List of sovereign states and dependent territories in North America

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Location North America.svg

Sovereign states and dependent territories in North America, in an inclusive definition, cover the landmass north of the Colombia-Panama border and include the islands of the Caribbean.

Sovereign states[edit]

All of the states listed here are member states of the United Nations.

Flag Map English short, formal names, and ISO
[1][2][3][4]
Domestic short and formal name(s)
[1][2]
Capital
[3][5][6]
Population 2021
[7][8]
Area
[9]
Currency
[3]
Flag of Antigua and Barbuda ATG orthographic Antigua and Barbuda[n 1]

ATG
English: Antigua and Barbuda St. John's 93,219 442.6 km2 (171 sq mi) East Caribbean dollar
Flag of the Bahamas The Bahamas on the globe (Americas centered) Bahamas, The[n 1]

Commonwealth of The Bahamas

BHS
English: The Bahamas—Commonwealth of The Bahamas Nassau 407,906 13,940 km2 (5,382 sq mi) Bahamian dollar
Flag of Barbados BRB orthographic Barbados[n 1]

BRB
English: Barbados Bridgetown 281,200 431 km2 (166 sq mi) Barbadian dollar
Flag of Belize BLZ orthographic Belize[n 1][n 2]

BLZ
English: Belize Belmopan 400,031 22,966 km2 (8,867 sq mi) Belize dollar
Flag of Canada Canada (orthographic projection) Canada[n 3]

CAN
English: Canada

French: Canada
Ottawa 38,155,012 9,984,670 km2 (3,855,103 sq mi) Canadian dollar
Flag of Costa Rica Costa Rica (orthographic projection) Costa Rica[n 2]

Republic of Costa Rica

CRI
Spanish: Costa Rica — República de Costa Rica San José 5,153,957 51,100 km2 (19,730 sq mi) Costa Rican colón
Flag of Cuba Cuba (orthographic projection) Cuba

Republic of Cuba

CUB
Spanish: Cuba — República de Cuba Havana 11,256,372 110,860 km2 (42,803 sq mi) Cuban peso

Cuban convertible peso
Flag of Dominica Dominica on the globe (Americas centered) Dominica[n 1]

Commonwealth of Dominica

DMA
English: Dominica — Commonwealth of Dominica Roseau 72,412 754 km2 (291 sq mi) East Caribbean dollar
Flag of the Dominican Republic Dominican Republic (orthographic projection) Dominican Republic[n 2]

DOM
English: Dominican Republic

Spanish: República Dominicana
Santo Domingo 11,117,873 48,730 km2 (18,815 sq mi) Dominican peso
Flag of El Salvador El Salvador (orthographic projection) El Salvador[n 2]

Republic of El Salvador

SLV
English: El Salvador — Republic of El Salvador

Spanish: El Salvador — República de El Salvador
San Salvador 6,314,167 21,040 km2 (8,124 sq mi) United States dollar
Flag of Grenada Grenada on the globe (Americas centered) Grenada[n 1]

GRD
English: Grenada St. George's 124,610 344 km2 (133 sq mi) East Caribbean dollar
Flag of Guatemala Guatemala (orthographic projection) Guatemala[n 2]

Republic of Guatemala

GTM
Spanish: Guatemala — República de Guatemala Guatemala City 17,608,483 108,890 km2 (42,043 sq mi) Guatemalan quetzal
Flag of Haiti Haiti (orthographic projection) Haiti[n 1]

Republic of Haiti

HTI
French: Haïti — République d'Haïti

Haitian Creole: Ayiti — Repiblik d Ayiti
Port-au-Prince 11,447,569 27,750 km2 (10,714 sq mi) Haitian gourde
Flag of Honduras Honduras (orthographic projection) Honduras[n 2]

Republic of Honduras

HND
Spanish: Honduras — República de Honduras Tegucigalpa 10,278,345 112,090 km2 (43,278 sq mi) Honduran lempira
Jamaica Jamaica (orthographic projection) Jamaica[n 1]

JAM
English: Jamaica Kingston 2,827,695 10,991 km2 (4,244 sq mi) Jamaican dollar
Flag of Mexico Mexico (orthographic projection) Mexico[n 3]

United Mexican States

MEX
Spanish: México — Estados Unidos Mexicanos Mexico City 126,705,138 1,972,550 km2 (761,606 sq mi) Mexican peso
Flag of Nicaragua Nicaragua (orthographic projection) Nicaragua[n 2]

Republic of Nicaragua

NIC
Spanish: Nicaragua — República de Nicaragua Managua 6,850,540 129,494 km2 (49,998 sq mi) Nicaraguan córdoba
Flag of Panama Panama (orthographic projection) Panama[n 2]

Republic of Panama

PAN
English: Panama — Republic of Panama

Spanish: Panamá — República de Panamá
Panama City 4,351,267 78,200 km2 (30,193 sq mi) Panamanian balboa

United States dollar
Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis KNA orthographic Saint Kitts and Nevis[n 1]

Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis

KNA
English: Saint Kitts and Nevis — Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis Basseterre 47,606 261 km2 (101 sq mi) East Caribbean dollar
Flag of Saint Lucia Saint Lucia on the globe (Americas centered) Saint Lucia[n 1]

LCA
English: Saint Lucia Castries 179,651 616 km2 (238 sq mi) East Caribbean dollar
Flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines VCT orthographic Saint Vincent and the Grenadines[n 1]

VCT
English: Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Kingstown 104,332 389 km2 (150 sq mi) East Caribbean dollar
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago (orthographic projection) Trinidad and Tobago[n 1]

Republic of Trinidad and Tobago

TTO
English: Trinidad and Tobago — Republic of Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain 1,525,663 5,128 km2 (1,980 sq mi) Trinidad and Tobago dollar
Flag of the United States United States (orthographic projection) United States[n 3]

United States of America

USA
English: United States of America Washington 336,997,624 9,826,630 km2 (3,794,083 sq mi) United States dollar

Non-sovereign territories[edit]

This section contains areas that are not sovereign states but, also, are not integral parts of the sovereign states listed above. These include dependent territories and integral areas of primarily non-North American states.

Dependent territories[edit]

Dependencies that are not internationally recognized, or not in effect, are listed in italics.

Flag English short, formal names, and ISO Domestic short name(s) Capital Population 2021 Area Currency Sovereign state Legal status
Flag of Anguilla
Anguilla

AIA
English: Anguilla The Valley 15,753 102 km2 (39 sq mi) East Caribbean dollar  United Kingdom British Overseas Territory
Flag of Bermuda Bermuda

BMU
English: Bermuda

Portuguese: Bermudas
Hamilton 64,185 53.3 km2 (21 sq mi) Bermudian dollar
Flag of the British Virgin Islands British Virgin Islands

Virgin Islands

VGB
English: Virgin Islands Road Town 31,122 153 km2 (59 sq mi) United States dollar
Flag of the Cayman Islands Cayman Islands

CYM
English: Cayman Islands George Town 68,136 262 km2 (101 sq mi) Cayman Islands dollar
Flag of Montserrat Montserrat[n 1]

MSR
English: Montserrat Plymouth
(de jureabandoned)
Brades
(de factoseat of government)
4,417 102 km2 (39 sq mi) East Caribbean dollar
N/A Navassa Island[n 4]

UM-76
English: Navassa Island Lulu Town
(de jureabandoned)
0 5.4 km2 (2 sq mi) United States dollar  United States Uninhabited, administrated by the United States as an unincorporated unorganized territory, claimed by Haiti
Flag of Puerto Rico Puerto Rico

Commonwealth of Puerto Rico

PRI
Spanish: Puerto Rico — Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico

English: Puerto Rico — Commonwealth of Puerto Rico
San Juan 3,256,028 13,790 km2 (5,324 sq mi) United States dollar Unincorporated organized territory and Commonwealth of the United States
Flag of the Turks and Caicos Islands Turks and Caicos Islands

TCA
English: Turks and Caicos Islands Cockburn Town 45,114 430 km2 (166 sq mi) United States dollar  United Kingdom British Overseas Territory
Flag of the United States Virgin Islands United States Virgin Islands

Virgin Islands of the United States

VIR
English: United States Virgin Islands — Virgin Islands of the United States Charlotte Amalie 100,091 1,910 km2 (737 sq mi) United States dollar  United States Unincorporated organized territory of the United States

Integral parts of primarily non-North American states[edit]

Flag English short, formal names, and ISO Domestic short name(s) Capital Population 2021 Area Currency Sovereign state Legal status
Flag of Aruba Aruba

Country of Aruba

ABW
Dutch: Aruba Oranjestad 106,537 193 km2 (75 sq mi) Aruban florin  Netherlands Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Flag of Bonaire Bonaire[n 5]

BES
Dutch: Bonaire

Papiamento: Boneiru
Kralendijk 20,104 179 km2 (69 sq mi) United States dollar Special municipality of the Netherlands
Flag of France Clipperton Island

CPT
French: Île de Clipperton N/A 0 6 km2 (2 sq mi) N/A  France Uninhabited overseas state private property of France
Flag of Curaçao Curaçao

Country of Curaçao

CUW
Dutch: Curaçao — Land Curaçao

Papiamento: Kòrsou — Pais Kòrsou
Willemstad 190,338 276 km2 (107 sq mi) Netherlands Antillean guilder  Netherlands Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Flag of Federal Dependencies of Venezuela Federal Dependencies

VE-W
Spanish: Dependencias Federales de Venezuela Gran Roque 2,155 342 km2 (132 sq mi) Bolívar soberano,
Petro
 Venezuela Federal Dependencies of Venezuela
Flag of Nueva Esparta Nueva Esparta

