List of state leaders in 1923

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This is a list of heads of state, government leaders, and other rulers in the year 1923.



Australia and Oceania[edit]


North America and the Caribbean[edit]

South America[edit]


  1. ^ Egypt only became independent in 1922.
  2. ^ Hussein bin Ali was Sharif and Emir of Mecca from 1908 and King of Hejaz from 1916.
  3. ^ Ibn Saud was Emir of Nejd and Hasa between 1902 and 1921, Sultan of Nejd between 1921 and 1927, King of Nejd between 1927 and 1932 additionally King of Hejaz between 1926 and 1932 (collectively referred to as King of Nejd and Hejaz), and King of Saudi Arabia from 1932.
  4. ^ The title of the head of state changed from President of the Grand National Assembly to President on 29 October 1923.
  5. ^ Yemen only became independent in 1918.
  6. ^ a b c In exile between 1940 and 1945.
  7. ^ Kalinin was head of state of Russia (Chairman of the Central Executive Committee of the All-Russian Congress of Soviets) from 1919 to 1938, and head of state of the Soviet Union from 1922 to 1946.
  8. ^ Lenin was head of government of Russia (Chairmen of the Council of People's Commissars) from 1917 to 1924 and head of government of the Soviet Union (Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars) from 1922 to 1924.
  9. ^ The seven member Swiss Federal Council is the collective head of state and the government of Switzerland. Within the Council, the President of the Swiss Confederation serves solely in a primus inter pares capacity for one year.

External links[edit]