List of spacecraft manufacturers
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During the early years of spaceflight only nation states had the resources to develop and fly spacecraft. Both the U.S. space program and Soviet space program were operated using mainly military pilots as astronauts. During this period, no commercial space launches were available to private operators, and no private organization was able to offer space launches.
In 1980s, the European Space Agency created Arianespace, the world's first commercial space transportation company, and, following the Challenger disaster, the American government deregulated the American space transportation market as well. In the 1990s the Russian government sold their majority stake in RSC Energia to private investors (although it has recently renationalized the Russian space sector in 2013–2014.) These events for the first time allowed private organizations to purchase, develop and offer space launch services; beginning the period of private spaceflight in the late-1980s and early-1990s.
There are seven major companies that build large, commercial, Geosynchronous satellite platforms:
|Company||Location||No of satellites launched||Comments|
|Airbus Defence and Space||Europe ( France/ Germany/ Spain/ United Kingdom)||formerly Astrium|
|Boeing Defense, Space & Security||United States||formerly Boeing Integrated Defense Systems|
|JSC Information Satellite Systems||Russia||1160||formerly NPO PM|
|Lockheed Martin||United States|
|Orbital ATK||United States||formerly Orbital Sciences Corporation|
|Space Systems/Loral||United States||240||formerly Space Systems/Loral, LLC|
|Thales Alenia Space||Europe ( France/ Italy/ United Kingdom/ Spain/ Belgium/ Germany/ Poland)||formerly Alcatel Alenia Space|
In addition to those above, the following companies have successfully built and launched satellite platforms:
Launch vehicle manufactures and providers of third party services
Commercial wings of national space agencies:
- Aerospace Industrial Development Corporation (AIDC) and Taiwan Aerospace Industry Association (TAIA) Taiwan
- Antrix Corporation India
- China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation People's Republic of China
Lander, rover and probe manufacturers
|Company||Location||No. of probes launched||Comments|
|Brown Engineering Company||Huntsville, AL United States||Rover for Apollo lunar program|
|China National Space Administration||People's Republic of China||for Chang'e 3 program in 2013|
|Deep Space Industries||Mountain View, CA United States||DragonFly for asteroid material return mission|
|Lavochkin||Russia||rovers for Lunokhod 1|
|NASA JPL||United States||for ATHLETE lunar missions|
|ISRO||India||Chandrayaan-1, Chandrayaan-2, Mars Orbiter Mission|
|Planetary Resources||Redmond, WA United States||Arkyd-100 for asteroid searching|
Spacecraft component manufacturers
|Astro- und Feinwerktechnik Adlershof GmbH||Berlin, Germany||Design, Manufacturing, Assembly, Integration and Verification of small satellite buses (TET-1, launched July 2012) and components. Attitude control components (reaction wheels, gyro system, GPS receiver, magnetometer)
Supplier of space systems and ISS payload NightPod
|AST Advanced Space Technologies GmbH||Bremen, Germany||Design, Manufacturing and Assembly of fluid control components for electric propulsion and special equipment for space simulators.
Supplier of cold gas thrusters, flow control units, electronic pressure regulators, valves, particle filters, electric propulsion test equipment and thrust balances.
