List of sovereign states and dependent territories in North America

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Location North America.svg

Sovereign states and dependent territories in North America, in an inclusive definition, cover the landmass north of the Panama-Colombia border and include the islands of the West Indies.

Sovereign states[edit]

Flag English short name English long name Domestic short name(s) Capital Currency Location
Flag of Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda[n 1] Antigua and Barbuda English: Antigua and Barbuda St. John's East Caribbean dollar Caribbean
Flag of the Bahamas Bahamas, The[n 1] Commonwealth of The Bahamas English: Bahamas Nassau Bahamian dollar Lucayan Archipelago
Flag of Barbados Barbados[n 1] Barbados English: Barbados Bridgetown Barbadian dollar Caribbean
Flag of Belize Belize[n 1][n 2] Belize English: Belize Belmopan Belize dollar Central America
Flag of Canada Canada[n 3] Canada English: Canada

French: Canada
Ottawa Canadian dollar Northern America
Flag of Costa Rica Costa Rica[n 2] Republic of Costa Rica Spanish: Costa Rica San José Costa Rican colón Central America
Flag of Cuba Cuba Republic of Cuba Spanish: Cuba Havana Cuban peso,
Cuban convertible peso
Caribbean
Flag of Dominica Dominica[n 1] Commonwealth of Dominica English: Dominica Roseau East Caribbean dollar Caribbean
Flag of the Dominican Republic Dominican Republic[n 2] Dominican Republic English: Dominican Republic

Spanish: República Dominicana
Santo Domingo Dominican peso Caribbean
Flag of El Salvador El Salvador[n 2] Republic of El Salvador English: El Salvador

Spanish: El Salvador
San Salvador United States dollar Central America
Flag of Grenada Grenada[n 1] Grenada English: Grenada St. George's East Caribbean dollar Caribbean
Flag of Guatemala Guatemala[n 2] Republic of Guatemala Spanish: Guatemala Guatemala City Guatemalan quetzal Central America
Flag of Haiti Haiti[n 1] Republic of Haiti French: Haïti Port-au-Prince Haitian gourde Caribbean
Flag of Honduras Honduras[n 2] Republic of Honduras Spanish: Honduras Tegucigalpa Honduran lempira Central America
Jamaica Jamaica[n 1] Jamaica English: Jamaica Kingston Jamaican dollar Caribbean
Flag of Mexico Mexico[n 3] United Mexican States Spanish: México Mexico City Mexican peso Central America
Flag of Nicaragua Nicaragua[n 2] Republic of Nicaragua Spanish: Nicaragua Managua Nicaraguan córdoba Central America
Flag of Panama Panama[n 2] Republic of Panama English: Panama

Spanish: Panamá
Panama City Panamanian balboa,
United States dollar
Central America
Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Kitts and Nevis[n 1] Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis
or
Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis
English: Saint Kitts and Nevis Basseterre East Caribbean dollar Caribbean
Flag of Saint Lucia Saint Lucia[n 1] Saint Lucia English: Saint Lucia Castries East Caribbean dollar Caribbean
Flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Saint Vincent and the Grenadines[n 1] Saint Vincent and the Grenadines English: Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Kingstown East Caribbean dollar Caribbean
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago[n 1] Republic of Trinidad and Tobago English: Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain Trinidad and Tobago dollar Caribbean
Flag of the United States United States[n 3] United States of America English: United States Washington, D.C. United States dollar Northern America

Non-sovereign territories[edit]

This section contains areas that are not sovereign states, but are not integral parts of the sovereign states listed above. These include dependent territories and integral areas of primarily non-North American states.

Dependent territories[edit]

Dependencies that are not internationally recognized, or not in effect, are listed in italics.

Flag English short name English long name Domestic short name(s) Capital Currency Legal status Location
Flag of Anguilla
Anguilla Anguilla English: Anguilla The Valley East Caribbean dollar British Overseas Territory Caribbean
Flag of Bermuda Bermuda Bermuda Islands English: Bermuda

Portuguese: Bermudas
Hamilton Bermudian dollar British Overseas Territory Northern America
Flag of the British Virgin Islands British Virgin Islands British Virgin Islands English: Virgin Islands Road Town United States dollar British Overseas Territory Caribbean
Flag of the Cayman Islands Cayman Islands Cayman Islands English: Cayman Islands George Town Cayman Islands dollar British Overseas Territory Caribbean
Flag of Montserrat Montserrat[n 1] Montserrat English: Montserrat Plymouth
(de jureabandoned)
Brades
(de factoseat of government)
East Caribbean dollar British Overseas Territory Caribbean
Unofficial flag of Navassa Island Navassa Island[n 4] Navassa Island English: Navassa Island Lulu Town
(de jureabandoned)
United States dollar Uninhabited, administrated by the United States as an unincorporated unorganized territory, claimed by Haiti. Caribbean
Flag of Puerto Rico Puerto Rico Commonwealth of Puerto Rico Spanish: Puerto Rico

