List of countries by public debt

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Government debt as a percentage of national GDP

This is a list of countries by public debt to GDP ratio as listed by CIA's World Factbook and IMF. Net debt figure is the cumulative total of all government borrowings less repayments that are denominated in a country's home currency.

Concept[edit]

Gross government debt is the most relevant data for discussions of government default and debt ceilings. It is different from external debt, which includes the foreign currency liabilities of non-government entities.

The figures here are represented as a percentage of annual gross domestic product. The public debt relative information provided by national sources (CIA) is not always objective and true, given the fact that there is no independent research in these matters. Note that net debt figures are included where gross debt figures are unavailable in the CIA set.

List[edit]

Sortable table (not available on mobile)
Country Gross public debt
as % of GDP

(CIA)[1]
Date Total (gross) government
debt as % of GDP

(IMF)
Net government
debt as % of GDP

(IMF)[2]
Date Region
 Afghanistan 8.3 2016 7.346 2016 Asia
 Albania 71.3 2017 71.244 65.472 2017 Europe
 Algeria 19.9 2017 25.802 20.487 2017 Africa
 Andorra 41.1 2012 Europe
 Angola 87.8 2017 65.266 2017 Africa
 Antigua and Barbuda 92.7 2016 86.823 2017 Central America/Caribbean
 Argentina 53.7 2017 52.615 2017 South America
 Armenia 56.7 2017 53.467 2017 Europe
 Aruba 67.0 2013 Central America/Caribbean
 Australia 47.1 2017 41.592 19.094 2017 Oceania
 Austria 81.7 2017 78.833 54.320 2017 Europe
 Azerbaijan 48.8 2017 54.702 2017 Europe
 Bahamas 66.9 2016 57.205 2017 North America
 Bahrain 82.7 2017 90.335 2017 Middle East
 Bangladesh 28.1 2017 32.414 Asia
 Barbados 108.3 2017 132.876 76.284 2017 Central America/Caribbean
 Belarus 46.2 2017 50.962 2017 Europe
 Belgium 104.3 2017 103.184 90.324 2017 Europe
 Belize 86.3 2016 99.023 2017 Central America/Caribbean
 Benin 56.4 2017 54.597 2017 Africa
 Bhutan 93.7 2017 102.398 2017 Asia
 Bolivia 51.5 2017 50.860 35.369 2017 South America
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 43.2 2017 40.972 33.735 2017 Europe
 Botswana 18.5 2017 15.646 -2.683 2017 Africa
 Brazil 78.4 2017 83.980 51.583 2017 South America
 Brunei 3.1 2016 2.689 2017 Southeast Asia
 Bulgaria 28.6 2017 23.927 10.878 2017 Europe
 Burkina Faso 32.5 2016 38.327 2017 Africa
 Burma 36.75 2017 34.725 2017 Southeast Asia
 Burundi 40.9 2017 56.690 2017 Africa
 Cambodia 28.2 2017 35.134 2017 Southeast Asia
 Cameroon 32.3 2017 33.832 30.418 2017 Africa
 Canada 98.2 2017 89.688 27.793 2017 North America
 Cape Verde 127.0 2017 126.029 116.538 2017 Africa
 Central African Republic 42.5 2016 53.441 2017 Africa
 Chad 60.8 2017 52.533 2017 Africa
 Chile 25.2 2017 23.593 5.257 2017 South America
 China 18.6 2017 65.680 2016 Asia
 Colombia 53.0 2017 49.414 41.270 2017 South America
 Comoros 26.3 2016 28.381 2017 Africa
 Congo, Democratic Republic of the 14.6 2017 15.664 2017 Africa
 Congo, Republic of the 92.2 2017 119.073 2017 Africa
 Costa Rica 66.2 2017 49.098 2017 Central America/Caribbean
 Cote d'Ivoire 51.4 2017 46.391 2017 Africa
 Croatia 81.5 2017 78.414 66.534 2017 Europe
 Cuba 35.8 2017 Central America/Caribbean
 Cyprus 104.5 2017 99.258 81.236 2017 Europe
 Czech Republic 35.1 2017 34.663 22.869 2017 Europe
 Denmark 35.1 2017 36.413 16.273 2017 Europe
 Djibouti 32.3 2017 30.649 28.101 2017 Africa
