List of states and union territories of India by sex ratio

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Sex ratio is used to describe the number of females per 1000 of males. In India it is especially significant because the ratio is heavily skewed towards men. In the Population Census of 2011 it was revealed that the population ratio of India 2011 is 943[1] females per 1000 of males. The Sex Ratio 2011 shows an upward trend from the census 2001 data. Census 2001 revealed that there were 933 females to that of 1000 males.

The male-skew in India's sex ratio has increased significantly since the early 20th century. In 1901 there were 3.2 million fewer women than men in India, but by the 2001 Census the disparity had increased by more than a factor of 10, to 35 million.[2] This increase has been variously attributed to female infanticide, selective abortions (aided by increasing access to prenatal sex discernment procedures), and female child neglect.[2] It has been suggested that the motivation for this selection against female children is due to the lower status and perceived usefulness of women in India's patriarchal society.[3]

Ranking of States and Union Territories - Population Census 2011-2001[edit]

This is of the States and Union territories of India ranked in order of sex ratio for the years 2001 and 2011. The following data is based on the Population Census of 2010 and 2001.[4] A ratio above 1, e.g. 1.1, means there are 1.1 males for every 1 female (more males than females). A ratio below 1, e.g. 0.8, means there are 0.8 males for every 1 female (more females than males). A ratio of 1 means there are equal numbers of females and males.

In India, the Child Sex Ratio is defined as the number of females per thousand males in the age group 0–6 years in a human population.

2011 Census 2001 Census 2011 Census 2001 Census Country
Rank State Sex Ratio Child Sex Ratio Sex Ratio Child Sex Ratio Sex Ratio Child Sex Ratio Sex Ratio Child Sex Ratio 2011 2001
Kerala 1084 964 1058 960 0.92 1.04 0.95 1.04  Kazakhstan    Nepal
UT Puducherry 1037 967 1001 967 0.96 1.03 1 1.03  European Union  Indonesia
Tamil Nadu 996 943 987 942 1.00 1.06 1.01 1.06  South Korea  Australia
Andhra Pradesh 993 939 978 961 1.01 1.06 1.01 1.03  Israel  Norway
Chhattisgarh 991 960 989 975 1.01 1.04 1.01 1.03  Luxembourg  Panama
Meghalaya 989 970 972 973 1.01 1.03 1.03 1.03  Iceland  Malaysia
Manipur 987 930 974 957 1.01 1.08 1.03 1.04  Turkey  Fiji
Telangana 985 1.015  Cote d'Ivoire
Odisha 979 941 972 953 1.02 1.06 1.03 1.05  Iraq  Iran
Mizoram 976 970 935 964 1.02 1.03 1.07 1.04  Jordan  Libya
Goa 973 942 961 938 1.03 1.06 1.04 1.07  Afghanistan  Nigeria
Karnataka 973 948 965 946 1.03 1.05 1.04 1.07  Belize  Samoa
Himachal Pradesh 972 909 968 896 1.03 1.1 1.03 1.12  Malaysia  Papua New Guinea
Uttarakhand 963 890 962 908 1.04 1.12 1.04 1.10  Iran  Nigeria
Tripura 960 957 948 966 1.04 1.04 1.05 1.04  Cyprus  Egypt
Assam 958 962 935 965 1.04 1.04 1.07 1.04  Botswana  Libya
West Bengal 950 956 934 960 1.05 1.05 1.07 1.04  French Polynesia  Cook Islands
Jharkhand 948 948 941 965 1.05 1.05 1.06 1.04  Egypt  Andorra
Lakshadweep 946 911 948 959 1.06 1.10 1.05 1.04  China  Egypt
Arunachal Pradesh 938 972 893 964 1.07 1.03 1.12 1.04  Libya  Saint Barthelemy
Nagaland 931 943 900 964 1.07 1.06 1.11 1.04  Cook Islands  Greenland
Madhya Pradesh 931 918 919 932 1.07 1.09 1.09 1.07  Libya  Palau
Maharashtra 929 894 922 913 1.08 1.12 1.08 1.10  India  India
Rajasthan 928 888 921 909 1.08 1.13 1.09 1.10  Faroe Islands  Palau
Gujarat 919 890 920 883 1.09 1.12 1.09 1.13  Bhutan  Bhutan
Bihar 918 935 919 942 1.09 1.07 1.09 1.06  Palau  Palau
Uttar Pradesh 912 902 898 916 1.10 1.11 1.11 1.09  Greenland  Greenland
Punjab 895 846 876 798 1.12 1.18 1.14 1.25  Saint Barthelemy  Saint Barthelemy
Sikkim 890 957 875 963 1.12 1.04 1.14 1.04  Saint Barthelemy  Saint Barthelemy
Jammu and Kashmir 889 862 892 941 1.12 1.16 1.12 1.06  Saint Barthelemy  Saint Barthelemy
Haryana 879 834 861 819 1.14 1.2 1.16 1.22  Saint Barthelemy  Saint Barthelemy
UT Andaman and Nicobar Islands 876 968 846 957 1.14 1.03 1.18 1.04  Saint Barthelemy  Oman
UT Delhi 868 871 821 868 1.15 1.15 1.22 1.15  Saint Barthelemy  Maldives
UT Chandigarh 818 880 777 845 1.22 1.14 1.29 1.18  Maldives  Maldives
UT Dadra and Nagar Haveli 774 926 812 979 1.29 1.08 1.23 1.02  Maldives  Maldives
UT Daman and Diu 618 904 710 926 1.62 1.11 1.41 1.08  Kuwait  Kuwait

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2011 census" (PDF).
  2. ^ a b "Declining sex-ratios – a matter of concern | UNICEF". www.unicef.in. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  3. ^ Jones, Adam (1999–2000). "Case Study: Female Infanticide". Gendercide Watch.
  4. ^ "Sex Ratio in India". www.census2011.co.in. Retrieved 2016-06-30.