English: Puerto Rico
San Juan United States dollar Unincorporated organized territory and Commonwealth of the United States Caribbean
Flag of the Turks and Caicos Islands Turks and Caicos Islands Turks and Caicos Islands English: Turks and Caicos Islands Cockburn Town United States dollar British Overseas Territory Lucayan Archipelago
Flag of the United States Virgin Islands U.S. Virgin Islands Virgin Islands of the United States English: U.S. Virgin Islands Charlotte Amalie United States dollar Unincorporated organized territory of the United States Caribbean

Other territories[edit]

Flag English short name English long name Domestic short name(s) Capital Currency Legal status Location
Flag of Aruba Aruba Aruba Dutch: Aruba Oranjestad Aruban florin Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands Caribbean
Flag of Bonaire Bonaire[n 5] Bonaire Dutch: Bonaire

Papiamento: Boneiru
Kralendijk United States dollar Special municipality of the Netherlands Caribbean
Flag of France Clipperton Island Clipperton Island French: Île de la Passion N/A N/A Uninhabited overseas state private property of France Central America
Flag of Curaçao Curaçao Country of Curaçao Dutch: Land Curaçao

Papiamento: Pais Kòrsou
Willemstad Netherlands Antillean guilder Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands Caribbean
Flag of Federal Dependencies of Venezuela Federal Dependencies Federal Dependencies of Venezuela Spanish: Dependencias Federales de Venezuela Gran Roque Bolívar soberano,
Petro
Federal Dependencies of Venezuela Caribbean
Flag of Nueva Esparta Nueva Esparta State of Nueva Esparta Spanish: Estado Nueva Esparta La Asunción Bolívar soberano,
Petro
Federated state of Venezuela Caribbean
Flag of Greenland Greenland Greenland Greenlandic: Kalaallit Nunaat

Danish: Grønland
Nuuk Danish krone Constituent country of the Kingdom of Denmark Northern America
Unofficial flag of Guadeloupe Guadeloupe[n 6] Guadeloupe French: Guadeloupe Basse-Terre Euro Overseas department and region of France Caribbean
Unofficial flag of Martinique Martinique[n 6] Martinique French: Martinique Fort-de-France Euro Overseas department and region of France Caribbean
Flag of Saba Saba[n 5] Saba Dutch: Saba

English: Saba
The Bottom United States dollar Special municipality of the Netherlands Caribbean
Flag of France Saint Barthélemy Territorial Collectivity of Saint Barthélemy French: Saint-Barthélemy Gustavia Euro Overseas collectivity of France Caribbean
Saint Martin Collectivity of Saint Martin French: Saint-Martin Marigot Euro Overseas collectivity of France Caribbean
Flag of France Saint Pierre and Miquelon Overseas Collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon French: Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon Saint Pierre Euro Overseas collectivity of France Northern America
Flag of San Andrés y Providencia San Andrés and Providencia[n 7] Archipelago of San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina Spanish: San Andrés y Providencia San Andrés Colombian peso Department of Colombia Caribbean
Flag of Sint Eustatius Sint Eustatius[n 5] Sint Eustatius Dutch: Sint Eustatius

English: Statia
Oranjestad United States dollar Special municipality of the Netherlands Caribbean
Flag of Sint Maarten Sint Maarten Sint Maarten Dutch: Eilandgebied Sint Maarten Philipsburg Netherlands Antillean guilder Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands Caribbean

Disputed territories[edit]

Disputed territories that are not internationally recognized, or not in effect, are listed in italics:

Flag English short name English long name Domestic short name(s) Capital Currency Legal status Location
N/A Bajo Nuevo Bank[n 8] Bajo Nuevo Bank Spanish: Bajo Nuevo N/A N/A Uninhabited, claimed by the United States as an unincorporated unorganized territory.
Administered by Colombia, disputed by Jamaica and the United States.
Caribbean
N/A Serranilla Bank[n 8] Serranilla Bank Spanish: Bajo Serranilla N/A N/A Uninhabited, claimed by the United States as an unincorporated unorganized territory.
Administered by Colombia, disputed by Honduras, Jamaica and the United States.
Caribbean

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Member of the Caribbean Community. The Caribbean Community also includes Guyana and Suriname.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Member of the Central American Integration System.
  3. ^ a b c Member of the North American Free Trade Agreement.
  4. ^ Claimed by Haiti.
  5. ^ a b c Municipality of the Netherlands.
  6. ^ a b Department of France.
  7. ^ Part of Colombia.
  8. ^ a b Certain U.S. government documents list these as unorganized, unincorporated territories of the United States. For the most part, however, they are under Colombian administration as an integral part of Colombia, part of the San Andrés and Providencia Department. They are also claimed by Jamaica, and in part by Honduras.

References[edit]