List of political entities in the 1st century BC

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This is a list of political entities that existed between 100 BC and 1 BC.

Political entities[edit]

Map of the world in 50 BC
Name Capital(s) State type Existed Location
Sao civilisation Various Tribal city states 6th century BC – 16th century AD Africa: Central
Garamantes Garama Tribal Confederation/Empire 500 BC – 700 AD Africa: North
Numidia Cirta Kingdom 202 – 46 BC Africa: North
Blemmyes Tribal Kingdom 600 BC – 8th century AD Africa: Northeast
Kush Kerma; Napata; Meroe Kingdom 1070 BC – 350 AD Africa: Northeast
Ptolemaic Kingdom Alexandria Kingdom/empire 305 – 30 BC Africa: Northeast; Asia: West
Gaetulia Tribal confederation c. 350 BC – 550 AD Africa: Northwest
Mauretania Julia Caesara Kingdom/Client Kingdom 285 BC – 431 AD Africa: Northwest
Nok culture Various Tribal Chiefdoms/Kingdom 1000 BC – 300 AD Africa: West
Maya Various Kingdom City States 2000 BC – 900AD Americas: Central
Zapotec Various Kingdom City States 700 BC – 1521 AD Americas: Central
Pueblo Various Tribal chiefdom's 12th century BC – 14th century AD Americas: North
Teotihuacan Empire Teotihuacan Empire 100 BC – 8th century AD Americas: North
Nazca Various Tribal chiefdom's 100 BC – 800 AD Americas: South
Acarnania Kingdom 7th – 1st century BC Europe: Balkans
Basternae Various Tribal Confederation 200 BC – 300AD Europe: Balkans
Dacia Sarmizegetusa, Regia Kingdom 700 BC – 106 AD Europe: Balkans
Getae Tribal Kingdom 7th century BC – 4th century AD Europe: Balkans
Iapydes Various Tribal confederation 9th century – 34 BC Europe: Balkans
Liburnia Tribal thalassocracy [4] 11th century – 34 BC Europe: Balkans
Maedi Iamphorynna Tribal kingdom 5th century – 86 BC Europe: Balkans
Odrysia Seuthopolis Kingdom 460 BC – 46 AD Europe: Balkans
Paeonia Principality/Kingdom/Client 535 BC – 681 AD Europe: Balkans
Scordisci Singidunum Independent tribal state 3rd century BC – 1st century AD Europe: Balkans
Brigantia Tribal kingdom 700 BC – c. 2nd AD Europe: British Isles
Catuvellauni Verulamium Tribal kingdom/client 550 BC – 51 AD Europe: British Isles
Caledonia Tribal confederacy 650 BC – 1st century AD Europe: British Isles
Connacht Tribal chiefdom/kingdom c. 10th century BC – 1474 AD Europe: British Isles
Deceangli Tribal kingdom 500 BC – 76 AD Europe: British Isles
Cornovii Tribal kingdom 4th century BC – 343 AD Europe: British Isles
Iceni Venta Icenorum Tribal kingdom/client 500 BC – 64 AD Europe: British Isles
Iverni Ivernis Tribal federated chiefdom's 500 BC – 400 AD Europe: British Isles
Ordovices Tribal kingdom 500 BC – c. 1st AD Europe: British Isles
Silures Tribal kingdom 650 BC – c. 1st AD Europe: British Isles
Pictland Kingdom 250 BC – 850 AD [3] Europe: British Isles
Cimmerian Bosporus Panticapaeum Kingdom/Client 480 BC – 370 AD Europe: East
Gelonia Gelonos Tribal kingdom 5th century BC – 5th century AD Europe: East
Daunia |Daunia Tribal kingdom 7th century – 89 BC Europe: South
Iapyges Gnapia Tribal kingdom 11th century – 89 BC Europe: South
