List of sovereign states in 1992

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Sovereign states by year
List of sovereign states in 1991 Events of 1992 List of sovereign states in 1993

Internationally recognized sovereign states[edit]

A[edit]

  •  Abkhazia – Republic of Abkzhazia (de facto independent state)

Afghanistan Afghanistan

 Angola

  • People's Republic of Angola (to 25 August), UN member state
  • Republic of Angola (from 25 August), UN member state
  •  Antigua and Barbuda – UN member state
  •  Argentina – Argentine Republic, UN member state
  •  Armenia – Republic of Armenia, UN member state from 2 March
  •  Australia – Commonwealth of Australia, UN member state
  •  Austria – Republic of Austria, UN member state
  •  Azerbaijan – Republic of Azerbaijan, UN member state from 2 March

B[edit]

  •  The Bahamas – Commonwealth of the Bahamas, UN member state
  •  Bahrain – State of Bahrain, UN member state
  •  Bangladesh – People's Republic of Bangladesh, UN member state
  •  Barbados – UN member state
  •  Belarus – Republic of Belarus, UN member state
  •  Belgium – Kingdom of Belgium, UN member state
  •  Belize – UN member state
  •  Benin – Republic of Benin, UN member state
  •  Bhutan – Kingdom of Bhutan, UN member state
  •  Bolivia – Republic of Bolivia, UN member state
  •  Bophuthatswana – Republic of Bophuthatswana (nominally independent South African bantustan)
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina - Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina (From 5 April, de facto independent state to 7 April), UN member state from 22 May
  •  Botswana – Republic of Botswana, UN member state
  •  Bougainville – Republic of Bougainville (de facto independent state)
  •  Brazil – Federative Republic of Brazil, UN member state
  •  Brunei – State of Brunei, Abode of Peace, UN member state
  •  Bulgaria – Republic of Bulgaria, UN member state
  •  Burkina Faso – UN member state

Burma → Myanmar

  •  Burundi – Republic of Burundi, UN member state

C[edit]

Cambodia Cambodia

Chechen Republic of Ichkeria Chechnya

  • Chechen Republic (Partially recognized de facto independent state to 12 March)
  • Chechen Republic of Ichkeria (Partially recognized de facto independent state from 12 March)
  •  Chile – Republic of Chile, UN member state
  •  China – People's Republic of China, UN member state

China, Republic of → Taiwan

Congo, Democratic Republic of the → Zaire

Côte d'Ivoire → Ivory Coast

  •  Croatia – Republic of Croatia (De facto independent state to 12 January), UN member state from 22 May
  •  Cuba – Republic of Cuba, UN member state
  •  Cyprus – Republic of Cyprus, UN member state
  • Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia – Czech and Slovak Federative Republic (to 31 December), UN member state

D[edit]

E[edit]

  • Flag of Ecuador (1900-2009).svg Ecuador – Republic of Ecuador, UN member state
  •  Egypt – Arab Republic of Egypt, UN member state
  •  El Salvador – Republic of El Salvador, UN member state
  •  Equatorial Guinea – Republic of Equatorial Guinea, UN member state
  •  Estonia – Republic of Estonia, UN member state
  • Ethiopia Ethiopia – Transitional Government of Ethiopia, UN member state

F[edit]

  •  Fiji – Sovereign Democratic Republic of Fiji, UN member state
  •  Finland – Republic of Finland, UN member state
  •  France – French Republic, UN member state

G[edit]

  •  Gabon – Gabonese Republic, UN member state
  •  The Gambia – Republic of the Gambia, UN member state
  • Gagauzia – Gagauz Republic (de facto independent state)
  •  Georgia – Republic of Georgia, UN member state from 31 July
  •  Germany – Federal Republic of Germany, UN member state
  •  Ghana – Republic of Ghana, UN member state
  •  Greece – Hellenic Republic, UN member state
  •  Grenada – UN member state
  •  Guatemala – Republic of Guatemala, UN member state
  •  Guinea – Republic of Guinea, UN member state
  •  Guinea-Bissau – Republic of Guinea-Bissau, UN member state
  •  Guyana – Co-operative Republic of Guyana, UN member state

H[edit]

  •  Haiti – Republic of Haiti, UN member state

Holy See → Vatican City

  •  Honduras – Republic of Honduras, UN member state
  •  Hungary – Republic of Hungary, UN member state

I[edit]

  •  Iceland – Republic of Iceland, UN member state
  •  India – Republic of India, UN member state
  •  Indonesia – Republic of Indonesia, UN member state
  •  Iran – Islamic Republic of Iran, UN member state
  •  Iraq – Iraqi Republic, UN member state
  •  Ireland – Republic of Ireland, UN member state
  •  Israel – State of Israel, UN member state (was not recognized by 21 UN member states)
  •  Italy – Italian Republic, UN member state
  •  Ivory Coast – Republic of Côte d'Ivoire, UN member state

