List of states in the Holy Roman Empire (B)

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This is a list of states in the Holy Roman Empire beginning with the letter B:

Name Type Circle Bench Formed Notes
Blason fam de Maison von und zu Fürstenberg.svg Baar Landgraviate Swab 763: Gau county Bertholdsbaar 1070: To Sulz
1282: Sold to Austria
1283: To Fürstenberg
1806: To Baden
CoA Babenhausen, Bavaria.svg Babenhausen Lordship
1803: Principality
n/a n/a 12th Century: To Schönegg as fief of Tübingen 1378: Sold to Rechberg-Staufeneck
1432: To Rechberg-Babenhausen
1507: To Rechberg-Brandenburg
1537: To Rechberg-Kellmünz
1539: Sold to Fugger
1560: To Fugger-Wöllenburg
1598: To Fugger-Babenhausen
1803: HRE Prince
1806: To Bavaria
Baden Arms.svg Baden Margraviate
1803: Electorate
1806: Grand Duchy
Swab PR c. 960 1190: Partitioned into Baden-Baden and Baden-Hachberg
1771: Reunited by Baden-Durlach
1803: HRE Elector
1806: Joined Confederation of the Rhine as a Grand Duchy
Baden Arms.svg Baden-Baden Margraviate Swab PR 1190: Partitioned from Baden 1291: Partitioned into itself, Baden-Eberstein and Baden-Pforzheim
1335: Extinct; divided between Baden-Eberstein and Baden-Pforzheim
1348: Partitioned from Baden-Pforzheim
1515: Partitioned into itself, Baden-Durlach and Baden-Sponheim
1536: Partitioned into itself and Baden-Rodemachern
1588: Extinct; to Baden-Rodemachern
1622: Partitioned from Baden-Durlach
1771: Extinct; to Baden-Durlach
Baden Arms.svg Baden-Durlach Margraviate Swab PR 1515: Partitioned from Baden-Baden 1577: Partitioned into itself, Baden-Hachberg and Baden-Sausenburg
1771: Renamed to Baden
Baden Arms.svg Baden-Eberstein Margraviate n/a n/a 1291: Partitioned from Baden-Baden 1353: Extinct; to Baden-Pforzheim
Baden Arms.svg Baden-Hachberg (Baden-Hochberg) Margraviate Swab PR 1190: Partitioned from Baden 1290: Partitioned into itself and Baden-Sausenburg
1415: Extinct; to Baden-Baden
1482: Partitioned from Baden-Baden
1488: Extinct; to Baden-Baden
1577: Partitioned from Baden-Durlach
1591: Extinct; to Baden-Durlach
Baden Arms.svg Baden-Pforzheim Margraviate n/a n/a 1291: Partitioned from Baden-Baden 1315: Partitioned into itself and Baden-Baden
1361: Extinct; to Baden-Baden
Baden Arms.svg Baden-Rodemachern Margraviate n/a n/a 1537: Partitioned from Baden-Baden as fief of Luxembourg 1575: Partitioned into itself and Baden-Rodenheim
1596: Extinct; to Baden-Durlach
1622: Partitioned from Baden-Durlach
1666: Extinct; to Baden-Baden
Baden Arms.svg Baden-Rodenheim Margraviate n/a n/a 1575: Partitioned from Baden-Rodemachern 1620: Extinct; to Baden-Durlach
Baden Arms.svg Baden-Sausenberg Margraviate Swab PR 1290: Partitioned from Baden-Hachberg 1503: Extinct; to Baden-Baden
1577: Partitioned from Baden-Durlach
1604: Extinct; to Baden-Durlach
Baden Arms.svg Baden-Sponheim Margraviate Upp Rhen PR 1515: Partitioned from Baden-Baden 1533: Extinct; to Baden-Baden
CoA Badenweiler, BW.svg Badenweiler Lordship n/a n/a 1028: First mentioned, property of the Zähringen 1147: To Saxony
11??: To Swabia
1268: To Freiburg
1272: Partitioned from Freiburg
1303: Extinct; to Strasberg
1385: To Freiburg
1444: To Baden-Sausenberg
1503: Inherited by Baden-Baden
CoA Baindt Abbey, BW.svg Baindt Abbacy Swab SP 1240: Abbey established 1376: Imperial immediacy; HRE Princess
1802: Secularised to Leyden
1803: To Aspremont-Lynden
1806: To Württemberg
CoA Bamberg Diocese.svg Bamberg Bishopric Franc EC 1007: Diocese established c. 1242: HRE Prince of the Empire
1802: To Bavaria
Bar Arms.svg Bar (Bar-le-Duc; Barrois; Mass; Meuse) County
1354: Duchy
Upp Rhen PR 959: To Lorraine (Upper Lotharingia) 1033: Partitioned from Lorraine
1301: Western half made fief of France
1354: Duke in France; HRE Margrave
1506: In personal union with Lorraine
1634-1659, 1670–1697, 1702–1714: To France
1766: To France permanently
CoA Barby County.svg Barby Lordship
1497: County
Upp Sax WT 974: To Quedlinburg Abbey 12th Century: To Arnstein
1226: Partitioned from Arnstein
1497: HRE Count
1565: Partitioned into Barby-Barby and Barby-Mühlingen
1651: Reunited by Barby-Mühlingen
1659: Extinct; to Saxony
CoA Barby County.svg Barby-Barby County Upp Sax WT 1565: Partitioned from Barby 1651: Extinct; to Barby-Mühlingen