Magna Graecia Various Kingdom city states 740 – 89 BC Europe: South
Messapii Hyria Tribal kingdom 8th century – 89 BC Europe: South
Noricum Magdalensberg Tribal kingdom/federation 400 – 16 BC Europe: South
Samnites Bovianum Tribal confederation c. 600 – 82 BC Europe: South
Magyar Tribal Confederation/Principality 1100 BC – 895 AD Europe: East
Sarmatians Tarki (Makhachkala) Tribal Confederation 450BC – 400 AD Europe: East
Venedae Tribal Confederation 400 BC – 7th century AD Europe: East
Roman Republic Rome Republic 509 – 27 BC Europe: South, West, Balkans; Africa: North; Asia: West
Roman Empire Rome Empire 27 BC – 476 AD Europe: South, West, Balkans; Africa: North; Asia: West
Alemanni Tribal Confederation 85 BC – 213 AD Europe: West
Aquitani Various Tribal confederation/client 550 – 27 BC Europe: West
Astures Asturica Tribal federation 550 BC – 68 AD Europe: West
Belgae Various Tribal confederation 600 BC – c. 1st AD Europe: West
Boii Felsina Tribal kingdom 390 BC – 8 AD Europe: West
Cantabri Tribal confederation 650 BC – 1st century AD Europe: West
Celtici Tribal confederation 600 – 19 BC Europe: West
Helvetii Tribal confederacy 650 BC – 68 AD Europe: West
Lusitanians Tribal confederation c. 450 – 27 BC Europe: West
Raeti Tribal confederation 500 – 15 BC Europe: West
Saxons (Continental) Tribal confederation 5th century BC – 754 AD Europe: West
Suebi Tribal Confederation 60 BC – 409AD Europe: West
Vandals Tribal chiefdoms 2nd century BC – 409 AD Europe: West
Vettones Tribal confederation 300 – 14 BC Europe: West
Vindelicia Tribal kingdom 5th century BC – 1st century AD Europe: West
Caucasian Albania Kabalak, Partav Kingdom/Client 65 BC – 628 AD Eurasian: Caucasus
Commagene Samosata Kingdom/client 163 BC – 72 AD Eurasian: Caucasus
Colchis Phasis Kingdom 1300 BC – 2nd century AD Eurasian: Caucasus
Caspiane[1] Tribal Kingdom/Client 650 BC – 387 AD Eurasian: Caucasus
Iberia Various Kingdom 302 BC – 580 AD Eurasian: Caucasus
Lazica Phasis Kingdom/client 1st century BC – 7th century AD Eurasian: Caucasus
Araba Hatra Kingdom 3rd century BC – 300AD Asia: West
Armenia Van Kingdom 553 BC – 428AD Asia: West
Lesser Armenia Principality 331 – 72 BC Asia: West
Ma'in ?/ Yathill Kingdom 580 – 85 BC Asia: West
Awsan Ḥajar Yaḥirr Kingdom 7th century BC – 100 AD Asia: West
Bithynia Nicomedia, Nicaea Kingdom/client 297 – 74 BC Asia: West
Atropatene Ganzak Kingdom/Client 320 BC – 226AD Asia: West
Carmania Kingdom/client 600 BC – 651 AD Asia: West
Characene Charax Spasinou Kingdom 127 BC – 222 AD Asia: West
Corduene Principality/kingdom/client 800 BC – 653 AD Asia: West
Elymais Susa Kingdom/Client 147 BC – 224 AD Asia: West
Galatia Ancyra Empire 280 – 64 BC Asia: West
Khwarezm Kath, Gurganj Kingdom 180 BC – 98 AD Asia: West
Hadhramaut Kingdom 700 BC – 320 AD Asia: West
Hasmonean Kingdom Jerusalem Kingdom 140 – 37 BC Asia: West
Herodian Judea Jerusalem Kingdom/client 37 – 4 BC Asia: West
Kindah Qaryat Dhāt Kāhil Tribal kingdom 2nd century BC – 525 AD Asia: West
Nabataea Petra Kingdom 168 BC – 106 AD Asia: West
Osroene Edessa Kingdom/Client 134 BC – 244 AD Asia: West
