List of political entities in the 9th century

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This is a list of political entities that existed between 801 and 900 AD.

Political entities[edit]

Map of the Old World in 900 AD
Name Capital(s) State type Existed Location
Abbasid Caliphate Baghdad Empire 750 – 1256 AD Africa: North; Asia: West
Aghlabids Kairouan Emirate 800 – 909 AD Africa: North-central
Kanem Empire Njimi Empire c. 700 – 1387 AD Africa: North-central
Kingdom of Aksum Aksum Kingdom c.100 – c.940 AD Africa: Northeast
Alodia Soba Empire 680 – 1504 AD Africa: Northeast
Makuria Dongola Kingdom 340 – 1312 AD Africa: Northeast
Idrisid dynasty Fez Empire 788 – 985 AD Africa: Northwest
Ghana Empire Koumbi Saleh Empire c. 400 – 1235 AD Africa: West
Maya Various Kingdom City States 2000 BC – 900AD Americas: Central
Zapotec Various Kingdom City States 700 BC – 1521 AD Americas: Central
Pueblo Various Tribal chiefdom's 12th century BC – 14th century AD Americas: North
Cañari Tumebamba Tribal Confederacy 500 – 1533 AD Americas: South
Tiwanaku empire Tiwanaku Empire 300 – 1000 AD Americas: South
Wari Empire Huari Empire 500 – 1100 AD Americas: South
Avar Khaganate Khaganate 567 – 804 AD Europe: Balkans
Byzantine Empire Constantinople Empire 330 – 1453 AD Europe: Balkans, Asia: West; Africa: Northeast
Emirate of Crete Chandax Principality 824 – 961 AD Europe: Balkans
First Bulgarian Empire Various Empire 681 – 1018 AD Europe: Balkans
Principality of Hungary Esztergom, Székesfehérvár Principality 895 – 1000 AD Europe: Balkans
Principality of Lower Pannonia Various Principality/client 839 – 875 AD Europe: Balkans
Narentines Tribal chiefdom/countship/dukedom 6th – 10th centuries AD Europe: Balkans
Principality of Serbia (medieval) Ras Principality 768 – 969 AD Europe: Balkans
Travunija Trebinje Principality/client 850 – 1482 AD Europe: Balkans
Ailech Grianán Ailigh Kingdom 450 – 1283 AD Europe: British Isles
Airgíalla Clogher Tribal Federation/Kingdom 331 – 1590 AD Europe: British Isles
Kingdom of Breifne Croghan Kingdom 700 – 1256 AD Europe: British Isles
Brycheiniog Talgarth Kingdom 450 – 1045 AD Europe: British Isles
Cai Tribal kingdom 25 – 871 AD Europe: British Isles
Ce Tribal kingdom 1st century – 900 AD Europe: British Isles
Connacht Tribal chiefdom/kingdom c. 10th century BC – 1474 AD Europe: British Isles
Dál Riata Dunadd Kingdom 501 – 878 AD Europe: British Isles
Dumnonia Isca Dumnoniorum Dukedom/principality 290 – 875 AD Europe: British Isles
Dyfed Kingdom 410 – 910 AD Europe: British Isles
Kingdom of East Anglia Rendlesham, Dommoc Kingdom 6th C – 918 AD Europe: British Isles
Fortriu Tribal kingdom 1 – 850 AD Europe: British Isles
Glywysing Cardiff Kingdom 490 – 1063 AD Europe: British Isles
Gwent Caerwent, Porth-is-Coed Kingdom 420 – 1081 AD Europe: British Isles
Gwynedd Various Kingdom 420 – 1261 AD Europe: British Isles
Kent Durovernum Kingdom 455 – 871 AD Europe: British Isles
Leinster Kingdom 436 – 1632 AD Europe: British Isles
Kingdom of the Isles Kingdom 848 – 1266 AD Europe: British Isles
Meath Dublin Kingdom 1st century – 1173 AD Europe: British Isles
Mercia Tamworth Kingdom 527 – 918 AD Europe: British Isles
Kingdom of Northumbria Bamburgh Kingdom 653 – 954 AD Europe: British Isles
Osraige Kilkenny Kingdom 150 – 1185 AD Europe: British Isles
Pictland Kingdom 250 BC – 850 AD[1] Europe: British Isles
Powys Various Kingdom 488 – 1160 AD Europe: British Isles
Scotland Stirling, Edinburgh Kingdom 843 – 1707 AD Europe: British Isles
Strathclyde Dumbarton, Govan Kingdom 450 – 1093 AD Europe: British Isles
Sussex Selsey Kingdom 477 – 860 AD Europe: British Isles
Tyrconnell Dun na nGall Kingdom 464 – 1607 AD Europe: British Isles
Uí Failghe Rathangan, Daingean Kingdom 507 – 1550 AD Europe: British Isles
Ulster Kingdom 465 – 1177 AD Europe: British Isles
Wessex Winchester Kingdom 519 – 1018 AD Europe: British Isles
Khazar Khaganate Various Nomadic Kingdom 618 – 1048 AD Europe: East; Asia, Central; Eurasian: Caucasus
Kievan Rus' Kiev Federated principalities 882 – 1283 AD Europe: East
Magyar Tribal Confederation/Principality 1100 BC – 895 AD Europe: East
Rus' Khaganate Not specified Tribal kingdom 830 – 899 AD Europe: East
