List of U.S. jurisdictions banning conversion therapy for minors

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Map of U.S. cities and counties that have bans on sexual orientation and gender identity change efforts with minors.
  Ban on conversion therapy for minors on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity
  No ban on conversion therapy for minors

A list of states and cities in the United States banning sexual orientation change efforts (conversion therapy) for minors on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity is below.

States[edit]

States with bans on conversion therapy for minors on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity or expression
State Date of Enactment Date Effective Legalization method Details
1.[1]  New Jersey August 19, 2013 August 19, 2013 Legislative statute On June 24, 2013, the New Jersey Assembly voted 56–14 in favor of AB 3371.[2] On June 27, 2013, the New Jersey State Senate voted 28–9 to pass the bill.[3] On August 19, 2013, Governor Chris Christie (R) signed AB 3371 into law, and it took effect the same day.[4]
2.[5]  California September 30, 2012 August 29, 2013 Legislative statute On May 30, 2012, the California State Senate voted 23–13 in favor of SB-1172. On August 28, 2012, the California State Assembly voted 52–22 in favor of the bill. On September 30, 2012, Governor Jerry Brown (D) signed it and it was scheduled to go into effect on January 1, 2013.[6] On December 21, 2012, in the case of Welch v. Brown, Judge William B. Shubb granted a preliminary injunction to SB-1172 from going into effect.[7] On August 29, 2013, in the case of Pickup v. Brown and Welch v. Brown, the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit upheld SB-1172 and reversed the lower court order granting a preliminary injunction.[8]
3.[9]  Oregon May 18, 2015 May 18, 2015 Legislative statute On March 17, 2015, the Oregon House of Representatives voted 41–18 in favor of HB 2307. On May 7, 2015, the Oregon State Senate voted 21–8 in favor of the bill. On May 18, 2015, Governor Kate Brown (D) signed HB 2307 and it went into effect the same day.[10][11]
4.[12]  Illinois August 20, 2015 January 1, 2016 Legislative statute On May 19, 2015, the Illinois House of Representatives voted 68–43 in favor of HB 217.[13] On May 29, 2015, the Illinois State Senate voted 34–19 in favor of the bill.[14] On August 20, 2015, Governor Bruce Rauner (R) signed HB 217 and it went into effect on January 1, 2016.[15]
5.[16]  Vermont May 25, 2016 July 1, 2016 Legislative statute On March 17, 2016, the Vermont Senate unanimously approved S.132.[17][18] On April 26, the Vermont House of Representatives approved it with amendments. The Senate concurred with the amendments on April 29.[19] Governor Peter Shumlin (D) signed the bill on May 25. It went into effect on July 1.[20]
6.[21]  New Mexico April 7, 2017 April 7, 2017 Legislative statute The state Senate approved SB 121 on February 16, 2017 by a 32–6 vote, and the state House of Representatives concurred on March 15, 2017 by a 44–23 vote. The bill was signed by Governor Susana Martinez (R) on April 7, 2017.[22][23] The law went into effect immediately.
7.[24]  Connecticut May 10, 2017 May 10, 2017 Legislative statute The state House of Representatives approved HB 6695 on May 2, 2017 by a 141–8 vote, and the Senate concurred on May 10, 2017 by a 36–0 vote. The bill was signed by Governor Dannel Malloy (D) the same day and took effect immediately.[25]
8.[26]  Rhode Island July 19, 2017 July 19, 2017 Legislative statute H 5277 was passed by the state House 69–0 on May 30, 2017.[27][28][29] The Senate approved the bill 29–0 on June 30. It was signed by Governor Gina Raimondo (D) on July 19, 2017 and took effect immediately.[30]
9.[31]  Nevada May 17, 2017 January 1, 2018 Legislative statute SB 201 was passed by the state Senate 15–5 on April 4, 2017 and by the Assembly 31–8 on May 9.[32][33][34] The Senate concurred with the House's amendments on the same day. The bill was signed by Governor Brian Sandoval (R) on May 17, 2017.[35][36] The law went into effect on January 1, 2018.
10.[37]  Washington March 28, 2018 June 7, 2018 Legislative statute SB 5722[38] passed the state Senate 32-16 on January 19, 2018 and the state House 66-32 on February 28. After the Senate concurred with the amended House version on March 3, it was signed by Governor Jay Inslee (D) on March 28, 2018.[39][40] It took effect on June 7, 2018.
11.[41]  Hawaii May 25, 2018 July 1, 2018 Legislative statute SB 270 passed the state Senate on March 6, 2018, by a vote of 24-1 and passed the state House of Representatives on April 10, 2018, by a vote of 49-2. A conference committee of both houses concluded on April 27, 2018 with an amended bill. It was approved by both houses on May 1, and was signed by Governor David Ige (D) on May 25, 2018. The law took effect on July 1, 2018.[42][43]
12.[44]  Maryland May 15, 2018 October 1, 2018 Legislative statute SB 1028 passed the state Senate on March 27, 2018, by a vote of 34-12, and the state House on April 4, 2018, by a vote of 95-27.[45][46] The bill was signed by Governor Larry Hogan (R) on May 15, 2018, and will take effect on October 1, 2018.[47]
13.[48]  New Hampshire June 8, 2018 January 1, 2019 Legislative statute HB 587 passed the state House on February 8, 2018, by a vote of 179-171, and the state Senate on April 19, 2018, by a vote of 14-10, with an amendment.[49][50] The House concurred with the Senate's amendment on May 10, 2018.[51] It was signed by Governor Chris Sununu (R) on June 8, 2018 and will take effect on January 1, 2019.[52]

Territories[edit]

Territories with bans on conversion therapy for minors on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity or expression
Territory Date of Enactment Date Effective Legalization method Details
1.[53]  District of Columbia December 22, 2014 March 11, 2015 Legislative statute On December 2, 2014, the Council of the District of Columbia voted unanimously (12 ayes) in favor of B20-0501. On December 22, 2014, Mayor Vincent C. Gray signed B20-0501 into law. The act passed congressional review and took effect on March 11, 2015.

Counties, municipalities and communities[edit]

Counties, municipalities and communities with bans on conversion therapy for minors on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity or expression
County, municipality or community Date of Enactment Date Effective Legalization method Details
1.[54] Cincinnati, Ohio December 9, 2015 January 9, 2016 Legislative statute On December 9, 2015, the Cincinnati City Council voted 7–2 in favor of Ordinance 373 and it went into effect on January 9, 2016.[55]
2.[56] Miami Beach, Florida June 8, 2016 June 18, 2016 Legislative statute On June 8, 2016, Miami Beach voted to ban conversion therapy. The ban was sponsored by Commissioner John Elizabeth Alemàn and was unanimously approved by the City Commission.[57][58] The ban took effect on June 18.
3.[59] Wilton Manors, Florida September 13, 2016 September 13, 2016 Legislative statute On September 13, 2016, the City Commission of Wilton Manors unanimously approved an ordinance banning conversion therapy. The ban took effect that same day.[60]
4.[61] Seattle, Washington August 1, 2016 October 2, 2016 Legislative statute On August 1, 2016, Seattle voted to ban conversion therapy on minors.[62][63] The ban was sponsored by Commissioner Lorena González and was unanimously approved by all other eight city commissioners. Mayor Ed Murray signed the ordinance on August 3 and it took effect on October 2.
5.[64] Miami, Florida October 13, 2016 October 13, 2016 Legislative statute On October 13, 2016, the Miami City Commission voted 3–2 in favor of banning the use of conversion therapy on minors.[65] The ban was sponsored by Commissioner Francis Suarez and took effect that same day.
6.[66] North Bay Village, Florida October 25, 2016 October 25, 2016 Legislative statute On October 25, 2016, North Bay Village voted to ban conversion therapy. The ban took effect immediately upon adoption.[66]
7.[67] West Palm Beach, Florida November 7, 2016 November 7, 2016 Legislative statute On November 7, 2016, the City Commission of West Palm Beach unanimously approved an ordinance in its second reading banning conversion therapy. The ban took effect upon adoption.[68]
8.[69] Bay Harbor Islands, Florida November 14, 2016 November 14, 2016 Legislative statute On November 14, 2016, the Bay Harbor Islands Town Council approved an ordinance banning conversion therapy. The ordinance came into effect that same day.[69]
9.[70] Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania December 13, 2016 December 20, 2016 Legislative statute The Pittsburgh City Council voted in favor of an ordinance prohibiting conversion therapy on minors, by a vote of 9–0, on December 13, 2016. The ordinance went into effect on December 20, following Mayor Bill Peduto's signature.[71]
10.[72] Boynton Beach, Florida January 17, 2017 January 17, 2017 Legislative statute On January 3, 2017, an ordinance banning conversion therapy in Boynton Beach passed its first reading.[73] The ordinance passed its second reading on January 17 and went into effect immediately.[72]
11.[74] Lake Worth, Florida January 10, 2017 January 20, 2017 Legislative statute On December 13, 2016, the Lake Worth City Commission unanimously passed an ordinance banning conversion therapy on minors, in its first reading.[75] The ordinance passed its second reading, in a 5–0 vote, on January 10, 2017 and went into effect on January 20.
12.[76] El Portal, Florida January 24, 2017 January 24, 2017 Legislative statute An ordinance banning conversion therapy passed its first reading in the El Portal Village Council in October 2016. The ordinance passed its second reading on January 24 and went into effect that same day.[76]
13.[77] Toledo, Ohio February 7, 2017 February 7, 2017 Legislative statute An ordinance banning conversion therapy was unanimously (12–0) approved by the Toledo City Council on February 7, 2017.[78]
14.[79] Key West, Florida March 7, 2017 March 7, 2017 Legislative statute On February 8, 2017, the Key West City Commission approved an ordinance banning conversion therapy, in its first reading. The ordinance passed its second reading on March 7 and took effect immediately.
15.[80] Columbus, Ohio March 27, 2017 March 27, 2017 Legislative statute On March 13, the City Council of Columbus approved an ordinance, banning the use of conversion therapy on minors, in its first reading. The ordinance was introduced by Council President Zach Klein. It unanimously passed its second reading on March 27 and took effect immediately.[81][82]
16.[83] Tampa, Florida April 6, 2017 April 6, 2017 Legislative statute On April 6, the Tampa City Council unanimously approved a conversion therapy ban. The ban went into effect immediately.[84]
17.[85] Delray Beach, Florida May 2, 2017 May 2, 2017 Legislative statute On April 18, 2017, the Delray Beach City Commission approved an ordinance banning conversion therapy, in its first reading.[86] The ordinance unanimously passed its second reading in the City Commission on May 2.[87] The ban took effect immediately.
18.[88] Riviera Beach, Florida May 4, 2017 May 4, 2017 Legislative statute The Riviera Beach City Council unanimously approved a conversion therapy ban on May 4. The ban went into effect that same day.[89]
19.[90] Wellington, Florida June 27, 2017 June 27, 2017 Legislative statute On June 27, 2017, the Wellington Village Council approved an ordinance banning conversion therapy, in its second reading. The ban took effect immediately.[91]
20.[92] Dayton, Ohio July 5, 2017 July 5, 2017 Legislative statute On June 28, 2017, the Dayton City Council passed an ordinance banning conversion therapy.[93] The ordinance passed its second reading on July 5 and went into force immediately.
21.[94] Philadelphia, Pennsylvania July 11, 2017 July 11, 2017 Legislative statute On June 22, 2017, the Philadelphia City Council approved an ordinance banning conversion therapy. It was signed by Mayor Jim Kenney on July 11, 2017.[95] The ordinance went into effect immediately.
22.[96] Allentown, Pennsylvania July 20, 2017 July 20, 2017 Legislative statute On July 19, 2017, the Allentown City Council approved an ordinance banning conversion therapy.[97][98] It was signed by Mayor Ed Pawlowski the next day.[99] The ordinance went into effect immediately.
23.[100] Greenacres, Florida August 7, 2017 August 7, 2017 Legislative statute On August 7, 2017, the Greenacres City Council approved an ordinance banning conversion therapy, in a 4-1 vote.[101] The ordinance took effect immediately.[102]
24.[103] Athens, Ohio August 21, 2017 August 21, 2017 Legislative statute On August 21, 2017, the Athens City Council unanimously approved an ordinance banning conversion therapy within city limits.[104] The ordinance went into effect immediately.
25.[105] Pima County, Arizona August 1, 2017 August 31, 2017 Legislative statute The Pima County Board of Supervisors passed, in a 3–2 vote, an ordinance banning conversion therapy.[106][107] The ordinance went into effect 30 days later, upon filing with the Arizona Department of State.
26.[108] Boca Raton, Florida October 10, 2017 October 10, 2017 Legislative statute The Boca Raton City Council voted 4-1 to enact the ordinance banning conversion therapy on October 10, 2017.[109][110] The ordinance went into effect immediately.
27.[111] Oakland Park, Florida October 18, 2017 October 18, 2017 Legislative statute The City Commission of Oakland Park approved a conversion therapy ban on October 18, 2017 in a unanimous 4-0 vote.[112] The ordinance went into force upon adoption.
28.[113] Palm Beach County, Florida December 19, 2017 December 21, 2017 Legislative statute On December 19, 2017, the Palm Beach County Board of Commissioners approved, in a 5-2 vote, an ordinance banning conversion therapy. The ordinance applies to all incorporated and unincorporated municipalities in the county. It took effect upon filing with the Florida Department of State on December 21, 2017.[114]
29.[115] Reading, Pennsylvania December 21, 2017 December 21, 2017 Legislative statute The Reading City Council approved a conversion therapy ban on December 18, 2017 in a unanimous vote. It was signed by Mayor Wally Scott on December 21, 2017.[116] The ordinance went into force upon adoption.
30.[117] Doylestown, Pennsylvania December 18, 2017 December 23, 2017 Legislative statute The Borough Council of Doylestown passed (7-1) a conversion therapy ban on December 18, 2017. It came into effect five days later.[118]
31.[119] Broward County, Florida January 9, 2018 January 9, 2018 Legislative statute On January 9, 2018, the Broward County Commission approved unanimously an ordinance banning conversion therapy.[120] The ordinance took effect upon filing with the Florida Department of State, which happened that same day.
32.[121] State College, Pennsylvania February 5, 2018 February 5, 2018 Legislative statute On February 5, 2018, the Borough Council of State College approved unanimously an ordinance banning conversion therapy.[122]
33.[123] Erie County, New York February 15, 2018 March 5, 2018 Legislative statute The Erie County Legislature unanimously approved a conversion therapy ban on February 15, 2018.[124] The ordinance was controversially named the "Prevention of Emotional Neglect and Childhood Endangerment" (P.E.N.C.E) after Vice President Mike Pence. It went into effect upon filing with the New York Department of State, after Executive Mark Poloncarz signed it into law on March 5.[125]
34.[126] Gainesville, Florida April 5, 2018 April 5, 2018 Legislative statute On April 5, 2018, the Gainesville City Commission unanimously approved a conversion therapy ordinance.[127][128] It went into effect immediately.
35.[129] Milwaukee, Wisconsin April 4, 2018 April 14, 2018 Legislative statute On March 27, 2018, the Milwaukee Common Council passed (12-2) a conversion therapy ordinance banning the practice in the city of Milwaukee. Mayor Tom Barrett signed the ordinance into law on April 4, and it went into effect 10 days later.[130]
36.[131] New York City, New York January 5, 2018 May 5, 2018 Legislative statute In June 2017, a bill to ban conversion therapy was introduced to the New York City Council.[132] The City Council passed (43-2) the ban on November 30. Mayor Bill de Blasio returned the bill unsigned on January 5, thus allowing it to become law. It went into effect 120 days later.[133]
37.[134] Albany, New York May 21, 2018 May 21, 2018 Legislative statute On May 21, 2018, an ordinance to ban conversion therapy was unanimously approved by the city's Common Council.[135] The ordinance went into effect immediately.
38. Bellefonte, Pennsylvania July 16, 2018 July 16, 2018 Legislative statute On July 16, 2018, an ordinance to ban conversion therapy was approved by the Borough Council.[136] The ordinance went into effect immediately.
39. Bethlehem, Pennsylvania July 17, 2018 July 17, 2018 Legislative statute On July 3, 2018, an ordinance to ban conversion therapy was approved by the city council, and on July 17, 2018, was approved in a second and final reading.[137] The ordinance went into effect immediately.
40.[138] Albany County, New York July 9, 2018 TBD Legislative statute On July 9, 2018, the county legislature approved a bill to ban conversion therapy by a vote of 37-1.[139] The law is scheduled to take effect within 60 days of filing with the Secretary of State.

Pending legislation[edit]

As of June 2018, bills to ban conversion therapy on minors have been introduced or are pending in the legislatures of Iowa,[140][141] Michigan,[142] Minnesota,[143] Ohio,[144] Pennsylvania,[145][146] and Puerto Rico[147]

In addition, conversion therapy bills in three states have passed one or both legislative chambers.

In New York, A 3977 passed the state Assembly by a vote of 116-19 on April 30, 2018, and now awaits consideration in the Senate.[148][149][150] Since 2016, conversion therapy has been banned in New York from coverage by insurers and Medicaid, or from being practiced by any state-licensed or operated mental health facility per executive order.[151]

In Delaware, SB 65 passed the state Senate by a vote of 12-3 on May 17, 2017, and the state House on June 7, 2018 by a vote of 24-14.[152] The bill awaits signing by Governor John Carney (D), and will take effect immediately upon receiving the Governor's signature.

In Massachusetts, bill H.4664 passed the state House on June 27, 2018 by a vote of 137-14.[153]

Local[edit]

Conversion therapy bans on minors are proposed or pending in Nassau County, New York;[154] Sarasota, Florida;[155] Shorewood, Wisconsin;[156] St. Petersburg, Florida;[84] Ulster County, New York[157][158] and Westchester County, New York.[159]

Federal[edit]

The Therapeutic Fraud Prevention Act, which would ban conversion therapy nationwide, has been introduced in the 114th United States Congress and the 115th United States Congress by Rep. Ted Lieu (D-CA), who had authored the California bill while State Senator.[160][161]

Resolutions and proclamations[edit]

As of May 2018, five cities have passed non-binding resolutions or proclamations declaring opposition to conversion therapy. These five cities are Edgewater, Colorado;[162] Shorewood, Wisconsin;[156] Westminster, Colorado;[163] Worcester, Massachusetts[164] and Wheat Ridge, Colorado.[165]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ CHAPTER 150 - AN ACT concerning the protection of minors from attempts to change sexual orientation and supplementing Title 45 of the Revised Statutes
  2. ^ "New Jersey poised to become second state to ban anti-gay therapy". Reuters. June 24, 2013. 
  3. ^ "N.J. Senate sends bill banning gay-to-straight 'conversion therapy' to Christie". NJ.com. June 27, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Chris Christie Signs Ban On Gay Conversion Therapy". Huffington Post. August 19, 2013. 
  5. ^ CHAPTER 835 - An act to add Article 15 (commencing with Section 865) to Chapter 1 of Division 2 of the Business and Professions Code, relating to healing arts
  6. ^ Wyatt Buchanan (September 29, 2012). "State bans gay-repair therapy for minors". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved October 1, 2012. 
  7. ^ Keen, Lisa (December 6, 2012). "Mixed decisions in gay therapy ban suits". Bay Area Reporter. Retrieved 17 April 2013. 
  8. ^ "Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals upholds California law banning LGBT conversion therapy". Equality On Trial. August 29, 2013. 
  9. ^ House Bill 2307 - Relating to efforts to change an individual’s orientation; creating new provisions; amending ORS 675.070, 675.300, 675.336, 675.540 and 675.745; and declaring an emergency.
  10. ^ "Bill to ban conversion therapy for LGBT youth sent to Kate Brown's desk". Oregon Live. May 7, 2015. 
  11. ^ HB2307, Oregon Legislature
  12. ^ HB0217 - AN ACT concerning regulation
  13. ^ Gay conversion therapy ban passes Illinois House
  14. ^ Illinois Senate approves ban on gay conversion therapy; bill heads to governor’s desk
  15. ^ Illinois Republican governor signs two more pro-equality bills
  16. ^ No. 138. An act relating to the prohibition of conversion therapy on minors
  17. ^ Bills Seeking To Ban 'Ex-Gay' Therapy To Minors Advance In Colorado, Vermont
  18. ^ "Vermont legislature moving towards banning conversion therapy". Metro Weekly. March 17, 2016. 
  19. ^ S.132
  20. ^ Gov. Shumlin signs law banning conversion therapy in Vermont
  21. ^ AN ACT RELATING TO PROFESSIONAL SERVICES; ENACTING NEW SECTIONS OF THE UNIFORM LICENSING ACT, THE NURSING PRACTICE ACT, THE MEDICAL PRACTICE ACT, THE PROFESSIONAL PSYCHOLOGIST ACT, THE OSTEOPATHIC MEDICINE ACT, THE COUNSELING AND THERAPY PRACTICE ACT AND THE SOCIAL WORK PRACTICE ACT TO LIST CONVERSION THERAPY AS GROUNDS FOR DISCIPLINARY ACTION.
  22. ^ 2017 Regular Session - SB 121
  23. ^ "Martinez signs bill on conversion therapy; vetoes gun ban for restraining orders, minimum wage". KOB. April 7, 2017. 
  24. ^ Public Act No. 17-5
  25. ^ H.B. No. 6695
  26. ^ AN ACT RELATING TO HEALTH AND SAFETY
  27. ^ H 5277 SUBSTITUTE A
  28. ^ House approves ban on ‘conversion therapy’ for children
  29. ^ R.I. House OKs ban of ‘conversion therapy’ for LGBT youth
  30. ^ Raimondo signs bill banning conversion therapy
  31. ^ An Act relating to health care professionals; prohibiting certain health care professionals from providing sexual orientation or gender identity conversion therapy to a minor; and providing other matters properly relating thereto
  32. ^ SB201
  33. ^ LGBT Bills Pass Nevada State Senate, Assembly
  34. ^ Conversion therapy bill could soon head to Nevada governor
  35. ^ Sandoval’s signature makes Nevada 8th state to ban conversion therapy
  36. ^ Governor signs ban on conversion therapy for minors
  37. ^ CONVERSION THERAPY--SEXUAL ORIENTATION AND GENDER IDENTITY
  38. ^ SB 5722 - 2017-18
  39. ^ Washington State Senate votes to ban conversion therapy
  40. ^ Washington set to become next state to ban anti-gay conversion therapy
  41. ^ A BILL FOR AN ACT RELATING TO MINORS
  42. ^ SB270
  43. ^ Hawaii Bans 'Ex-Gay' Therapy on Minors
  44. ^ Health Occupations - Conversion Therapy for Minors - Prohibition (Youth Mental Health Protection Act)
  45. ^ "Maryland Senate gives initial approval to bill that outlaws 'gay conversion therapy'". Washington Post. March 27, 2018. 
  46. ^ SB1028
  47. ^ Hogan signs bill banning conversion therapy for minors in Md.
  48. ^ An Act relative to conversion therapy seeking to change a person's sexual orientation
  49. ^ N.H. House Passes Bill Banning Gay Conversion Therapy After Legislative Do-Over
  50. ^ New Hampshire Senate votes to ban conversion therapy
  51. ^ Docket of HB587
  52. ^ N.H. governor signs two pro-LGBT bills
  53. ^ Conversion Therapy for Minors Prohibition Amendment Act of 2014
  54. ^ Chapter 769 - SEXUAL ORIENTATION OR GENDER IDENTITY CHANGE EFFORTS
  55. ^ Council votes to ban gay 'conversion' therapy in Cincinnati
  56. ^ AN ORDINANCE OF THE MAYOR AND CITY COMMISSION OF THE CITY OF MIAMI BEACH, FLORIDA AMENDING CHAPTER 70 OF THE CODE OF THE CITY OF MIAMI BEACH, ENTITLED "MISCELLANEOUS OFFENSES," BY CREATING ARTICLE VII, TO BE ENTITLED "SEXUAL ORIENTATION OR GENDER IDENTITY CHANGE EFFORTS," TO PROHIBIT LICENSED PROFESSIONALS FROM ENGAGING IN COUNSELING EFFORTS, PRACTICES, OR TREATMENTS WITH THE GOAL TO CHANGE A MINOR'S SEXUAL ORIENTATION OR GENDER IDENTITY
  57. ^ "Miami Beach says no more conversion therapy for youths under 18". Miami Herald. June 8, 2016. 
  58. ^ Ramos, Lisann (June 10, 2016). "Miami Beach Bans Conversion Therapy For Minors". Health News Florida. 
  59. ^ AN ORDINANCE OF THE CITY COMMISSION OF THE CITY OF WILTON MANORS, FLORIDA AMENDING CHAPTER 12 OF THE CODE ORDINANCES OF THE CITY OF WILTON MANORS, ENTITLED “MISCELLANEOUS OFFENSES” BY CREATING ARTICLE IV, TO BE ENTITLED “SEXUAL ORIENTATION OR GENDER IDENTITY CHANGE EFFORTS,” TO PROHIBIT LICENSED PROFESSIONALS FROM ENGAGING IN COUNSELING EFFORTS, PRACTICES OR TREATMENT WITH THE GOAL TO CHANGE A MINOR’S SEXUAL ORIENTATION OR GENDER IDENTITY; PROVIDING FOR CONFLICTS; PROVIDING FOR SEVERABILITY; PROVIDING FOR CODIFICATION; AND PROVIDING FOR AN EFFECTIVE DATE.
  60. ^ 9/13/2016 Regular City Commission Meeting
  61. ^ AN ORDINANCE related to human rights; and adding a new Chapter 14.21 to the Seattle Municipal Code to prohibit the practice of conversion therapy on minors.
  62. ^ Seattle Bans Conversion Therapy for Minors
  63. ^ Seattle bans gay conversion 'therapy'
  64. ^ AN ORDINANCE OF THE MIAMI CITY COMMISSION AMENDING CHAPTER 37 OF THE CODE OF THE CITY OF MIAMI, FLORIDA, AS AMENDED, ENTITLED "OFFENSES-MISCELLANEOUS", TO CREATE SECTION 37-13, ENTITLED "CONVERSION THERAPY", TO PROHIBIT LICENSED PROFESSIONALS FROM ENGAGING IN COUNSELING EFFORTS, PRACTICES, OR TREATMENTS WITH THE GOAL OF CHANGING A MINOR'S SEXUAL ORIENTATION OR GENDER IDENTITY; DEFINING TERMS AND PROVIDING FOR PENALTIES AND ENFORCEMENT; CONTAINING A SEVERABILITY CLAUSE AND PROVIDING FOR AN IMMEDIATE EFFECTIVE DATE.
  65. ^ City of Miami Commission votes to ban conversion therapy!
  66. ^ a b REGULAR VILLAGE COMMISSION MEETING: TUESDAY, OCTOBER 25, 2016 Archived November 16, 2016, at the Wayback Machine.
  67. ^ City of West Palm Beach City Commission AGENDA November 7, 2016
  68. ^ West Palm Bans Conversion Therapy
  69. ^ a b TOWN OF BAY HARBOR ISLANDS November 14, 2016 AGENDA
  70. ^ Ordinance supplementing the Pittsburgh Code, Title VI Conduct, Article 1 Regulated Rights and Actions, to add a new Section 628 Sexual Orientation or Gender Identity or Expression Conversion Efforts prohibiting the practice of conversion therapy for LGBTQIA+ minors within the City of Pittsburgh.
  71. ^ Pittsburgh becomes first city in Pennsylvania to ban conversion therapy LGBTQ Nation
  72. ^ a b City Commission Agenda Tuesday, January 17, 2017
  73. ^ Boynton Beach Bans Conversion Therapy On Minors
  74. ^ CITY OF LAKE WORTH CITY COMMISSION MEETING TUESDAY, JANUARY 10, 2017 Page 337: ORDINANCE NO. 2017-02 OF THE CITY OF LAKE WORTH, FLORIDA, AMENDING CHAPTER 15, OFFENSES, TO ADD ARTICLE VII, PROHIBITING THE PRACTICE OF CONVERSION THERAPY ON MINORS; PROVIDING FOR SEVERABILITY, THE REPEAL OF LAWS IN CONFLICT, CODIFICATION, AND AN EFFECTIVE DATE
  75. ^ A Unanimous Vote Bans Conversion Therapy in Lake Worth
  76. ^ a b Regular Village Council Meeting January 24, 2017 Page 7: AN ORDINANCE OF THE VILLAGE OF EL PORTAL, FLORIDA, TO CREATE A NEW CHAPTER IN THE VILLAGE OF EL PORTAL CODE OF ORDINANCES TO PROHIBIT WITHIN THE GEOGRAPHIC BOUNDARIES OF THE VILLAGE OF EL PORTAL THE USE OF SEXUAL ORIENTATION OR GENDER IDENTITY CHANGE EFFORTS WITH MINORS, INCLUDING REPARATIVE AND CONVERSION THERAPY
  77. ^ Repealing Toledo Municipal Code Chapter 554 "Employment, Real Estate Discrimination", enacting a new Chapter 554, "Discrimination Prohibited" to include gender identity as a protected class and set forth additional prohibitions.
  78. ^ Toledo City Council approves conversion therapy ban
  79. ^ An Ordinance of the City of Key West, Florida amending Chapter 42 of the Code of Ordinances, entitled "Miscellaneous Offenses," by creating Section 42-18, entitled "Sexual Orientation or Gender Identity Change Efforts," to prohibit licensed professionals from engaging in counseling efforts, practices, or treatments with the goal to change a minor's sexual orientation or gender identity; Providing for severability; Providing for repeal of inconsistent provisions; Providing for an effective date.
  80. ^ To enact new section 2331.10 of the Columbus City Codes prohibiting the practice of conversion therapy or reparative therapy on minors and prescribing penalties for violations of that section.
  81. ^ Columbus Passes Ban on Using Conversion Therapy for Minors
  82. ^ Columbus, Ohio Bans Harmful Gay Conversion Therapy
  83. ^ AN ORDINANCE OF THE CITY OF TAMPA, FLORIDA, RELATING TO CONVERSION THERAPY ON PATIENTS WHO ARE MINORS, MAKING REVISIONS TO CITY OF TAMPA CODE OF ORDINANCES, CHAPTER 14 (OFFENSES); CREATING ARTICLE X, SECTIONS 14-310 – 14-313; AMENDING CHAPTER 19 (PROPERTY MAINTENANCE AND STRUCTURAL STANDARDS); AMENDING SECTION 19.4.(a)(2), DEPARTMENT OF CODE ENFORCEMENT; DUTIES AND SCOPE OF AUTHORITY OF THE DIRECTOR; REPEALING ALL ORDINANCES OR PARTS OF ORDINANCES IN CONFLICT THEREWITH; PROVIDING FOR SEVERABILITY; PROVIDING AN EFFECTIVE DATE.
  84. ^ a b As Tampa unanimously passes anti-gay conversion "therapy" ban, St. Pete lays groundwork for its own
  85. ^ Ordinance 17-409
  86. ^ Delray one step closer to ban on gay conversion therapy on minors
  87. ^ Delray Beach Joins Growing Number of Cities To Ban Conversion Therapy
  88. ^ AN ORDINANCE OF THE CITY OF THE CITY COUNCIL OF THE CITY OF RIVIERA BEACH, PALM BEACH COUNTY, FLORIDA, PROHIBITING THE PRACTICE OF CONVERSION THERAPY ON PATIENTS WHO ARE MINORS; PROVIDING FOR CODIFICATION PURSUANT TO §1-8 OF THE CITY'S CODE OF ORDINANCES; PROVIDING FOR CONFLICT, SEVERABILITY, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES; AND PROVIDING FOR AN EFFECTIVE DATE
  89. ^ Conversion therapy for LGBTQ youth banned in Riviera Beach
  90. ^ ORDINANCE NO. 2017-10 (PROHIBITING CONVERSION THERAPY ON MINORS)
  91. ^ Wellington Village Council Finalizes Conversion Therapy Ban
  92. ^ AN ORDINANCE Enacting Sections 135.03 through 135.05 of the Revised Code of General Ordinances Regarding Conversion Therapy Page 51
  93. ^ Dayton looks to ban gay-conversion therapy for youth
  94. ^ Bill No. 161111
  95. ^ Philadelphia just passed a bill to ban conversion therapy for minors
  96. ^ Ordinance 15-1668
  97. ^ Allentown adopts conversion-therapy ban
  98. ^ Conversion therapy banned in Allentown
  99. ^ It's official: Allentown bans gay and trans conversion therapy for minors
  100. ^ AN ORDINANCE ADOPTED BY THE CITY COUNCIL OF THE CITY OF GREENACRES, FLORIDA, AMENDING ARTICLE III, “BUSINESS TAXES” OF THE CODE OF ORDINANCES, BY PROVIDING FOR THE REPEAL OF A BUSINESS TAX RECEIPT FOR ANY PROVIDER ENGAGING IN THE PRACTICE OF CONVERSION THERAPY ON MINORS; PROVIDING FOR CONFLICTS, PROVIDING FOR SEVERABILITY, CODIFICATION AND AN EFFECTIVE DATE
  101. ^ Greenacres Moves to Join List of Florida Cities to Ban Conversion Therapy
  102. ^ City Council Meeting Monday, August 7, 2017
  103. ^ "AN ORDINANCE AMENDING ATHENS CITY CODE TITLE 3, ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS, TO ADD CHAPTER 3.12, EFFORTS TO CHANGE SEXUAL ORIENTATION OR GENDER IDENTITY WITH A MINOR"
  104. ^ Conversion Therapy Banned in Athens
  105. ^ "An ordinance of the Board of Supervisors, relating to the public health, safety, and welfare, restricting the practice of sexual orientation change efforts, commonly known as "conversion therapy."". Pima County, Arizona. Retrieved August 1, 2017. 
  106. ^ "Pima County passes conversion therapy ban". KGUN. August 1, 2017. Retrieved August 1, 2017. 
  107. ^ "File ID 7772". Pima County, Arizona. Retrieved August 1, 2017. 
  108. ^ Ordinance Number 5407
  109. ^ Parsley, Jason (October 11, 2017). "Boca Allies Run City Hall: Conversion therapy for minors banned". South Florida Gay News. Archived from the original on October 14, 2017. Retrieved October 14, 2017. 
  110. ^ Santoscoy, Carlos (October 13, 2017). "Boca Raton Bans 'Ex-Gay' Therapy To Youth". On Top Magazine. Archived from the original on October 14, 2017. Retrieved October 14, 2017. 
  111. ^ ORDINANCE NO. O-2017-XXX
  112. ^ Oakland Park Bans Conversion Therapy
  113. ^ Ordinance No. 2017-046
  114. ^ Palm Beach County is first county in Florida to ban conversion therapy
  115. ^ Bill No. 118-2017 - amending the City Code by creating a new Chapter 185 Conversion Therapy
  116. ^ Reading bans conversion therapy
  117. ^ AN ORDINANCE AMENDING CHAPTER 1, PART 3, ARTICLE G OF THE CODE OF ORDINANCES OF THE BOROUGH OF DOYLESTOWN TO PROHIBIT CONVERSION THERAPY AS A FORM OF DISCRIMINATION
  118. ^ Doylestown council passes conversion therapy ban
  119. ^ Ordinance No. 2018-03
  120. ^ "Broward County bans gay conversion therapy on minors". Local 10. January 9, 2018. 
  121. ^ State College Borough Council Agenda Including Conversion Therapy Ordinance
  122. ^ "State College Bans LGBTQ Conversion Therapy for Minors". Centre Daily Times. February 5, 2018. 
  123. ^ Erie County Conversion Therapy Ban
  124. ^ Erie County Legislature passes ban on conversion therapy for minors
  125. ^ POLONCARZ SIGNS LOCAL LAW BANNING CONVERSION THERAPY
  126. ^ ORDINANCE NO. 160200
  127. ^ Gainesville Bans Conversion Therapy For Minors
  128. ^ Gainesville officials ban conversion therapy for minors
  129. ^ Ordinance 171760: A substitute ordinance prohibiting the practice of conversion therapy.
  130. ^ Milwaukee officials OK ban on gay conversion therapy
  131. ^ A Local Law to amend the administrative code of the city of New York, in relation to prohibiting conversion therapy
  132. ^ City Council To Weigh Ban On Gay Conversion Therapy For Minors And Adults
  133. ^ Conversion therapy meant to turn gay people straight to be banned in NYC under Council bill
  134. ^ Chapter 152: Conversion Therapy
  135. ^ Albany bans 'conversion therapy' practice in city
  136. ^ Bellefonte bans 'conversion therapy' practice in Borough
  137. ^ Bethlehem City Council approves ban on conversion therapy
  138. ^ Local Law No. "E" for 2018
  139. ^ [1]
  140. ^ Senate File 74
  141. ^ House File 93
  142. ^ House Bill 5550 (2018)
  143. ^ HF 2246
  144. ^ Ohio Senate Bill 126
  145. ^ Senate Bill 44; Regular Session 2017-2018
  146. ^ House Bill 1177; Regular Session 2017-2018
  147. ^ (in Spanish) Unión tripartita en contra de la homofobia
  148. ^ S00263
  149. ^ A03977
  150. ^ "Assembly Passes Measure to Prohibit Conversion Therapy for Minors". New York State Assembly. April 30, 2018. Retrieved June 2, 2018. 
  151. ^ "Governor Cuomo Announces Executive Actions Banning Coverage of Conversion Therapy". Governor of New York State. February 6, 2016. Retrieved June 2, 2018. 
  152. ^ Senate Bill 65
  153. ^ Bill H.4664
  154. ^ Advocates speak in favor of banning gay conversion therapy in Erie County
  155. ^ "Should Conversion Therapy be Banned in Sarasota?". March 22, 2018. 
  156. ^ a b Shorewood might ban gay conversion therapy, following the lead of dozens of other cities
  157. ^ Ulster County Legislator Proposes Conversion Therapy Ban For Minors
  158. ^ Ulster County Legislature votes unanimously to ban use of conversion therapy on minors
  159. ^ "Latimer proposes ban on conversion therapy". MidHudsonNews.com. June 2, 2018. Retrieved June 2, 2018. 
  160. ^ "Congressional Democrats introduce measure to ban conversion therapy". Metro Weekly. April 25, 2017. 
  161. ^ H.R.2450 - Therapeutic Fraud Prevention Act, United States Congress
  162. ^ "Edgewater Colorado Meeting Adgenda" (PDF). November 2, 2017. 
  163. ^ Colorado Town Officially Declares Opposition to Conversion Therapy
  164. ^ Worcester council backs ban on sexual-orientation conversion therapy
  165. ^ AGENDA, CITY COUNCIL MEETING, CITY OF WHEAT RIDGE, COLORADO, 7500 WEST 29TH AVENUE, MUNICIPAL BUILDING

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