List of states during Late Antiquity

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Late Antiquity is a historiographical term for the historical period from c. 200 AD to c. 700 AD, which marks the transition from Classical Antiquity to the Middle Ages. Precise boundaries for the period are a matter of debate, but historian Peter Brown proposed a period between the 2nd and 8th centuries. While generally, it can be thought of as from the end of the Roman Empire's Crisis of the Third Century (c. 235 – 284) to the re-organization of the Eastern Roman Empire under Heraclius and the Muslim conquests in the mid-7th century,[citation needed] for the purposes of this page it will be considered the period 200 to 700 AD.

This list's the main types state that existed in Africa, Americas, Central Asia, East Asia, Europe, Eurasian Steppe, South Asia, and West Asia.

Political entities[edit]

Map of the Old World in 477 AD
Location Name Capital(s) State type Existed
Africa: Central Sao civilisation Various Tribal city states 6th century BC – 16th century AD
Africa: North Garamantes Garama Tribal Confederation/Empire 500 BC – 700 AD
Africa: North; Asia: West; Europe: West Umayyad Caliphate Dammascus, Harran Empire 661 – 750 AD
Africa: North, Europe: South Vandal Kingdom Carthage Kingdom 435 – 534 AD
Africa: Northeast Kingdom of Aksum Aksum Kingdom c.100 – c.940 AD
Africa: Northeast Alodia Soba Empire 680 – 1504 AD
Africa: Northeast Blemmyes Tribal Kingdom 600 BC – 8th century AD
Africa: Northeast Kush Kerma; Napata; Meroe Kingdom 1070 BC – 350 AD
Africa: Northeast Makuria Dongola Kingdom 340 – 1312 AD
Africa: Northeast Nobatia Pachoras Kingdom 350 – 650 AD
Africa: Northwest Gaetulia Tribal confederation c. 350 BC – 550 AD
Africa: Northwest Garmul Altava Kingdom 530 – 578 AD
Africa: Northwest Mauretania Julia Caesara Kingdom/Client Kingdom 285 BC – 431 AD
Africa: West Ghana Empire Koumbi Saleh Empire c. 400 – 1235 AD
Africa: West Nok culture Various Tribal Chiefdoms/Kingdom 1000 BC – 300 AD
Americas: Central Maya Various Kingdom City States 2000 BC – 900AD
Americas: Central Zapotec Various Kingdom City States 700 BC – 1521 AD
Americas: North Pueblo Various Tribal chiefdom's 12th century BC – 14th century AD
Americas: North Teotihuacan Empire Teotihuacan Empire 100 BC – 8th century AD
Americas: South Cañari Tumebamba Tribal Confederacy 500 – 1533 AD
Americas: South Moche Moche-Trujillo. United Independent Polities 100 – 800 AD
Americas: South Nazca Various Tribal chiefdom's 100 BC – 800 AD
Americas: South Tiwanaku empire Tiwanaku Empire 300 – 1000 AD
Americas: South Wari Empire Huari Empire 500 – 1100 AD
Europe: Balkans Avar Khaganate Khaganate 567 – 804 AD
Europe: Balkans Basternae Various Tribal Confederation 200 BC – 300AD
Europe: Balkans, Asia: West; Africa: Northeast Byzantine Empire Constantinople Empire 330 – 1453 AD
Europe: Balkans First Bulgarian Empire Various Empire 681 – 1018 AD
Europe: Balkans Gepids Sirmium Kingdom 454 – 567 AD
Europe: Balkans Getae Tribal Kingdom 7th century BC – 4th century AD
Europe: Balkans Narentines Tribal chiefdom/countship/dukedom 6th – 10th centuries AD
Europe: Balkans Paeonia Principality/Kingdom/Client 535 BC – 681 AD
