List of government space agencies

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This is a list of government agencies engaged in activities related to outer space and space exploration.

As of 2018, 72 different government space agencies are in existence; 14 of those have launch capability. Six government space agencies—the China National Space Administration (CNSA), the European Space Agency (ESA), the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), and the Russian Federal Space Agency (RFSA or Roscosmos)—have full launch capabilities; these include the ability to launch and recover multiple satellites, deploy cryogenic rocket engines and operate space probes.

The name given is the English version, with the native language version below. The acronym given is the most common acronym: this can either be the acronym of the English version (e.g. JAXA), or the acronym in the native language. Where there are multiple acronyms in common use, the English one is given first.

The date of the founding of the space agency is the date of first operations where applicable. If the space agency is no longer running, then the date when it was terminated (i.e. the last day of operations) is given. A link to the Agency's primary website is also given.

List of space agencies[edit]

The capabilities of the space agencies are color-coded as follows
  Human Lunar Exploration + Operates Space Station + Human Spaceflight + Operates Extraterrestrial Probes + Launch Capability + Operates Satellites
  Space station + Human Spaceflight + Operates Extraterrestrial Probes + Launch Capability + Operates Satellites
  Human spaceflight + Operates Extraterrestrial Probes + Launch Capability + Operates Satellites
  Operates Extraterrestrial Probes + Launch Capability + Operates Satellites
  Launch Capability + Operates Satellites
  None of the Above

Civilian[edit]

