List of sovereign states in 1972

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Sovereign states by year
List of sovereign states in 1971 Events of 1972 List of sovereign states in 1973

Internationally recognized sovereign states[edit]

A[edit]

B[edit]

C[edit]

D[edit]

E[edit]

  •  EcuadorRepublic of Ecuador, UN member State
  •  El SalvadorRepublic of El Salvador, UN member State
  •  Equatorial GuineaRepublic of Equatorial Guinea, UN member State
  • Ethiopia EthiopiaEthiopian Empire, UN member State

F[edit]

  • Fiji Fiji – Dominion of Fiji, UN member State
  •  Finland – Republic of Finland, UN member State
  •  France – French Republic, UN member State
  •  Fujairah – State of Fujairah (Transitional independent state from 1 December to 2 December)

G[edit]

  •  Gabon – Gabonese Republic, UN member State
  •  The Gambia – Republic of the Gambia, UN member State
  •  East Germany – German Democratic Republic, UN member State
  • Germany West Germany – Federal Republic of Germany, Permanent observer at the UN
  •  Ghana – Republic of Ghana, UN member State
  • Greece Greece – Kingdom of Greece, UN member State
  • Grenada (Associated state of the United Kingdom)
  •  Guatemala – Republic of Guatemala, UN member State
  •  Guinea – Republic of Guinea, UN member State
  •  Guyana – Co-operative Republic of Guyana, UN member State

H[edit]

  •  Haiti – Republic of Haiti, UN member State

Holy See → Vatican City

  •  Honduras – Republic of Honduras, UN member State
  • Hungary Hungary – Hungarian People's Republic, UN member State

I[edit]

  •  Iceland – Republic of Iceland, UN member State
  •  India – Republic of India, UN member State
  •  Indonesia – Republic of Indonesia, UN member State
  • Iran Iran – Imperial State of Iran, UN member State
  •  Iraq – Iraqi Republic, UN member state
  •  Ireland – Republic of Ireland, UN member State
  •  Italy – Italian Republic, UN member State
  •  Ivory Coast – Republic of Ivory Coast, UN member State

J[edit]

  •  Jamaica – Commonwealth of Jamaica, UN member State
  •  Japan – UN member State
  •  Jordan – Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, UN member State

K[edit]

  •  Kenya – Republic of Kenya, UN member State
  • Cambodia Khmer Republic – UN member State
  • North Korea North Korea – Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Permanent observer at UN (wasn't recognized by 4 UN member States)
  • South Korea South Korea – Republic of Korea, Permanent observer at UN (wasn't recognized by 3 UN member States at greatest extent)
  •  Kuwait – State of Kuwait, UN member State

L[edit]

  • Laos Laos – Kingdom of Laos, UN member State
  •  Lebanon – Lebanese Republic, UN member State
  •  Lesotho – Kingdom of Lesotho, UN member State
  •  Liberia – Republic of Liberia, UN member State
  • Libya Libya – Libyan Arab Republic, UN member State
  •  Liechtenstein – Principality of Liechtenstein, UN member State from 18 September
  •  Luxembourg – Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, UN member State

M[edit]

  • Madagascar Malagasy Republic – UN member State
  •  Malawi – Republic of Malawi, UN member state
  •  Malaysia – UN member State
  •  Maldives – Republic of Maldives, UN member State
  •  Mali – Republic of Mali, UN member State
  •  Malta – State of Malta, UN member State
  •  Mauritania – Islamic Republic of Mauritania, UN member State
  • Mauritius Mauritius – UN member State
  •  Mexico – United Mexican States, UN member State
  •  Monaco – Principality of Monaco, Permanent observer at the UN
  •  Mongolia – Mongolian People's Republic, UN member State
  •  Morocco – Kingdom of Morocco, UN member State

N[edit]

  •  Nauru – Republic of Nauru, UN member State
  • Nepal Nepal – Kingdom of Nepal, UN member State
  •  Netherlands – Kingdom of the Netherlands, UN member State
  •  New Zealand – Dominion of New Zealand, UN member State
  •  Nicaragua – Republic of Nicaragua, UN member State
  •  Niger – Republic of Niger, UN member State
  •  Nigeria – Federal Republic of Nigeria, UN member State
  •  Norway – Kingdom of Norway, UN member State

O[edit]

  • Oman – Sultanate of Oman, UN member State from 7 October

P[edit]

  •  Pakistan – Islamic Republic of Pakistan, UN member state
  •  Panama – Republic of Panama, UN member State
  • – Republic of Paraguay, UN member State
  •  Peru – Peruvian Republic, UN member State
  •  Philippines – Republic of the Philippines, UN member State
  • Poland Poland – Polish People's Republic, UN member State
  •  Portugal – Portuguese Republic, UN member State

Q[edit]

  • Qatar (from 3 September) – UN member State from 21 September

R[edit]

  •  Ras al-Khaimah – State of Ras al-Khaimah (Transitional independent state from 1 December)
  •  Rhodesia – Republic of Rhodesia (De facto independent state)
  • Romania Romania – Socialist Republic of Romania, UN member State
  •  Rwanda – Rwandese Republic, UN member state
  • Rwenzururu – Kingdom of Rwenzururu (De facto independent state)

S[edit]

 Sierra Leone – Republic of Sierra Leone, UN member State

  •  Singapore – Republic of Singapore, UN member State
  • Somalia Somalia – Somali Democratic Republic, UN member State
  •  South Africa – Republic of South Africa, UN member State
  •  Soviet Union – Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, UN member State
  • Spain Spain – Spanish State, UN member State