Europe: Balkans Serbian Sklavinia Tribal kingdom 520 – 768 AD
Europe: British Isles Ailech Grianán Ailigh Kingdom 450 – 1283 AD
Europe: British Isles Airgíalla Clogher Tribal Federation/Kingdom 331 – 1590 AD
Europe: British Isles Bernicia Bamburgh Kingdom 420 – 634 AD
Europe: British Isles Kingdom of Breifne Croghan Kingdom 700 – 1256 AD
Europe: British Isles Brycheiniog Talgarth Kingdom 450 – 1045 AD
Europe: British Isles Cai Tribal kingdom 25 – 871 AD
Europe: British Isles Ce Tribal kingdom 1st century – 900 AD
Europe: British Isles Ceredigion Kingdom 475 – 680 AD
Europe: British Isles Connacht Tribal chiefdom/kingdom c. 10th century BC – 1474 AD
Europe: British Isles Cornovii Tribal kingdom 4th century BC – 343 AD
Europe: British Isles Dál Riata Dunadd Kingdom 501 – 878 AD
Europe: British Isles Deira York Kingdom 559 – 664 AD
Europe: British Isles Dumnonia Isca Dumnoniorum Dukedom/principality 290 – 875 AD
Europe: British Isles Dyfed Kingdom 410 – 910 AD
Europe: British Isles Kingdom of East Anglia Rendlesham, Dommoc Kingdom 6th C – 918 AD
Europe: British Isles Fortriu Tribal kingdom 1 – 850 AD
Europe: British Isles Glywysing Cardiff Kingdom 490 – 1063 AD
Europe: British Isles Gododdin Kingdom 5th – 8th century AD
Europe: British Isles Gwent Caerwent, Porth-is-Coed Kingdom 420 – 1081 AD
Europe: British Isles Gwynedd Various Kingdom 420 – 1261 AD
Europe: British Isles Haestingas Hastings Tribal kingdom 6th century – 771 AD
Europe: British Isles Iverni Ivernis Tribal federated chiefdom's 500 BC – 400 AD
Europe: British Isles Kent Durovernum Kingdom 455 – 871 AD
Europe: British Isles Leinster Kingdom 436 – 1632 AD
Europe: British Isles Lindsey Lindum Kingdom/Client 410 – 775 AD
Europe: British Isles Meath Dublin Kingdom 1st century – 1173 AD
Europe: British Isles Mercia Tamworth Kingdom 527 – 918 AD
Europe: British Isles Kingdom of Northumbria Bamburgh Kingdom 653 – 954 AD
Europe: British Isles Osraige Kilkenny Kingdom 150 – 1185 AD
Europe: British Isles Pictland Kingdom 250 BC – 850 AD[1]
Europe: British Isles Powys Various Kingdom 488 – 1160 AD
Europe: British Isles Rheged Kingdom 550 – 650 AD
Europe: British Isles Strathclyde Dumbarton, Govan Kingdom 450 – 1093 AD
Europe: British Isles Sussex Selsey Kingdom 477 – 860 AD
Europe: British Isles Tyrconnell Dun na nGall Kingdom 464 – 1607 AD
Europe: British Isles Uí Failghe Rathangan, Daingean Kingdom 507 – 1550 AD
Europe: British Isles Ulster Kingdom 465 – 1177 AD
Europe: British Isles Wessex Winchester Kingdom 519 – 1018 AD
Europe: East; Asia, Central Barsils Tribal union 600 – 700 AD
Europe: East Bulgars Balkh/Phanagoria Tribal confederation c. 5th century – 7th century AD
Europe: East Cimmerian Bosporus Panticapaeum Kingdom/Client 480 BC – 370 AD
Europe: East Gelonia Gelonos Tribal kingdom 5th century BC – 5th century AD
Europe: East, West, Central, Balkans Hunnic Empire Tribal Empire 370s – 469 AD
Europe: East; Asia: Central Huns Nomadic confederation 1st century – 370 AD
Europe: East; Asia, Central; Eurasian: Caucasus Khazar Khaganate Various Nomadic Kingdom 618 – 1048 AD
Europe: East Kutrigurs Nomadic confederation/client 453 – 8th century AD
Europe: East Magyar Tribal Confederation/Principality 1100 BC – 895 AD