Parthian Empire Ctesiphon Empire 247 BC – 224 AD Asia: West
Qataban Timna Kingdom 6th century BC – 2nd century AD Asia: West
Qedarite Adumattu Tribal confederation/client 870 BC – 250 AD Asia: West
Seleucid Empire Seleucia, Antioch Empire 312 – 63 BC Asia: West
Sophene Karkathiokerta Kingdom 298 – 94 BC Asia: West
Pontic Empire Amaseia, Sinope Empire 250 BC – 68 AD Asia: West
Zabdicene Principality/client 780 BC – 5th century AD Asia: West
Dayuan Kingdom/Client 329 BC – 280 AD Asia: Central
Fergana Khokand Kingdom 220 BC – 590 AD Asia: Central
Issedones Issedon Tribal chiefdom 650 – 58 BC Asia: Central
Kangju Tribal Federation 280 BC – 585 AD Asia: Central
Massagatae Tribal confederation 600 – 46 BC Asia: Central
Saka Tribal confederation 500 BC – 50 BC Asia: Central
Sumpa Tribal chiefdom/client 1600 BC – 7th century AD Asia: Central
Yuezhi Nomadic tribal confederation 650 – 20 BC Asia: Central
Anuradhapura Anuradhapura Kingdom 377 BC – 1017 AD Asia: South
Ay Aykudi Kingdom 4th century BC – 12th century AD Asia: South
Indo-Parthian Kingdom Taxila Kingdom 12 BC – 98 AD Asia: South
Indo-Greek Kingdom Alexandria in the Caucasus,Taxila,Sagala Kingdom 180 BC – 10 AD Asia: South
Chera Kingdom Kingdom 5th century BC – 1102 AD Asia: South
Kuninda Shravasti Kingdom 500 BC – 300 AD Asia: South
Mushika Ezhimalai Kingdom 3rd century BC – 4th century AD Asia: South
Pallava Empire Kanchi Empire 250 BC – 800 AD Asia: South
Pundra Pundravardhana Kingdom 1300 BC – 550 AD Asia: South
Rajarata Various Kingdom 377 BC – 1310 AD Asia: South
Ror Rori Kingdom 450 BC – 489 AD Asia: South
Ruhuna Magama Principality 200 BC – 450 AD Asia: South
Vakataka Empire Amaravati Empire 230 BC – 230 AD Asia: South
Vanga Gange Kingdom 1300 BC – 580 AD Asia: South
Chi Tu Kingdom 100 BC – 7th century AD Asia: Southeast
Pyu city-states Sri Ksetra Federated City States 250 BC – 1085 AD Asia: Southeast
Thaton Kingdom Thaton Kingdom 300 BC – 1085 AD Asia: Southeast
Han Empire Various Empire 206 BC – 220 AD Asia: East, China
Japan Various Principalities/Empire 660 BC – present Asia: East, Japan
Baekje Various Kingdom 18 BC – 660 AD Asia: East, Korean Peninsula
Buyeo Buyeoseong Kingdom 189 BC – 494 AD Asia: East, Korean Peninsula
Dongye Chiefdom 3rd century BC – 5th century AD Asia: East, Korean Peninsula
Goguryeo Various Kingdom 37 BC – 668 AD Asia: East, Korean Peninsula
Jolbon Tribal kingdom 1st century – 37 BC Asia: East, Korean Peninsula
Mahan confederacy Cheonan Confederacy 98 BC – 250 AD Asia: East, Korean Peninsula
Okjeo Tribal state 2nd century BC – 5th century AD Asia: East, Korean Peninsula
Samhan Confederacy 1st century BC – 4th century AD Asia: East, Korean Peninsula
Silla Gyeongju Kingdom 55 BC – 935 AD Asia: East, Korean Peninsula

See also[edit]

List of political entities in the 1st century BC
Preceded by
2nd century BC
Political entities
of the 1st century BC
Succeeded by
1st century AD

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hewsen, Robert H. (2000). Armenia: A Historical Atlas. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 9780226332284.