CoA Barby County.svg Barby-Mühlingen County Upp Sax WT 1565: Partitioned from Barby 1651: Renamed to Barby
CoA Barmstede Family.svg Barmstedt (Barmstede) Lordship n/a n/a 1149: First mentioned c. 1375: Extinct; to Holstein-Schaumburg
1640: To Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp
1649: Sold to Rantzau
1721: To Denmark
CoA Basel Diocese.svg Basel Bishopric Upp Rhen EC c. 740: Diocese established 999: Acquired immediate territory
1032: HRE Prince of the Empire
1579: Allied to the Swiss Confederation
1792: Left-bank territories annexed to the Rauracian Republic
1803: Right-bank territories secularised and ceded to Baden
CoA Basel Canton.svg Basel Imperial City Upp Rhen RH 1392: Acquired semi-independence; Free Imperial City 1501: Joined the Swiss Confederation
1648: Left the Empire as part of Switzerland
Armoiries Walpode de Bassenheim.svg Bassenheim Lordship
1729: Barony
Originally to Isenburg-Braunsberg as fief of Cologne 13th Century: To Waldbott von Waltmannshausen as fief of Cologne
1337: To Waldbott von Bassenheim as fief of Cologne
1729: Imperial immediacy; HRE Baron
1794: To France
1815: To Prussia
CoA Wittgenstein County.svg Battenburg County n/a n/a 1101: First mentioned 1238: Partitioned into itself and Wittgenstein
1291: Half sold to Mainz
1296: Remainder sold to Mainz
1310: Extinct
1464: Sold to Hesse
Armoiries Raugraf 1.svg Baumburg (Baumberg; Naumburg) Raugraviate n/a n/a c. 1148: Partitioned from the Wildgraviate 1172: Partitioned into Stolzenberg and itself
1253: Partitioned into Neuenbaumburg and Altenbaumburg
Armoiries Bavière.svg Bavaria (Bayern) Duchy
1623: Electorate
1806: Kingdom
Bav EL c. 520: First mentioned 1185: Acquired the Burgraviate of Regensburg
1214: Acquired the County Palatine of the Rhine
1255: Partitioned into Upper and Lower Bavaria
1340: Reunited by Upper Bavaria
1349: Partitioned into Brandenburg, Upper Bavaria and Lower Bavaria
1505: Reunited by Bavaria-Munich
1545: Bavaria reunited after many divisions
1623: HRE Elector; Acquired Upper Palatinate
1646: Side line Bavaria-Leuchtenberg founded
1806: Joined the Confederation of the Rhine as Kingdom
Armoiries Bavière.svg Bavaria-Dachau Duchy Bav PR 1467: Partitioned from Bavaria-Munich 1501: Extinct; to Bavaria-Munich
Armoiries Bavière.svg Bavaria-Haag Duchy Bav PR 1650: Created when Albert VI of Bavaria-Leuchtenberg acquired Haag 1666: Extinct; to Bavaria
Armoiries Bavière.svg Bavaria-Ingolstadt Duchy n/a n/a 1392: Partitioned from Bavaria-Landshut 1445: Extinct; to Bavaria-Landshut
Armoiries Bavière.svg Bavaria-Landshut Duchy Bav PR 1353: Partitioned from Lower Bavaria 1392: Partitioned into Bavaria-Ingolstadt, Bavaria-Landshut and Bavaria-Munich
1503: Extinct; succession dispute between Bavaria-Munich and Palatinate-Neuburg
1505: Annexed to Bavaria-Munich
Armoiries Bavière.svg Bavaria-Leuchtenberg Duchy Bav PR 1646: Created when Albert VI of Bavaria acquired Leuchtenberg 1650: Exchanged with Maximilian to form Bavaria-Haag
1680: Extinct; to Bavaria
Armoiries Bavière.svg Bavaria-Munich Duchy n/a n/a 1392: Partitioned from Bavaria-Landshut 1467: Partitioned into Bavaria-Munich and Bavaria-Dachau
1505: Became D. of Bavaria
Armoiries Bavière.svg Bavaria-Straubing Duchy Bav PR 1353: Partitioned from Lower Bavaria 1425: Extinct; divided between Bavaria-Ingolstadt, Bavaria-Landshut and Bavaria-Munich
CoA Brandenburg, Germany.svg Bayreuth
See: Brandenburg-Bayreuth
Margraviate
Coats of arms of None.svg Beckenried Abbacy Swab SP 1521: Identified in the Reichsmatrikel 1521 as an Imperial Abbey, but the house has not been identified. Assumed to be at Beckenried, Nidwalden
CoA Beichlingen Lordship.svg Beichlingen Lordship Upp Sax WE 1014: First mentioned 1275: Partitioned into Beichlingen-Beichlingen and Beichlingen-Rothenburg
1360: Reunited by Beichlingen-Beichlingen
1519: Sold Beichlingen to Werthern; remaining territories as fief to Saxony
1567: Extinct
CoA Beichlingen Lordship.svg Beichlingen-Beichlingen Lordship n/a n/a 1275: Partitioned from Beichlingen 1320: Partitioned into itself and Beichlingen-Sachsenfeld
1330: Sold Heringen to Hohnstein-Klettenberg
1360: Renamed to Beichlingen
CoA Beichlingen Lordship.svg Beichlingen-Rothenburg Lordship n/a n/a 1275: Partitioned from Beichlingen 1360: Extinct
