List of European countries by minimum wage

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The following list provides information relating to the minimum wages (gross) of countries in Europe.[1][2]

The calculations are based on the assumption of a 40-hour working week and a 52-week year, with the exceptions of France (35 hours),[3] San Marino (37.5 hours),[4] Belgium (38 hours),[5] United Kingdom (38.1 hours),[3] Ireland (39 hours),[3] Monaco (39 hours),[6] and Germany (39.1 hours).[3] Most of minimum wages are fixed at a monthly rate, but there are countries where minimum wage is fixed at an hourly rate or weekly rate.

Minimum wages by country[edit]

Net income[edit]

The maps below show monthly adult minimum (after tax, social charges & deductions) income; some countries have a lower rate for under-25-year-olds.

Purple above €1,000
Light blue €500 to €1,000
Yellow €250 to €499
Red below €250

Countries marked on the map in dark red do not have a minimum wage.

Gross income[edit]

The maps below show monthly (before tax, social charges & deductions) minimum adult income; some countries have a lower rate for under-25-year-olds.

Purple above €1,500
Light blue €700 to €1,500
Yellow €400 to €699
Red below €400

Countries marked on the map in dark red do not have a minimum wage.

The difference between the gross income and the net income ratio is given by the percentage of income taxes.

Minimum wages by country[edit]

Country Monthly minimum wage Period Hourly rate Exchange rate to EUR Effective at
Net (EUR) Gross

(EUR)

Local currency (Local) (USD) (USD, PPP)[7]
 Albania 214[citation needed] Increase 242[2] 30,000.00 lekë (salary less than 30,000 lekë per month is not subject to income tax)[8] Month 172.45 lekë[8] 1.38 3.09 124 1 January 2021
 Andorra 991 1121 €1121.47[9] Month €5.72[9] 6.56 7.03 1 1 January 2021
Belarus Belarus 110[10] 126 400.00 rubles[11] Month 2.31 rubles 0.89 2.5 3.168[12] 1 January 2021
Belgium Belgium 1,216[citation needed] Increase 1,626[2] €1,626 Month €9.49 10.87 11.46 1 1 January 2021
 Bosnia & Herzegovina 307 (FBiH)[13]

266 (RS)

470 (FBiH)[14]

397 (RS)[15]

601/520 Konvertibilna marka Month 5.22 mark (FBiH)

4.44 mark (RS)

3.26 (FBiH)

2.78 (RS)

