List of sovereign states and dependent territories in the Americas

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This is an alphabetical list of sovereign states and dependent territories in the Americas. The Americas (also known as Pan-America, America or the New World) are the landmasses of North America and South America, collectively sometimes considered a single continent. The Americas are almost entirely located in the Western Hemisphere, with some of the north-west islands of Alaska entering the Eastern Hemisphere. The majority of islands lying in the Atlantic between the Americas and Afro-Eurasia, such as Iceland, are not normally associated with the Americas and are therefore excluded from this list.

Sovereign states[edit]

The following is a list of sovereign states in the Americas. All 35 are members of the United Nations and the Organization of American States.

Flag English short name English long name Capital Domestic long names Independence ISO 3 letter Alpha Code
Flag of Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda[1] Antigua and Barbuda St. John's English: Antigua and Barbuda 1981 ATG
Flag of Argentina Argentina[2][3] Argentine Republic
Buenos Aires Spanish: República Argentina
1816 ARG
Flag of the Bahamas Bahamas[1] Commonwealth of The Bahamas Nassau English: Commonwealth of The Bahamas 1973 BHS
Flag of Barbados Barbados[1] Barbados Bridgetown English: Barbados 1966 BRB
Flag of Belize Belize[1] Belize Belmopan English: Belize
Spanish: Belice
1981 BLZ
Flag of Bolivia Bolivia[4] Plurinational State of Bolivia
La Paz & Sucre [B] Spanish: Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia
Quechua: Buliwya Mamallaqta
Aymara: Wuliwya Suyu
Guarani: Tetã Volívia
1825 BOL
Flag of Brazil Brazil[3] Federative Republic of Brazil
Brasília Portuguese: República Federativa do Brasil 1822 BRA
Flag of Canada Canada[5] Canada Ottawa English: Canada
French: Canada
1931 CAN
Flag of Chile Chile[2][6] Republic of Chile
Santiago[C] Spanish: República de Chile 1818 CHL
Flag of Colombia Colombia[4] Republic of Colombia
Bogotá Spanish: República de Colombia 1810 COL
Flag of Costa Rica Costa Rica Republic of Costa Rica
San José Spanish: República de Costa Rica 1821 CRI
Flag of Cuba Cuba Republic of Cuba
Havana Spanish: República de Cuba 1902 CUB
Flag of Dominica Dominica[1] Commonwealth of Dominica Roseau English: Commonwealth of Dominica 1978 DMA
Flag of the Dominican Republic Dominican Republic Dominican Republic
Santo Domingo Spanish: República Dominicana 1844 DOM
Flag of Ecuador Ecuador[4][6] Republic of Ecuador
Quito Spanish: República del Ecuador 1822 ECU
Flag of El Salvador El Salvador Republic of El Salvador
San Salvador Spanish: República de El Salvador 1821 SLV
Flag of Grenada Grenada[1] Grenada St. George's English: Grenada 1974 GRD
Flag of Guatemala Guatemala Republic of Guatemala
Guatemala City Spanish: República de Guatemala 1821 GTM
Flag of Guyana Guyana[1] Co-operative Republic of Guyana Georgetown English: Co-operative Republic of Guyana 1966 GUY
Flag of Haiti Haiti[1] Republic of Haiti Port-au-Prince French: République d'Haïti 1804 HTI
Flag of Honduras Honduras Republic of Honduras
Tegucigalpa Spanish: República de Honduras 1821 HND
Flag of Jamaica Jamaica[1] Jamaica Kingston English: Jamaica 1962 JAM
Flag of Mexico Mexico United Mexican States Mexico City Spanish: Estados Unidos Mexicanos 1810 MEX
Flag of Nicaragua Nicaragua Republic of Nicaragua Managua Spanish: República de Nicaragua 1821 NIC
Flag of Panama Panama Republic of Panama Panama City Spanish: República de Panamá 1903 PAN
Flag of Paraguay Paraguay[3] Republic of Paraguay Asunción Spanish: República del Paraguay
Guarani: Tetã Paraguái
1811 PRY
Flag of Peru Peru[4] Republic of Peru Lima Spanish: República del Perú
Quechua: Piruw Republika
Aymara: Piruw Suyu
1821 PER
Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Kitts and Nevis[1] Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis Basseterre English: Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis 1983 KNA
Flag of Saint Lucia Saint Lucia[1] Saint Lucia Castries English: Saint Lucia 1979 LCA
Flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Saint Vincent and the Grenadines[1] Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Kingstown English: Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1979 VCT
Flag of Suriname Suriname[1] Republic of Suriname Paramaribo Dutch: Republiek Suriname 1975 SUR
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago[1] Republic of Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain English: Republic of Trinidad and Tobago 1962 TTO
Flag of the United States United States[5][6] United States of America Washington, D.C. English: United States of America 1776 USA
Flag of Uruguay Uruguay[3] Oriental Republic of Uruguay Montevideo Spanish: República Oriental del Uruguay 1828 URY
Flag of Venezuela Venezuela Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela Caracas Spanish: República Bolivariana de Venezuela 1811 VEN