CoA Beichlingen Lordship.svg Beichlingen-Sachsenfeld Lordship n/a n/a 1275: Partitioned from Beichlingen-Beichlingen 1345: Extinct; to Beichlingen-Beichlingen
CoA Beilstein Lordship.svg Beilstein Lordship
1679: County
El Rhen WE 1268: First mentioned; fief of Cologne 1361: Extinct
1363: To Winneburg as fief of Cologne
1637: To Metternich
1679: HRE Count
1794: To France
1815: To Prussia
CoA Bentheim County.svg Bentheim
Count of Bentheim, Tecklenburg, Steinfurt & Limburg, Lord of Rheda, Wevelinghoven, Hoya, Alpen, Helpenstein, Baron of Lennep, Hereditary Advocate of Cologne
Lordship
1530: County
Low Rhen WE 1050: First mentioned 1115: To Otto of Salm
1146: Made fief of Utrecht
1182: Imperial immediacy
1263: Acquired Tecklenburg
1279: Partitioned into Tecklenburg and Bentheim
1421: To Götterswyk who assumed the name Bentheim
1454: Partitioned into Bentheim-Steinfurt and Bentheim-Bentheim
1530: Reunited by Bentheim-Steinfurt
1606: Partitioned into Bentheim-Tecklenburg-Rheda, Bentheim-Steinfurt, and appanages Bentheim-Limburg and Bentheim-Alpen
CoA Bentheim County.svg Bentheim and Steinfurt County Low Rhin WE 1804: Renamed from Bentheim-Steinfurt 1806: Bentheim to Berg, Steinfurt to Prussia
CoA Bentheim County.svg Bentheim-Alpen County n/a n/a 1606: Appanage created in Bentheim-Steinfurt and Neuenahr 1629: Extinct; apanage abolished
CoA Bentheim County.svg Bentheim-Bentheim Lordship
1486: HRE Count
Low Rhin WE 1454: Partitioned from Bentheim 1486: HRE Count
1530: Extinct; to Bentheim-Steinfurt
1643: Partitioned from Bentheim-Steinfurt
1753: Mortgaged to Hanover
1803: To Bentheim-Steinfurt
1804: Extinct
CoA Bentheim County.svg Bentheim-Limburg County n/a n/a 1606: Appanage created in Bentheim-Steinfurt and Neuenahr 1618: Extinct; to Bentheim-Alpen
CoA Bentheim County.svg Bentheim-Steinfurt Lordship
1486: County
Low Rhen WE 1454: Partitioned from Bentheim 1486: County
1530: Renamed to Bentheim
1606: Partitioned from Bentheim
1643: Partitioned into itself and Bentheim-Bentheim
1804: Renamed to Bentheim and Steinfurt
CoA Bentheim County.svg Bentheim-Tecklenburg Lordship n/a n/a Name sometimes given to the County of Tecklenburg under the rule of the Bentheim 1277 - 1328
CoA Bentheim County.svg Bentheim-Tecklenburg-Rheda County Low Rhen WE 1606: Partitioned from Bentheim-Steinfurt 1696: Tecklenburg to Solms-Braunfels
1807: To Berg
CoA Bentinck Famly.svg Bentinck
HRE Count of Bentinck and Aldenburg, Lord of the free Lordship of Knyphausen, Noble Lord of Varel
Lordship
1732: County
n/a n/a 1343: First mentioned 1732: HRE Count
1738: Acquired Knyphausen and Varel
1810: To France
1814: To Oldenburg
CoA Berchtesgaden Provostry, Bavaria.svg Berchtesgaden
Prince, Provost and Lord of Berchtesgaden
Abbey
1491: Provostry
Bav EC 1108: Abbey established 1194: Imperial immediacy
1380: HRE Prince
1491: Converted to a Provostry
1559: Raised to Bench of Spiritual Princes
1803: To Salzburg
1805: To Austria
1809: To Bavaria
CoA Berg Duchy.svg Berg County
1380: Duchy
Low Rhen PR 1077: First mentioned; branch of the Ezzonen 1160: Partitioned into itself and Berg-Altena
1218: To Limburg
1247: Partitioned from Limburg
1380: Duchy
1423: To Jülich-Berg
1521: To Jülich-Cleves-Berg
1609: War of the Jülich Succession between Brandenburg and Palatinate-Neuburg
1614: To Palatinate-Neuburg
1685: To the Palatinate
1777: To Bavaria
1806: To Berg
1815: To Prussia
Armoiries de la Marck 1.svg Berg-Altena County n/a n/a 1161: Partitioned from Berg 1180: Partitioned into Altena-Isenberg and Altena-Berg
CoA Bern Canton.svg Bern (Berne) Imperial City n/a n/a 1218: Free Imperial City 1353: Joined the Swiss Confederation
1415: Acquired Aargau
1536: Acquired Vaud
1648: Left the Empire as part of Switzerland
CoA Besançon Archdiocese.svg Besançon
Archbishopric Upp Rhen EC 4th Century: Diocese established 1184: Acquired Besançon; imperial immediacy
1288: HRE Prince of the Empire
1493: Lost Besançon; retained seat in the Imperial Diet until 1803
1678: To France
Blason ville fr Besançon (Doubs).svg Besançon
Imperial City Burg RH 1290: Free Imperial City; semi-independent from the Archbishopric of Besançon 1493: Acquired complete independence
1648: To the Free County of Burgundy
