List of state leaders in the 6th century BC

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This is a list of state leaders in the 6th century BC (600–501 BC).

Africa: North[edit]

Carthage

Didonian
  • Hanno I, King (c.580–c.556 BC)
  • Malchus, King (c.556–c.550 BC)
Magonids

Cyrene

Egypt: Late Period

Kush

Asia[edit]

Asia: East[edit]

China: Spring and Autumn period

  • Ding, King (606–586 BC)
  • Jian, King (585–572 BC)
  • Ling, King (571–545 BC)
  • Jing, King (544–520 BC)
  • Dao, King (520 BC)
  • Jìng, King (519–477 BC)
  • Wen, Marquis (611–592 BC)
  • Jing, Marquis (591–543 BC)
  • Ling, Marquis (542–531 BC)
  • Ping, Marquis (530–522 BC)
  • Dao, Marquis (521–519 BC)
  • Zhao, Marquis (518–491 BC)
  • Wen, Duke (617–595 BC)
  • Xuan, Duke (594–578 BC)
  • Cheng, Duke (577–555 BC)
  • Wu, Duke (554–528 BC)
  • Ping, Duke (527–524 BC)
  • Dao, Duke (523–515 BC)
  • Sheng, Duke (514–510 BC)
  • Yin, Duke (509–506 BC)
  • Jing, Duke (505–502 BC)
  • Cao Bo yang, ruler (501–487 BC)
  • Xia Zhengshu, ruler (7th–6th century BC)
  • Cheng, Duke (c.6th century BC)
  • Ai, Duke (c.6th century BC)
  • Liu, Prince (c.6th century BC)
  • (Chuan Fengxu), ruler (c.6th century BC)
  • Hui, Duke (6th–5th century BC)
  • Zhuang, King (613–591 BC)
  • Gong, King (590–560 BC)
  • Kang, King (559–545 BC)
  • Jia'ao, ruler (544–541 BC)
  • Ling, King (540–529 BC)
  • Zi'ao, ruler (529 BC)
  • Ping, King (528–516 BC)
  • Zhao, King (515–489 BC)
  • Cheng, Duke (606–600 BC)
  • Jing, Duke (599–581 BC)
  • Li, Duke (580–573 BC)
  • Dao, Duke (573–558 BC)
  • Ping, Duke (557–532 BC)
  • Zhao, Duke (531–526 BC)
  • Qing, Duke (525–512 BC)
  • Ding, Duke (511–475 BC)
  • Xuan, Duke (608–591 BC)
  • Cheng, Duke (590–573 BC)
  • Xiang, Duke (572–542 BC)
  • Ziye, ruler (542 BC)
  • Zhao, Duke (541–510 BC)
  • Ding, Duke (509–495 BC)
  • Hui, Duke (608–599 BC)
  • Qing, Duke (598–582 BC)
  • Ling, Duke (581–554 BC)
  • Zhuang II, Duke (553–548 BC)
  • Jing, Duke (547–490 BC)
  • Huan, Duke (603–577 BC)
  • Jing, Duke (576–537 BC)
  • Ai, Duke (536–501 BC)
  • Wen, Duke (610–589 BC)
  • Gong, Duke (588–576 BC)
  • Ping, Duke (575–532 BC)
  • Yuan, Duke (531–517 BC)
  • Jing, Duke (516–451 BC)
  • Cheng, Duke (634–600 BC)
  • Mu, Duke (599–589 BC)
  • Ding, Duke (588–577 BC)
  • Xian, Duke (576–559 BC)
  • Shang, Duke (558–547 BC)
  • Xian, Duke (546–544 BC)
  • Xiang, Duke (543–535 BC)
  • Ling, Duke (534–493 BC)
  • Shoumeng, ruler (585–561 BC)
  • Zhufan, King (560–548 BC)
  • Yuji, King (547–544 BC)
  • Yumei, King (543–527 BC)
  • Liao, King (526–515 BC)
  • Helü, King (515–496 BC)
  • Marquis Wuren of Yue, Marquis (7th–6th century BC)
  • Marquis Wushen of Yue, Marquis (6th century BC)
  • Marquis Futan of Yue, Marquis (565─538 BC)
  • King Yunchang of Yue, King (?─497 BC)
  • Xiang, Duke (604–587 BC)
  • Dao, Duke (586–585 BC)
  • Cheng, Duke (584–581 BC, 581–571 BC)
  • Xu, Prince (581 BC)
  • Xi, Duke (581 BC, 570–566 BC)
  • Jian, Duke (565–530 BC)
  • Ding, Duke (529–514 BC)
  • Xian, Duke (513–501 BC)

Asia: South[edit]

India

Sri Lanka

Asia: West[edit]

  • Humban-Tahrah II, King (7th/6th century)
  • Hallutash-Inshushinak, King (7th/6th century)
  • Ummanunu I, King (first quarter of 6th century BC)
  • Shilhak-Inshushinak II, King (first quarter of 6th century BC)
  • Temti-Humban-Inshushinak II, King (pre-550 BC–?)
  • Halkatash, King (?–c.549/8 BC)
  • Açina, King (?–522 BC)
  • Ummanunu II or Humban-Nikash IV (Ummaniš), King (522–521 BC)
  • Atta-hamiti-Inshushinak, King (?–520/19 BC)
Chronologies as established by Albright
  • Sadyattes, King (629–617 BC or c.625–c.600 BC)
  • Alyattes II, King (617–560 BC or c.600–560 BC)
  • Croesus, King (560–546 BC or 560–547 BC)
  • King of Anshan (559–530 BC)
  • King of Persia (?–530 BC)
  • King of Anshan (559–530 BC)
  • King of Kings (?–530 BC)

Europe[edit]

Europe: Balkans[edit]

  • Periander, Tyrant (c.627–c.587 BC)
  • Psammetichus, Tyrant (c.587 BC–?)

Europe: South[edit]

Eurasia: Caucasus[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Per one surviving fragment of the Athenian Archon list. Donald W. Bradeen, "The Fifth-Century Archon List", Hesperia, 32 (1963), pp. 187–208
  2. ^ So Cadoux and Alan Samuel; Benjamin D. Merrit notes the name could be read "Onetorides". (Merrit, "Greek inscriptions, 14-27", Hesperia, 8 (1939), p 60)
  3. ^ This identification has been questioned by Matthew P. J. Dillon, "Was Kleisthenes of Pleisthenes Archon at Athens in 525 BC?", Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik, 155 (2006), pp. 91–107
  4. ^ Alan Samuel is doubtful this archon existed, claiming this is based on Eustathius' misunderstanding his source, which provides the date Pindar died, not when he was born. Samuel, Greek and Roman Chronology (Muenchen: Beck'sche, 1972), p. 204
  5. ^ So Dionysius of Halicarnassus (V.36.1) and others. Livy II.15.1, however, names another pair: P. Lucretius and P. Valerius Poplicola. Alan Samuel explains this difference as Lucretius being an error for Larcius, due to confusion with Poplicola's colleague in 508 and 504 BC. (Samuel, Greek and Roman Chronology (Muenchen: Beck'sche, 1972), p. 256)