List of state leaders in the 10th century

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State leaders in the 9th centuryState leaders in the 11th centuryState leaders by year

This is a list of state leaders in the 10th century (901–1000) AD.


Africa: East[edit]


Africa: Northeast[edit]



Africa: Northcentral[edit]


  • Rustamid dynasty (complete list) –
    • Yusuf Abu Hatim ibn Muhammad Abi l-Yaqzan, Imam (894–895, 899–906)
    • Yaqzan ibn Muhammad Abi l-Yaqzan, Imam (906–909)

Africa: Northwest[edit]

  • Barghawata (complete list) –
    • Abu Ghafir Muhammad, King (c.888–917)
    • Abu al-Ansar Abdullah, King (c.917–961)
    • Abu Mansur Isa, King (c.961-?)

Africa: West[edit]


  • Eri, King (948–1041)

America: Mesoamerica[edit]


Asia: Central[edit]



Asia: East[edit]

China: Tang dynasty

Khitan China: Liao dynasty

Northern China: The Five Dynasties

Southern China: The Ten Kingdoms

China: Northern Song

China: Other states and entities



Asia: South[edit]


Sri Lanka

Asia: Southeast[edit]

Asia: West[edit]


Emirate of Mosul
Emirate of Aleppo


Buyids in Fars
Buyids in Ray
Buyids in Iraq


States of Europe in 998 AD.

Europe: Balkans[edit]

Europe: British Isles[edit]

Great Britain: Scotland[edit]

Great Britain: Northumbria[edit]

Great Britain: England[edit]

Great Britain: Wales[edit]


Europe: Central[edit]

Europe: East[edit]

Europe: Nordic[edit]

Europe: Southcentral[edit]

States of Italy in 1000 AD.

Holy Roman Empire in Italy[edit]

Holy Roman Empire in Italy

Integrum: Simultaneous claimants
Ottonian dynasty

Southern Italy[edit]

Southern Italy

Europe: Southwest[edit]

Iberian Peninsula: Christian[edit]

Iberian Peninsula: Christian

Iberian Peninsula: Muslim[edit]

Iberian Peninsula: Muslim

Marca Hispanica[edit]

Marca Hispanica

Europe: West[edit]

Eurasia: Caucasus[edit]


  1. ^ This is primarily covered in the chronicle of al-Nuwayri.
  2. ^ On the rise of the Fatimids, see Ibn Khaldoun (v.2 App. #2(pp.496-549))
  3. ^ See al-Nuwayri (v.2, App.1) and Ibn Khaldoun, v.2
  4. ^ L. Petech (1980), 'Ya-ts'e, Gu-ge, Pu-rang: A new study', The Central Asiatic Journal 24, pp. 85–111; R. Vitali (1996), The kingdoms of Pu.hrang. Dharamsala: Tho.ling gtsug.lag.khang.
  5. ^ Encyclopaedia of Wales
  6. ^ Sveerne (konung of Holmgård (Novgorod) and Kønugård (Kiev))
  7. ^ Olga was first of Rurikid to be baptized by Emperor Constantine VII but failed to bring Christianity to Kiev
  8. ^ Leszek Moczulski, Narodziny Międzymorza, p.475, Bellona SA, Warszawa 2007, ISBN 978-83-11-10826-4
  9. ^ Ярополк is modern Ukrainian, Jaropełk is Polish, Jaropluk is Czech, Jaropelkas is Lithuanian, Iaropelkos is Greek, Jaropolk is German and Swedish.
  10. ^ Krag, Claus (1995). Vikingtid og rikssamling: 800–1130. Aschehougs norgeshistorie. 2. p. 101. ISBN 8203220150. 
  11. ^ Bryce, James The Holy Roman Empire (1913), pg. xxxv
  12. ^ Debord, 99–103; and Bourgeois, 387 and 389–91.
  13. ^ Debord, 99–103; and Bourgeois, 387 and 389–91.
  14. ^ Debord, 99–103; and Bourgeois, 387 and 391.
  15. ^ Adémar II was one of two known sons of William II, but his status as count is only supported by one possible reading of his father's will. Debord (99–103) notes that he might have become count, while Bourgeois rejects the possibility (387 and 392). For William II's will, see: Paul Lefrancq, ed., Cartulaire de l'abbaye de Saint-Cybard (Angoulême: Imprimerie Ouvrière, 1930), #222.
  16. ^ Debord, 99–103; and Bourgeois, 387 and 392–93
  17. ^ Debord, 99–103; and Bourgeois, 387 and 392–93.
  18. ^ Debord, 99–103; and Bourgeois, 387 and 392–93.
  19. ^ Debord, 99–103; and Bourgeois, 387 and 392–93.
  20. ^ Debord, 99–103 omits Richard; Bourgeois, 387 and 392–93, accepts him. Only mentioned in Adémar de Chabannes' chronicle, if he ruled at all it would have been in 975. Ademari Cabannensis opera omnia pars 1: Chronicon, ed. Pascale Bourgain, Richard Landes, and Georges Pon, Corpus Christianorum Continuatio Mediaevalis 129 (Turnhout: Brepols, 1999), III.28, 148.
  21. ^ Bourgeois, 387.
  22. ^ Bourgeois, 387.