1678: To France
CoA Biberach an der Riss, BW.svg Biberach an der Riß Imperial City Swab SW 1281/2: Free Imperial City 1803: To Baden
1806: To Württemberg
CoA Pappenheim Family.svg Biberbach Lordship n/a n/a 1279: Partitioned from Pappenheim 1514: Sold to Fugger
1624: Extinct
Coats of arms of None.svg Billung March (Billunger Mark) Margraviate n/a n/a 928: March established 983: Conquered by the Obotrites
CoA Bilstein County, Franconia.svg Bilstein in Franconia County n/a n/a c. 1130: Lordship founded by descendants of the Margraves of Zeitz 1301: Sold to Hesse
1306: Extinct
Coats of arms of None.svg Blankenburg Abbacy Low Rhen RP 1521: Identified in the Reichsmatrikel 1521 as an Imperial Abbey, but the house has not been identified
CoA Blankenburg County.svg Blankenburg County (1123)
1707: Principality of Imperial immediacy
Low Sax WE 1123: First mentioned; fief of Saxony c. 1162: Partitioned into itself and Regenstein
1180: Fief of Halberstadt
1202: Fief of Brunswick and Lüneburg
1344: Fief of Halberstadt
1368: Extinct; to Regenstein-Blankenburg
1599: To Halberstadt
1624: To Max von Waldstein
1629: To John II of Merode
1631: To Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
1642: To Tattenbach as fief of Halberstadt
1671: To Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel as fief of Halberstadt
1690: To Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Blankenburg as fief of Halberstadt
1707: Imperial immediacy; Bench of Counts of Westphalia
1731: In personal union with Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
1805: Annexed to Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
1807: To Westphalia
1814: To Brunswick
CoA Blankenheim, NRW.svg Blankenheim Lordship
1380: County
Low Rhen WE 1149: Partitioned from Schleiden 1406: Extinct; to Heinsberg by marriage
1469: To Manderscheid
1699: Imperial immediacy
1780: To Sternberg-Manderscheid
1794: To France
1815: To Prussia
CoA Saarwerden County.svg Blieskastel County n/a n/a 1125: Partitioned into itself and Saarwerden
1237: Extinct; to Salm
1284: To Finstingen
1337: To Trier
1660: To Leyen-Adendorf
1705: To Leyen-Hohengeroldseck
1793: To France
1814: To Bavaria
CoA Blumenegg Lordship.svg Blumenegg Lordship
1396: County
n/a n/a 1258: First mentioned; fief of Werdenberg-Sargans 1328: To Werdenberg-Vaduz
1391: To Brandis
1510: To Sulz
1613: To Wengarten Abbey
1803: To Nassau-Orange-Fulda
1804: Sold to Austria
CoA Stolberg County.svg Bockstädt County n/a n/a 1231: Partitioned from Stolberg 1346: Extinct; to Hohnstein-Heldrungen
Blason Boheme.svg Bohemia Duchy
1198: Kingdom
1356: Elector
None EL 895: Joined the Empire as a Duchy 1029: Acquired Moravia
1198: HRE King
1356: HRE Elector
1526: Extinct; to Austria
CoA St Blasien, BW.svg Bonndorf County Swab SC Originally a property of Gurtweil, later of Küssaburg 1250: To Lupfen
1582: To Pappenheim
1609: To St Blaise's Abbey
1803: To Knights of St. John
1805: To Württemberg
1806: To Baden
Fugger Coat of Arms.svg Boos Lordship n/a n/a 10th century: Originally a fief of Kempten Abbey held by the Lords of Boos 1176: To Ottobeuren Abbey
1551: Sold to Fugger
1693: To Fugger-Boos
1777: To Fugger-Babenhausen
1806: To Bavaria
CoA Bopfingen, BW.svg Bopfingen Imperial City Swab SW 1241: Free Imperial City 1802: To Bavaria
1810: To Württemberg
Gules a fess argent.svg Bouillon County
1456: Duchy
n/a n/a 959: First mentioned 1095: Sold to the Bishopric of Liège
1456: Bishop of Liège assumed the title "Duke of Bouillon"
1482: To La Marck
1521: To the Bishopric of Liège
1552: To France, who bestowed it upon La Marck
1559: To the Bishopric of Liège
1676: To France
1678: Bestowed upon La Tour d'Auvergne as protectorate
1794: To France
1815: To Luxembourg
CoA Brabant Duchy.svg Brabant Landgraviate
1183: Duchy
Claimed status of archduchy
Burg PR 1085: Partitioned from Lower Lotharingia; given to Henry III of Louvain and Brussels 1183: HRE Duke
1288: Acquired Limburg
1430: To the Duchy of Burgundy
1477: To the Burgundian Netherlands
1516: To the Spanish Netherlands
1609: Northern Brabant to the Netherlands
1795: Southern Brabant to France
1815: All to the Netherlands
CoA Brakel Family.svg Brakel Lordship n/a n/a 1213: First mentioned c. 1270: Part to Asseburg, another to Everstein
1290: Part sold to the Bishopric of Paderborn
1316: Everstein share sold to Paderborn
1350: Brakel share sold to the City of Brakel
1385: Brakel family extinct
16th Century: Asseburg share to Paderborn
1803: All to Prussia
CoA Brakel, NRW.svg Brakel Imperial City Low Rhen RH Originally to the Lords of Brakel 1290: Part to the Bishopric of Paderborn
1350: Acquired semi-independence
1803: To Prussia
CoA Brandenburg Electorate.svg Brandenburg Margraviate
1356: Electorate
Upp Sax EL 1157: Originally created as the "Northern March" 1266: Partitioned into Brandenburg-Stendal and Brandenburg-Salzwedel; margravial title shared
1317: Reunited by Brandenburg-Stendal
1356: HRE Elector
1415: Sold to Nuremberg
1440: Partitioned into Brandenburg-Kulmbach, itself and Brandenburg-Ansbach
1470: Acquired by Brandenburg-Ansbach
1486: Partitioned into itself, Brandenburg-Ansbach and Brandenburg-Kulmbach
1618: Acquired Prussia by marriage
1701: Also made King in Prussia
CoA Brandenburg Diocese.svg Brandenburg Bishopric Upp Sax EC 949: Diocese established 983: Wendish uprising; diocese lost though bishops continued to be appointed
1165: Bishopric recreated
1569: To the Electorate of Brandenburg
CoA Brandenburg, Germany.svg Brandenburg-Ansbach Margraviate Franc PR 1440: Partitioned from Brandenburg 1486: Partitioned into itself and Brandenburg-Kulmbach
1515: Partitioned into Brandenburg-Kulmbach and itself
1603: Partitioned into itself and Brandenburg-Bayreuth
1791: Sold to Prussia
CoA Brandenburg, Germany.svg Brandenburg-Bayreuth Margraviate Franc PR 1603: Partitioned from Brandenburg-Ansbach 1655: Appanage Brandenburg-Kulmbach created
1726: Inherited by Brandenburg-Kulmbach
1769: Extinct; to Brandenburg-Ansbach
CoA Brandenburg, Germany.svg Brandenburg-Kulmbach Margraviate Franc PR 1440: Partitioned from Brandenburg 1457: To Brandenburg-Ansbach
1464: Extinct
1486: Partitioned from Brandenburg
1495: Extinct; to Brandenburg-Ansbach
1515: Partitioned from Brandenburg-Ansbach
1557: Extinct; to Brandenburg-Ansbach
1655: Appanage created in Brandenburg-Bayreuth
1726: Inherited Brandenburg-Bayreuth; appanage abolished
CoA Brandenburg, Germany.svg Brandenburg-Küstrin Margraviate Upp Sax PR 1535: Partitioned from Brandenburg 1571: Extinct; to Brandenburg
CoA Brandenburg, Germany.svg Brandenburg-Salzwedel Margraviate n/a n/a 1266: Partitioned from Brandenburg 1317: Extinct; to Brandenburg-Stendal
CoA Brandenburg, Germany.svg Brandenburg-Stendal Margraviate n/a n/a 1266: Partitioned from Brandenburg 1317: Renamed to Brandenburg
CoA Brandis Family.svg Brandis Barony Swab SC 12th century: First mentioned 1394: Purchased many territories from Werdenberg
1437: Purchased Maienfeld
1509: Sold Maienfeld to the Grey Leagues
1510: Sold remaining territories to Sulz
Blason Conrad VI de Hohenlohe-Brauneck (selon Gelre).svg Brauneck Lordship n/a n/a 1230: Partitioned from Hohenlohe 1249: Partitioned into Brauneck-Brauneck and Brauneck-Haltenbergstetten
Blason Conrad VI de Hohenlohe-Brauneck (selon Gelre).svg Brauneck-Brauneck Lordship n/a n/a 1249: Partitioned from Brauneck 1429: Extinct; to Burgraviate of Magdeburg of the House of Hardegg
1448: Sold to Brandenburg-Ansbach
1791: To Prussia
1806: To Bavaria
1810: To Württemberg
Blason Conrad VI de Hohenlohe-Brauneck (selon Gelre).svg Brauneck-Haltenbergstetten Lordship n/a n/a 1249: Partitioned from Brauneck 1268: Partitioned into itself and Brauneck-Neuhaus
1366: Sold to Hohenlohe-Speckfeld
1412: To Castell and Limpurg
1415: To Lordship of Rosenberg as fief of the Bishopric of Würzburg
1632: To the Bishopric of Würzburg
1636: To Hatzfeld
1794: To the Bishopric of Würzburg
1803: To Hohenlohe-Bartenstein-Jagstberg
1806: To Württemberg
Blason Conrad VI de Hohenlohe-Brauneck (selon Gelre).svg Brauneck-Neuhaus Lordship n/a n/a 1268: Partitioned from Brauneck-Haltenbergstetten 1320: Made fief of the Bishopric of Würzburg
1340: Extinct
1431: To the Teutonic Order
1809: To Württemberg
Brunswick-Lüneburg Arms.svg Braunschweig
See: Brunswick
Duchy
Blason ville be Schoten.svg Breda Lordship
1403: Barony
Burg WE 1080: First mentioned; imperial immediate fief of the Empire 1327: Sold to Brabant
1350: Sold to Wassenaar
1403: HRE Baron; to Nassau-Dillenburg by marriage
