This is a list of the species that inhabit the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. Except for researchers and volunteers living on Midway Atoll, Kure Atoll, and Tern Island, the leeward islands are uninhabited by people but home to at least 7000 species ranging from marine mammals, fish, sea turtles, birds and invertebrates. Many of these species are rare or endangered and at least 25% are endemic to the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. This list identifies which islands the species lives on, and whether the species is endemic to the NWHI.
Rauzon, Mark J. (2001). Isles of Refuge: Wildlife and History of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. University of Hawaii Press. ISBN0-8248-2209-9.
Amerson, Jr., A. Binion (Early Spring, 1975). "Species Richness on the Nondisturbed Northwestern Hawaiian Islands". Ecology. Ecological Society of America. 56 (2): 435–444. doi:10.2307/1934974. JSTOR1934974.Check date values in: |date= (help)
"Encyclopedia of the Sanctuary Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Marine National Monument". Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument website. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Retrieved 2008-05-01. This Encyclopedia is meant to provide natural history information, video clips, still images, and additional resources to find more information about the marine life found within the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands.