekistan
Узбекистан на глобусе.svg Uzbekistan

Republic of Uzbekistan

Uzbek: Ўзбекистон – Ўзбекистон Республикасы (O‘zbekiston – O‘zbekiston Respublikasi) Tashkent

Uzbek: Тошкент (Toshkent)
34,081,449 447,400 km2 (172,742 sq mi) Uzbekistani soum
Flag of Vietnam
Vietnam on the globe (Vietnam centered).svg Vietnam / Viet Nam

Socialist Republic of Vietnam

Vietnamese: Việt Nam – Cộng Hòa Xã Hội Chủ Nghĩa Việt Nam Hanoi

Vietnamese: Hà Nội
97,468,029 332,698 km2 (128,455 sq mi) Vietnamese dong
Flag of Yemen
Yemen (orthographic projection).svg Yemen

Republic of Yemen

Arabic: اليمن – الجمهورية اليمنية (Al Yaman – Al Jumhūrīyah al Yamanīyah) Sana'a [h]

Arabic: صنعاء (Şan‘ā')
32,981,641 527,968 km2 (203,850 sq mi) Yemeni rial

States with limited, but substantial, international recognition[edit]

In this list, Palestine is a state with substantial international recognition and UN observer-state status but without practical control over tangible territory, while Taiwan is a de facto state with full practical sovereignty over its territory and unofficial ties with most of the international community but not widely recognized de jure. Although a founding member of the United Nations as the Republic of China, since 1971 Taiwan is no longer recognized by the United Nations.

Flag Map English short, formal names, and ISO Status Domestic short and formal names Capital Population 2021
Area Primary head of state
Flag of Palestine
State of Palestine (orthographic projection).svg Palestine

State of Palestine

Recognized by 138 UN member states. See International recognition of the State of Palestine. One of two United Nations non-member observer states Arabic: فلسطين – دولة فلسطين (Filasṭīn – Dawlat Filasṭīn) Ramallah (de facto)
Arabic: رام الله

Jerusalem (declared)
Arabic: القدس
0 6,220 km2 (2,402 sq mi) Mahmoud Abbas
Flag of Taiwan
Taiwan on the globe (Japan centered).svg Taiwan

Republic of China[13]

Claimed as part of the People's Republic of China. Officially recognized as sovereign by 13 UN member states and the Holy See, which deem it to be the rightful government of all of China. In addition, Taiwan maintains unofficial relations with most other countries and is de facto recognized by most sovereign states. See Political status of Taiwan for more information about the situation. Traditional Chinese: 臺灣/台灣 – 中華民國 (Táiwān—Zhōnghuá Mínguó) Taipei[13][15]

Traditional Chinese: 台北 (Táiběi)
23,859,912 35,980 km2 (13,892 sq mi)[23] Tsai Ing-wen

De facto states with little or no international recognition[edit]

The four de facto states on this list have little or no international recognition and are not members of the United Nations. All are defined as states by the declarative theory.

Flag Map English short and formal names Status Domestic short and formal names Capital Population (2011) Area Primary head of state
Flag of Abkhazia
Abkhaziaorthographicprojection.svg Abkhazia

Republic of Abkhazia[24]
Claimed as an autonomous republic of Georgia.[25] Recognised by six UN states.[26][27][28] Abkhazian: Аҧсуа (Apswa)[24] Sukhumi / Sukhum[24]

Abkhazian: Аҟəа (Akwa)[citation needed]
250,000[29] 8,660 km2 (3,344 sq mi)[25] Aslan Bzhania
Flag of Nagorno-Karabakh
Republic of Artsakh (orthographic projection).svg Artsakh

Republic of Artsakh[30]
Claimed as part of Azerbaijan.[31] Recognised only by three non-UN states.[32][33] Armenian: Լեռնային Ղարաբաղ – Լեռնային Ղարաբաղ Հանրապետություն[citation needed] (Lernayin Gharabaghi – Lernayin Gharabaghi Hanrapetut’yun)[30] Stepanakert[30]

Armenian: Ստեփանակերտ (Stepanakert)
141,400[34] 3,170 km2 (1,224 sq mi)[35] Arayik Harutyunyan
Flag of Northern Cyprus
Northern Cyprus (ortographic projection).png Northern Cyprus

Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus[36]
Claimed as part of the Republic of Cyprus. Recognised only by Turkey.[36] Turkish: Kuzey Kıbrıs – Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti[37] North Nicosia

Turkish: Lefkoşa[38]
285,356[39] 3,355 km2 (1,295 sq mi)[23] Ersin Tatar
Flag of South Ossetia
SouthOssetiaorthographicprojection.svg South Ossetia

Republic of South Ossetia
Claimed as part of Georgia.[40] Recognised by five UN states. Ossetian: Хуссар Ирыстон – Республикӕ Хуссар Ирыстон (Khussar Iryston – Respublikæ Khussar Iryston)

Russian: Южная Осетия – Республика Южная Осетия (Yuzhnaya Osetiya – Respublika Yuzhnaya Osetiya)

Ossetian: Цхинвал or Чъреба (Chreba)[citation needed]
70,000[40] 3,900 km2 (1,506 sq mi)[41] Anatoly Bibilov

Dependencies and other territories[edit]

The four territories in this list are controlled by a state of which they are not considered to be a part.

