List of political entities in the 12th century BC

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The development of states—large-scale, populous, politically centralized, and socially stratified polities/societies governed by powerful rulers—marks one of the major milestones in the evolution of human societies. Archaeologists often distinguish between primary (or pristine) states and secondary states. Primary states evolved independently through largely internal developmental processes rather than through the influence of any other pre-existing state. The earliest known primary states appeared in Mesopotamia c. 3700 BC. in Egypt c. 3300 BC. in the Indus Valley c. 2500 BC. India c. 1700 BC and in China c. 1600 BC. As they interacted with their less developed neighbors through trade, warfare, migration, and more generalized ideological influences, the primary states directly or indirectly fostered the emergence of secondary states in surrounding areas, for example, the Hittites in Anatolia, the Minoan and Mycenaean states of the Aegean, or the Nubian kingdoms in the Sudan. Professor Gil Stein at the University of Chicago Oriental Institute states The excavations and archaeological surveys of the last few decades have vastly increased both the quantity and quality of what we know about ancient states and urbanism. Archaeologists have broadened the scope of their research beyond the traditional focus on rulers and urban elites. Current research now aims at understanding the role of urban commoners, craft specialists, and village-based farmers in the overall organization of ancient states and societies. Given the immense geographical scope encompassed by the term “the Ancient World,[1]

This is a list of cultures, civilizations and sovereign states that existed between 1200 BC to 1101 BC.

Sovereign states[edit]

Sovereign state Years
Alba Longa 1200-753 BC
Anga 1380-550 BC
Aram Damascus 12th century BC - 734 BC
Aramea 2300 – 700 BC
Argolis 1200-379 BC
Asmaka 1150-300 BC
Assyria 2025 - 911 BC
Athens 1556-355 BC
Ba 13th century - 311 BC
Babylonia 1155 - 689 BC
Bashan 1330 - 928 BC
Bithynia
Bit-Istar 12th century - 710 BC
Chedi 1250-344 BC
Chola
Chorasmia 1290-180 BC
Chorrera 1800 - 300 BC
Colchis 1300 BC - 2nd century AD
Danda 1100 - 450 BC
Dasarna 1150 - 600 BC
Deng 1200-678 BC
Diauehi 1118-760 BC
Dilmun 2600-675 BC1200 - 125 BC
Donghu 1400-150 BC
Eastern Guo 1046-767 BC
Edom 1200 - 125 BC
Egypt 3050 - 322 BC
Elam 2800 - 550 BC
Epirus 1183 - 168 BC
Eshnuna 2000 - 8th century BC
Etruria 1200 - 550 BC
Gandhara 1450-510 BC
Gojoseon 2333 - 108 BC
Illyria 2000-168 BC
Jiroft
Kalinga 1376 - 285 BC
Kamboja 1450 - 195 BC
Kasi
Kasmira 1250 - 322 BC
Kekeya 1250 - c. 4th century BC
Kikata
Kirata 1350 - c. 300 BC
Kosala 1300 - 266 BC
Kuru 1376 - 285 BC
Liburnia 11th century - 34 BC
Locria 1250-386 BC
Lullubi 2400-650 BC
Lycia 1250 - 546 BC
Lydia 1200 - 546 BC
Madra 1350 - 350 BC
Magadha 1200-600 BC
Mannaea 1110-616 BC
Magan 2200-550 BC
Matsya 1250 -318 BC
Messenia 1300-724 BC
Minaea
Moab
Mysia 1320 - 301 BC
Nairi 1190-890 BC
Namar 2350-750 BC
Olmec 1400 - 400 BC
Pandya 1350 - 460 BC
Paphlagonia 1480 - 183 BC[2]
Philistia 1175-732 BC
Phoenicia 1200-536 BC
Phrygia 1200 - 700 BC
Pundra 1300 BC - 550 AD
Qiang 2000 BC- 150 BC
Quan 1250-704 BC
Saba 1100-275 BC
Sam'al 1200-680 BC
Sindhu 1300 - 320 BC
Song 1058-286 BC
Thebes
Vajji
Vanga 1300 BC - 580 AD
Văn Lang 2879 - 258 BC
Vidarbha 1200-322 BC
Virata 1200-322 BC
Xu 2000-512 BC
Yaksha 1200 - 350 BC

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stein, Gil J (2001). Understanding Ancient State Societies in the Old World. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Press. pp. 353–379. 
  2. ^ "Middle East Kingdoms Ancient Anatolia". 2014. The History Files. Retrieved 20 April 2014.