|DSI GmbH||Bremen, Germany||Cryptography Units (e.g. SAR-Lupe, GökTürk), Payload Data Handling Units (e.g. EnMAP, ExoMars), On-board Computers (e.g. TET, JAXA Hayabusa-II/MASCOT), Data Processing Units, Communication Systems, Ground Test & Simulation Equipment|
|Dynetics||Madison, AL United States||used on Sundancer and Ares I|
|American Technology Consortium||Oxnard, CA United States||Mars Pathfinder Airbag Retraction Actuator Planetary Gearboxes, Mars Pathfinder Camera Pointing Mechanisms, Stardust Scan Mirror Mechanism, Mars Volatiles and Climate Surveyor (MVACS) Robot Arm Brush Motors, MVACS Camera Pointing Mechanisms, Genesis Array Deployment Mechanism, Shuttle Radar Topography Mapper (SRTM) Mast Deployment Actuators, SRTM Harmonic Drive Actuators, A2100 & A2100M Bus Antenna Pointing Mechanism Linear Actuators, Orbview 3 & 4 Antenna Gimbals, Sirius Satellite Radio Antenna Gimbal Motors, Champollion Cryogenic Comet Drill Actuator, TES Filter Wheel Actuator, Mars Odyssey Mission PanCam Mast Deployment Actuator, Mars Odyssey PanCam Azimuth Twist Capsule and Actuator Assembly, Mars Odyssey PanCam Elevation Actuator, Mars Odyssey Drill Mechanism Gearboxes, and Mars Phoenix Camera Pointing Mechanisms||Asset sale to competitor in 2000, Original corporation renamed to Rocketstar Robotics Inc in 2006|
|Tethers Unlimited,Inc.||Seattle, WA United States||De-Orbiting Devices, Deployable Solar Arrays, Propulsion Systems, Radio Communications, and Robotics|
|RUAG Space||Switzerland||Structures, Fairings, Mechanisms, Opto-Electronics|
|Andrews Space||Seattle, WA United States|
|Final Frontier Construction LLC||Ashton, MD United States||Scaled examples of Gershin Class and Shia Class inverse truss hulls with artificial gravity capability|
|Jena-Optronik||Jena, Germany||Attitude and Orbit Control Systems (AOCS) sensors: star sensors, sun sensors, redezvous- and docking sensors; Optical space instruments and components: multi-spectral imager (e.g. JSS 56 for RapidEye satellite constellation, efficient radiometer (e.g. METimage), electronic as well as opto-mechanical subsystems and components for operational Earth observation (e.g. for Copernicus Sentinel missions)|
|Pumpkin, Inc||San Francisco, CA United States||CubeSat Kits|
|Kongsberg Defence & Aerospace||Kongsberg Norway||Kongsberg Adaptive Rotational Mechanism Assembly [KARMA] in configuration as Solar Array Drive Mechanism (SADM),used on Rosetta (spacecraft), Mars Express, Venus Express, Sentinel 1, Sentinel 3 and BepiColombo MTM.|
|Production Corporation Polyot||Russia|
|Rocketstar Robotics Inc||Camarillo, CA United States||Space Interferometry Mission Optical Shutter Mechanisms|
|Thortek Laboratories, Inc.||Irvine, KY United States||merged with SpaceDev|
|Starsys||Sparks, NV United States||merged with SpaceDev|
|SNC Space Systems||United States||formerly SpaceDev, owned by Sierra Nevada Corporation|
|Clyde Space||United Kingdom||Power System Electronics, Batteries, Solar Panels, Attitude Control Systems|
|Astro Aerospace||Carpinteria, CA United States||Deployable mechanisms, spacecraft structures, AstroMesh deployable reflector, deployable booms, large and small aperature mesh reflector antennas,STEM (Storable Tubular Extendable Member), hinge mechanisms,||A special business unit of Northrop Grumman|
|TRANSPACE Technologies||Bangalore, KA India||On-Board Satellite Sub-Systems Fabrication,Testing,Reliability Analysis and PCB Design||Approved Vendor for ISRO Satellite Center, India|
|RadioBro Corporation||Huntsville, Alabama United States||Small Spacecraft Communications, Flight Readiness Testing, Training Services|
|Solar MEMS Technologies||Spain||Sun Sensors for Satellites|
- List of private spaceflight companies including only companies with primarily private funding and missions ("NewSpace")
- Russian aerospace industry
- Messier, Doug (2013-10-09). "Rogozin Outlines Plans for Consolidating Russia's Space Industry". Parabolic Arc. Retrieved 2014-07-31.
- SSL Overview
- "Dhruva Space". Retrieved 26 September 2013.
- "ISIS". Retrieved 9 December 2013.
- Werner, Debra (2012-08-13). "Builder Packing More Capability into Small Satellites". Space News. Retrieved 26 September 2013.
- "TRANSPACE". Retrieved 18 August 2014.
- "Xovian". Retrieved 26 December 2014.
- "Iran unveils three new home-made satellites". Retrieved 26 September 2013.
- "BDLI manufacturer for space". Retrieved 18 February 2014.
- "Kongsberg Gruppen". Retrieved 26 September 2013.
- "Rocketstar Robotics". Retrieved 26 September 2013.
- "Astro Aerospace". Retrieved 4 June 2013.
- "TRANSPACE". Retrieved 18 August 2014.
- "RadioBro". Retrieved 15 September 2014.
- "SolarMEMS". Retrieved 1 September 2016.
- "Advances in Microcavity Discharge Thruster Technology", AIAA 2010-6616.
- "Geometric Optimization of a Coaxial Pulsed Plasma Thuster", AIAA 2003-5025.
- CU Aerospace Propulsion Module Specifications
- HIRE engine-AE Aerospace's Andrew Edwards 2010
- HIRE Engine