Volga Bulgaria Bolghar, Bilär Kingdom 660 – 1236 AD Europe: East
Norway Various Kingdom 872 AD – present Europe: Nordic
Duchy of Benevento after 774, Principality of Benevento Benevento Dukedom/Principality/Client 571 – 1074 AD Europe: South
Papal States Rome Pontifical states 754 – 1870 AD Europe: South
San Marino San Marino Republic 301 AD – present Europe: South
Duchy of Tridentum Benevento Dukedom/Principality 574 – 1802 AD Europe: South
Republic of Venice Venice Republic 697 – 1797 AD Europe: South
Armorica Kingdom/dukedom 343 – 1532 AD Europe: West
Kingdom of Asturias Various Kingdom 718 – 924 AD Europe: West
Viscounty of Béarn Various Viscounty 9th century – 1620 AD Europe: West
Carantania Karnburg Principality 658 – 828 AD Europe: West
Carolingian Empire Aachen Empire 800 – 888 AD Europe: West
Emirate of Córdoba Córdoba Principality 756 – 929 AD Europe: West
Cornouaille Principality 430 – 1084 AD Europe: West
County of Flanders Various Countship 862 – 1795 AD Europe: West
Francia Tournai, Paris Kingdom/Empire 481 – 843 AD Europe: West
Kingdom of France Paris, Versailles Kingdom 843 – 1792 AD Europe: West
Kingdom of Galicia Santiago de Compostela Kingdom 409 – 1833 AD Europe: West
Lotharingia Kingdom 855 – 959 AD Europe: West
Kingdom of Navarre Pamplona Kingdom 824 – 1620 AD Europe: West
Old Saxony Dukedom 758 – 804 AD Europe: West
Poher Vorgium Principality 520 – 936 AD Europe: West
Raetia Curiensis Chur Bishopric (religious state) 452 – 1160 AD Europe: West
Duchy of Thuringia Duchy 631 – 1440 AD Europe: West
Arminiya Dvin Principality/client 653 – 884 AD Eurasian: Caucasus
Principality of Iberia Tbilisi Principality 580 – 891 AD Eurasian: Caucasus
Sarir Humraj Kingdom/Client 453 – 12th century AD Eurasian: Caucasus
Afrighids Kath Kingdom/Client 305 – 995 AD Asia: Central
Kara-Khanid Khanate Balasagun, Kashgar, Samarkand Nomadic confederation 840 – 1212 AD Asia: Central
Kashgar Kashgar Kingdom/Client 80 – 850 AD Asia: Central
Khotan Khotan Kingdom 56 – 1006 AD Asia: Central
Tatar confederation Not specified Confederation 8th century – 1202 AD Asia: Central
Tibetan Empire Lhasa, Pho brang Empire 618 – 907 AD Asia: Central, East
Anuradhapura Anuradhapura Kingdom 377 BC – 1017 AD Asia: South
Ay Aykudi Kingdom 4th century BC – 12th century AD Asia: South
Kingdom of Bumthang Chakhar Gutho Kingdom 7th – 17th centuries AD Asia: South
Chera Kingdom Kingdom 5th century BC – 1102 AD Asia: South
Eastern Chalukyas Vengi, Rajamundry Kingdom 624 – 1129 AD Asia: South
Garhwal Kingdom Various Kingdom 888 – 1949 AD Asia: South
Ghurid dynasty Various Sultanate 879 – 1215 AD Asia: South, West, Central
Gurjara-Pratihara Kannauj Empire 650 – 1036 AD Asia: South
Kabul Shahi Kabul, Waihind Kingdom/Empire 6th century – 1026 AD Asia: South
Kamarupa Various Kingdom 350 – 1140 AD Asia: South
Rajarata Various Kingdom 377 BC – 1310 AD Asia: South
Western Ganga dynasty Kolar, Talakad Kingdom 350 – 1000 AD Asia: South
Bruneian Empire Various Empire 7th century – 1888 AD Asia: Southeast
Champa Various Kingdom 192 – 1832 AD Asia: Southeast
Gangga Negara Gangga Negara Kingdom 2nd – 11th centuries AD Asia: Southeast
Langkasuka Kedah, Pattani Kingdom 100 – 1516 AD Asia: Southeast
Lavo Kingdom Lavo, Ayodhaya Kingdom 450 – 1388 AD Asia: Southeast
Melayu Kingdom Jambi Kingdom 4th – 13th centuries AD Asia: Southeast
Pyu city-states Sri Ksetra Federated City States 250 BC – 1085 AD Asia: Southeast
Sunda Kingdom Various Kingdom 669 – 1579 AD Asia: Southeast
Thaton Kingdom Thaton Kingdom 300 BC – 1085 AD Asia: Southeast
Tang dynasty Chang'an, Luoyang Empire 618 – 907 AD Asia: East, Central
Khitans Shangjing Kingdom/Client 388 – 1211 AD Asia: East, China
Jōmon Various Principalities/Empire 600 BC – present Asia: East, Japan
Balhae Dongmo Empire 698 – 926 AD Asia: East, Korean Peninsula
Silla Gyeongju Kingdom 55 BC – 935 AD Asia: East, Korean Peninsula
Usan Kingdom 512 – 930 AD Asia: East, Korean Peninsula

See also[edit]

List of political entities in the 9th century
Preceded by
8th century
Political entities
of the 9th century
Succeeded by
10th century

References[edit]

  1. ^ Salway, Peter. "Gaelic Kingdoms: Kingdoms of Caledonia". 2014. The History Files. Retrieved 13 June 2014.