List of sovereign states in 1981

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Sovereign states by year
List of sovereign states in 1980 Events of 1981 List of sovereign states in 1982

Internationally recognized sovereign states[edit]

A[edit]

  • Afghanistan – Democratic Republic of Afghanistan, UN member state
  • Albania – People's Socialist Republic of Albania, UN member state
  •  Algeria – People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, UN member state
  •  Andorra – Principality of Andorra
  • Angola – People's Republic of Angola, UN member state
  • Antigua / Antigua and Barbuda
  •  Argentina – Argentine Republic, UN member state
  •  Australia – Commonwealth of Australia, UN member state
  •  Austria – Republic of Austria, UN member state

B[edit]

  •  Bahamas – Commonwealth of the Bahamas, UN member state
  • Bahrain – State of Bahrain, UN member state
  •  Bangladesh – People's Republic of Bangladesh, UN member state
  •  Barbados – UN member state
  •  Belgium – Kingdom of Belgium, UN member state
  •  Belize (from 21 September), UN member state from 25 September
  • Benin – People's Republic of Benin, UN member state
  •  Bhutan – Kingdom of Bhutan, UN member state
  •  Bolivia – Republic of Bolivia, UN member state
  •  Bophuthatswana – Republic of Bophuthatswana (nominally independent South African bantustan)
  •  Botswana – Republic of Botswana, UN member state
  •  Brazil – Federative Republic of Brazil, UN member state
  • Bulgaria – People's Republic of Bulgaria, UN member state

Burkina Faso → Upper Volta

  • Burma – Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma, UN member state
  •  Burundi – Republic of Burundi, UN member state
  •  Byelorussia – Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic, UN member state (Republic within the Soviet Union)

C[edit]

State of Cambodia → Kampuchea, People's Republic of

  •  Cameroon – United Republic of Cameroon, UN member state
  •  Canada – Dominion of Canada, UN member state
  •  Cape Verde – Republic of Cape Verde, UN member state
  •  Central African Republic, UN member state
  •  Chad – Republic of Chad, UN member state
  •  Chile – Republic of Chile, UN member state
  • China – People's Republic of China, UN member state

China, Republic of → Taiwan

Côte d'Ivoire → Ivory Coast

  •  Cuba – Republic of Cuba, UN member state
  •  Cyprus – Republic of Cyprus, UN member state
  • Czechoslovakia – Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, UN member state

D[edit]

  •  Denmark – Kingdom of Denmark, UN member state
  • Derg – Provisional Military Government of Socialist Ethiopia, UN member state
  •  Djibouti – Republic of Djibouti, UN member state
  •  Dominica – Commonwealth of Dominica, UN member state
  •  Dominican Republic – UN member state

E[edit]

  • Flag of Ecuador (1900–2009).svg Ecuador – Republic of Ecuador, UN member state
  •  Egypt – Arab Republic of Egypt, UN member state
  •  El Salvador – Republic of El Salvador, UN member state
  •  Equatorial Guinea – Republic of Equatorial Guinea, UN member state

F[edit]

  •  Fiji – Dominion of Fiji, UN member state
  •  Finland – Republic of Finland, UN member state
  •  France – French Republic, UN member state

G[edit]

  •  Gabon – Gabonese Republic, UN member state
  •  The Gambia – Republic of the Gambia, UN member state
  •  East Germany – German Democratic Republic, UN member state
  •  West Germany – Federal Republic of Germany, UN member state
  •  Ghana – Republic of Ghana, UN member state
  •  Greece – Hellenic Republic, UN member state
  •  Grenada – UN member state
  •  Guatemala – Republic of Guatemala, UN member state
  •  Guinea – Republic of Guinea, UN member state
  •  Guinea-Bissau – Republic of Guinea-Bissau, UN member state
  •  Guyana – Co-operative Republic of Guyana, UN member state

H[edit]

  •  Haiti – Republic of Haiti, UN member state

Holy See → Vatican City

  •  Honduras – Republic of Honduras, UN member state
  • Hungary – Hungarian People's Republic, UN member state

I[edit]

  •  Iceland – Republic of Iceland, UN member state
  •  India – Republic of India, UN member state
  •  Indonesia – Republic of Indonesia, UN member state
  •  Iran – Islamic Republic of Iran, UN member state
  •  Iraq – Iraqi Republic, UN member state
  •  Ireland – UN member state
  •  Israel – State of Israel, UN member state (wasn't recognized by 21 UN member states)
  •  Italy – Italian Republic, UN member state
  •  Ivory Coast – Republic of Ivory Coast, UN member state