1544: To Orange-Nassau
1795: To France
1815: To the Netherlands
CoA Bregenz, Vorarlberg.svg Bregenz County Swab SW 926: First mentioned 1171: To Tübingen by marriage
1180: To Montfort
1258: To Montfort-Bregenz
1338: To Montfort-Tettnang
1354: To Montfort-Tettnang-Bregenz
1379: To Elder and Younger lines of Montfort-Tettnang-Bregenz
1451: Elder line sold to Austria
1523: Younger line sold to Austria
1805: To Bavaria
1814: To Austria
CoA Brehna County.svg Brehna County n/a n/a 1034: Partitioned from the County of Eilenberg 1106: Extinct; to Wettin
1157: Partitioned from Wettin
1290: Extinct; to Saxe-Wittenberg
1356: To the Electorate of Saxony
1658: To Saxe-Merseburg
1738: To the Electorate of Saxony
1815: To Prussia
CoA Zähringen Family.svg Breisgau (Breisachgau) County
Landgraviate
n/a n/a 771: Originally a gau county 1077: To Zähringen
1218: To Baden-Hachberg
1306: To Baden-Hachberg-Sausenberg
1318: To Freiburg
1368: To Austria
1395: To Baden-Hachberg-Sausenberg
1398: To Austria; made part of Further Austria
1801: To Breisgau-Modena
1805: To Baden
CoA Modena Duchy.svg Breisgau-Modena Duchy Aust PR 1801: Compensation for the former Duke of Modena 1803: Acquired the Ortenau
1805: Divided between Baden and Württemberg
CoA Hirschberg County.svg Breitenegg (Breitenegg) HRE Lordship
1635: County
Bav SC 10th century: To Prunn By 1129: To Breitenbrunn
1229: To Laaber-Prunn
1285: To Hirschberg
1302: To Laaber
1433: To Gumppenberg
1463: To Laaber
1465: To Pappenheim
1473: To Wildenstein
1534: 1/2 to Welden by marriage
1583: Extinct; other half to Haslangg and Rinderbach
1592: Welden half sold to Palatinate-Neuburg
1595: Haslangg and Rinderbach half sold to Bavaria
1611: Palatinate-Neuburg half sold to Bavaria
1624: To Tilly as fief of Bavaria
1631: To Tilly with sovereign rights
1648: Joined Bavarian Circle
1654: Seat in the Imperial Diet
1744: Extinct; to Gumppenberg
1792: Sold to Bavaria
CoA Bremen Diocese.svg Bremen Archbishopric Low Sax EC 787: Diocese established 805: Formally constituted
848: United with Hamburg; Archbishopric
1180: HRE Prince of the Empire
1648: To Sweden as the Duchy of Bremen, ruled as Bremen-Verden, in personal union with the Principality of Verden
CoA Bremen, Germany.svg Bremen Imperial City Low Sax RH 1186: Obtained autonomy within the Bremen 1358: Joined Hanseatic League
1366: De facto independent
1381: Acquired Bederkesa
1653: Bederkesa to Sweden, attached Bremen-Verden
1654: Free Imperial City
1810: To France
1813: Free City
CoA Bremen-Verden Duchy.svg Bremen-Verden Duchy of Bremen; Principality of Verden Low Sax PR 1648: Bremen and Verden secularised by Sweden, de facto in personal union 1712: To Denmark
1715: Sold to Hanover
1807: To Westphalia
1810: To France
1813: To Hanover
CoA Heideck Lordship.svg Bretzenheim
HRE Prince of Bretzenheim and Count of Lindau
Lordship
1664: Barony
1774: County
1790: Principality
Upp Rhen SC 10th century: Fief of the Archbishopric of Cologne Fief held by the Palatinate
Fief held by Falkenstein
1642: To Velen
1664: HRE Baron
1733: Extinct; to Cologne
1734: To Virmont
1744: Extinct; to Cologne
1747: To Roll zu Bernau
1772: To Heideck
1790: Imperial immediacy
1795: To France
1803: Heideck granted Lindau in compensation
1815: To Prussia
CoA Breuberg Lordship.svg Breuberg Lordship n/a n/a 1178: First mentioned; branch of Lützelbach family 1239: Acquired part of Büdingen
1323: Extinct; divided between Wertheim, Trimberg and Eppstein
1497: All to Wertheim
1556: To Erbach and Stolberg-Königstein
1574: Stolberg share to Löwenstein-Wertheim
1806: To the Grand Duchy of Hesse (Hesse-Darmstadt)
CoA Brixen Diocese.svg Brixen Bishopric Aust EC 580: First mentioned 1027: Acquired the Norital
1091: Acquired the Puster Valley
1179: HRE Prince of the Empire
1803: To Austria; attached to the Tyrol
1805: To Bavaria
1814: To Austria
1918: To Italy
CoA Broich Lordship.svg Broich Lordship n/a n/a 1093: 1st mentioned 11th century: Made fief of Berg
13th century: Asserted imperial immediacy
1372: Extinct; to Limburg-Styrum
1376: Made fief of Berg
1439: Fief to Limburg-Broich
1505: Fief to Dhaun-Falkenstein
1682: Fief to Leiningen-Dagsburg
CoA Oldenburg County.svg Bruchhausen County n/a n/a 1199: Partitioned from Wildeshausen 1234: Partitioned into Neubruchhausen and Altbruchhausen
