List of state leaders in the 9th century

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State leaders in the 8th centuryState leaders in the 10th centuryState leaders by year

This is a list of state leaders in the 9th century (801–900) AD.


Africa: Northeast[edit]

Africa: Northcentral[edit]

  • ʿAbdu l-Wahhab ibn Abd ar-Rahman, Imam (788–824)
  • Aflah ibn ʿAbdi l-Wahhab, Imam (824–872)
  • Abu Bakr ibn Aflah, Imam (872–874)
  • Muhammad Abu l-Yaqzan ibn Aflah, Imam (874–894)
  • Yusuf Abu Hatim ibn Muhammad Abi l-Yaqzan, Imam (894–895, 899–906)
  • Yaʿqub ibn Aflah, Imam (895–899)

Africa: Northwest[edit]

  • Ilyâs ibn Sâlih, King (792–842)[2]
  • Yunus ibn Ilyas, King (c.842–888)
  • Abu Ghafir Muhammad, King (c.888–917)

America: Mesoamerica[edit]

  • Chan Pet, King (c. 849)


Asia: Central[edit]

Asia: East[edit]


  • Ai tengride ülüg bulmïsh alp qutlugh ulugh bilge, Khagan (795–808)
  • Ai tengride qut bulmïsh külüg bilge, Khagan (808–821)
  • Kün tengride ülüg bulmïsh alp küchlüg bilge, Khagan (821–824)
  • Ai tengride qut bulmïsh alp bilge, Khagan (824–832)
  • Ai tengride qut bulmïsh alp külüg bilge, Khagan (832–839)
  • Kürebir, Khagan (839–840)
  • Öge, Khagan (841–847)



Korea: North–South States Period

Asia: Southeast[edit]

Asia: South[edit]


  • Shivamara II, King (788–816)
  • Rachamalla I, King (816–843)
  • Ereganga Neetimarga, King (843–870)
  • Rachamalla II, King (870–907)
  • Upendra, King (c.800–c.818)
  • Vairisimha I, King (9th century)
  • Siyaka I, King (9th century)
  • Vakpati I, King (9th–10th century)

Sri Lanka

Asia: West[edit]




Europe: Balkans[edit]

Europe: British Isles[edit]

Great Britain: Scotland

Great Britain: Northumbria

Great Britain: England

  • King (798–812)
  • Duke (812–825)

Great Britain: Wales


Europe: Central[edit]


East Francia

Europe: East[edit]

Ashina dynasty: Khazar Khagans
Bulanid dynasty

Europe: Nortic[edit]

Europe: Southcentral[edit]

Integrum: Simultaneous claimants

Europe: Southwest[edit]

Iberian Peninsula

Marca Hispanica

Europe: West[edit]


Middle Francia

West Francia

Eurasia: Caucasus[edit]

  • Sahl Smbatean, Prince (815–840)
  • Adarnase I, Prince (840–865)
  • Hama I, Prince (865–893)
  • Adarnase II, King (897–943)


  1. ^ This is primarily covered in the chronicle of al-Nuwayri.
  2. ^ Dates with question marks are calculated on the basis of a secondary source [1]. Other info is from Ibn Khaldun.
  3. ^ a b c Cite error: The named reference sen2 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  4. ^ Bryce, James The Holy Roman Empire (1913), pg. xxxv