7.355 (avg) 1.9558 1 January 2021
Bulgaria Bulgaria 258[16] Increase 332[2] 650 lev Month 4.06 lev[17] 2.54 5.53 1.95583 1 January 2021
Croatia Croatia 505[18] Increase 631[2] 4,687.50 kuna Month 29.29 kuna 3.76 5.86 7.43 1 January 2022
Czech Republic Czechia 571[19] Increase 641[2] 16,200.00 koruna[20][21][22] Month 96.4 koruna[20][21] 4.42 7.55 25.4 1 January 2022
Estonia Estonia 604[citation needed] Steady 654[2] €654.00[1] Month €3.44[23] 3.40 5.37 1 1 January 2022
France France 1,219[24] Steady 1,539[2] €1,539.42 Month €10.03 11.40 12.23 1 1 July 2020
Germany Germany 1,301[citation needed] Steady 1,755[2] €1,755.00[2] Month €10,45 10.47 11.65 1 1 July 2022
Greece Greece 569 / (660)
[25][26][27][28]
Steady 663 / (774)
[26][27][28][29]
€773.5[26][27][28] Month €4.64 5.36 8.6 1 1 January 2022
Hungary Hungary 369,(480)for skilled emp. Increase 556,(722)for skilled emp. 200,000 (260,000)for skilled emp. Month 996 forint 3.2 6.37 360.00 1 January 2022
Republic of Ireland Ireland 1,574[citation needed] Increase 1,724[2] €1,723.80 Month €10.20[30] 12.47 12.97 1 1 January 2021
Latvia Latvia 426[citation needed] Increase 500[2] €500 Month €2.93 3.56 4.96 1 1 January 2022
Lithuania Lithuania 534[31] Increase 730[2] €730 Month €4.56 5.29 8.09 1 1 January 2022
Luxembourg Luxembourg 1,808[citation needed] Increase 2,202[2] €2,201.93[2] Month €11.84[32] 13.74 13.32 1 1 January 2021
Malta Malta 660[citation needed] Increase 785[2] €784.68 Month €4.24 4.86 7.37 1 1 January 2021
 Moldova 119[33] 151[34] 2,935 lei[33][35][36][37][38] Month 17.37[39][35] 0.86 1.87 19.4 1 May 2020
 Montenegro 222[40] Steady 331[2] €331.33[2] Month €1.39 1.39 3.03 1 1 January 2021
Netherlands Netherlands 1,592[41] Increase 1,701[2] €1,701[2] Month €9.81[42] 11.55 11.28 1 1 July 2021
 North Macedonia 250 Increase 353 15, 401 denars (net)[43][44][45] Month 96,2 denars 1.86 3.45 61.61 1 March 2021
Poland Poland 482[citation needed] Increase 655[2] 3,010 złoty (gross) Month 19.70 zł 4.41 9.57 4.56 1 January 2022
Portugal Portugal 690[46] Increase 776 €775.83[47][48][2] Month €4.64 5.18 7.95 1 1 January 2021
Romania Romania 308 Increase 515[2] 2,550 RON[49] Month 14.37 RON 3.62 8.27 4.87 1 January 2022
Russia Russia 127[citation needed] 146[50] 12,792 rubles[51] Month 78.96 rubles 1.06 3.05 87.83 1 January 2021
 San Marino 1583 €1,582.57[52] Month €9.74 11.17 11.98 1 1 January 2014
 Serbia 273[citation needed] Increase 366[2] 41,035 dinars[53] Month 189.2 dinars[53] 1.61 4.28 117.5 1 January 2021
Slovakia Slovakia 520[citation needed] Increase 646[2] €646[54][1] Month €3.58[54] 4.34 5.30 1 1 January 2022
Slovenia Slovenia 736 Increase 1,024.24 €1,024.24 Month €5.88 6.48 8.00 1 1 January 2021
Spain Spain 928[citation needed] Steady 1,108[2] €1,108 Month €7.04[55] 8.03 10.71 1 1 January 2021
 Ukraine 175 Increase

217[56]

6,500 hryvnias[57] Month 39,12 hryvnias[57] 1.31 3.75 29.93 1 December 2021
United Kingdom United Kingdom 1,220[citation needed] Decrease 1,583[2] 1,315 pound[58][1][59][60][61] Month 8.91 pound[58][59][60][61] 12.23 11.25 0.9 1 July 2020

Minimum wages by country (other countries)[edit]

Countries that have main territories in Asia with small or no territories in Europe

Country Monthly minimum wage Hourly rate Exchange
rate to
EUR
Effective at
Net (EUR) (EUR) (Local) Local (USD)
Armenia Armenia 125 125 68,000.00 dram[62] 317.31 dram 0.66 569.14 1 July 2015
 Azerbaijan 76 130 250.00 manat[63] 0.93 manat 0.55 1.98 1 September 2019
 Georgia 6 7 20.00 lari[64] 0.12 lari 0.05 2.90 1 January 1999
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 86 86 42,500 tenge[65] 141.11 tenge 0.40 402.84 1 January 2019
 Turkey 270[66] 280 2850 lira 15.90 lira 1.87 10.36 31 May 2021

Minimum wages by country (other territories)[edit]

The following list includes states with limited recognition.

Country Monthly minimum wage (EUR) Monthly minimum wage Hourly rate Hourly rate (USD) Exchange rate to EUR Effective at
 Kosovo 160 €170.00[67] €0.98 1.20 1 17 August 2011
 TRNC 425 €488[68] €2.17 2.77 9 5 February 2021

Countries with no minimum wage[edit]

In some countries it was replaced with other systems that provide a minimum income.