J[edit]

  •  Jamaica – UN member state
  •  Japan – UN member state
  •  Jordan – Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, UN member state

K[edit]

  •  Kazakhstan – Republic of Kazakhstan, UN member state from 2 March
  •  Kenya – Republic of Kenya, UN member state
  •  Kiribati – Republic of Kiribati
  • North Korea – Democratic People's Republic of Korea, UN member state (was not recognized by 4 UN member states)
  • South Korea – Republic of Korea, UN member state (was not recognized by 2 UN member states at greatest extent)
  •  Kuwait – State of Kuwait, UN member state
  •  Kyrgyzstan – Republic of Kyrgyzstan, UN member state from 2 March

L[edit]

  •  Laos – Lao People's Democratic Republic, UN member state
  •  Latvia – Republic of Latvia, UN member state
  •  Lebanon – Lebanese Republic, UN member state
  •  Lesotho – Kingdom of Lesotho, UN member state
  •  Liberia – Republic of Liberia, UN member state
  • Libya Libya – Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, UN member state
  •  Liechtenstein – Principality of Liechtenstein, UN member state
  •  Lithuania – Republic of Lithuania, UN member state
  •  Luxembourg – Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, UN member state

M[edit]

  • Socialist Republic of Macedonia Macedonia – Republic of Macedonia (De facto independent state)

 Madagascar

 Mauritius

Mongolia Mongolia

  • Mongolian People's Republic (to 12 February), UN member state
  • Mongolia (from 12 February), UN member state
  •  Morocco – Kingdom of Morocco, UN member state
  •  Mozambique – Republic of Mozambique, UN member state
  •  Myanmar – Union of Myanmar, UN member state

N[edit]

  •  Nagorno-Karabakh – Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (De facto independent state from 6 January)
  •  Namibia – Republic of Namibia, UN member state
  •  Nauru – Republic of Nauru, UN member state
  • Nepal Nepal – Kingdom of Nepal, UN member state
  •  Netherlands – Kingdom of the Netherlands, UN member state
  •  New Zealand – UN member state
  •  Nicaragua – Republic of Nicaragua, UN member state
  •  Niger – Republic of Niger, UN member state
  •  Nigeria – Federal Republic of Nigeria, UN member state
  •  Niue (A state in free association with New Zealand)
  •  Northern Cyprus – Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (partially recognized de facto independent state)
  •  Norway – Kingdom of Norway, UN member state

O[edit]

  •  Oman – Sultanate of Oman, UN member state

P[edit]

  •  Pakistan – Islamic Republic of Pakistan, UN member state
  •  Palestine – State of Palestine (Disputed region consisting of three occupied territories: the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, and East Jerusalem)
  •  Panama – Republic of Panama, UN member state
  •  Papua New Guinea – Independent State of Papua New Guinea, UN member state
  •  Paraguay – Republic of Paraguay, UN member state
  •  Peru – Republic of Peru, UN member state
  •  Philippines – Republic of the Philippines, UN member state
  •  Poland – Republic of Poland, UN member state
  •  Portugal – Portuguese Republic, UN member state

Q[edit]

  •  Qatar – State of Qatar, UN member state

R[edit]

 Republika Srpska

  • Serbian Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina (de facto independent state from 7 April to 12 August)
  • Republika Srpska (de facto independent state from 12 August)
  •  Romania – UN member state
  •  Russia – Russian Federation, UN member state
  •  Rwanda – Rwandese Republic, UN member state

S[edit]

Samoa → Western Samoa

  •  San Marino – Republic of San Marino, UN member state from 2 March
  •  São Tomé and Príncipe – Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe, UN member state
  •  Saudi Arabia – Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, UN member state
  •  Senegal – Republic of Senegal, UN member state
  •  Seychelles – Republic of Seychelles, UN member state
  •  Sierra Leone – Republic of Sierra Leone, UN member state
  •  Singapore – Republic of Singapore, UN member state
  •  Slovenia – Republic of Slovenia (De facto independent state to 12 January), UN member state from 22 May
  •  Solomon Islands – UN member state
  •  Somalia – UN member state
  •  Somaliland – Republic of Somaliland (de facto independent state)
  •  South Africa – Republic of South Africa, UN member state
  •  South Ossetia – Republic of South Ossetia (de facto independent state from 29 May)
  •  Spain – Kingdom of Spain, UN member state
  •  Sri Lanka – Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, UN member state
  •  Sudan – Republic of the Sudan, UN member state
  •  Suriname – Republic of Suriname, UN member state
  •  Swaziland – Kingdom of Swaziland, UN member state
  •  Sweden – Kingdom of Sweden, UN member state
  •   Switzerland – Swiss Confederation, Permanent observer at UN
  •  Syria – Syrian Arab Republic, UN member state