Name Initialisms/Acronym Country Founded Terminated Capabilities of the space agency Ref(s)
Astronauts Operates Satellites Sounding Rockets capable Recoverable Biological Sounding Rockets capable
Australian Space Agency ASA  Australia 2018, 1 July No Yes Yes No [1][2][citation needed]
Belarus Space Agency BSA  Belarus 2009 No No Yes No [3]
Central American Association for Aeronautics and Space (Asociación Centroamericana de Aeronáutica y el Espacio) ACAE  Costa Rica 2010 No Yes No No [4]
Croatian Space Agency (Hrvatska Svemirska Agencija) CROSA
HSA
 Croatia 2007 No Yes No No [5]
Mexican Space Agency AEM  Mexico 2010, 30 July Yes Yes Yes No
Algerian Space Agency
ASAL  Algeria 2002, 16 January No Yes Yes No
Asia-Pacific Space Cooperation Organization APSCO 2005, 28 October No Yes No No
Austrian Space Agency ALR  Austria 1972, 12 July No No No No [6][7]
Azerbaijan National Aerospace Agency[8] AMAKA  Azerbaijan 1974, 21 February No Yes No No
National Space Science Agency NSSA  Bahrain 2014, 9 April No No No No [9]
Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy BIRA
IASB
BISA
 Belgium 1964, 25 November Yes No No No [10]
Bolivarian Agency for Space Activities ABAE  Venezuela 2008, 1 January No Yes No No [11]
Brazilian Space Agency AEB  Brazil 1994, 10 February Yes Yes Yes[12] No [13]
UK Space Agency UKSA  United Kingdom 2010, 1 April Yes Yes Yes No [citation needed]
Bolivian Space Agency ABE  Bolivia 2012 No Yes No No [14][15][16]
Bulgarian Space Agency ИКИ-БАН
SRI-BAS
ИСЗВ-БАН
STIL-BAS
 Bulgaria 1987 Yes Yes No No [17]
Canadian Space Agency CSA
ASC
 Canada 1989, 1 March Yes Yes Yes No [18]
China National Space Administration CNSA  China 1993, 22 April Yes Yes Yes Yes [19]
Colombian Space Commission CCE  Colombia 2006, 18 July No Yes No No [20]
Centre for Remote Imaging, Sensing and Processing CRISP  Singapore 1995 No Yes No No
Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems CCSDS
International
Italy Agenzia Spaziale Italiana (ASI)
United Kingdom British National Space Centre (BNSC)
Canada Canadian Space Agency (CSA)
France Centre National d’Études Spatiales (CNES)
China China National Space Administration (CNSA)
Germany Deutsches Zentrum für Luft und Raumfahrt (DLR)
Not the esa logo.png European Space Agency (ESA)
Brazil Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)
Japan Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)
United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Russia Russian Federal Space Agency (RFSA)
1982 No No No No
Czech: Ministerstvo dopravy České republiky
(Ministry of Transport of the Czech Republic – Space Technologies and Satellite Systems Department[citation needed][21])
[1]
Ministry of Transport of the Czech Republic
 Czech Republic 2003[citation needed] Yes No No No [21]
Danish National Space Center DRC
DNSC
 Denmark 1968, 1 January 31 December
2006
Yes No No No [citation needed]
Danish Space Research Institute DRKI[permanent dead link]
DSRI
 Denmark 2005, 1 January 31 December
2006
No Yes No No [citation needed]
European Space Agency ESA
ASE
EWO
1975, 31 May Yes Yes Yes Yes [22][23]
Geo-Informatics and Space Technology Development Agency GISTDA
สทอภ
 Thailand 2002, 3 November No Yes No No [24]
Serbian Office for Space Sciences, Research and Development SERBSPACE  Serbia 2016, August No Yes No No
German Aerospace Center DLR  Germany 1969 Yes Yes Yes No [25]
Hungarian Space Office MŰI
HSO
 Hungary 1992, January No Yes No No
Indian Space Research Organisation ISRO
इसरो
 India 1969, 15 August Yes Yes Yes Yes [26][27][28]
Greek: Ελληνικό Κέντρο Διαστήματος
(Hellenic Space Center)
ΕΛΚΕΔ
HSC
 Greece 2019, 9 August No No No No [citation needed]
Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial INTA  Spain 1942 Yes Yes Yes No [29][30][31]
Iranian Space Agency ISA  Iran 2004 No Yes Yes Yes [32][33][34]
Israeli Space Agency
ISA
סל"ה
 Israel 1983, April Yes Yes Yes No [citation needed]
Italian Space Agency ASI  Italy 1988 Yes Yes Yes No [35][36]
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency JAXA  Japan 2003, 1 October Yes Yes Yes Yes [37][38]