 Dominica 81.0 2016 87.570 2017 Central America/Caribbean
 Dominican Republic 47.1 2017 37.743 28.556 2017 Central America/Caribbean
 Ecuador 41.0 2017 44.979 2017 South America
 Egypt 104.4 2017 103.261 94.005 2017 Africa
 El Salvador 68.1 2017 59.319 2017 Central America/Caribbean
 Equatorial Guinea 23.4 2017 42.676 22.347 2017 Africa
 Eritrea 113.7 2017 131.244 2017 Africa
 Estonia 9.3 2017 8.772 -0.572 2017 Europe
 Ethiopia 60.2 2017 56.223 52.228 2017 Africa
 European Union 86.8 2014 83.211 68.516 2017 Europe
 Fiji 50.4 2017 46.623 42.332 2017 Oceania
 Faroe Islands 35.0 2014 Europe
 Finland 63.8 2017 61.369 22.574 2017 Europe
 France 98.5 2017 96.956 87.651 2017 Europe
 Gabon 42.8 2017 61.065 2017 Africa
 Gambia, The 116.1 2016 123.239 2017 Africa
 Georgia 44.2 2017 45.099 44.918 2017 Europe
 Germany 65.7 2017 64.137 45.099 2017 Europe
 Ghana 76.8 2017 71.839 65.273 2017 Africa
 Gibraltar 7.5 2008 Europe
 Greece 180.0 2017 181.906 2017 Europe
 Grenada 84.4 2016 71.448 2017 Central America/Caribbean
 Guatemala 30.1 2017 24.375 2017 Central America/Caribbean
 Guinea 56.0 2016 39.669 2017 Africa
 Guinea-Bissau 46.3 2016 41.971 2017 Africa
 Guyana 52.3 2017 50.676 50.676 2017 South America
 Haiti 33.5 2016 31.087 2017 Central America/Caribbean
 Honduras 51.9 2017 43.949 2017 Central America/Caribbean
 Hong Kong 43.4 2016 0.055 2017 East Asia
 Hungary 73.9 2017 69.906 66.413 2017 Europe
 Iceland 47.4 2017 40.906 33.344 2017 Europe
 India 50.1 2017 70.200 2017 Asia
 Indonesia 33.1 2017 28.913 24.802 2017 Southeast Asia
 Iran 14.2 2017 40.866 29.741 2017 Middle East
 Iraq 63.7 2016 57.980 2017 Middle East
 Ireland 69.5 2017 68.520 59.829 2017 Europe
 Israel 59.5 2017 60.971 57.928 2017 Middle East
 Italy 131.2 2017 131.454 119.885 2017 Europe
 Jamaica 117.8 2017 104.074 2017 Central America/Caribbean
 Japan 223.8 2017 236.388 153.040 2017 Asia
 Jordan 86.0 2017 95.557 88.489 2017 Middle East
 Kazakhstan 27.5 2017 21.184 -11.784 2017 Asia
 Kenya 52.6 2017 55.646 50.364 2017 Africa
 Kiribati 26.8 2016 26.315 2017 Oceania
 Korea, North Asia
 Korea, South 43.3 2017 39.782 6.609 2017 Asia
 Kosovo 20.6 2016 20.940 2017 Europe
 Kuwait 26.2 2017 20.641 2017 Middle East
 Kyrgyzstan 58.4 2017 59.092 2017 Asia
 Laos 67.3 2017 62.769 2017 Southeast Asia
 Latvia 38.9 2017 34.835 26.918 2017 Europe
 Lebanon 142.2 2017 152.846 147.164 2017 Middle East
 Lesotho 47.8 2016 34.703 -0.944 2017 Africa
 Liberia 46.5 2017 34.434 31.997 2017 Africa
 Libya 5.1 2017 Africa
 Lithuania 38.9 2017 36.520 29.717 2017 Europe
 Luxembourg 19.3 2017 23.032 -8.284 2017 Europe
 Macedonia 47.3 2017 39.254 38.446 2017 Europe
 Madagascar 42.3 2016 37.276 2017 Africa
 Malawi 54.6 2017 59.318 2017 Africa
 Malaysia 52.5 2017 54.157 2017 Southeast Asia
 Maldives 81.5 2017 68.051 2017 Asia
 Mali 28.0 2017 35.557 29.866 2017 Africa
 Malta 52.9 2017 52.622 40.452 2017 Europe
 Marshall Islands 32.2 2016 27.969 2017 Oceania
 Mauritania 99.6 2017 91.086 90.799 2017 Africa
 Mauritius 66.0 2017 60.150 2017 Africa
 Federated States of Micronesia 24.8 2016 24.489 2017 Oceania
 Mexico 51.5 2017 54.181 46.120 2017 North America
 Moldova 43.4 2017 24.489 2017 Europe
 Mongolia 91.4 2017 Asia
 Montenegro 71.3 2016 67.493 2017 Europe
 Morocco 77.2 2017 64.407 64.042 2017 Africa
 Mozambique 119.4 2017 102.243 2017 Africa
 Namibia 43.0 2017 46.103 43.643 2017 Africa
 Nauru 65.0 2016 60.147 2017 Oceania
   Nepal 27.3 2017 27.150 2017 Asia
 Netherlands 59.0 2017 56.658 46.173 2017 Europe