T[edit]

  •  Taiwan – Republic of China (partially-recognized de facto independent state)
  • Tajikistan Tajikistan – Republic of Tajikistan, UN member state from 2 March
  •  Tamil Eelam (unrecognized de facto self-governing entity)
  •  Tanzania – United Republic of Tanzania, UN member state
  •  Tatarstan – Tatar Soviet Socialist Republic (De facto independent state from 6 November)
  •  Thailand – Kingdom of Thailand, UN member state
  •  Togo – Togolese Republic, UN member state
  •  Tonga – Kingdom of Tonga, UN member state
  •  Transkei – Republic of Transkei (nominally independent South African bantustan)
  •  Transnistria - Transnistrian Moldovan Republic (De facto independent state)
  •  Trinidad and Tobago – Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, UN member state
  •  Tunisia – Tunisian Republic, UN member state
  •  Turkey – Republic of Turkey, UN member state
  • Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic Turkmenistan – UN member state from 2 March
  • Tuvalu

U[edit]

  • Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic Ukraine – UN member state
  •  Uganda – Republic of Uganda, UN member state
  •  United Arab Emirates – UN member state
  •  United Kingdom – United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, UN member state
  •  United States – United States of America, UN member state
  •  Uruguay – Eastern Republic of Uruguay, UN member state
  •  Uzbekistan – Republic of Uzbekistan, UN member state from 2 March

V[edit]

  •  Vanuatu – Republic of Vanuatu, UN member state
  •   Vatican City – Vatican City State, Permanent observer at UN
  •  Venda – Republic of Venda (nominally independent South African bantustan)
  •  Venezuela – Republic of Venezuela, UN member state
  •  Vietnam – Socialist Republic of Vietnam, UN member state

W[edit]

  •  Western Samoa – Independent State of Western Samoa, UN member state

Y[edit]

  •  Yemen – Republic of Yemen, UN member state

Socialist Federal Republic of YugoslaviaSerbia and Montenegro Yugoslavia

Z[edit]

  •  Zaire – Republic of Zaire, UN member state
  • Zambia – Republic of Zambia, UN member state
  •  Zimbabwe – Republic of Zimbabwe, UN member state

Non-sovereign territories[edit]

Australia[edit]

Denmark[edit]

Finland[edit]

  • Åland Islands Åland (Neutral and demilitarised region)

France[edit]

Greece[edit]

Netherlands[edit]

New Zealand[edit]

Norway[edit]

Portugal[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

United States[edit]

Other states[edit]

  •  Antarctica as a whole had no government and no permanent population. Seven states claimed portions of Antarctica and five of these had reciprocally recognised one another's claims.[1] These claims, which were regulated by the Antarctic Treaty System, were neither recognised nor disputed by any other signatory state.[2]
  • Sovereign Military Order of Malta The Sovereign Military Order of Malta was an entity claiming sovereignty. The order had bi-lateral diplomatic relations with a large number of states, but had no territory other than extraterritorial areas within Rome.[3] The order's Constitution stated: "The Order is a subject of international law and exercises sovereign functions." [4] Although the order frequently asserted its sovereignty, it did not claim to be a sovereign state. It lacked a defined territory. Since all its members were citizens of other states, almost all of them lived in their native countries, and those who resided in the order's extraterritorial properties in Rome did so only in connection with their official duties, the order lacked the characteristic of having a permanent population.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rogan-Finnemore, Michelle (2005), "What Bioprospecting Means for Antarctica and the Southern Ocean", in Von Tigerstrom, Barbara, International Law Issues in the South Pacific, Ashgate Publishing, p. 204, ISBN 0-7546-4419-7  "Australia, New Zealand, France, Norway and the United Kingdom reciprocally recognize the validity of each other's claims."
  2. ^ CIA – the World Factbook – Antarctica – accessed 19 January 2008
  3. ^ Bilateral relations with countries Archived 2015-12-03 at the Wayback Machine., Retrieved 2011-12-22
  4. ^ Chapter General of the Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of St. John of Jerusalem of Rhodes and of Malta (1998-01-12). Constitutional Charter and Code of the Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of St. John of Jerusalem, of Rhodes, and of Malta, promulgated 27 June 1961, revised by the Extraordinary Chapter General 28–30 April 1997, Article 3 "Sovereignty," Paragraph 1 (PDF). Rome: Tipografia Arte della Stampa. p. 11.