List of countries in Asia and Oceania by Human Development Index
The Human Development Index (HDI) is a comparative measure of life expectancy, literacy, education and standards of living for countries worldwide. It is a standard means of measuring well-being, especially child welfare. It is used to distinguish whether the country is a developed, a developing or an under-developed country, and also to measure the impact of economic policies on quality of life. The index was developed in 1990 by Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq and Indian economist Amartya Sen.
The table below presents the latest Human Development Index (HDI) for countries in Asia and the Pacific as included in a United Nations Development Programme's Human Development Report released on 14 September 2018 and based on data collected in 2017. Data for China does not include Taiwan and the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau.
Countries with contiguous boundaries that are partially (but not entirely) located in Asia are shown here in italics, but HDI figures are given for the whole state. Taiwan (2015 data, calculated in 2017) and Macau (2016 data, calculated in 2018) are not ranked as they are not included in the latest report by the United Nations Development Programme; instead, they are calculted by their respective governments.
|List of countries in Asia and Oceania by Human Development Index|
|Rank||Country||Human Development Index (HDI)|
|In region||World||HDI Value||Change in HDI value 2016–17|
|Very high human development|
|9||34||United Arab Emirates||0.863||0.001|
|High human development|
|Medium human development|
|Low human development|
|58||153||Papua New Guinea||0.544||0.001|
- "History of the Human Development Report". United Nations Development Programme. Archived from the original on 3 April 2009. Retrieved 26 March 2009.
- "The Human Development concept". UNDP. 2010. Retrieved 29 July 2011.
- "Table 1: Human Development Index and its components".
- "Human Development Report 2018 – "Human Development Indices and Indicators"" (PDF). HDRO (Human Development Report Office) United Nations Development Programme. pp. 22–25. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
- "Macao in Figures, 2018". www.dsec.gov.mo.
- "2017中華民國人類發展指數(HDI)" (in Chinese). Directorate General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics, Executive Yuan, R.O.C. 2017. Retrieved 21 April 2017.
- Calculated by the Taiwanese government based on the new 2010 methodology.
- Cyprus is geographically in Western Asia (or the Near East), though politically and culturally it is considered as being in Europe.
- Located in Asia and Europe. Asian Russia makes over 75% of the country's territory, but only 22% of its population.
- Mostly located in Central Asia, but its regions of West Kazakhstan and Atyrau are partly located in Europe.
- The European portion of Turkey is known as East Thrace, making up about 3% of the country's land area and 14% of its population.
- The municipality of Kazbegi is located in Europe, which makes up about 0.1% of the country's population.
- The districts of Qusar, Shabran, Siazan, Khachmaz and Quba are geographically in Europe, placing about 5% of the population in Europe.
- The portion of Egypt located in Asia is the Sinai Peninsula, comprising about 6% of the country's land mass.