List of state leaders in 1988

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This is a list of heads of state, government leaders, and other rulers in the year 1988.

Africa[edit]

Asia[edit]

Europe[edit]

North America[edit]

Oceania[edit]

South America[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bophuthatswana was only declared to be independent in 1977.
  2. ^ Ciskei was only declared to be independent in 1981, before independence Lennox Sebe was titled Chief Minister.
  3. ^ Venda was only declared to be independent in 1979.
  4. ^ Bahrain only became independent in 1971, until then the monarch was titled Hakim of Bahrain.
  5. ^ Bahrain only became independent in 1971.
  6. ^ Brunei only became independent in 1984.
  7. ^ Hun Sen was titled Second Prime Minister between 1993 and 1998.
  8. ^ In exile between 1990 and 1991.
  9. ^ In exile between 1990 and 1991.
  10. ^ Qatar only became independent in 1971.
  11. ^ Singapore only became independent in 1965.
  12. ^ Ali Abdullah Saleh became President of Yemen upon unification in 1990.
  13. ^ Richard von Weizsäcker was President of unified Germany from 1990.
  14. ^ Helmut Kohl was Chancellor of unified Germany from 1990.
  15. ^ The seven member Swiss Federal Council is the collective head of state and the government of Switzerland. Within the Council, the President of the Swiss Confederation serves solely in a primus inter pares capacity for one year.
  16. ^ Antigua and Barbuda only became independent in 1981, until then Sir Wilfred Jacobs was titled Governor of Antigua and Barbuda.
  17. ^ Antigua and Barbuda only became independent in 1981.
  18. ^ The Bahamas only became independent on 1973.
  19. ^ Saint Kitts and Nevis only became independent in 1983.
  20. ^ Saint Kitts and Nevis only became independent in 1983, until then Sir Clement Arrindell was titled Governor of Saint Christopher and Nevis.
  21. ^ The Marshall Islands only became independent in 1986.
  22. ^ Tonga only became independent in 1970.
  23. ^ Tonga only became independent in 1970.
  24. ^ Vanuatu only became independent in 1980.

External links[edit]