List of star forts

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A 17th-century plan of the fortress town of Coevorden in the Netherlands.
Map of Palmanova in 1593. The town is encircled by massive Venetian defensive systems that are a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 9 July 2017.[1]

This is a list of star forts.

Canada[edit]

Fort George on Citadel Hill, Halifax, Nova Scotia

Croatia[edit]

Cyprus[edit]

Map of Nicosia in Cyprus, created in 1597.







Czech Republic[edit]

Josefov Fortress in Jaroměř



Denmark[edit]

Kronborg Castle, Helsingør

Estonia[edit]

Finland[edit]

Svartholm from the air.

France[edit]

Aerial photograph of Neuf Brisach.

Germany[edit]

Hungary[edit]

India[edit]

Plan (top-view) of Fort William, c. 1844

Italy[edit]

The town of Palmanova is encircled by massive Venetian defensive systems that are a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 9 July 2017.[1]

Republic of Ireland[edit]

Japan[edit]

The 19th-century Goryokaku.

Lithuania[edit]

Klaipėda Castle from the air.

Malaysia[edit]

Malta[edit]

Fort Saint Elmo in Valletta.

Mexico[edit]

Morocco[edit]

Netherlands[edit]

Groningen[edit]

Friesland[edit]

Drenthe[edit]

Overijssel[edit]

Gelderland[edit]

Utrecht[edit]

Noord-Holland[edit]

Model of the fortifications of Naarden.

Zuid-Holland[edit]

Zeeland[edit]

Noord-Brabant[edit]

Willemstad from the air.

Limburg[edit]

Norway[edit]

Portugal[edit]

The Fortress of Almeida

Poland[edit]

Puerto Rico[edit]

Romania[edit]

Russia[edit]

Serbia[edit]

Slovakia[edit]

Star Fort in Komárno, Slovakia.
  • Nové Zámky - only to be seen as a hexagonally shaped city centre
  • Komárno - mostly preserved city fortification complex contains Komárno fortress(New and Old) and fortifications of the city as Palatine's line and Vah's line and also three forts in the area of neighbouring city Komárom (Igmand, Csillag (English: Star) and Monostor) (see Hungary)
  • Leopoldov - mostly preserved, serving as state prison built like Fortres Leopoldov
  • Holíč - château of the Habsburgs named Holíč Castle (Slovak: Holíčsky kaštieľ) rebuilt from a 17th-century fortress with the history going to 12th century.

South Africa[edit]

  • Fort de Goede Hoop 1652-1674, demolished after permanent residence was taken up in the Castle of Good Hope.
  • Castle of Good Hope 1666-current, constructed to replace the earthen Fort de Goede Hoop.

Spain[edit]

One of the bastions of the Citadel of Pamplona.

Sri Lanka[edit]

Suriname[edit]

Sweden[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

Fort George, Scotland from the air. It is the best preserved fort of its era in the British Isles.

The outlines of some other star forts from the English Civil War exist. These were often built of ditches and earthen ramparts and were redoubts built to defend weak points in older fortifications such as Fort Royal Hill, Worcester, was built to defend a hill within 17th-century artillery range of the city's medieval walls. A typical example is .

United States[edit]

Venezuela[edit]

Vietnam[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "The city of Bergamo - UNESCO World Heritage Centre". whc.unesco.org. Retrieved 2017-11-02.