List of sovereign states in 1997

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Sovereign states by year
List of sovereign states in 1996 Events of 1997 List of sovereign states in 1998

Internationally recognized sovereign states[edit]

A[edit]

  •  Abkhazia – Republic of Abkzhazia (De facto independent state)
  •  Afghanistan - Islamic State of Afghanistan, UN member State
  • Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (partially recognized de jure independent state)
  •  Albania - Republic of Albania, UN member State
  •  Algeria – People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, UN member State
  •  Andorra – Principality of Andorra, UN member State
  •  Angola - Republic of Angola, UN member State
  •  Anjouan - State of Anjouan (de facto independent state from 3 August)
  •  Antigua and Barbuda – UN member State
  •  Argentina – Argentine Republic, UN member State
  •  Armenia - Republic of Armenia, UN member State
  •  Australia – Commonwealth of Australia, UN member State
  •  Austria – Republic of Austria, UN member State
  •  Azerbaijan - Republic of Azerbaijan, UN member State

B[edit]

  •  The Bahamas – Commonwealth of the Bahamas, UN member State
  •  Bahrain – State of Bahrain, UN member State
  •  Bangladesh – People's Republic of Bangladesh, UN member State
  •  Barbados – UN member State
  •  Belarus - Republic of Belarus, UN member State
  •  Belgium – Kingdom of Belgium, UN member State
  •  Belize – UN member State
  •  Benin - Republic of Benin, UN member State
  •  Bhutan – Kingdom of Bhutan, UN member State
  •  Bolivia – Republic of Bolivia, UN member State
  •  Bosnia and Herzegovina - UN member State
  •  Botswana – Republic of Botswana, UN member State
  •  Bougainville – Republic of Bougainville (de facto independent state)
  •  Brazil – Federative Republic of Brazil, UN member State
  •  Brunei – State of Brunei, Abode of Peace, UN member State
  •  Bulgaria - Republic of Bulgaria, UN member State
  •  Burkina Faso - UN member State

Burma → Myanmar

  •  Burundi - Republic of Burundi, UN member State

C[edit]

Congo, Democratic Republic of the → Zaire

Côte d'Ivoire → Ivory Coast

  •  Croatia – Republic of Croatia, UN member State
  •  Cuba – Republic of Cuba, UN member State
  •  Cyprus – Republic of Cyprus, UN member State
  •  Czech Republic - UN member State

D[edit]

E[edit]

  •  Ecuador – Republic of Ecuador, UN member State
  •  Egypt – Arab Republic of Egypt, UN member State
  •  El Salvador – Republic of El Salvador, UN member State
  •  Equatorial Guinea – Republic of Equatorial Guinea, UN member State
  •  Eritrea - State of Eritrea, UN member State
  •  Estonia – Republic of Estonia, UN member State
  •  Ethiopia - Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, UN member State
  •  Fiji - Sovereign Democratic Republic of Fiji, UN member State
  •  Finland – Republic of Finland, UN member State
  •  France – French Republic, UN member State

G[edit]

  •  Gabon – Gabonese Republic, UN member State
  •  The Gambia – Republic of the Gambia, UN member State
  •  Georgia - UN member State
  •  Germany - Federal Republic of Germany, UN member State
  •  Ghana – Republic of Ghana, UN member State
  •  Greece – Hellenic Republic, UN member State
  •  Grenada - UN member State
  •  Guatemala – Republic of Guatemala, UN member State
  •  Guinea – Republic of Guinea, UN member State
  •  Guinea-Bissau – Republic of Guinea-Bissau, UN member State
  •  Guyana – Co-operative Republic of Guyana, UN member State

H[edit]

  •  Haiti – Republic of Haiti, UN member State

Holy See → Vatican City

  •  Honduras – Republic of Honduras, UN member State
  •  Hungary – Republic of Hungary, UN member State

I[edit]

  •  Iceland – Republic of Iceland, UN member State
  •  India – Republic of India, UN member State
  •  Indonesia – Republic of Indonesia, UN member State
  •  Iran – Islamic Republic of Iran, UN member State
  • Iraq Iraq - Republic of Iraq, UN member State
  •  Ireland – Republic of Ireland, UN member State
  •  Israel – State of Israel, UN member State (wasn't recognized by 21 UN member States)
  •  Italy – Italian Republic, UN member State
  •  Ivory Coast – Republic of Côte d'Ivoire, UN member State

J[edit]

  •  Jamaica - UN member State
  •  Japan - UN member State
  •  Jordan – Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, UN member State

K[edit]

  •  Kazakhstan – Republic of Kazakhstan, UN member State
  •  Kenya – Republic of Kenya, UN member State
  •  Kiribati – Republic of Kiribati
  • North Korea North Korea – Democratic People's Republic of Korea, UN member state (wasn't recognized by 4 UN member States)
  • South Korea South Korea – Republic of Korea, UN member state (wasn't recognized by North Korea)
  •  Kuwait – State of Kuwait, UN member State
  •  Kyrgyzstan - Kyrgyz Republic, UN member State

L[edit]

  •  Laos – Lao People's Democratic Republic, UN member State
  •  Latvia – Republic of Latvia, UN member State
  •  Lebanon – Lebanese Republic, UN member State
  •  Lesotho – Kingdom of Lesotho, UN member State
  •  Liberia – Republic of Liberia, UN member State
  • Libya Libya – Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, UN member State
  •  Liechtenstein – Principality of Liechtenstein, UN member State
  •  Lithuania – Republic of Lithuania, UN member State
  •  Luxembourg – Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, UN member State

M[edit]

N[edit]

  •  Nagorno-Karabakh - Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (De facto independent state)
  •  Namibia – Republic of Namibia, UN member State
  •  Nauru – Republic of Nauru, UN member State
  • Nepal Nepal – Kingdom of Nepal, UN member State
  •  Netherlands – Kingdom of the Netherlands, UN member State
  •  New Zealand - UN member State
  •  Nicaragua – Republic of Nicaragua, UN member State
  •  Niger – Republic of Niger, UN member State
  •  Nigeria – Federal Republic of Nigeria, UN member State
  •  Niue (A state in free association with New Zealand)
  •  Northern Cyprus – Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (partially recognized de facto independent state)
  •  Norway – Kingdom of Norway, UN member State

O[edit]

  •  Oman – Sultanate of Oman, UN member State

P[edit]

Q[edit]

  •  Qatar – State of Qatar, UN member State

R[edit]

  •  Romania – UN member State
  •  Russia - Russian Federation, UN member State
  •  Rwanda – Rwandese Republic, UN member state

S[edit]

Samoa → Western Samoa

  •  San Marino – Republic of San Marino
  •  São Tomé and Príncipe – Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe, UN member State
  •  Saudi Arabia – Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, UN member State
  •  Senegal – Republic of Senegal, UN member State
  •  Seychelles – Republic of Seychelles, UN member State
  •  Sierra Leone – Republic of Sierra Leone, UN member State
  •  Singapore – Republic of Singapore, UN member State
  •  Slovakia - Slovak Republic, UN member State
  •  Slovenia – Republic of Slovenia, UN member State
  •  Solomon Islands - UN member State
  •  Somalia - UN member State
  •  Somaliland – Republic of Somaliland (De facto independent state)
  •  South Africa – Republic of South Africa, UN member State
  •  South Ossetia - Republic of South Ossetia (De facto independent state)
  •  Spain – Kingdom of Spain, UN member State
  •  Sri Lanka – Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, UN member State
  •  Sudan – Republic of the Sudan, UN member State
  •  Suriname – Republic of Suriname, UN member State
  •  Swaziland – Kingdom of Swaziland, UN member State
  •  Sweden – Kingdom of Sweden, UN member State
  •   Switzerland – Swiss Confederation, Permanent observer at UN
  •  Syria – Syrian Arab Republic, UN member State

T[edit]

Taiwan → China, Republic of

  •  Tajikistan – Republic of Tajikistan, UN member State
  •  Tamil Eelam (unrecognized de facto self-governing entity)
  •  Tanzania – United Republic of Tanzania, UN member State
  •  Thailand – Kingdom of Thailand, UN member State
  •  Togo – Togolese Republic, UN member State
  •  Tonga – Kingdom of Tonga, UN member State
  •  Transnistria - Transnistrian Moldovan Republic (De facto independent state)
  •  Trinidad and Tobago – Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, UN member State
  •  Tunisia – Tunisian Republic, UN member State
  •  Turkey – Republic of Turkey, UN member State
  • Turkmenistan  Turkmenistan - UN member State
  •  Tuvalu

U[edit]

  •  Ukraine, UN member State
  •  Uganda – Republic of Uganda, UN member State
  •  United Arab Emirates - UN member State
  •  United Kingdom – United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, UN member State
  •  United States – United States of America, UN member State
  •  Uruguay – Eastern Republic of Uruguay, UN member State
  •  Uzbekistan – Republic of Uzbekistan, UN member State

V[edit]

  •  Vanuatu – Republic of Vanuatu, UN member State
  •   Vatican City – Vatican City State, Permanent observer at UN
  •  Venezuela – Republic of Venezuela, UN member State
  •  Vietnam – Socialist Republic of Vietnam, UN member State

W[edit]

Samoa Western Samoa / Samoa

  • Independent State of Western Samoa (to 4 July), UN member State
  • Independent State of Samoa (from 4 July), UN member State

Y[edit]

  •  Yemen – Republic of Yemen, UN member State
  • Serbia and Montenegro Yugoslavia - Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

Z[edit]

Zaire Zaire / Democratic Republic of the Congo

  • Republic of Zaire (to 17 May), UN member State
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo (from 17 May), UN member State
  •  Zambia - Republic of Zambia, UN member State
  •  Zimbabwe – Republic of Zimbabwe, UN member State

Non-sovereign territories[edit]

Australia[edit]

China[edit]

  •  Hong Kong - Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (from 1 July)

Denmark[edit]

Finland[edit]

  • Åland Islands Åland (Neutral and demilitarised region)

France[edit]

Greece[edit]

Netherlands[edit]

New Zealand[edit]

Norway[edit]

Portugal[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

United States[edit]

Other states[edit]

  •  Antarctica as a whole had no government and no permanent population. Seven states claimed portions of Antarctica and five of these had reciprocally recognised one another's claims.[1] These claims, which were regulated by the Antarctic Treaty System, were neither recognised nor disputed by any other signatory state.[2]
  • European Union The European Union was a sui generis supranational organisation which had 12 (later 15) member states. The member states had transferred a measure of their legislative, executive, and judicial powers to the institutions of the EU, and as such the EU had some elements of sovereignty, without generally being considered a sovereign state. The European Union did not claim to be a sovereign state and had only limited capacity for relations with other states.
  • Sovereign Military Order of Malta The Sovereign Military Order of Malta was an entity claiming sovereignty and a United Nations observer. The order had bi-lateral diplomatic relations with a large number of states, but had no territory other than extraterritorial areas within Rome.[3] The order's Constitution stated: "The Order is a subject of international law and exercises sovereign functions." [4] Although the order frequently asserted its sovereignty, it did not claim to be a sovereign state. It lacked a defined territory. Since all its members were citizens of other states, almost all of them lived in their native countries, and those who resided in the order's extraterritorial properties in Rome did so only in connection with their official duties, the order lacked the characteristic of having a permanent population.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rogan-Finnemore, Michelle (2005), "What Bioprospecting Means for Antarctica and the Southern Ocean", in Von Tigerstrom, Barbara, International Law Issues in the South Pacific, Ashgate Publishing, p. 204, ISBN 0-7546-4419-7  "Australia, New Zealand, France, Norway and the United Kingdom reciprocally recognize the validity of each other's claims."
  2. ^ CIA – the World Factbook – Antarctica – accessed 19 January 2008
  3. ^ Bilateral relations with countries, Retrieved 2011-12-22
  4. ^ Chapter General of the Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of St. John of Jerusalem of Rhodes and of Malta (1998-01-12). Constitutional Charter and Code of the Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of St. John of Jerusalem, of Rhodes, and of Malta, promulgated 27 June 1961, revised by the Extraordinary Chapter General 28–30 April 1997, Article 3 "Sovereignty," Paragraph 1. (PDF). Rome: Tipografia Arte della Stampa. p. 11.