CoA Odenheim Abbey.svg Bruchsal and Odenheim Abbacy
1503: Provostry
Upp Rhen RP 1110-8: Established at Odenheim 1161: Imperial immediacy
1496: HRE Lord
1503: Abbey converted to secular Provostry
1507: Relocated to Bruchsal
1803: To Baden
Coats of arms of None.svg Brunnen Abbacy SP 1521: Identified in the Reichsmatrikel 1521 as an Imperial Abbey, identified as Mariabrunn Abbey in Carinthia
Brunswick-Lüneburg Arms.svg Brunswick and Lüneburg Duchy n/a n/a 1235: Descendants of Henry the Lion, Duke of Saxony confirmed with territory around Brunswick and Lüneburg 1269: Partitioned into Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel and Lüneburg
Brunswick-Lüneburg Arms.svg Brunswick-Calenberg Duchy Low Sax PR 1432: Partitioned from Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel 1463: Inherited Brunswick-Göttingen; renamed to Brunswick-Calenberg-Göttingen
1634: Partitioned from Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
1692: Made Electorate of Hanover
Brunswick-Lüneburg Arms.svg Brunswick-Calenberg-Göttingen Duchy Low Sax PR 1463: Renamed from Brunswick-Calenberg 1503: Partitioned into Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel and itself
1584: Extinct; to Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Brunswick-Lüneburg Arms.svg Brunswick-Dannenberg Duchy n/a n/a 1569: Appanage created in Brunswick-Lüneburg 1598: Appanage Brunswick-Hitzacker created
1636: Extinct; to Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Brunswick-Lüneburg Arms.svg Brunswick-Göttingen Duchy n/a n/a 1291: Partitioned from Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel 1344: Partitioned into Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel and itself
1463: Extinct; to Brunswick-Calenberg
Brunswick-Lüneburg Arms.svg Brunswick-Grubenhagen Duchy Low Sax PR 1291: Partitioned from Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel 1361: Partitioned into Brunswick-Grubenhagen-Salzderhelden and Brunswick-Grubenhagen-Osterode
1452: Reunited by Salzderhelden line
1479: Partitioned into Brunswick-Grubenhagen-Heldenberg and Brunswick-Grubenhagen-Osterode
1526: Reunited by Osterode line
1596: Extinct; to Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Brunswick-Lüneburg Arms.svg Brunswick-Grubenhagen-Heldenberg Duchy Low Sax PR 1479: Partitioned from Brunswick-Grubenhagen 1526: Extinct; to Brunswick-Grubenhagen-Osterode
Brunswick-Lüneburg Arms.svg Brunswick-Grubenhagen-Osterode Duchy Low Sax PR 1361: Partitioned from Brunswick-Grubenhagen 1452: Extinct; to Brunswick-Grubenhagen-Salzderhelden
1479: Partitioned from Brunswick-Grubenhagen
1526: Renamed to Brunswick-Grubenhagen
Brunswick-Lüneburg Arms.svg Brunswick-Grubenhagen-Salzderhelden Duchy n/a n/a 1361: Partitioned from Brunswick-Grubenhagen 1452: Renamed to Brunswick-Grubenhagen
Brunswick-Lüneburg Arms.svg Brunswick-Hitzacker Duchy n/a n/a 1598: Appanage created in Brunswick-Dannenberg 1634: Inherited Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel; appanage abolished
Brunswick-Lüneburg Arms.svg Brunswick-Lüneburg Duchy Low Sax PR 1388: Formed after defeating the Electorate of Saxony in the War of the Lüneburg Succession 1527: Partitioned into Brunswick-Lüneburg-Harburg and itself
1539: Partitioned into itself and Brunswick-Lüneburg-Gifhorn
1569: Appanage Brunswick-Dannenberg created
1705: Extinct; to Electorate of Hanover
Brunswick-Lüneburg Arms.svg Brunswick-Lüneburg-Gifhorn Duchy Low Sax PR 1539: Partitioned from Brunswick-Lüneburg 1642: Extinct; to Brunswick-Lüneburg
Brunswick-Lüneburg Arms.svg Brunswick-Lüneburg-Harburg Duchy Low Sax PR 1527: Partitioned from Brunswick-Lüneburg 1642: Extinct; divided between Brunswick-Celle and Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Brunswick-Lüneburg Arms.svg Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel Duchy Low Sax PR 1269: Partitioned from Brunswick and Lüneburg 1291: Partitioned into Brunswick-Grubenhagen, Brunswick-Göttingen and itself
1292: Extinct; to Brunswick-Göttingen
1344: Partitioned from Brunswick-Göttingen
1432: Partitioned into Brunswick-Calenberg and itself
1482: Extinct; to Brunswick-Calenberg-Göttingen
1503: Partitioned from Brunswick-Calenberg-Göttingen