State of Nueva Esparta

VE-O
Spanish: Nueva Esparta — Estado Nueva Esparta La Asunción 387,175 1,151 km2 (444 sq mi) Bolívar soberano,
Petro
 Venezuela Federated state of Venezuela
Flag of Greenland Greenland

GRL
Greenlandic: Kalaallit Nunaat

Danish: Grønland
Nuuk 56,243 2,166,086 km2 (836,330 sq mi) Danish krone  Denmark Constituent country of the Kingdom of Denmark
Unofficial flag of Guadeloupe Guadeloupe[n 6]

GLP
French: Guadeloupe

Guadeloupean Creole French: Gwadloup
Basse-Terre 396,051 1,628 km2 (629 sq mi) Euro  France Overseas department and region of France
Unofficial flag of Martinique Martinique[n 6]

Territorial Collectivity of Martinique

MTQ
French: Martinique — Collectivité Territoriale de Martinique Fort-de-France 368,796 1,128 km2 (436 sq mi) Euro Overseas department and region of France
Flag of Saba Saba[n 5]

BES
Dutch: Saba

English: Saba
The Bottom 1,933 13 km2 (5 sq mi) United States dollar  Netherlands Special municipality of the Netherlands
Flag of France Saint Barthélemy

Territorial Collectivity of Saint Barthélemy

BLM
French: Saint-Barthélemy — Collectivité de Saint-Barthélemy Gustavia 10,861 25 km2 (10 sq mi) Euro  France Overseas collectivity of France
Saint Martin

Collectivity of Saint Martin

MAF
French: Saint-Martin — Collectivité de Saint-Martin Marigot 31,948 53.2 km2 (21 sq mi) Euro Overseas collectivity of France
Flag of France Saint Pierre and Miquelon

Overseas Collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon

SPM
French: Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon — Collectivité d'outre-mer de Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon Saint Pierre 5,883 242 km2 (93 sq mi) Euro Overseas collectivity of France
Flag of San Andrés y Providencia San Andrés and Providencia[n 7]

Archipelago of San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina

CO-SAP
Spanish: San Andrés y Providencia — Archipiélago de San Andrés, Providencia y Santa Catalina San Andrés 61,280 52.5 km2 (20 sq mi) Colombian peso  Colombia Department of Colombia
Flag of Sint Eustatius Sint Eustatius[n 5]

BES
Dutch: Sint Eustatius

English: Statia
Oranjestad 3,138 21 km2 (8 sq mi) United States dollar  Netherlands Special municipality of the Netherlands
Flag of Sint Maarten Sint Maarten

SXM
Dutch: Sint Maarten Philipsburg 44,042 41.44 km2 (16 sq mi) Netherlands Antillean guilder Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands

Disputed territories[edit]

Disputed territories that are not internationally recognized, or not in effect, are listed in italics:

Flag English short name English long name Domestic short name(s) Claimants Legal status
N/A Bajo Nuevo Bank[n 8] Bajo Nuevo Bank Spanish: Bajo Nuevo  Colombia
 Jamaica
 United States
Uninhabited, administered by Colombia, claimed by the United States as an unincorporated unorganized territory. Also claimed by Jamaica.
N/A Serranilla Bank[n 8] Serranilla Bank Spanish: Bajo Serranilla  Colombia
 United States
Uninhabited, administered by Colombia, claimed by the United States as an unincorporated unorganized territory.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Member of the Caribbean Community. The Caribbean Community also includes Guyana and Suriname.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Member of the Central American Integration System.
  3. ^ a b c Member of the North American Free Trade Agreement.
  4. ^ Claimed by Haiti.
  5. ^ a b c Municipality of the Netherlands.
  6. ^ a b Department of France.
  7. ^ Part of Colombia.
  8. ^ a b Certain U.S. government documents list these as unorganized, unincorporated territories of the United States. For the most part, however, they are under Colombian administration as an integral part of Colombia, part of the San Andrés and Providencia Department. They are also claimed by Jamaica, and in part by Honduras.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Field Listing :: Names". CIA. Retrieved 28 July 2011.
  2. ^ a b "UNGEGN List of Country Names" (PDF). United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names. 2007. Retrieved 28 July 2011.
  3. ^ a b c "List of countries, territories and currencies". Europa. 9 August 2011. Retrieved 10 August 2011.
  4. ^ "ISO 3166". International Organization for Standardization. 1974. Retrieved 2022-07-24.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. ^ "Field Listing :: Capital". CIA. Retrieved 3 August 2011.
  6. ^ "UNGEGN World Geographical Names". United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names. 29 July 2011. Retrieved 3 August 2011.
  7. ^ "World Population Prospects 2022". population.un.org. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved July 17, 2022.
  8. ^ "World Population Prospects 2022: Demographic indicators by region, subregion and country, annually for 1950-2100" (XSLX). population.un.org ("Total Population, as of 1 July (thousands)"). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved July 17, 2022.
  9. ^ "Field Listing :: Area". Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 3 March 2011.