List of state leaders in 2003

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This is a list of heads of state, government leaders, and other rulers in the year 2003.

Africa[edit]

Asia[edit]

Europe[edit]

North America[edit]

Oceania[edit]

South America[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Eritrea only became independent in 1993.
  2. ^ Bahrain only became independent in 1971.
  3. ^ Brunei only became independent in 1984.
  4. ^ Hun Sen was titled Second Prime Minister in 1993–98.
  5. ^ Kazakhstan only became independent in 1991.
  6. ^ The position of Chairman of the National Defence Commission was declared to be the highest office of state by the constitution that came into effect in 1998.
  7. ^ Kyrgyzstan only became independent in 1991.
  8. ^ Turkmenistan only became independent in 1991.
  9. ^ Uzbekistan only became independent in 1991.
  10. ^ Saleh was president of North Yemen until 1990.
  11. ^ Abkhazia only declared independence in 1992.
  12. ^ Transnistria only declared independence in 1991.
  13. ^ The seven-member Swiss Federal Council is head of state and government collectively. Within this executive Council, the president serves solely in a primus inter pares capacity for one year.
  14. ^ Tonga only became independent in 1970.

External links[edit]

  • Rulers—a list of rulers throughout time and places
  • WorldStatesmen—an online encyclopedia of the leaders of nations and territories