Luxembourg Space Agency
LSA  Luxembourg 2018, September No No No No [39]
National Space Agency of the Republic of Kazakhstan KazCosmos
KazKosmos
 Kazakhstan 2007, 27 March Yes Yes No No [40]
New Zealand Space Agency
NZSA  New Zealand 2016, April No No No No
Korean Committee of Space Technology KCST  North Korea 1980s 2013 No Yes Yes No [41][42][43]
National Aerospace Development Administration NADA  North Korea 2013 No Yes Yes No [44]
Korea Aerospace Research Institute KARI  South Korea 1989, 10 October Yes Yes Yes No [citation needed]
Lithuanian Space Association[citation needed] LSA  Lithuania 2007 No Yes No No [45]
Malaysian Space Agency MYSA  Malaysia 2002 Yes Yes No No [46]
National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA  United States 1958, 1 October Yes Yes Yes Yes [47]
National Authority for Remote Sensing and Space Sciences NARSS  Egypt 1994 No Yes No No [48]
National Space Program NSP  Australia 1986 1996 No Yes No No [49]
National Centre for Space Studies CNES  France 1961, 19 December Yes Yes Yes No [50]
Paraguayan Space Agency (Agencia Espacial de Paraguay) AEP  Paraguay 2014, 26 March No No No No
National Commission for Aerospace Research and Development CONIDA  Peru 1974, 11 June No Yes Yes No [51]
Philippine Space Agency PhilSA  Philippines 2019, 8 August No Yes No No [53][54]
Comisión Nacional de Investigaciones Espaciales CNIE  Argentina 1961 1991 No No Yes Yes [55][56]
Comisión Nacional de Actividades Espaciales CONAE  Argentina 1991, 28 May No Yes Yes No [55]
National Institute of Aeronautics and Space LAPAN  Indonesia 1964, 27 November Yes Yes Yes No [citation needed]
National Remote Sensing Center of Mongolia[citation needed] NRSC  Mongolia 1987 No No No No [57]
French: Centre national de la cartographie et de la télédétection
(Arabic: المركز الوطني للإستشعار عن بعد‎)
(National Remote Sensing Center of Tunisia)[citation needed]
CNCT  Tunisia 1988 No No No No
Uzbek State Space Research Agency (UzbekCosmos) USSRA (UzbekCosmos)  Uzbekistan 2001 No No No No [2][58]
State Space Agency of Ukraine ДКАУ
SSAU
 Ukraine 1992, 2 March Yes Yes Yes No [3]
National Space Organization NSPO  Republic of China (Taiwan) 1991, 3 October No Yes Yes No [59]
National Space Research and Development Agency NASRDA  Nigeria 1998 No Yes No No [citation needed]
Netherlands Institute for Space Research SRON  Netherlands 1983 Yes Yes No No [citation needed]
Norwegian Space Centre NRS
NSC
 Norway 1987 No Yes Yes No [60]
Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission SUPARCO
سپارکو
 Pakistan 1961, 16 September No Yes Yes No [citation needed]
Portugal Space  Portugal 2019 No No No No [61][62]
Romanian Space Agency ASR
ROSA
 Romania 1991 Yes Yes No No [citation needed]
Egypt Remote Sensing Center (defunct) EASRT-RSC  Egypt 1971 1994 No No No No [48]
French: Centre Royal de Télédétection Spatiale
Berber: Ammas Amrrukan n Tallunt
(Arabic: المركز الملكي للإستشعار البعدي الفضائي‎)
(Royal Center for Remote Sensing)[citation needed]
CRTS  Morocco 1989, December No No No No
Roscosmos ROSCOSMOS
РОСКОСМОС
 Russia c.1992 Yes Yes Yes Yes [citation needed]
Turkish Space Agency TUA  Turkey 2018 No Yes Yes No [63][64][65]
Space Research and Remote Sensing Organization SPARRSO  Bangladesh 1980 No No No No [66]
Polish Space Agency POLSA
POLSA
 Poland 2014 Yes Yes No No [citation needed]
South African National Space Agency SANSA  South Africa 2010, 9 December No No No No [67]
Space Research Institute of Saudi Arabia[citation needed]
(Arabic: معهد بحوث الفضاء‎)
KACST-SRI  Saudi Arabia No Yes No No
Space Technology Institute (Viện Công nghệ vũ trụ Việt Nam) CNVT or STI
VAST-STI
 Vietnam 2006, 20 November Yes Yes No No [68]
Swedish National Space Agency SNSA  Sweden 1972 Yes Yes Yes No [citation needed]
Swiss Space Office SSO   Switzerland 1998 No No No No [69][70]
Turkmenistan National Space Agency TNSA  Turkmenistan 2011 No Yes No No [71]
United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs UNOOSA  United Nations 1958, 13 December [72]
United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space UNCOPUOS