J[edit]

  •  Jamaica – Commonwealth of Jamaica, UN member state
  •  Japan – UN member state
  •  Jordan – Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, UN member state

K[edit]

  • Democratic Kampuchea – UN member state
  • People's Republic of Kampuchea (de facto independent state)
  •  Kenya – Republic of Kenya, UN member state
  •  Kiribati – Republic of Kiribati
  •  North Korea – Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Permanent observer at UN (was not recognized by 4 UN member states)
  •  South Korea – Republic of Korea, Permanent observer at UN (was not recognized by 3 UN member states at greatest extent)
  •  Kuwait – State of Kuwait, UN member state

L[edit]

  •  Laos – Lao People's Democratic Republic, UN member state
  •  Lebanon – Lebanese Republic, UN member state
  •  Lesotho – Kingdom of Lesotho, UN member state
  •  Liberia – Republic of Liberia, UN member state
  • Libya – Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, UN member state
  •  Liechtenstein – Principality of Liechtenstein, UN member state from 18 September
  •  Luxembourg – Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, UN member state

M[edit]

  • Madagascar – Democratic Republic of Madagascar, UN member state
  •  Malawi – Republic of Malawi, UN member state
  •  Malaysia – UN member state
  •  Maldives – Republic of Maldives, UN member state
  •  Mali – Republic of Mali, UN member state
  •  Malta – Republic of Malta, UN member state
  •  Mauritania – Islamic Republic of Mauritania, UN member state
  • Mauritius - UN member state
  •  Mexico – United Mexican States, UN member state
  •  Monaco – Principality of Monaco, Permanent observer at the UN
  •  Mongolia – Mongolian People's Republic, UN member state
  •  Morocco – Kingdom of Morocco, UN member state
  • Mozambique – People's Republic of Mozambique, UN member state

Myanmar → Burma

N[edit]

  •  Nauru – Republic of Nauru, UN member state
  • Nepal – Kingdom of Nepal, UN member state
  •  Netherlands – Kingdom of the Netherlands, UN member state
  •  New Zealand – Dominion of New Zealand, UN member state
  •  Nicaragua – Republic of Nicaragua, UN member state
  •  Niger – Republic of Niger, UN member state
  •  Nigeria – Federal Republic of Nigeria, UN member state
  •  Niue (A state in free association with New Zealand)
  •  Norway – Kingdom of Norway, UN member state

O[edit]

  •  Oman – Sultanate of Oman, UN member state

P[edit]

  •  Pakistan – Islamic Republic of Pakistan, UN member state
  •  Panama – Republic of Panama, UN member state
  •  Papua New Guinea – Independent State of Papua New Guinea, UN member state
  • Paraguay – Republic of Paraguay, UN member state
  •  Peru – Republic of Peru, UN member state
  •  Philippines – Republic of the Philippines, UN member state
  • Poland – Polish People's Republic, UN member state
  •  Portugal – Portuguese Republic, UN member state

Q[edit]

  •  Qatar – State of Qatar, UN member state

R[edit]

  • Romania – Socialist Republic of Romania, UN member state
  •  Rwanda – Rwandese Republic, UN member state
  • Rwenzururu – Kingdom of Rwenzururu (De facto independent state)

S[edit]

T[edit]

  • Taiwan – Republic of China, (partially recognized de facto independent state)
  •  Tanzania – United Republic of Tanzania, UN member state
  • Thailand – Kingdom of Thailand, UN member state
  •  Togo – Togolese Republic, UN member state
  •  Tonga – Kingdom of Tonga, UN member state
  •  Transkei – Republic of Transkei (nominally independent South African bantustan)
  •  Trinidad and Tobago – Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, UN member state
  •  Tunisia – Tunisian Republic, UN member state
  •  Turkey – Republic of Turkey, UN member state
  • Tuvalu

U[edit]

  •  Uganda – Republic of Uganda, UN member state
  •  Ukraine – Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, UN member state (Republic within the Soviet Union)
  •  United Arab Emirates – UN member state
  •  United Kingdom – United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, UN member state
  •  United States – United States of America, UN member state
  •  Upper Volta – Republic of Upper Volta, UN member state
  •  Uruguay – Eastern Republic of Uruguay, UN member state

