List of state and union territory capitals in India

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India is a country located in Southern Asia. With over 1.38 billion people, India is the most populous democracy in the world. It is a federal constitutional republic governed under a parliamentary system consisting of 28 states and 8 union territories.[1] All states, as well as the union territories of Jammu and Kashmir, Puducherry and the National Capital Territory of Delhi, have elected legislatures and governments, both patterned on the Westminster model. The remaining five union territories are directly ruled by the central government through appointed administrators. In 1956, under the States Reorganisation Act, states were reorganised on a linguistic basis.[2] Since then, their structure has remained largely unchanged. Each state or union territory is further divided into administrative districts.

The legislatures of five states Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra and Uttarakhand and of union territory Jammu and Kashmir meet in different capitals for their summer and winter sessions. Ladakh has both Leh and Kargil as its administrative capitals.

The state and union territory capitals are sorted according to administrative, legislative and judicial capitals. The administrative capital is where the executive government offices are located,

States and Union Territories[edit]

No. State or
union territory
Administrative capital Legislative capital Judicial capital Year of establishment Former capital
1 Andaman and Nicobar Islands union territory Port Blair  — Kolkata 1956  —
2 Andhra Pradesh Visakhapatnam[3] Amaravati[3] Kurnool[3] 1956 Hyderabad[a](1956–2017)

Amaravati (2017-2020)

3 Arunachal Pradesh Itanagar Itanagar Guwahati 1987  —
4 Assam Dispur Dispur Guwahati 1972 Shillong[b] (1950–1972)
5 Bihar Patna Patna Patna 1950  —
6 Chandigarh union territory Chandigarh[c]  — Chandigarh 1966  —
7 Chhattisgarh Raipur[d] Raipur Bilaspur 2000  —
8 Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu union territory Daman  — Mumbai 2020  —
9 Delhi union territory New Delhi New Delhi New Delhi 1956  —
10 Goa Panaji[e] Porvorim Mumbai 1987  —
11 Gujarat Gandhinagar Gandhinagar Ahmedabad 1960 Ahmedabad (1960–1970)
12 Haryana Chandigarh Chandigarh Chandigarh 1966  —
13 Himachal Pradesh Shimla Shimla (Summer)
Dharamsala (Winter)[7]
Shimla  1971
2017
 —
14 Jammu and Kashmir union territory Srinagar (Summer)[8]
Jammu (Winter)
Srinagar (Summer)
Jammu (Winter)
Srinagar (Summer)
Jammu (Winter)
2019  —
15 Jharkhand Ranchi Ranchi Ranchi 2000  —
16 Karnataka Bengaluru Bengaluru Bengaluru 1956  —
17 Kerala Thiruvananthapuram Thiruvananthapuram Kochi 1956  —
18 Ladakh union territory Leh (Summer)
Kargil (Winter)[9]
 — Srinagar (Summer)
Jammu (Winter)
2019  —
19 Lakshadweep union territory Kavaratti  — Kochi 1956  —
20 Madhya Pradesh Bhopal Bhopal Jabalpur 1956  —
21 Maharashtra Mumbai[f] Mumbai (Summer)

Nagpur (Winter)

Mumbai 1960  —
22 Manipur Imphal Imphal Imphal 1972  —
23 Meghalaya Shillong Shillong Shillong 1972  —
24 Mizoram Aizawl Aizawl Guwahati 1987  —
25 Nagaland Kohima Kohima Guwahati 1963  —
26 Odisha Bhubaneswar Bhubaneswar Cuttack 1950  Cuttack
27 Puducherry union territory Pondicherry Pondicherry Chennai 1954  —
28 Punjab Chandigarh Chandigarh Chandigarh 1966  —
29 Rajasthan Jaipur Jaipur Jodhpur 1950  —
30 Sikkim Gangtok[g] Gangtok Gangtok 1975  —
31 Tamil Nadu Chennai[h] Chennai Chennai 1956  —
32 Telangana Hyderabad Hyderabad Hyderabad 2014  —
33 Tripura Agartala Agartala Agartala 1972  —
34 Uttar Pradesh Lucknow Lucknow Prayagraj 1950  —
35 Uttarakhand Dehradun Gairsain (Summer)[11]
Dehradun (Winter)
Nainital 2000
2020
 —
36 West Bengal Kolkata Kolkata Kolkata 1950
AfghanistanMyanmarChinaTajikistanIndian OceanBay of BengalAndaman SeaArabian SeaLaccadive SeaAndaman and Nicobar IslandsChandigarhDadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and DiuDelhiLakshadweepPuducherryPuducherryGoaKeralaManipurMeghalayaMizoramNagalandSikkimTripuraPakistanNepalBhutanBangladeshSri LankaSri LankaSri LankaSri LankaSri LankaSri LankaSri LankaSri LankaSri LankaSiachen GlacierDisputed territory in Jammu and KashmirDisputed territory in Jammu and KashmirJammu and KashmirLadakhChandigarhDelhiDadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and DiuDadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and DiuPuducherryPuducherryPuducherryPuducherryGoaGujaratKarnatakaKeralaMadhya PradeshMaharashtraRajasthanTamil NaduAssamMeghalayaAndhra PradeshArunachal PradeshNagalandManipurMizoramTelanganaTripuraWest BengalSikkimBiharJharkhandOdishaChhattisgarhUttar PradeshUttarakhandHaryanaPunjabHimachal Pradesh
A clickable map of the 28 states and 8 union territories of India


Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Hyderabad is the de jure joint capital of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana until 2024
  2. ^ Shillong was the joint capital of Assam and Meghalaya until 1972.[4]
  3. ^ Chandigarh is the capital of the states of Punjab and Haryana, and is a Union Territory, separate from the two states.[5]
  4. ^ Naya Raipur is planned to replace Raipur as the capital city of Chhattisgarh.
  5. ^ Panaji was the capital of Goa from 1843 when it was ruled by the Portuguese.[6]
  6. ^ Mumbai (Bombay) was the capital of Bombay Presidency which was a province until 1950. After that Bombay became the capital of Bombay State. Subsequently, Bombay State was split into Gujarat and Maharashtra in 1960.
  7. ^ Gangtok has been the capital of Sikkim since 1890. Kingdom of Sikkim joined the Indian Union in 1975.[10]
  8. ^ Chennai (Madras) was the capital of the Madras Presidency since 1839, which was redrawn as Madras State in 1956. Madras State was renamed as Tamil Nadu in 1968.

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.indiatoday.in/amp/india/story/jammu-and-kashmir-bifurcated-ladakh-union-territory-october.
  2. ^ Sharma 2007, p. 49.
  3. ^ a b c "Andhra Governor gives nod to CM Jagan Mohan Reddy's three-capital plan". Livemint. 2020-08-01. Retrieved 2020-08-02.
  4. ^ Baruah 1999, p. xiii.
  5. ^ Menon & Banerjea 2002, p. 5.
  6. ^ Ring 1996, p. 288.
  7. ^ "Dharamshala Declared Second Capital of Himachal". www.hillpost.in. Retrieved 2017-01-21.
  8. ^ "What is the Darbar Move in J&K all about?". The Hindu. 2017-05-08. Retrieved 2019-03-19.
  9. ^ Excelsior, Daily (12 November 2019). "LG, UT Hqrs, Head of Police to have Sectts at both Leh, Kargil: Mathur". Retrieved 17 December 2019.
  10. ^ Spate 1953, p. 200.
  11. ^ "Gairsain Named Uttarakhand's New Summer Capital". Times of India. Retrieved 2020-03-05.

References[edit]

External links[edit]