List of European countries by minimum wage

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The following list provides information relating to the minimum wages (gross) of countries in Europe.[1][2]

The calculations are based on the assumption of a 40-hour working week and a 52-week year, with the exceptions of France (35 hours),[3] San Marino (37.5 hours),[4] Belgium (38 hours),[5] United Kingdom (38.1 hours),[3] Ireland (39 hours),[3] Monaco (39 hours),[6] and Germany (39.1 hours).[3] Most of minimum wages are fixed at a monthly rate, but there are countries where minimum wage is fixed at an hourly rate or weekly rate.

Minimum wages by country (European countries)[edit]

Gross income[edit]

dark blue above €1,000
light Blue €500 to €1,000
Yellow €300 to €500
Red below €300

Countries marked on the map in purple do not have a minimum wage.

Countries marked on the map in dark blue have a minimum wage in the range from €1,400 and above, in light blue - from €700 to €1,400, in yellow - from €400 to €700, in red - below €400. Countries marked on the map in purple do not have a minimum wage.

European countries by minimum hourly gross wage in 2018 (in PPP, Purchasing Power)
European countries by minimum hourly gross wage in 2018 (in PPP, Purchasing Power)

The difference between the gross income and the net income ratio is given by the percentage of income taxes. For example, even if a Slovakian citizen has a gross minimum income higher than a Czech, in reality the first will receive less money than the second because of higher income taxes.

Minimum wages by country (European countries) - List[edit]

Country Net monthly minimum wage (EUR) [7] Monthly minimum wage (EUR) Monthly minimum wage Period Hourly rate Hourly rate (USD) Hourly rate (US$, PPP)[8] Exchange rate to EUR Effective per
 Albania 193.28 193.28 24,000.00 lekë (salary less than 30,000 lekë per month is not subject to income tax)[9] Month 138.00 lekë[9] 1.26 3.09 134 May 2017
 Andorra 991 991 €991.47 [10] Month €5.72[10] 6.56 7.03 1 1 January 2017
Belarus Belarus 109[11] 123 305.00 rubles[12] Month 1.53 rubles 0.72 2.62 2.47 1 January 2018
Belgium Belgium 1216 1563 [2][1] €1,562.59 Month €9.49 10.87 11.46 1 1 June 2017
 Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina( Bosnia and Herzegovina) 208 [13] 311 605.48 mark[14] Month 3.44 mark 2.01 4.90 1.95583 1 January 2017
 Republika Srpska( Bosnia and Herzegovina) 226 [15] 337 656.72 [16] Month 3.73 mark 2.18 5.31 1.9558 1 August 2018
Bulgaria Bulgaria 202 261[1][2] 510 lev Month 3.19 lev[17] 1.87 5.00 1.95583 1 January 2018
Croatia Croatia 406 505[1][2] 3,750.00 kuna Month 18.90 kuna 2.92 5.31 7.43 1 January 2019
Czech Republic Czech Republic 432 514[1][2] 13,350.00 koruna[18][19] Month 83.43 koruna[18][19] 3.63 5.92 25.995 1 January 2019
Estonia Estonia 516 540[1][2] €540.00 [1] Month €3.20[20] 3.40 5.37 1 1 January 2019
France France 1386 1498[1][2] €1,498.47 Month €9.88 11.32 12.23 1 1 January 2018
Germany Germany 1102 1498[1][2] €1,498.00 Hour €8.84[21] 10.13 11.33 1 1 January 2017
Greece Greece 578 [22] 684 [23][1][2] €683.76 [24] Month €3.94 4.51 6.51 1 14 February 2012
Hungary Hungary 379 [1][2] 445 138,000 forint Month 736.44 forint 2.61 5.66 310.00 1 January 2018
Republic of Ireland Ireland 1509 1563 [1][2] €1,563.25 Hour €9.55[25] 10.94 11.40 1 1 January 2018
Latvia Latvia 346 430 [1][2] €430 Month €2.48 2.84 4.96 1 1 January 2018
Lithuania Lithuania 396 555 [26] €555 Month €3.39 3.90 7.42 1 1 January 2019
Luxembourg Luxembourg 1722[27] 2049[28] €2,048.54 [1] Month €11.84[29] 13.74 13.32 1 1 August 2018
 Macedonia 195 236 12,000 denars (net)[30][31] Month 69.22 denars 1.29 3.45 61.50 September 2016
Malta Malta 571 747 [1][2] €747.5 Week €4.24 4.86 7.37 1 1 January 2018
 Moldova 103[32] 124 2,380 lei [33] Month 14.09 lei[33] 0.86 1.87 19.2 1 May 2017
 Monaco 1732 €1,731.91 [6] Hour €10.25[6] 11.75 12.61 1 1 January 2017
 Montenegro 193 193 €193 Month €1.11 1.27 3.03 1 1 May 2013
Netherlands Netherlands 1430 1578 [1][2] €1,578 Month €9.03 10.35 11.28 1 1 January 2018
Poland Poland 379 524 [1][2] 2,250 złoty Month 14.70 złoty 3.66 7.78 4.16 1 January 2019
Portugal Portugal 587 [34] 677 [35][1][2] €676.67 [36] Month €3.94 4.51 6.33 1 1 January 2018
Romania Romania 273 / 305* [1][2] 449 / 507* [37][1] 2,080 / 2,350* RON [38]
 *(employees proving a graduate diploma)
Month 32.00 RON 2.80 6.64 4.64 1 January 2019
Russia Russia 120 139 11,163 rubles[39] Month 53.00 rubles 0.66 2.30 80.30 1 May 2018
 San Marino 1583 €1,582.57[40] Month €9.74 11.17 11.98 1 1 January 2014
 Serbia 210[41] 298 24,882 dinars [42] Month 143 dinars[42] 1.40 3.44 118.68 1 January 2018
Slovakia Slovakia 454 520 [1][2] €520 [43][1] Month €2.989[43] 3.39 5.30 1 1 January 2019
Slovenia Slovenia 667 886 [1][2] €886 Month €4.84 5.55 8.00 1 1 January 2019
Spain Spain 900[44] 1050 [45] [1][2] €1050.00 [46] Month €5.76[47] 6.60 8.80 1 1 January 2019
Switzerland Switzerland (Cantons of Jura and Neuchâtel) 2709 3258[48] 3,680.00 Fr. [49][50] Hour 20.00 Fr.[49][50] 20.54 15.50 1.13 1 January 2015
 Ukraine 103 128[51] 4,170 hryvnias [52] Month 22.41 hryvnias[52] 0.83 2.90 30.70 1 January 2019
United Kingdom United Kingdom 1247 1413 [1][2] 1,270 pound [53][1] Hour 7.83 pound[53] 10.00 11.25 0.9 1 April 2017

Minimum wages by country (other countries)[edit]

Countries that have main territories in Asia with small or no territories in Europe

Country Net monthly minimum wage (EUR) Monthly minimum wage (EUR) Monthly minimum wage Hourly rate Hourly rate (USD) Exchange rate to EUR Effective per
Foo 10 10 10-10-2000
Armenia Armenia 96 55,000.00 dram[54] 317.31 dram 0.66 569.14 1 July 2015
 Azerbaijan 65 130.00 manat[55] 0.67 manat 0.40 1.98 1 January 2017
 Georgia 7 20.00 lari[56] 0.12 lari 0.05 2.90 1 January 1999
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 61 24,459.00 tenge[57] 141.11 tenge 0.40 402.84 1 January 2017
 Turkey 270 338 2,030 lira[58] 10.15 lira 1.45 8.0 1 January 2018

Minimum wages by country (other territories)[edit]

The following list includes states with limited recognition.

Country Monthly minimum wage (EUR) Monthly minimum wage Hourly rate Hourly rate (USD) Exchange rate to EUR Effective per
Foo 10 10 10-10-2000
 Kosovo 170 €170.00[59] €0.98 1.20 1 17 August 2011

Countries with no minimum wage[edit]

In some countries it was replaced with other systems that provide a minimum income.

See Guaranteed minimum income and Basic income.

For comparison[edit]

Country Net monthly minimum wage (EUR) Monthly minimum wage (EUR) Monthly minimum wage Hourly rate Hourly rate (USD) Hourly rate (EUR) Exchange rate Effective per
Foo 10 10 10-10-2000
 USA 1000[62] 1120 $1256(40-hour workweek)[63] $7.25(federal) 7.25 6.45 1.12 24 July 2009