Europe: East Old Great Bulgaria Phanagoria Kingdom 632 – 668 AD
Europe: East Sarmatians Tarki (Makhachkala) Tribal Confederation 450BC – 400 AD
Europe: East Venedae Tribal Confederation 400 BC – 7th century AD
Europe: East Volga Bulgaria Bolghar, Bilär Kingdom 660 – 1236 AD
Europe: South Duchy of Benevento after 774, Principality of Benevento Benevento Dukedom/Principality/Client 571 – 1074 AD
Europe: South Kingdom of the Lombards Pavia Kingdom 568 – 774 AD
Europe: South Odoacer's Kingdom Ravenna Kingdom 476 – 493 AD
Europe: South Ostrogoths Ravenna Kingdom 493 – 553 AD
Europe: South, West, Balkans, British Isles; Africa: North; Asia: West Roman Empire Rome Empire 27 BC – 1453 AD
Europe: South San Marino San Marino Republic 301 AD – present
Europe: South Duchy of Tridentum Benevento Dukedom/Principality 574 – 1802 AD
Europe: South Republic of Venice Venice Republic 697 – 1797 AD
Europe: West Alamannia Kingdom 213 AD – 496 AD
Europe: West Alemanni Tribal Confederation 85 BC – 213 AD
Europe: West Armorica Kingdom/dukedom 343 – 1532 AD
Europe: West Austrasia Metz Kingdom 511 – 751 AD
Europe: West Bavaria Dukedom 508 – 788 AD[2]
Europe: West Kingdom of the Burgundians Borbetomagus, Lugdunum Kingdom 410 – 534 AD
Europe: West Carantania Karnburg Principality 658 – 828 AD
Europe: West Cornouaille Principality 430 – 1084 AD
Europe: West Francia Tournai, Paris Kingdom/Empire 481 – 843 AD
Europe: West Franks Various Tribal Confederation 210 – 481 AD
Europe: West Frisian Kingdom Dorestad, Utrecht Kingdom 600 – 734 AD
Europe: West Kingdom of Galicia Santiago de Compostela Kingdom 409 – 1833 AD
Europe: West, British Isles Gallic Empire Colonia Agrippina, Augusta Treverorum Empire 260 – 274 AD
Europe: West Poher Vorgium Principality 520 – 936 AD
Europe: West Raetia Curiensis Chur Bishopric (religious state) 452 – 1160 AD
Europe: West Rugiland Vindobona Kingdom 467 – 487 AD
Europe: West Saxons (Continental) Tribal confederation 5th century BC – 754 AD
Europe: West Kingdom of Soissons Noviodunum Kingdom 457 – 486 AD
Europe: West Suebi Tribal Confederation 60 BC – 409 AD
Europe: West Kingdom of the Suebi Braga Kingdom 409 – 585 AD
Europe: West Duchy of Thuringia Duchy 631 – 1440 AD
Europe: West Vandals Tribal chiefdoms 2nd century BC – 409 AD
Europe: West Visigothic Kingdom Various Kingdom 418 – 720 AD
Eurasian: Caucasus Arminiya Dvin Principality/client 653 – 884 AD
Eurasian: Caucasus Caspiane Tribal Kingdom/Client 650 BC – 387 AD
Eurasian: Caucasus Caucasian Albania Kabalak, Partav Kingdom/Client 65 BC – 628 AD
Eurasian: Caucasus Kingdom of Iberia Various Kingdom 302 BC – 580 AD
Eurasian: Caucasus Principality of Iberia Tbilisi Principality 580 – 891 AD
Eurasian: Caucasus Lazica Phasis Kingdom/client 1st century BC – 7th century AD
Eurasian: Caucasus Sarir Humraj Kingdom/Client 453 – 12th century AD
Asia: West Adiabene Arbela Kingdom/Client 15 – 310 AD
Asia: West Araba Hatra Kingdom 3rd century BC – 300AD
Asia: West Armenia Van Kingdom 553 BC – 428AD
Asia: West Atropatene Ganzak Kingdom/Client 320 BC – 226AD
Asia: West Carmania Kingdom/client 600 BC – 651 AD
Asia: West Characene Charax Spasinou Kingdom 127 BC – 222 AD
Asia: West Corduene Principality/kingdom/client 800 BC – 653 AD
Asia: West Elymais Susa Kingdom/Client 147 BC – 224 AD
Asia: West Gardman Parisos Principality/Kingdom/Client 66 – 428 AD
Asia: West Ghassanid Balka, Harith, Petra, Sideir Kingdom/Client 220 – 712 AD
Asia: West Hadhramaut Kingdom 700 BC – 320 AD
Asia: West Kindah Qaryat Dhāt Kāhil Tribal kingdom 2nd century BC – 525 AD
Asia: West Lakhmids Al-Hirah Kingdom 300 – 602 AD
Asia: West Osroene Edessa Kingdom/Client 134 BC – 244 AD
Asia: West Palmyrene Empire Palmyra Empire 260 – 273 AD
Asia: West Parthian Empire Ctesiphon Empire 247 BC – 224 AD
Asia: West; Africa, Northeast Rashidun Caliphate Medina, Kuffa Empire 632 – 661 AD
Asia: West, Central, Eurasian: Caucasus Sasanian Empire Estakhr, Ctesiphon Empire 224 – 637 AD
Asia: West Zabdicene Principality/client 780 BC – 5th century AD
Asia: Central Afrighids Kath Kingdom/Client 305 – 995 AD
Asia: Central Dayuan Kingdom/Client 329 BC – 280 AD
Asia: Central Fergana Khokand Kingdom 220 BC – 590 AD
Asia: Central Hephthalite Empire Various Empire 408 – 670 AD
Asia: Central Kangju Tribal Federation 280 BC – 585 AD
Asia: Central Kashgar Kashgar Kingdom/Client 80 – 850 AD
Asia: Central Khotan Khotan Kingdom 56 – 1006 AD
Asia: Central Kucha Kucha Buddhist Kingdom 46 – 658 AD
Asia: Central, East Rouran Khaganate Confederation 330 – 555 AD
Asia: Central Sumpa Tribal chiefdom/client 1600 BC – 7th century AD
Asia: East, Central Tang dynasty Chang'an, Luoyang Empire 618 – 907 AD
Asia: Central, East Tibetan Empire Lhasa, Pho brang Empire 618 – 907 AD
Asia: Central Turgesh Khaganate Balasagun Nomadic Empire 699 – 766 AD
Asia: Central, East Turkic Khaganate Ordu Baliq Confederation 552 – 747 AD
Asia: Central Turpan Turpan Buddhist Kingdom 480 – 640 AD
Asia: Central Tuyuhun Fuqi Nomadic Kingdom 285 – 670 AD
Asia: Central Xionites Tribal federation 320 – late 5th century AD
Asia: South Anuradhapura Anuradhapura Kingdom 377 BC – 1017 AD
Asia: South Ay Aykudi Kingdom 4th century BC – 12th century AD
Asia: South Kingdom of Bumthang Chakhar Gutho Kingdom 7th – 17th centuries AD
Asia: South Chera Kingdom Kingdom 5th century BC – 1102 AD
Asia: South Eastern Chalukyas Vengi, Rajamundry Kingdom 624 – 1129 AD
Asia: South Gauda Kingdom Karnasuvarna Kingdom 590 – 626 AD
Asia: South Gupta Empire Pataliputra Empire 320 – 620 AD
Asia: South Gurjara-Pratihara Kannauj Empire 650 – 1036 AD
Asia: South Harsha Kanauj Empire 606 – 647 AD
Asia: South Indo-Scythians Sigal, Taxila, Mathura Kingdom 200 BC – 400 AD
Asia: South Kabul Shahi Kabul, Waihind Kingdom/Empire 6th century – 1026 AD
Asia: South Kamarupa Various Kingdom 350 – 1140 AD
Asia: South Kuninda Shravasti Kingdom 500 BC – 300 AD
Asia: South, Central Kushan Empire Various Empire 30 – 375 AD
Asia: South Maitraka Vallabhi Empire 475 – 767 AD
Asia: South Maukhari Kannauj Empire 550s – 8th century AD
Asia: South Mushika Ezhimalai Kingdom 3rd century BC – 4th century AD
Asia: South Pallava Empire Kanchi Empire 250 BC – 800 AD
Asia: South Pundra Pundravardhana Kingdom 1300 BC – 550 AD
Asia: South Rai dynasty Aror Empire 489 – 690 AD
Asia: South Rajarata Various Kingdom 377 BC – 1310 AD
Asia: South Ruhuna Magama Principality 200 BC – 450 AD
Asia: South Satavahana Empire Vatsagulma Empire 250 – 500 AD
Asia: South Vakataka Empire Amaravati Empire 230 BC – 230 AD