 United Nations

1959, 12 December [73]
United Arab Emirates Space Agency UAESA  United Arab Emirates 2014 Yes Yes No No [74]
Mohammed bin Rashid Space Centre MBRSC Dubai Dubai,  United Arab Emirates 2006, 6 February (as EIAST)
2015 (as MBRSC)
Yes Yes No No [75]
Syrian Space Agency SSA  Syria 2014, 18 March No No No No [76][77][78][79]

Military[edit]

List of space agencies with launch capability[edit]

Space agency Country Founded Terminated Capabilities of the space agency Ref(s)
Name Acronym Multiple Satellites Launch capable Developed and Deployed Cryogenic Rocket Engines Operates Extraterrestrial Probe Recoverable Satellites capable
Australian Space Agency ASA  Australia 1 July 2018 No No No No [1][2][citation needed]
China National Space Administration CNSA  People's Republic of China 22 April 1993 Yes Yes Yes Yes [19]
European Space Agency ESA
ASE
EWO
31 May 1975 Yes Yes Yes Yes [22][23]
Iranian Space Agency ISA
ISA
 Iran 2004 No No No No
Israeli Space Agency ISA
סל"ה
 Israel April 1983 No No No No [citation needed]
Italian Space Agency ASI  Italy 1988 Yes No Yes No [80]
National Aerospace Development Administration
KCST  North Korea 1980s No No No No [citation needed]
Korea Aerospace Research Institute
KARI
항우연
 South Korea October 1989 No No No No [citation needed]
Indian Space Research Organisation ISRO
इसरो
 India 15 August 1969 Yes Yes Yes Yes [26][27][28]
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency JAXA  Japan 1 October 2003 Yes Yes Yes Yes [37]
National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA  United States 1 October 1958 Yes Yes Yes Yes [47]
French: Centre National d’Études Spatiales CNES  France 19 December 1961 Yes Yes No No [50]
State Space Agency of Ukraine ДКАУ
SSAU
 Ukraine 2 March 1992 Yes No No No [citation needed]
Roscosmos ROSCOSMOS
РОСКОСМОС
 Russia ca. 1992 Yes Yes Yes Yes [citation needed]
United States Space Force USSF  United States 20 December 2019 Yes Yes No Yes [81][82][83]

List of space agencies with human spaceflight capability[edit]

Space agency Country Founded Terminated Accomplished tasks by the space agency Ref(s)
Name Acronym Human Space launch capable Spacewalk capable Space Rendezvous and Docking capable Operates Space Station
China National Space Administration CNSA  People's Republic of China April 22, 1993 Yes Yes Yes Yes [19][84]
National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA  United States October 1, 1958 Yes Yes Yes Yes [47]
Russian Federal Space Agency ROSCOSMOS
RFSA
 Russia December 26, 1991 Dissolution of Soviet Union Yes Yes Yes Yes [85]

List of space agencies with lunar landing capability[edit]

Space agency Country Founded Terminated Accomplished tasks by the space agency Ref(s)
Name Acronym Circumlunar Crewed Spaceflight Controlled impact with Lunar surface Uncrewed Moon Soft Landing Uncrewed (automated) lunar rover operation Automated Lunar sample return mission Crewed Moon Landing and sample return
China National Space Administration CNSA  People's Republic of China 22 April 1993 No Yes Yes Yes No No [19]
Indian Space Research Organisation ISRO
इसरो
 India 15 August 1969 No Yes No No No No [26][27][28]
National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA  United States 1 October 1958 Yes Yes Yes No No Yes [47]

Expected and proposed future space agencies[edit]

Space agency Country/Countries Expected date of formation Current status Ref(s)
Name Acronym
Sri Lanka Aeronautics and Space Agency SLASA  Sri Lanka 2021 Immediate goal is to construct and launch two satellites. Sri Lankan Telecommunications Regulatory Commission has signed an agreement with Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd to get relevant help and resources. [86]
African Space Agency AfSA  African Union 2023 Proposed in 2015. AU plans to launch the agency by 2019 with a proposed headquarter in Cairo, Egypt. Funded by Egypt. See the stamp issued by Egypt on 19 September 2019. [87]·[88]·[89]·[90][91]
Armenian Space Agency ArmCosmos  Armenia Proposed in 2013 with the goal to launch satellites. Negotiating with the International Telecommunications Union to clear the path for its prospective launch. [92]
Australia-New Zealand Space Agency ANZSA Australia Australia
New Zealand New Zealand
Proposed in 2020, status unknown. [93]
South American Space Agency South America South America Proposed in 2011, at progress stage [94]
Caribbean Space Agency Caribbean Community Caribbean Community Proposed in 2017, at progress stage [95]
Cambodian Aeronautics and Space Agency  Cambodia Proposed in 2016, at progress stage [96]
Haiti Space Agency HSA  Haiti Proposed in 2018, at progress stage [97]