Sri Lanka → Ceylon

  •  Sudan – Democratic Republic of the Sudan, UN member State
  •  Swaziland – Kingdom of Swaziland, UN member State
  •  Sweden – Kingdom of Sweden, UN member State
  •   Switzerland – Swiss Confederation, Permanent observer at UN
  •  Syria – Syrian Arab Republic, UN member State

T[edit]

Taiwan → China, Republic of

  •  Tanzania – United Republic of Tanzania, UN member State
  •  Thailand – Kingdom of Thailand, UN member State
  •  Togo – Togolese Republic, UN member State
  •  Tonga – Kingdom of Tonga
  • Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago – UN member State
  •  Tunisia – Tunisian Republic, UN member State
  •  Turkey – Republic of Turkey, UN member State

U[edit]

  •  Uganda – Republic of Uganda, UN member State
  • Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic Ukraine – Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, UN member State (Republic within the Soviet Union)
  •  Umm al-Quwain – State of Umm al-Quwain (Transitional independent state from 1 December to 2 December)
  •  United Arab Emirates (from 2 December), UN member State from 9 December

Egypt Egypt United Arab Republic / Egypt

  • United Arab Republic (to 2 September), UN member State
  • Arab Republic of Egypt (from 2 September), UN member State
  •  United Kingdom – United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, UN member State
  •  United States – United States of America, UN member State
  •  Upper Volta – Republic of Upper Volta, UN member State
  •  Uruguay – Eastern Republic of Uruguay, UN member State

V[edit]

W[edit]

Y[edit]

  •  North Yemen – Yemen Arab Republic, UN member State
  •  South Yemen – People's Democratic Republic of Yemen, UN member State
  •  Yugoslavia – Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, UN member State

Z[edit]

  • Zaire Zaire – Republic of Zaire, UN member State
    Capital: Kinshasa
  • Zambia – Republic of Zambia, UN member State

Zimbabwe-Rhodesia → Rhodesia

Non-sovereign territories[edit]

Antigua[edit]

Australia[edit]

Denmark[edit]

Finland[edit]

  • Åland Islands Åland (Neutral and demilitarised region)

France[edit]

Greece[edit]

Netherlands[edit]

New Zealand[edit]

Norway[edit]

Portugal[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

United States[edit]

Other entities[edit]

Excluded from the list above are the following noteworthy entities which either were not fully sovereign or did not claim to be independent:

  • Antarctica as a whole had no government and no permanent population. Seven states claimed portions of Antarctica and five of these had reciprocally recognised one another's claims.[5] These claims, which were regulated by the Antarctic Treaty System, were neither recognised nor disputed by any other signatory state.[6]
  •  Estonia was incorporated into the Soviet Union in 1940, but the legality of the annexation was not widely recognized. The Baltic diplomatic services in the West continued to be recognised as representing the de jure state.
  •  Latvia was incorporated into the Soviet Union in 1940, but the legality of the annexation was not widely recognized. The Baltic diplomatic services in the West continued to be recognised as representing the de jure state.
  •  Lithuania was incorporated into the Soviet Union in 1940, but the legality of the annexation was not widely recognized. The Baltic diplomatic services in the West continued to be recognised as representing the de jure state.
  • The Saudi–Iraqi neutral zone was a strip of neutral territory between Iraq and Saudi Arabia.
  • Sovereign Military Order of Malta The Sovereign Military Order of Malta was an entity claiming sovereignty. The order had bi-lateral diplomatic relations with a large number of states, but had no territory other than extraterritorial areas within Rome.[7] The order's Constitution stated: "The Order is a subject of international law and exercises sovereign functions." [8] Although the order frequently asserted its sovereignty, it did not claim to be a sovereign state. It lacked a defined territory. Since all its members were citizens of other states, almost all of them lived in their native countries, and those who resided in the order's extraterritorial properties in Rome did so only in connection with their official duties, the order lacked the characteristic of having a permanent population.
  • Berlin West Berlin was a political enclave that was closely aligned with – but not actually a part of – West Germany. It consisted of three occupied sectors administered by the United States, the United Kingdom, and France.

References[edit]

  1. ^ The name "Argentine Nation" was also used for the purposes of legislation.
  2. ^ a b Cameroon adopted its constitution on 2 Jun 1972
  3. ^ a b Ceylon was declared a republic on 22 May 1972
  4. ^ A new Constitution of Sri Lanka came into effect on 7 Sep 1978
  5. ^ Rogan-Finnemore, Michelle (2005), "What Bioprospecting Means for Antarctica and the Southern Ocean", in Von Tigerstrom, Barbara, International Law Issues in the South Pacific, Ashgate Publishing, p. 204, ISBN 0-7546-4419-7  "Australia, New Zealand, France, Norway and the United Kingdom reciprocally recognize the validity of each other's claims."
  6. ^ CIA – the World Factbook – Antarctica – accessed 19 January 2008
  7. ^ Bilateral relations with countries Archived 2008-06-26 at the Wayback Machine., Retrieved 2009-12-22
  8. ^ Chapter General of the Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of St. John of Jerusalem of Rhodes and of Malta (1998-01-12). Constitutional Charter and Code of the Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of St. John of Jerusalem, of Rhodes, and of Malta, promulgated 27 June 1961, revised by the Extraordinary Chapter General 28–30 April 1997, Article 3 "Sovereignty," Paragraph 1 (PDF). Rome: Tipografia Arte della Stampa. p. 11.