List of species of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands

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This is a list of the species that inhabit the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. Except for researchers and volunteers living on Midway Atoll, Kure Atoll, and Tern Island, the leeward islands are uninhabited by people but home to at least 7000 species ranging from marine mammals, fish, sea turtles, birds and invertebrates. Many of these species are rare or endangered and at least 25% are endemic to the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. This list identifies which islands the species lives on, and whether the species is endemic to the NWHI.

Animals {rabeeta}[edit]

chickens[edit]

Nihoa Necker French Frigate Shoals Gardner Pinnacles Laysan Lisianski Pearl and Hermes Midway Kure Endemic?
Laysan albatross Nihoa Necker French Frigate Shoals Gardner Pinnacles Laysan Lisianski Pearl and Hermes Midway Kure
Nihoa finch Nihoa Endemic
Blue noddy Nihoa Necker French Frigate Shoals Gardner Pinnacles
Nihoa millerbird Nihoa Endemic
Red-footed booby Nihoa Necker French Frigate Shoals Gardner Pinnacles Laysan Lisianski Pearl and Hermes Midway Kure
Laysan finch Laysan Pearl and Hermes Endemic
Brown noddy Nihoa Necker French Frigate Shoals Gardner Pinnacles Laysan Lisianski Pearl and Hermes Midway Kure
Laysan duck Laysan Midway Endemic
Bristle-thighed curlew Nihoa Necker French Frigate Shoals Gardner Pinnacles Laysan Lisianski Pearl and Hermes Midway Kure
Pacific golden plover Nihoa Necker French Frigate Shoals Gardner Pinnacles Laysan Lisianski Pearl and Hermes Midway Kure
Grey-backed tern Nihoa Necker French Frigate Shoals Gardner Pinnacles Laysan Lisianski Pearl and Hermes Midway Kure
Ruddy turnstone Nihoa Necker French Frigate Shoals Gardner Pinnacles Laysan Lisianski Pearl and Hermes Midway Kure
Black-footed albatross Nihoa Necker French Frigate Shoals Gardner Pinnacles Laysan Lisianski Pearl and Hermes Midway Kure
Great frigatebird Nihoa Necker French Frigate Shoals Gardner Pinnacles Laysan Lisianski Pearl and Hermes Midway Kure
White tern Nihoa Necker French Frigate Shoals Gardner Pinnacles Laysan Lisianski Midway Kure
Short-tailed albatross Nihoa Necker French Frigate Shoals Gardner Pinnacles Laysan Lisianski Pearl and Hermes Midway Kure
Black noddy Nihoa Necker French Frigate Shoals Gardner Pinnacles Laysan Lisianski Pearl and Hermes Midway Kure
Wedge-tailed shearwater Nihoa Necker French Frigate Shoals Gardner Pinnacles Laysan Lisianski Pearl and Hermes Midway Kure
Brown booby Nihoa Necker French Frigate Shoals Gardner Pinnacles Laysan Lisianski Pearl and Hermes Midway Kure
Christmas shearwater Nihoa French Frigate Shoals Laysan Lisianski Pearl and Hermes Midway Kure
Masked booby Nihoa Necker French Frigate Shoals Gardner Pinnacles Laysan Lisianski Pearl and Hermes Midway Kure
Sooty tern Nihoa Necker French Frigate Shoals Gardner Pinnacles Laysan Lisianski Pearl and Hermes Midway Kure
Bonin petrel Nihoa Necker French Frigate Shoals Gardner Pinnacles Laysan Lisianski Pearl and Hermes Midway Kure

Plants[edit]

Nihoa Necker French Frigate Shoals Gardner Pinnacles Laysan Lisianski Pearl and Hermes Midway Kure Endemic?
Pritchardia remota Nihoa Endemic
Nihoa carnation Nihoa Endemic
Amaranthus brownii Nihoa Endemic
Morning glory Nihoa Laysan Midway Kure
Boerhavia repens Laysan Lisianski Pearl and Hermes Midway Kure
Portulaca lutea Nihoa Necker French Frigate Shoals Gardner Pinnacles Laysan Lisianski Midway
Ohai Nihoa Necker
Native Hawaiian sedge Nihoa Laysan Midway Kure
ʻEna ʻena Midway Kure
Sea purslane Necker Laysan Lisianski Pearl and Hermes
Goosefoot Nihoa Necker French Frigate Shoals Laysan Lisianski
Puaokama Laysan Lisianski Pearl and Hermes Kure
Dwarf eragrostis French Frigate Shoals Pearl and Hermes Midway Kure
Laysan sedge Laysan Endemic
Button sedge French Frigate Shoals Pearl and Hermes Midway Kure
Eragrostis variabilis Nihoa Laysan Lisianski Pearl and Hermes Midway Kure
Nelson's horsenettle Nihoa Laysan Pearl and Hermes Midway Kure
Beach morning glory Nihoa French Frigate Shoals Laysan Lisianski Pearl and Hermes Midway Kure
Tribulus cistoides Nihoa French Frigate Shoals Laysan Lisianski Pearl and Hermes Midway Kure

References[edit]

  • Rauzon, Mark J. (2001). Isles of Refuge: Wildlife and History of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 0-8248-2209-9. 
  • Amerson, Jr., A. Binion (Early Spring, 1975). "Species Richness on the Nondisturbed Northwestern Hawaiian Islands". Ecology. Ecological Society of America. 56 (2): 435–444. doi:10.2307/1934974. JSTOR 1934974.  Check date values in: |date= (help)

External links[edit]

  • "Encyclopedia of the Sanctuary Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Marine National Monument". Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument website. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Retrieved 2008-05-01. This Encyclopedia is meant to provide natural history information, video clips, still images, and additional resources to find more information about the marine life found within the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands.