List of states in the Holy Roman Empire (A)

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This is a list of states in the Holy Roman Empire beginning with the letter A:

Name

Type

Circle

Bench

Formed

Notes

CoA Imperial Free City Arms.svg Aachen Imperial City Low Rhen RH 1306: Free Imperial City 1794: To France
1815: to Prussia
CoA Aalen, BW.svg Aalen Free Imperial City Swab SW 1241: Founded by Hohenstaufen by 1340: To Oettingen
1359: Sold to Württemberg
1360: Free Imperial City
1500: To Swabian Circle
1802: To Duchy of Württemberg
CoA Flanders County.svg Aalst County n/a n/a 964: First mentioned 1056: Extinct; to Flanders despite Brabantian claims to the territory
Blason Metz 57.svg Abensberg-Traun (Apensberg-Traun) Lordship
1653: County
Swab SW 1114: First mentioned; ministerialis of Austria 1653: HRE Count
1656: Joined the Swabian Circle (personalist)
1662: Acquired Eglofs; joined the Bench of Counts of Swabia
1804: Sold Eglofs to Windisch-Graetz Elder Line
CoA Achalm County.svg Achalm County n/a n/a 1040: First mentioned; brother of Urach 1098: Extinct; to Urach
1250: To Fürstenberg
Armoiries de Neuenahr.svg Ahr
See: Are
Armoiries de Neuenahr.svg Ahrgau County n/a n/a Originally a gau county of the Carolingian Empire See: Are
1107: Separated from Prüm Abbey
1246: Annexed to the Archbishopric of Cologne
CoA Werdenberg-Sargans County.svg Albeck (Alpeck) Lordship n/a n/a 1081: First mentioned; ministerialis of Swabia 1245: To Burgau
1289: To Werdenberg-Sargans
1312: To Werdenberg-Trochtelfingen
1349: To Werdenberg-Alpeck
1383: Sold to Ulm
CoA Aldenburg Family.svg Aldenburg
HRE Count of Aldenburg, Lord of the Free Lordship of Knyphausen, Noble Lord of Varel
Lordship
1651: Barony
1667: County
n/a n/a 1646: Anton, illegitimate child of Anthony Günther of Oldenburg, ennobled 1651: HRE Baron
1667: Acquired Knyphausen and Varel; HRE Count
1738: Extinct; to Bentinck by marriage
CoA Schaffhausen, Schaffhausen.svg All Saints (Allerheiligen; in Schaffhausen) Abbacy Swab SP 1049: Abbey established 1080: Acquired Schaffhausen
c. 1122: Acquired Hiltensweiler
1190: Schaffhausen independent
1529: To Schaffhausen; monastery suppressed
Blason région fr Alsace.svg Alsace County
1130: Landgraviate
n/a n/a 1125: Partitioned from Saarbrücken 1130: HRE Landgrave
1189: Also known as Counts of Werd
c. 1340: Sold to Oettingen
1359: Sold to Strasbourg
CoA Teutonic Order.svg Alsace and Burgundy Bailiwick None SW 1212: Bailiwick of the Teutonic Order 1805: Divided between Baden and Württemberg
CoA Altbruchhausen County.svg Altbruchhausen County n/a n/a 1234: Partitioned from Bruchhausen 1335: To Tecklenburg
1338: Sold to Hoya
1354: Extinct
Armoiries de la Marck 1.svg Altena-Berg (Altena-Marck; Altena-Mark) County n/a n/a 1180: Partitioned from Berg-Altena 1226: Renamed to Mark
Armoiries de la Marck 1.svg Altena-Isenberg County n/a n/a 1180: Partitioned from Berg-Altena 1126: Lands given to Altena-Berg (Mark)
1243: Restored to a small part of the former county
1253: Renamed to Isenberg-Limburg
Armoiries Raugraf 1.svg Altenbaumburg (Altenbaumberg) Raugraviate n/a n/a 1253: Partitioned from Baumburg 1366: Most sold to the Palatinate