1634: Partitioned into itself and Brunswick-Calenberg
1667: Appanages Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Bevern and Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Calvörde created
1690: Partitioned into itself and Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Blankenburg
1806: Inherited by appanage Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Oels
1814: Renamed to Duchy of Brunswick
Brunswick-Lüneburg Arms.svg Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Bevern Duchy n/a n/a 1667: Appanage created in Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel 1735: Inherited Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel; appanage passed to Duke's younger brother
1809: Extinct; appanage abolished
Brunswick-Lüneburg Arms.svg Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Blankenburg Duchy Low Rhen WE 1690: Partitioned from Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel 1731: Inherited and renamed to Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Brunswick-Lüneburg Arms.svg Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Calvörde Duchy n/a n/a 1667: Appanage created in Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel 1685: Inherited Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel; appanage abolished
Brunswick-Lüneburg Arms.svg Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Oels Duchy n/a n/a 1792: Appanage created for Frederick Augustus, husband of the late Duchess of Württemberg-Oels 1806: Inherited Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel; appanage abolished
CoA Buchau Abbey, BW.svg Buchau Abbacy Swab SC c. 770: Abbey established 1347: Imperial immediacy; HRE Princess of the Empire
1415: Converted to a secular nunnery
1625: Acquired Strassberg
1803: To Thurn und Taxis
1806: To Württemberg; Strassberg to Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
CoA Bad Buchau, BW.svg Buchau Imperial City Swab SW c. 1250: Free Imperial City 1803: To Thurn und Taxis
1806: To Württemberg
CoA Friedrichshafen, BW.svg Buchhorn (Friedrichshafen) Imperial City Swab SW 1275: Free Imperial City 1803: To Württemberg
CoA Burgau Margraviate.svg Burgau Lordship
1212: Margraviate
n/a n/a 1147: First mentioned 1212: HRE Margrave
1301: Extinct; to Austria
1304: Invested in sons of Albert I
Later made part of Further Austria
1595: To Charles of Austria
1618: Extinct; to Austria
1805: To Bavaria
Blason fr Franche-Comté.svg Burgundy (Franche-Comté) County
1127: Free County
1190: Archcounty
1169: Also County Palatine
Burg PR 982: County created 1127: HRE Free County
1190: HRE Archcount
1405: To the Duchy of Burgundy
1477: To France
1493: To the Burgundian Netherlands
1516: To the Spanish Netherlands
1678: To France
CoA Touraine County.svg Burgundy Duchy n/a n/a Whilst not part of the empire, the Dukes of Burgundy possessed extensive territories within the Empire
1477: Extinct in male line; Burgundian Netherlands under Mary
CoA Buchegg Family.svg Burgundy Landgraviate n/a n/a 1218: Created after the extinction of Zähringen; to Buchegg 1252: First mentioned
1313: To Habsburg-Kyburg
1406-8: To Bern
CoA Touraine County.svg Burgundian Netherlands Duchy n/a n/a 1477: Mary of Burgundy obtained the Imperial territories of the Duchy of Burgundy 1516: Inherited Spain; to the Spanish Netherlands
1714: Austrian Netherlands
1795: To France
Armoiries de Breitbach Buerresheim.svg Bürresheim (Burresheim) Lordship n/a n/a 10th century 1157: Half to Cologne
1189: Other half to Trier, fief held by Schöneck
1473: Schöneck half sold to Breitbach
1477: Part of Cologne half sold to Breitbach
1659: All to Breitbach, who renamed to "Breitbach-Bürresheim" as fief of the Archbishoprics
1691: HRE Baron
1796: Extinct; to France though rights passed to Renesse
CoA Burtscheid Abbey, NRW.svg Burtscheid Abbacy Low Rhen RP 997: Abbey established 1018: Obtained surrounding territory
1138: Imperial immediacy; HRE Prince of the Empire
1220: Converted to a nunnery
1794: To France
1802: Abbey dissolved
1815: To Prussia
CoA Buxheim Abbey, Bavaria.svg Buxheim Abbacy n/a SP c. 1100: Charterhouse established 1548: Imperial immediacy
1802: To Ostein
1806: To Bavaria
1812: Charterhouse dissolved

References[edit]