Budgets[edit]

The annual budgets listed are the official budgets for national space agencies available in public domain. The budgets are not normalized to the expenses of space research in different countries, i.e. higher budget does not necessarily mean more activity or better performance in space exploration.[98][99] Budget could be used for different projects: e.g. GPS is maintained from the US defence budget, whereas ESA's money is used for developing the European Galileo positioning system[citation needed]. The data for authoritarian countries are unreliable. For European contributors to ESA, the national budgets shown include also their contributions to ESA.

Budgets of different space agencies.
Agency (country/region) Budget (in millions of US $)
NASA (United States)
22,629
CNSA (China)
11,000
ESA (Europe)
7,430
DLR (Germany)
4,233
CNES (France)
3,024
Roscosmos (Russia)
2,530
ISRO (India)
1,900
ASI (Italy)
1,800
JAXA (Japan)
1,699
KARI (South Korea)
583
UKSA (United Kingdom)
500
ISA and ISRC (Iran)
393
ASA (Algeria)
360
CSA (Canada)
246
ISAB (Belgium)
224
INTA (Spain)
211
SSO (Switzerland)
177
NSO (Netherlands)
110
SNSA (Sweden)
100
NOSA (Norway)
97
SSAU (Ukraine)
80
ALR (Austria)
75
LAPAN (Indonesia)
55
AEB (Brazil)
47
CONAE (Argentina)
45
PhilSA (Philippines)
38
ISA (Israel)
14.5
Country/
region
Agency Budget
(in millions of US $)
Reference Year
 United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration 22,629 [100][101] 2020
 China China National Space Administration 11,000 [102] 2018
European Space Agency 7,430 [103] 2020
 Germany German Aerospace Center 4,233 [104] 2017
 France National Centre for Space Studies 3,024 [105] 2020
 Russia Roscosmos 2,530 [106] 2020
 India Indian Space Research Organisation 1,900 [107] 2020
 Italy Italian Space Agency 1,800 [108] 2016
 Japan Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency 1,699 [109] 2017
 South Korea Korea Aerospace Research Institute 583 [110] 2016
 United Kingdom UK Space Agency 500 [111] 2017
 Iran Iranian Space Agency and Iranian Space Research Center 393 [112] 2018–19
 Algeria Algerian Space Agency 360 [113] 2015
 Canada Canadian Space Agency 246 [114] 2018
 Belgium Interfederal Space Agency of Belgium 224 [115] 2018
 Spain Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial 211 [116] 2018
  Switzerland Swiss Space Office 177 [103] 2019
 Netherlands Netherlands Space Office 110 [117] 2013
 Sweden Swedish National Space Agency 100 [118] 2011
 Norway Norwegian Space Agency 97 [119] 2014
 Ukraine State Space Agency of Ukraine 80 [120]
 Austria Austrian Space Agency 75 [121] 2018
 Poland Polish Space Agency 61.5 [122] 2019–2021
 Indonesia National Institute of Aeronautics and Space 55 [123][124] 2019
 Brazil Brazilian Space Agency 47 [125] 2018
 Argentina Comisión Nacional de Actividades Espaciales 45 [126] 2019
 Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission 45 [127][128] 2018–19
 Philippines Philippine Space Agency 38 [129] 2019
 Nigeria National Space Research and Development Agency 32.3 [130] 2019
 Australia Australian Space Agency 32 [131][132] 2019
 Israel Israel Space Agency 14.5 [133] 2019
 South Africa South African National Space Agency 11.8 [134] 2014–15
 Mexico Mexican Space Agency 8.34 [135] 2010
 Turkey Turkish Space Agency 4.3 [136] 2019
Earth symbol.svg World All space agencies (Total of listed budgets) About 60,537

See also[edit]

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