List of United States state legislatures

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  Democratic control
  Republican control
  Split, Democratic – Republican
Party control of state Legislatures and Governorships
  Democratic control
  Republican control
  Split control

Each state in the United States has a legislature as part of its form of civil government. Most of the fundamental details of the legislature are specified in the state constitution. 49 state legislatures are bicameral bodies, composed of a lower house (Assembly, General Assembly, State Assembly, House of Delegates, or House of Representatives) and an upper house (Senate). The United States also has five non-state territories and one federal district with local legislative branches, which are also listed below. Among the states, the Nebraska Legislature is the lone unicameral body, although three other areas (the District of Columbia, Guam and the U.S. Virgin Islands) also have unicameral bodies.

The exact names, dates, term lengths, term limits, electoral systems, electoral districts, and other details are determined by the individual states' laws.

Party summary[edit]

Party Control of Legislatures

32 Republican-controlled legislatures
12 Democratic-controlled legislatures
6 Split legislatures[1]
50 Total

Note: A party with a numerical majority in a chamber may be forced to share power with other parties due to informal coalitions or may cede power outright because of divisions within its caucus.

Party Control of State Governments

26 Republican-controlled governments
6 Democratic-controlled governments
6 Democratic governor/Republican-controlled legislature
7 Republican governor/Democratic-controlled legislature
1 Independent governor/Republican-controlled legislature
1 Republican governor/Split legislature
3 Democratic governor/Split legislature
50 Total

The firmest control over a state legislature is exhibited in Hawaii, where Democrats hold every seat in the Senate and only five Republicans sit in the 45-seat state House of Representatives. Wyoming currently has the strongest Republican-led legislature, with overwhelming super-majorities in both houses. Four states (Idaho, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah) have had a Republican-led legislature in both houses for more than two decades.[citation needed]

Statistics[edit]

State legislators by party[edit]

As of November 1st, 2017

Party Lower house[2] Upper house[3] Total
Republican (R) 3,017 (55.8%) 1,145 (58.1%) 4,162 (56.4%)
Democratic (D) 2,309 (42.7%) 805 (40.8%) 3,114 (42.2%)
Progressive (P) 7 (0.1%) 2 (0.1%) 9 (0.1%)
Libertarian (L) 3 (0.1%) 1 (0.1%) 4 (0.1%)
Independence (IP) 1 (0%) 0 (0%) 1 (0%)
Green (G) 1 (0%) 0 (0%) 1 (0%)
Independent (I) 20 (0.4%) 5 (0.3%) 25 (0.3%)
Vacant seats 53 (1%) 14 (0.7%) 67 (0.9%)
Total Seats 5,411 1,972 7,383

Includes legislators who are unaffiliated, unenrolled, etc.

State legislatures[edit]

As of September 2017[4]
State Governor Legislature Name Lower house Upper house
Name Party strength Term
(yrs.)
Name Party strength Term
(yrs.)
Alabama Governor Legislature House of Representatives R 72–33 4 State Senate R 26–8, 1 I 4
Alaska Governor Legislature House of Representatives Coalition (17 D, 3 R, 2 I)–18 2 Senate R 14–6 4
Arizona Governor State Legislature House of Representatives R 35–25 2 Senate R 17–13 2
Arkansas Governor General Assembly House of Representatives R 76–24 2 Senate R 26–9 4
California Governor State Legislature[nb 1] State Assembly D 54–25 2 State Senate D 27–13 4
Colorado Governor General Assembly House of Representatives D 37–28 2 Senate R 18–17 4
Connecticut Governor General Assembly House of Representatives D 79–72 2 Senate Tied D 18–18 2
Delaware Governor General Assembly House of Representatives D 25–16 2 Senate D 11–10 4
Florida Governor Legislature House of Representatives R 76–41 2 Senate R 24–15 4
Georgia Governor General Assembly House of Representatives R 114–59 2 State Senate R 38–18 2
Hawaii Governor State Legislature House of Representatives D 45–5 2 Senate D 25 4
Idaho Governor Legislature House of Representatives R 59–11 2 Senate R 29–6 2
Illinois Governor General Assembly House of Representatives D 67–51 2 Senate D 37–22 2 or 4
Indiana Governor General Assembly House of Representatives R 70–30 2 Senate R 41–9 4
Iowa Governor General Assembly House of Representatives R 59–41 2 Senate R 29–20, 1 I 4
Kansas Governor Legislature House of Representatives R 85–40 2 Senate R 31–9 4
Kentucky Governor General Assembly House of Representatives R 64–36 2 Senate R 27–11 4
Louisiana Governor State Legislature[nb 2] House of Representatives R 60–40, 3 I 4 State Senate R 25–14 4
Maine Governor Legislature House of Representatives Coalition (D 74, I 5, G 1)–70 2 Senate R 18–17 2
Maryland Governor General Assembly House of Delegates D 91–50 4 Senate D 33–14 4
Massachusetts Governor General Court House of Representatives D 123–34 2 Senate D 32–6 2
Michigan Governor Legislature House of Representatives R 63–45 2 Senate R 27–11 4
Minnesota Governor Legislature House of Representatives R 77–57 2 Senate R 34–33 2, 4, 4
Mississippi Governor Legislature House of Representatives R 72–47 4 State Senate R 32–20 4
Missouri Governor General Assembly House of Representatives R 113–45 2 Senate R 24–9 4
Montana Governor Legislature House of Representatives R 59–41 2 Senate R 32–18 4
Nebraska Governor Legislature Legislature[nb 3] Nonpartisan R 30–15, 1 L, 2 I 4
Nevada Governor Legislature Assembly D 27–15 2 Senate D 10–9, 1 I 4
New Hampshire Governor General Court House of Representatives R 220–172, 3 L 2 Senate R 14–10 2
New Jersey Governor Legislature General Assembly D 52–28 2 Senate D 23–15 2, 4, 4
New Mexico Governor Legislature House of Representatives D 38–32 2 Senate D 26–16 4
New York Governor State Legislature State Assembly D 105–42, 1 IP 2 State Senate Coalition (31 R, 9 D)–22 2
North Carolina Governor General Assembly House of Representatives R 73–46 2 Senate R 35–15 2
North Dakota Governor Legislative Assembly House of Representatives R 81–13 4 Senate R 38–9 4
Ohio Governor General Assembly House of Representatives R 66–33 2 Senate R 24–9 4
Oklahoma Governor Legislature House of Representatives R 72–28 2 Senate R 39–7 4
Oregon Governor Legislative Assembly House of Representatives D 35–25 2 State Senate D 17–13 4
Pennsylvania Governor General Assembly House of Representatives R 121–82 2 State Senate R 34–16 4
Rhode Island Governor General Assembly House of Representatives D 64–11 2 Senate D 33–5 2
South Carolina Governor General Assembly House of Representatives R 78–43 2 Senate R 28–18 4
South Dakota Governor Legislature House of Representatives R 60–10 2 Senate R 29–6 2
Tennessee Governor General Assembly House of Representatives R 74–25 2 Senate R 28–5 4
Texas Governor Legislature House of Representatives R 95–55 2 Senate R 20–11 4
Utah Governor State Legislature[nb 4] House of Representatives R 62–13 2 Senate R 24–5 4
Vermont Governor General Assembly House of Representatives D 83-53, 7 P, 7 I 2 Senate D 21-7, 2 P 2
Virginia Governor General Assembly House of Delegates R 51–49 2 Senate R 21–19 4
Washington Governor State Legislature[nb 5] House of Representatives D 50–48 2 State Senate Coalition (24 R, 1 D)–24 4
West Virginia Governor Legislature House of Delegates R 62–36 2 Senate R 22–12 4
Wisconsin Governor Legislature State Assembly R 64–35 2 State Senate R 20–13 4
Wyoming Governor Legislature House of Representatives R 51–9 2 Senate R 27–3 4

Territorial and Federal District Legislatures[edit]

State Governor Name Lower house Upper house
Name Party strength Term
(years)
Name Party strength Term
(years)
American Samoa Governor Fono House of Representatives Nonpartisan 20 + 1 nonvoting delegate 2 Senate Nonpartisan 18 4
District of Columbia Mayor Council - - - Council (unicameral) D 11–0, 2 I 4
Guam Governor Legislature - - - Legislature (unicameral) D 9–6 2
Northern Mariana Islands Governor Commonwealth Legislature House of Representatives R 14–0, 6 I 2 Senate R 7–0, 2 I 4
Puerto Rico Governor Legislative Assembly House of Representatives PNP 34–16, 1 PIP [nb 6] 4 Senate PNP 21–4, 1 PIP, 1 I 4
US Virgin Islands Governor Legislature - - - Legislature (unicameral) D 11–0, 3 I, 1 ICM 2
55 New Progressive (PNP) legislators
31 Democratic (D) legislators
27 Republican (R) legislators
20 Popular Democratic (PPD) legislators
2 Puerto Rican Independence (PIP) legislators
1 Independent Citizens Movement (ICM) legislators
52 Independent and nonpartisan (I) legislators
1 Non-voting delegate (Swains Island)
189 Total

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Constitution of California names it the "California Legislature", but the Legislature brands itself as the “California State Legislature”.
  2. ^ The Constitution of Louisiana vests legislative authority in "a legislature, consisting of a Senate and a House of Representatives," and refers to it as "the legislature" throughout, without officially designating a term for the two houses together. However, the two bodies do use the term "Louisiana State Legislature" in official references to itself.
  3. ^ When Nebraska switched to a unicameral legislature in 1937, the lower house was abolished. All current Nebraskan legislators are referred to as “Senators”, as the pre-1937 senate was retained house.
  4. ^ The Constitution of Utah names it the "Legislature of the State of Utah", but the Legislature brands itself as the "Utah State Legislature".
  5. ^ The Constitution of Washington names it "the legislature of the state of Washington", but the Legislature brands itself as the "Washington State Legislature".
  6. ^ The ruling parties of Puerto Rico are separate from the Republican and Democratic parties.

References[edit]

  1. ^ “Split” in the sense that each of the two chambers are controlled by a different party (e.g., a Democratic Senate and Republican House) or one chamber is evenly split between parties (and thus "hung". The Nebraska legislature, though officially nonpartisan, is de facto Republican-controlled, and listed as such.
  2. ^ "Partisan composition of state houses". Ballotpedia. Retrieved October 1, 2017. 
  3. ^ "Partisan composition of state senates". Ballotpedia. Retrieved October 1, 2017. 
  4. ^ "Partisan Composition of State Legislatures". Ballotopedia. 

External links[edit]