Asia: South Vanga Gange Kingdom 1300 BC – 580 AD
Asia: South Vishnukundina Indrapalanagara Empire 420 – 624 AD
Asia: South Western Ganga dynasty Kolar, Talakad Kingdom 350 – 1000 AD
Asia: South Western Satraps Ozone, Barygaza Kingdom 35 – 405 AD
Asia: Southeast Bruneian Empire Various Empire 7th century – 1888 AD
Asia: Southeast Champa Various Kingdom 192 – 1832 AD
Asia: Southeast Chenla Kingdom Bhavapura, Isanapura Kingdom 550 – 706 AD
Asia: Southeast Chi Tu Kingdom 100 BC – 7th century AD
Asia: Southeast Funan Various Kingdom 60 – 550 AD
Asia: Southeast Gangga Negara Gangga Negara Kingdom 2nd – 11th centuries AD
Asia: Southeast Langkasuka Kedah, Pattani Kingdom 100 – 1516 AD
Asia: Southeast Lavo Kingdom Lavo, Ayodhaya Kingdom 450 – 1388 AD
Asia: Southeast Melayu Kingdom Jambi Kingdom 4th – 13th centuries AD
Asia: Southeast Pyu city-states Sri Ksetra Federated City States 250 BC – 1085 AD
Asia: Southeast Sunda Kingdom Various Kingdom 669 – 1579 AD
Asia: Southeast Tarumanagara Sundapura Kingdom 358 – 669 AD
Asia: Southeast Thaton Kingdom Thaton Kingdom 300 BC – 1085 AD
Asia: East, China Cao Wei Various Kingdom 220 – 265 AD
Asia: East, China Cheng Han Chengdu Kingdom 304 – 347 AD
Asia: East, China Chouchi Lüeyang Principality 184 – 511 AD
Asia: East, China Duan Tribal Chiefdom/Dukedom 250 – 338 AD
Asia: East, China Eastern Wu Wuchang, Jianye Kingdom 229 – 280 AD
Asia: East, China Former Zhao Lishi Kingdom 304 – 329 AD
Asia: East, China Han Empire Various Empire 206 BC – 220 AD
Asia: East, China Khitans Shangjing Kingdom/Client 388 – 1211 AD
Asia: East, China Liu Song dynasty Jiankang Empire 420 – 479 AD
Asia: East, China Northern Liang Jiankang Kingdom/Client 397 – 460 AD
Asia: East, China Northern Wei Shengle Empire 386 – 585 AD
Asia: East, China Shu Han Chengdu Kingdom 221 – 263 AD
Asia: East, China Southern Qi Jiankang Kingdom 477 – 502 AD
Asia: East, China Western Qin Yongshicheng Kingdom 385 – 431 AD
Asia: East, China Xianbei state Nomadic (Empire) 93 – 234 AD
Asia: East, Japan Japan Various Empire 660 BC – present
Asia: East, Japan Yamatai Kingdom 1st century – 3rd century AD
Asia: East, Korean Peninsula Baekje Various Kingdom 18 BC – 660 AD
Asia: East, Korean Peninsula Balhae Dongmo Empire 698 – 926 AD
Asia: East, Korean Peninsula Buyeo Buyeoseong Kingdom 189 BC – 494 AD
Asia: East, Korean Peninsula Dongye Chiefdom 3rd century BC – 5th century AD
Asia: East, Korean Peninsula Gaya confederacy Gaya Confederacy 42 – 562 AD
Asia: East, Korean Peninsula Goguryeo Various Kingdom 37 BC – 668 AD
Asia: East, Korean Peninsula Mahan confederacy Cheonan Confederacy 98 BC – 250 AD
Asia: East, Korean Peninsula Okjeo Tribal state 2nd century BC – 5th century AD
Asia: East, Korean Peninsula Samhan Confederacy 1st century BC – 4th century AD
Asia: East, Korean Peninsula Siljik Kingdom 102 – 6th century AD
Asia: East, Korean Peninsula Silla Gyeongju Kingdom 55 BC – 935 AD
Asia: East, Korean Peninsula Usan Kingdom 512 – 930 AD

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Salway, Peter. "Gaelic Kingdoms: Kingdoms of Caledonia". 2014. The History Files. Retrieved 13 June 2014. 
  2. ^ "Early Germanic tribes". 2013. Regnal Chronologies. Retrieved 17 May 2014. 

External links[edit]