1385: Extinct; remainder to the Palatinate
Coats of arms of None.svg Altensteig Lordship n/a n/a 1100: First mentioned; to Knights of Altensteig 1280: To Hohenberg-Nagold
1318: To Hohenberg-Wildberg
1355: To Hohenberg-Altensteig
1398: Sold to Baden
1603: Sold to Württemberg
CoA Teutonic Order.svg An der Etsch (on the Adige) Bailiwick Aust n/a 1269: Bailiwick of the Teutonic Order 1805: To Bavaria; attached to the Tyrol
1814: To Austria
CoA Andechs-Meran.svg Andechs (Andechs-Meran from 1180) County
1180: Duchy
n/a n/a 1132: Renamed from Diessen 1157: Acquired Wolfratshausen
1173: Acquired Istria
1180: Acquired Merania
1208: Most possessions in Bavaria and the Tyrol to Bavaria
1211: Acquired the County Palatine of Burgundy
1248: Extinct; County Palatine of Burgundy to Hugh of Chalon; remainder to Bavaria
Blason Principauté d'Anhalt (XIIIe siècle).svg Anhalt Lordship
1212: County
1218: Princely County
1250: Principality
Upp Sax PR 1173: Independence from Saxony 1212: HRE Count
1218: HRE Princely Count
1250: HRE Prince
1252: Partitioned into Anhalt-Aschersleben, Anhalt-Bernburg and Anhalt-Köthen
1570: Reunited by Anhalt-Roßlau
1603: Partitioned into Anhalt-Dessau, Anhalt-Bernburg, Anhalt-Köthen, Anhalt-Plötzkau and Anhalt-Zerbst
Blason Principauté d'Anhalt (XIIIe siècle).svg Anhalt-Aschersleben Principality n/a n/a 1252: Partitioned from Anhalt 1315: Extinct; Succession dispute between Anhalt-Bernburg and the Bishopric of Halberstadt
1322: To the Bishopric of Halberstadt
Blason Principauté d'Anhalt (XIIIe siècle).svg Anhalt-Bernburg Principality Upp Sax PR 1252: Partitioned from Anhalt 1468: Extinct; divided between Anhalt-Köthen and Anhalt-Zerbst
1603: Partitioned from Anhalt
1630: Partitioned into itself and Anhalt-Harzgerode
1707: Partitioned into itself and Anhalt-Zeitz-Hoym
Blason Principauté d'Anhalt (XIIIe siècle).svg Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym Principality Low Rhen WE 1727: Created from union of Anhalt-Zeitz-Hoym with Holzapfel 1806: Holzapfel to Nassau
1812: Extinct; to Anhalt-Dessau
Blason Principauté d'Anhalt (XIIIe siècle).svg Anhalt-Dessau Principality Upp Sax PR 1474: Partitioned from Anhalt-Zerbst 1551: Partitioned into Anhalt-Zerbst, Anhalt-Roßlau and itself
1570: Extinct; to Anhalt-Roßlau
1603: Partitioned fro Anhalt
Blason Principauté d'Anhalt (XIIIe siècle).svg Anhalt-Dornburg Principality n/a n/a 1667: Appanage created in Anhalt-Zerbst 1742: Extinct; appanage abolished
Blason Principauté d'Anhalt (XIIIe siècle).svg Anhalt-Harzgerode Principality Upp Sax PR 1630: Partitioned from Anhalt-Bernburg 1709: Extinct; to Anhalt-Bernburg
Blason Principauté d'Anhalt (XIIIe siècle).svg Anhalt-Köthen Principality Upp Sax PR 1252: Partitioned from Anhalt 1396: Partitioned into itself and Anhalt-Zerbst
1562: Extinct; to Anhalt-Dessau
1603: Partitioned from Anhalt
1665: Inherited by Anhalt-Plötzkau
1765: Appanage Anhalt-Köthen-Pless established
Blason Principauté d'Anhalt (XIIIe siècle).svg Anhalt-Köthen-Pless Principality n/a n/a 1765: Appanage line created in Anhalt-Köthen 1767: Official investiture of Pless by Prussia
Blason Principauté d'Anhalt (XIIIe siècle).svg Anhalt-Mühlingen Principality n/a n/a 1667: Appanage created in Anhalt-Zerbst 1714: Extinct; appanage abolished
Blason Principauté d'Anhalt (XIIIe siècle).svg Anhalt-Plötzkau Principality Upp Sax PR 1603: Partitioned from Anhalt 1665: Inherited and renamed to Anhalt-Köthen
Blason Principauté d'Anhalt (XIIIe siècle).svg Anhalt-Roßlau Principality Upp Sax PR 1551: Partitioned from Anhalt-Dessau 1570: Renamed to Anhalt
Blason Principauté d'Anhalt (XIIIe siècle).svg Anhalt-Zeitz-Hoym Principality Upp Sax n/a 1718: Partitioned from Anhalt-Bernburg 1727: Renamed to Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym
Blason Principauté d'Anhalt (XIIIe siècle).svg Anhalt-Zerbst Principality Upp Sax PR 1396: Partitioned from Anhalt-Köthen 1474: Partitioned into itself and Anhalt-Dessau
1562: Extinct; to Anhalt-Dessau
1603: Partitioned from Anhalt
1667: Appanages Anhalt-Mühlingen and Anhalt-Dornburg created
1796: Extinct; to Anhalt-Dessau
CoA Anholt Lordship.svg Anholt Lordship
14th Century: Barony
1621: County
Low Rhen WF 1169: Fief of Utrecht 1234: To Zuylen-Anholt as fief of Utrecht
betw. 1317-1343: Imperial immediacy
1399: To Gemen
1402: To Bronchhorst-Batenburg
1621: HRE Count
1641: to Salm-Salm
1653: Joined the Westphalian Counts
1810: To France
1815: To Prussia
CoA Brandenburg, Germany.svg Ansbach
See: Brandenburg-Ansbach
Margraviate
CoA Antwerp, Belgium.svg Antwerp Margraviate Burg n/a 974: Established 994: Acquired Toxandria
1106: United with Lower Lorraine
1190: Title to Brabant
CoA Aosta Duchy.svg Aosta County
1310: HRE Duchy
n/a n/a c. 999: To the Bishopric of Aosta; fief of the Kingdom of Arles 1026: To Savoy
1310: HRE Duke
1539: To France
1563: Restored to Savoy
1810: To France
1814: Restored to Piedmont-Sardinia
CoA Appenzell Inner Rhodes Canton.svg Appenzell Canton n/a n/a 11th Century: To St Gall's Abbey 1408: Independence from St Gall's Abbey
1513: Member of the Old Swiss Confederacy
1597: Partitioned into Appenzell Innerrhoden and Appenzell Ausserrhoden
CoA Appenzell Outer Rhodes Canton.svg Appenzell Ausserrhoden (Appenzell Outer Rhodes) Canton n/a n/a 1597: Partitioned from Appenzell 1648: Left the Empire as part of Switzerland
CoA Appenzell Inner Rhodes Canton.svg Appenzell Innerrhoden (Appenzell Inner Rhodes) Canton n/a n/a 1597: Partitioned from Appenzell 1648: Left the Empire as part of Switzerland
Armoiries de Neuenahr.svg Are (Ahr) County n/a n/a 992: First mentioned in the Ahrgau 1107: Imperial immediacy
1144: Partitioned into Are-Are, Are-Nürburg and Are-Hochstaden
Armoiries de Neuenahr.svg Are-Are (Are, Ahr) County n/a n/a 1144: Partitioned from Are 1210: Extinct; to Are-Nürburg
CoA Nürburg County.svg Are-Nürburg (Nürburg) County n/a n/a 1144: Partitioned from Are 1225: Partitioned into itself and Neuenahr
1290: Extinct; to the Archbishopric of Cologne
CoA Hochstaden County.svg Are-Hochstaden (Hochstaden) County n/a n/a 1144: Partitioned from Are 1149: Acquired Hochstaden by marriage
1162: Partitioned into itself and Are-Wickrath
1246: To the Archbishopric of Cologne
1265: Extinct
CoA Hochstaden County.svg Are-Wickrath (Wickrath, Wickenrode) County n/a n/a 1162: Partitioned from Are-Hochstaden 1301: Extinct; to Guelders
CoA Arenberg County.svg Arenberg (Aremberg) Duchy El Rhin PR c. 1177 c. 1177: Lords of Arenberg first mentioned; burgraves of Cologne within the Archbishopric of Cologne
1220: Partitioned into itself and Wildenburg
1279: Sold burgraviate to the Archbishops
1299: Lords of Arenberg extinct; to County of Mark
1328: To Mark-Arenberg
1549: Inherited by Ligne which assumed the name 'Arenberg'
1576: Princely County
1580: HRE Council of Princes
1644: Duchy
1795: Duchy ceded to France
1803: Obtained Meppen and Vest Recklinghausen
1810: Mediatized
CoA Arlon, Luxembourg.svg Arlon County
c. 1167: Margraviate
n/a n/a 950 c. 1167: HRE Margrave
1214: United with Luxembourg
1221: To Limburg
CoA Arnsberg County.svg Arnsberg County n/a n/a 1050: First mentioned; to Werl c. 1070: To Werl-Arnsberg
1124: Extinct in male line
1132: To Cuijk-Arnsberg by marriage
1368: Sold to Cologne who added it to the Duchy of Westphalia
Blason ville fr Pont-à-Marcq (Nord).svg Arnstein County n/a n/a 1131: Branch of Steußlingen established a line at Arnstein 1211: Side line Lindow-Ruppin established
1226: Partitioned into itself and Barby
c. 1294: Given to Falkenstein
1326: Extinct
1334: To Regenstein
1387: Sold to Mansfeld Younger Line
Artois Arms.svg Artois County Burg n/a 898: To Flanders 1180: To France
1237: Artois established as appanage
1350: To the Duchy of Burgundy
1477: To France
1483: To the Burgundian Netherlands
1659: To France
CoA Mainz Archbishopric.svg Aschaffenburg Principality n/a n/a 10th Century: To Mainz 1803: Made principality of the Archbishopric of Regensburg
1806: To the Grand Duchy of Frankfurt
1814: To Bavaria
Blason Allinges 74.svg Aspremont-Lynden Barony
1676: County
Low Rhen WE 1307: First mentioned 1590: Purchased Rekem (Reckheim)
1623: Imperial Estate
1676: HRE Count
1793: To France
1802: Compensated with Baindt
1806: To Württemberg
CoA Auersperg Family.svg Auersperg Lordship
1550: Barony
1653: County
1664: Princely County
Swab PR 1162: First mentioned, in Carniola 1550: HRE Baron
1630: HRE Count
1653: HRE Prince
1654: Bench of Secular Princes
1654: Acquired Silesia-Munsterberg and Frankestein
1663: Acquired Tengen
1664: HRE Princely Count
1664: Joined the Swabian Circle
1791: Acquired Gottschee
1806: Tengen to Baden
CoA Augsburg Diocese.svg Augsburg Bishopric Swab EC 4th Century: Diocese established 8th Century: First mention of historical mention of diocese
c. 888: Imperial immediacy
1276: City of Augsburg acquired independence
1802: To Bavaria
CoA Augsburg, Bavaria.svg Augsburg Free Imperial City Swab SW 1276: Free Imperial City 1806: To Bavaria
Gules a fess argent.svg Austria Margraviate
1156: Duchy
1453: Archduchy
1804: Empire
Aust PR 833: Established, part of the Duchy of Bavaria 976: Separated from Bavaria
1156: HRE Duke
1192: Acquired Styria
1379: Partitioned into itself (Albertine Line) and Inner Austria (Leopoldine Line)
1453: HRE Archduke
1457: Inherited by Inner Austria (Leopoldine Line)
1804: Assumed rank of Empire
CoA Teutonic Order.svg Austria Bailiwick Aust n/a 1260: Bailiwick of the Teutonic Order 1805: To Austria

References[edit]