Flag Map English short, formal names, and ISO[11][13] Status[42] Domestic short and formal names Capital Population Area[23] Primary head of state
Flag of the United Kingdom, as used in Akrotiri and Dhekelia
Akrotiri and Dhekelia on the globe (Afro-Eurasia centered).svg Akrotiri and Dhekelia

The Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia
British overseas territory English: Akrotiri and Dhekelia – Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia Episkopi Cantonment

English: Episkopi Cantonment[15]
15,700[43][e] 254 km2 (98 sq mi) Robert Thomson
Flag of the United Kingdom, as used in the British Indian Ocean Territory
British Indian Ocean Territory on the globe (Afro-Eurasia centered).svg British Indian Ocean Territory

British overseas territory English: British Indian Ocean Territory Camp Justice 4,000[44][f] 54,400 km2 (21,004 sq mi) Ben Merrick
Flag of Christmas Island
Christmas Island on globe (Southeast Asia centered) with borders.svg Christmas Island

Territory of Christmas Island

Territory of Australia English: Christmas Island – Territory of Christmas Island Flying Fish Cove[13] / The Settlement[15] 1,843[45] 135 km2 (52 sq mi) Gordon Thomson
Flag of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Cocos (Keeling) Islands on the globe (Southeast Asia centered).svg Cocos (Keeling) Islands

Territory of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands

Territory of Australia English: Cocos (Keeling) Islands – Territory of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands

Cocos Islands Malay: Pulu Kokos (Keeling)
West Island[15] / Bantam[13] 544[45] 14 km2 (5 sq mi) Seri Wati Iku

Special areas of internal sovereignty[edit]

The following two entities are integral areas of their controlling state, but have a political arrangement that was decided through an international agreement.

Flag Map English short, formal names, and ISO[11][13] Status[42] Domestic short and formal names Capital Population Area[23] Primary head of state
Flag of Hong Kong
Hong Kong on the globe (Japan centered).svg Hong Kong

Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China[13]

Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China Traditional Chinese: 香港 – 中華人民共和國香港特別行政區

English: Hong Kong – Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China
Hong Kong 7,582,000[43] 2,755 km2 (1,064 sq mi) John Lee
Flag of Macau
Macau on the globe (Japan centered).svg Macau / Macao

Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China[46]

Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China Traditional Chinese: 澳門 – 中華人民共和國澳門特別行政區

Portuguese: Macau – Região Administrativa Especial de Macau da República Popular da China
Macau / Macao[13] 693,000[43] 28.2 km2 (10.9 sq mi) Ho Iat-seng

See also[edit]


  1. ^
    Area and population figures given are for the whole state, including areas located outside of Asia. Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Russia, and Turkey all contain territory in Europe. The border between Asia and Oceania is not clearly defined, and Indonesia and East Timor are sometimes placed in Oceania.
  2. ^ a b c d
    The area and population of states with separatist regions includes that of the separatist regions.
  3. ^
    Jerusalem was declared the capital of Israel in 1950.[47] The 1980 Jerusalem Law states that "Jerusalem, complete and united, is the capital of Israel", and the city serves as the seat of the government, home to the President's residence, government offices, supreme court, and parliament.[48] United Nations Security Council Resolution 478 declared the Jerusalem Law "null and void" and called on member states to withdraw their diplomatic missions from Jerusalem.[49] Foreign countries maintain their embassies in Tel Aviv and other Israeli cities.[50]
  4. ^
    Although Kuala Lumpur is the official capital of Malaysia, Putrajaya is the seat of government.[51]
  5. ^
    Akrotiri and Dhekelia are British military bases, with the population including 8,000 United Kingdom personnel and dependents.[52]
  6. ^
    Although the islands have no remaining indigenous inhabitants, a military base shared between the United Kingdom and the United States is located on the island of Diego Garcia, with a staff of 4,000 people.[44]
  7. ^
    Represents total land area. Including claimed ocean area, total area 54,400 km2 (21,004 sq mi).
  8. ^
    Sana'a is the constitutional capital of Yemen, but the city and most of parts of the territory have been placed under Houthi rebel control since 2014 and is administered by the Supreme Political Council. However, Aden, the former capital of South Yemen, was also the de facto capital of its internationally recognized government, is now placed under the administration of the Southern Transitional Council since 2018 and the President of Yemen remains in exile in Saudi Arabia due to the ongoing civil war that is currently ravaging the country.
  1. ^ Although the majority of Egypt is in Africa, it could be argued that the Sinai Peninsula is geographically a part of Asia.


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