See Guaranteed minimum income and Basic income.

For comparison[edit]

Country Net monthly minimum wage (EUR) Monthly minimum wage (EUR) Monthly minimum wage Hourly rate (USD) Hourly rate (EUR) Exchange rate Effective at
 USA 1000[71] 1050 $1256(40-hour workweek)[72] 7.25 6.05 1.20 24 July 2009

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa "Monthly minimum wages - bi-annual data". Eurostat. Retrieved 30 August 2020.
  3. ^ a b c d "Minimum wage statistics". eurostat. Retrieved 27 December 2016.
  4. ^ "Labour in San Marino". Archived from the original on 10 October 2017. Retrieved 10 October 2017.
  5. ^ "Employment legislation". Belgium.be. 3 October 2010.
  6. ^ "Circulaire n° 2016-12 du 28 décembre 2016 relative au S.M.I.C. Salaire Minimum Interprofessionnel de Croissance applicable à compter du 1er janvier... / Journal 8311 / Année 2017 / Journaux / Accueil - Journal de Monaco". journaldemonaco.gouv.mc.
  7. ^ "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects". www.imf.org.
  8. ^ a b "Increase of minimum wage/ Rritja e pagës minimale" (PDF).
  9. ^ a b "Minimum wage in Andorra". andorrainsiders.com.
  10. ^ "Belarus Salary Calculator 2021/22".
  11. ^ "Pravo.by". pravo.by.
  12. ^ "Official Exchange Rate of the Belarusian Ruble Against Foreign Currencies Set by the National Bank of the Republic of Belarus on a Daily Basis". www.nbrb.by.
  13. ^ "Iz Vlade tvrde da je najniža plata u FBiH viša od one u RS-u za 81 KM". Biznis Info (in Bosnian). 15 February 2021. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  14. ^ "izracun bruto plate". Fin profi doo (in Bosnian). Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  15. ^ "KontoProm". www.kontoprom.com. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  16. ^ net EUR 258 = net BGN 504.39 = gross BGN 650 - 13.78% employee national insurance
  17. ^ "Bulgaria National Minimum Wage - NMW 2018". countryeconomy.com.
  18. ^ "Uredba o visini minimalne plaće za 2022. godinu". nn.hr/ (in Croatian). 28 October 2021. Retrieved 28 October 2021.
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  23. ^ ERR, BNS (1 October 2018). "Trade unions, employers agree on €540 minimum wage for 2019". ERR.
  24. ^ "Smic (Minimum Wage for Growth)". Service-Public.fr. 12 June 2020. Retrieved 24 December 2020.
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  27. ^ a b c "Κατώτατος Μισθός: Προσπέρασε την Πορτογαλία η Ελλάδα". kerdos.gr.
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  29. ^ "Greek Minimum Wage". Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs (in Greek). Archived from the original on 14 August 2021. The Greece’s minimum wage is 650,00 € euros per month, and 29,04 € euros per day, for 40 hours a week, from Monday to Friday, according to Ministerial Decision 4241/127/30-1-2019, Article 21, Government Gazette 173/B/30-1-2019 took effect on 1 February 2019
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  46. ^ net €690.49 = €665 * 14 monthly payments per annum / 12 real months - 11% employee social security
  47. ^ gross €775.83 = €665 * 14 monthly payments per annum / 12 real months
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  63. ^ "Minimum əmək haqqı 250 manat oldu". BBC News. 18 June 2019.
  64. ^ "The FLA and Four Affiliated Companies Call for Meaningful Minimum Wage in Georgia - Fair Labor Association". www.fairlabor.org.
  65. ^ "Legislative News. November-December 2016, January 2017 - Government, Public Sector - Kazakhstan". www.mondaq.com.
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  67. ^ "Prime Minister Thaçi: There will be no division of Kosovo, de jure or de facto or any special or exceptional status within the Republic of Kosovo".
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  72. ^ Horowitz, Julia (29 December 2017). "Here's where the minimum wage is going up in 2018". CNNMoney.

Uradni list Republike Slovenije

External links[edit]