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z "Statuory minimum wages_in the EU - 2018: First Findings" (PDF). Eurofound. Retrieved 1 Jan 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u "Minimum wages". Eurostat. Retrieved 31 Jan 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d "Minimum wage statistics". eurostat. Retrieved 27 Dec 2016.
  4. ^ Labour in San Marino
  5. ^ Employment legislation
  6. ^ a b c Interprofessionnel de Croissance applicable à compter du 1er janvier 2017.
  7. ^ Minimum Wages
  8. ^ http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2017/02/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=46&pr.y=17&sy=2017&ey=2017&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=512,946,914,137,612,546,614,962,311,674,213,676,911,548,193,556,122,678,912,181,313,867,419,682,513,684,316,273,913,868,124,921,339,948,638,943,514,686,218,688,963,518,616,728,223,836,516,558,918,138,748,196,618,278,624,692,522,694,622,142,156,449,626,564,628,565,228,283,924,853,233,288,632,293,636,566,634,964,238,182,662,359,960,453,423,968,935,922,128,714,611,862,321,135,243,716,248,456,469,722,253,942,642,718,643,724,939,576,644,936,819,961,172,813,132,726,646,199,648,733,915,184,134,524,652,361,174,362,328,364,258,732,656,366,654,734,336,144,263,146,268,463,532,528,944,923,176,738,534,578,536,537,429,742,433,866,178,369,436,744,136,186,343,925,158,869,439,746,916,926,664,466,826,112,542,111,967,298,443,927,917,846,544,299,941,582,446,474,666,754,668,698,672&s=PPPEX&grp=0&a=
  9. ^ a b Increase of minimum wage/ Rritja e pagës minimale
  10. ^ a b Actualización del salario mínimo
  11. ^ http://www.belarus.by/en/invest/investment-climate/taxation
  12. ^ RESOLUTION OF COUNCIL OF MINISTERS OF THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS of December 27, 2016 No. 1080
  13. ^ https://www.fokus.ba/vijesti/bih/potpisan-opci-kolektivni-ugovor-u-fbih-minimalna-plata-406-maraka/222125/ Potpisan Opći kolektivni ugovor u FBiH, minimalna plata 406 maraka]
  14. ^ [1]
  15. ^ https://www.blic.rs/vesti/republika-srpska/u-srpskoj-od-1-avgusta-najniza-plata-440-km/vgp3twx]
  16. ^ http://www.vladars.net/sr-SP-Cyrl/Vlada/Ministarstva/mf/Documents/%D0%9F%D1%80%D0%B8%D0%BC%D1%98%D0%B5%D1%80%D0%B8%20%D0%BE%D0%B1%D1%80%D0%B0%D1%87%D1%83%D0%BD%D0%B0%20%D0%BF%D0%BB%D0%B0%D1%82%D0%B5%20-%20%D0%9F%D0%A3%D0%A0%D0%A1.pdf]]
  17. ^ https://countryeconomy.com/national-minimum-wage/bulgaria
  18. ^ a b Nařízení vlády č. 286/2017 Sb.
  19. ^ a b Informace o minimální mzdě od 1. ledna 2018
  20. ^ [2]
  21. ^ Germany raises the minimum wage by four percent in 2017
  22. ^ 14 monthly payments per annum
  23. ^ 14 monthly payments per annum
  24. ^ 14 monthly payments per annum
  25. ^ Minimum Wage Ireland 2017
  26. ^ https://www.vz.lt/vadyba/personalo-valdymas/2018/09/28/ministerija-mma-kitamet-augs-po-mokesciu-reformos-sieks-555-eur
  27. ^ https://salaryaftertax.com/lu
  28. ^ https://wageindicator.org/salary/minimum-wage/luxemburg/
  29. ^ https://wageindicator.org/salary/minimum-wage/luxemburg/
  30. ^ 2016 Annual Review of Labour Relations and Social Dialogue, Macedonia
  31. ^ ANALYSIS: Economic revolution in Macedonia
  32. ^ https://salarii.md
  33. ^ a b Începând cu luna mai, salariul minim în sectorul real al economiei Moldovei se va majora
  34. ^ 14 monthly payments per annum
  35. ^ 14 monthly payments per annum
  36. ^ 14 monthly payments per annum
  37. ^ "Romania: Gross minimum wage to grow to EUR 409 after social contributions transfer, starting January the 1st | EnergyWorld Magazine". EnergyWorld Magazine. 4 December 2017.
  38. ^ [3]
  39. ^ The Federation Council approved a law raising the minimum wage to a living wage
  40. ^ Tabelle retributive ANIS 2014
  41. ^ https://www.paragraf.rs/statistika/minimalna_zarada.html
  42. ^ a b http://www.politika.rs/sr/clanak/395896/Minimalna-zarada-i-dalje-ispod-minimalne-potrosacke-korpe
  43. ^ a b Nariadenie vlády č. 300/2018 Z. z. [Government Regulation no. 300/2018 Z. z.]
  44. ^ 14 monthly payments per annum
  45. ^ 14 monthly payments per annum
  46. ^ 14 monthly payments per annum
  47. ^ https://www.euronews.com/2018/10/11/spanish-politicians-edge-closer-to-increasing-minimum-wage
  48. ^ https://www.lohncomputer.ch/en/your-result
  49. ^ a b Neuenburg führt als erster Kanton Minimallohn ein
  50. ^ a b "Jura parliament finally agrees minimum wage of 20 francs per hour". 2017-11-23. Retrieved 2017-11-28.
  51. ^ https://uteka.ua/calculator/salary-calculator
  52. ^ a b [4]
  53. ^ a b "National Minimum Wage and National Living Wage rates - GOV.UK". www.gov.uk.
  54. ^ From July 1 minimum salary makes AMD 55,000 | ARMENPRESS Armenian News Agency
  55. ^ Ilham Aliyev orders to increase minimum monthly wage
  56. ^ The FLA and Four Affiliated Companies Call for Meaningful Minimum Wage in Georgia
  57. ^ Kazakhstan: Legislative News. November-December 2016, January 2017
  58. ^ https://wageindicator.org/main/salary/minimum-wage/turkey
  59. ^ Prime Minister Thaçi: There will be no division of Kosovo, de jure or de facto or any special or exceptional status within the Republic of Kosovo
  60. ^ a b c d e f g h "Minimum wages". Eurostat. Retrieved 27 Dec 2016.
  61. ^ Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2015
  62. ^ https://salaryaftertax.com/us
  63. ^ http://money.cnn.com/2017/12/29/news/economy/2018-minimum-wage-increases/index.html

External links[edit]