 New Zealand 32.0 2017 26.428 4.649 2017 Oceania
 Nicaragua 46.0 2017 33.562 2017 Central America/Caribbean
 Niger 45.9 2016 46.528 40.894 2017 Africa
 Nigeria 15.3 2017 23.401 19.608 2017 Africa
 Norway 37.0 2017 36.655 -90.469 2017 Europe
 Oman 41.3 2017 44.220 -10.776 2017 Middle East
 Pakistan 67.2 2017 67.173 61.608 2017 Asia
 Palau 24.1 2016 Oceania
 Panama 38.8 2017 38.158 35.881 2017 Central America/Caribbean
 Papua New Guinea 39.8 2017 32.609 2017 Oceania
 Paraguay 22.5 2017 25.566 20.437 2017 South America
 Peru 25.7 2017 25.507 10.118 2017 South America
 Philippines 41.9 2017 37.825 2017 Southeast Asia
 Poland 46.2 2017 51.382 46.668 2017 Europe
 Portugal 127.7 2017 125.619 108.098 2017 Europe
 Puerto Rico 91.6 2016 54.573 2017 Central America/Caribbean
 Qatar 56.8 2017 53.962 2017 Middle East
 Romania 38.5 2017 36.878 28.341 2017 Europe
 Russia 11.8 2017 17.437 2017 Europe
 Rwanda 47.2 2017 40.599 2017 Africa
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 65.8 2016 62.378 2017 Central America/Caribbean
 Saint Lucia 82.9 2016 71.262 2017 Central America/Caribbean
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 79.2 2016 80.813 77.860 2017 Central America/Caribbean
 Samoa 52.6 2016 49.121 2017 Oceania
 San Marino 25.8 2013 56.569 2017 Europe
 Sao Tome and Principe 60.2 2017 83.300 2017 Africa
 Saudi Arabia 30.0 2017 17.289 -7.723 2017 Middle East
 Senegal 61.3 2017 61.152 2017 Africa
 Serbia 71.0 2017 61.476 58.684 2017 Europe
 Seychelles 56.8 2017 63.315 48.427 2017 Africa
 Sierra Leone 57.6 2017 58.428 2017 Africa
 Singapore 114.6 2017 110.864 2017 Southeast Asia
 Slovakia 51.6 2017 50.427 2017 Europe
 Slovenia 78.6 2017 75.367 49.159 2017 Europe
 Solomon Islands 9.0 2016 10.011 -1.101 2017 Oceania
 Somalia 76.7 2017 Africa
 South Africa 50.1 2017 52.673 47.896 2017 Africa
 South Sudan 33.0 2017 66.341 2017 Africa
 Spain 96.7 2017 98.364 86.344 2017 Europe
 Sri Lanka 79.6 2017 79.424 2017 Asia
 Sudan 54.8 2017 126.022 2017 Africa
 Suriname 64.6 2016 72.053 2017 South America
 Swaziland 27.5 2016 29.173 23.673 2017 Africa
 Sweden 39.0 2017 40.943 9.014 2017 Europe
  Switzerland 32.9 2017 42.779 23.053 2017 Europe
 Syria 58.4 2017 Middle East
 Taiwan 29.9 2017 35.172 33.291 2017 East Asia
 Tajikistan 41.5 2017 47.784 2017 Asia
 Tanzania 36.6 2016 38.243 2017 Africa
 Thailand 44.1 2017 41.882 2017 Southeast Asia
 Togo 68.6 2017 78.633 2017 Africa
 Tonga 45.1 2013 Oceania
 Trinidad and Tobago 61 2016 41.340 -10.968 2017 Central America/Caribbean[3]
 Tunisia 66.5 2017 71.275 21.269 2017 Africa
 Turkey 29.6 2017 28.482 22.736 2017 Asia
 Turkmenistan 23.9 2016 28.820 2017 Asia
 Tuvalu 53.7 2016 49.186 2017 Oceania
 Uganda 38.2 2017 38.955 2017 Africa
 Ukraine 89.0 2017 75.602 2017 Europe
 United Arab Emirates 60.3 2017 17.619 -79.486 2017 Middle East
 United Kingdom 90.4 2017 87.029 78.166 2017 Europe
 United States 77.4 2017 107.785 82.268 2017 North America
 Uruguay 62.5 2017 66.190 32.300 2017 South America
 Uzbekistan 15.1 2017 24.539 2017 Asia
 Vanuatu 31.3 2016 48.412 2017 Oceania
 Venezuela 25.8 2017 34.866 2017 South America
 Vietnam 62.3 2017 58.231 2017 Southeast Asia
 Wallis and Futuna 5.6 2004 Oceania
 Yemen 135.5 2017 141.014 139.372 2017 Middle East
 Zambia 62.8 2017 62.209 56.349 2017 Africa
 Zimbabwe 75.5 2017 78.360 2017 Africa
World 59.9 2017

See also[edit]

Government debt as a percent of GDP in EU in 2012
Nation specific

References[edit]

External links[edit]