Other territories[edit]

The 25 territories on this list are not sovereign states. This includes dependent territories of Pan-American countries listed above, or are territories that are either part of or subject to a European country.

Flag English short name English long name Political status Capital Domestic short names
Anguilla Anguilla Anguilla Territory of the United Kingdom The Valley English: Anguilla
Aruba Aruba Aruba Country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands Oranjestad Dutch: Aruba
Bermuda Bermuda Bermuda Islands Territory of the United Kingdom Hamilton English: Bermuda
Portuguese: Bermudas
Bonaire Bonaire Bonaire Special municipality of the Netherlands[7] Kralendijk Dutch: Bonaire
Papiamento: Boneiru
British Virgin Islands British Virgin Islands British Virgin Islands Territory of the United Kingdom Road Town English: British Virgin Islands
Cayman Islands Cayman Islands Cayman Islands Territory of the United Kingdom George Town English: Cayman Islands
France Clipperton Island[8] Clipperton Island French government possession Uninhabited French: Île de la Passion
Curaçao Curaçao Curaçao Country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands Willemstad Dutch: Curaçao
Papiamento: Kòrsou
Falkland Islands Falkland Islands[9] Falkland Islands Territory of the United Kingdom Stanley English: Falkland Islands
French Guiana French Guiana French Guiana Overseas department of France[10] Cayenne French: Guyane française
Greenland Greenland Greenland Country of the Kingdom of Denmark Nuuk Greenlandic: Kalaallit Nunaat
Danish: Grønland
Guadeloupe Guadeloupe Guadeloupe Overseas department of France[10] Basse-Terre French: Guadeloupe
Martinique Martinique Martinique Overseas department of France[10] Fort-de-France French: Martinique
Montserrat Montserrat[1] Montserrat Territory of the United Kingdom Plymouth English: Montserrat
United States Haiti Navassa Island[11] Navassa Island United States Minor Outlying Islands
Haiti
Uninhabited English: Navassa Island
French: L'île de la Navasse
Puerto Rico Puerto Rico Commonwealth of Puerto Rico Unincorporated commonwealth of the United States San Juan Spanish: Puerto Rico
English: Puerto Rico
Saba Saba Saba Special municipality of the Netherlands[7] The Bottom Dutch: Saba
Saint Barthélemy Saint Barthélemy Collectivity of Saint Barthélemy Overseas collectivity of France Gustavia French: Saint-Barthélemy
France Saint Martin Collectivity of Saint Martin Overseas collectivity of France Marigot French: Saint-Martin
Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Pierre and Miquelon Territorial Collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon Overseas collectivity of France Saint-Pierre French: Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon
Sint Eustatius Sint Eustatius Sint Eustatius Special municipality of the Netherlands[7] Oranjestad Dutch: Sint Eustatius
Sint Maarten Sint Maarten Sint Maarten Country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands Philipsburg Dutch: Sint Maarten
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands[9] South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Territory of the United Kingdom King Edward Point English: South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands Turks and Caicos Islands Turks and Caicos Islands Territory of the United Kingdom Cockburn Town English: Turks and Caicos Islands
United States Virgin Islands United States Virgin Islands United States Virgin Islands Unincorporated organized territory of the United States Charlotte Amalie English: United States Virgin Islands

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Full member of the Caribbean Community
  2. ^ a b Claims territory in Antarctica
  3. ^ a b c d Full member of Mercosur
  4. ^ a b c d Full member of the Andean Community
  5. ^ a b Signatory to the North American Free Trade Agreement, source: CIA The World Factbook
  6. ^ a b c Includes Pacific islands usually not considered part of the Americas
  7. ^ a b c The Special Municipalities of the Netherlands are fully incorporated parts of the Netherlands.
  8. ^ Sometimes considered to be part of Oceania.
  9. ^ a b Claimed by Argentina
  10. ^ a b c The Overseas Departments of France are fully incorporated parts of France.
  11. ^ Claimed by Haiti

See also[edit]