V[edit]

  •  Vanuatu – Republic of Vanuatu, UN member state from 15 September
  •   Vatican City – Vatican City State, Permanent observer at UN
  •  Venda – Republic of Venda (nominally independent South African bantustan)
  •  Venezuela – Republic of Venezuela, UN member state
  •  Vietnam – Socialist Republic of Vietnam, UN member state

W[edit]

  •  Western Samoa – Independent State of Western Samoa, UN member state

Y[edit]

  •  North Yemen – Yemen Arab Republic, UN member state
  •  South Yemen – People's Democratic Republic of Yemen, UN member state
  •  Yugoslavia – Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, UN member state

Z[edit]

  •  Zaire – Republic of Zaire, UN member state
  • Zambia – Republic of Zambia, UN member state
  •  Zimbabwe – Republic of Zimbabwe, UN member state

Non-sovereign territories[edit]

Antigua[edit]

Australia[edit]

Cyprus[edit]

Denmark[edit]

Finland[edit]

  • Åland Islands Åland (Neutral and demilitarised region)

France[edit]

Greece[edit]

Netherlands[edit]

New Zealand[edit]

Norway[edit]

Portugal[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

United States[edit]

Other entities[edit]

Excluded from the list above are the following noteworthy entities which either were not fully sovereign or did not claim to be independent:

  • Antarctica as a whole had no government and no permanent population. Seven states claimed portions of Antarctica and five of these had reciprocally recognised one another's claims.[1] These claims, which were regulated by the Antarctic Treaty System, were neither recognised nor disputed by any other signatory state.[2]
  •  East Timor was invaded by Indonesia in 1975 and forcibly annexed into it in 1976 as Timor Timur, but this was not recognized by the United Nations.
  •  Estonia was incorporated into the Soviet Union in 1940, but the legality of the annexation was not widely recognized. The Baltic diplomatic services in the West continued to be recognised as representing the de jure state.
  •  Latvia was incorporated into the Soviet Union in 1940, but the legality of the annexation was not widely recognized. The Baltic diplomatic services in the West continued to be recognised as representing the de jure state.
  •  Lithuania was incorporated into the Soviet Union in 1940, but the legality of the annexation was not widely recognized. The Baltic diplomatic services in the West continued to be recognised as representing the de jure state.
  • The Saudi–Iraqi neutral zone was a strip of neutral territory between Iraq and Saudi Arabia (to 26 December).
  • Sovereign Military Order of Malta The Sovereign Military Order of Malta was an entity claiming sovereignty. The order had bi-lateral diplomatic relations with a large number of states, but had no territory other than extraterritorial areas within Rome.[3] The order's Constitution stated: "The Order is a subject of international law and exercises sovereign functions." [4] Although the order frequently asserted its sovereignty, it did not claim to be a sovereign state. It lacked a defined territory. Since all its members were citizens of other states, almost all of them lived in their native countries, and those who resided in the order's extraterritorial properties in Rome did so only in connection with their official duties, the order lacked the characteristic of having a permanent population.
  • Berlin West Berlin was a political enclave that was closely aligned with, but not actually a part of, West Germany. It consisted of three occupied sectors administered by the United States, the United Kingdom, and France.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rogan-Finnemore, Michelle (2005), "What Bioprospecting Means for Antarctica and the Southern Ocean", in Von Tigerstrom, Barbara (ed.), International Law Issues in the South Pacific, Ashgate Publishing, p. 204, ISBN 0-7546-4419-7 "Australia, New Zealand, France, Norway and the United Kingdom reciprocally recognize the validity of each other's claims."
  2. ^ CIA – the World Factbook – Antarctica – accessed 19 January 2008
  3. ^ Bilateral relations with countries Archived 2008-06-26 at the Wayback Machine, Retrieved 22 December 2009
  4. ^ Chapter General of the Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of St. John of Jerusalem of Rhodes and of Malta (12 January 1998). Constitutional Charter and Code of the Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of St. John of Jerusalem, of Rhodes, and of Malta, promulgated 27 June 1961, revised by the Extraordinary Chapter General 28–30 April 1997, Article 3 "Sovereignty," Paragraph 1 (PDF). Rome: Tipografia Arte della Stampa. p. 11.