List of states in the Holy Roman Empire (G)

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This is a list of states in the Holy Roman Empire beginning with the letter G:

Name

Type

Circle

Bench

Formed

Notes

Party per pale sable and or.svg Gandersheim Abbacy Upp Sax RP 856 919: Imperial immediacy
1206: HRE Princess
1802: To Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
1807: To Westphalia
1815: To Brunswick
CoA Gdańsk, Poland.svg Gdańsk
See: Danzig
Imperial City
Balson famille de Baschi d'Aubais.svg Gelnhausen Imperial Free City Upp Rhen RH 1170 1803: Annexed to Hesse-Cassel
1807: To Westphalia
1813: To Hesse-Cassel
Gemen wapen.svg Gemen Lordship Low Rhen WE 10th Century To local Lords of Gemen
1282: Gemen a fief of Cleves
14th Century: Fief of Bishopric of Münster
13??: Imperial immediacy
1492: Extinct; to Schaumburg and Holstein-Pinneberg
1640: To Limburg-Styrum
1644: To Limburg-Styrum-Gemen
1782: To Limburg-Styrum-Illeraichen
1800: To Bömelberg
1806: To Salm-Kyrburg
1810: To France
1814: To Prussia
Blason ville fr Ventenac-Cabardès (Aude).svg Gemert HRE Lordship n/a n/a 12th Century To local Lords of Gemert as fief of Brabant
1220: Half to the Teutonic Order as fief of Brabant
1331: Gemert half to 's-Hertogenbosch
1366: All to Teutonic Order as fief of Brabant
1478: Imperial immediacy
1648-1662: To the Netherlands
1794: To France
1795: To Batavian Republic
Blason ville fr La Roche-sur-Foron (Haute-Savoie).svg Geneva County n/a n/a 9th Century 1394: Extinct; to Thoire and Villars
1401-5: Sold to Savoy
Coat of Arms of Geneva.svg Geneva Bishopric Upp Rhen EC 5th Century 1154: HRE Prince
1526: Joined the Swiss Confederation as ally
1535: Secular power lost
Coat of Arms of Geneva.svg Geneva 1533: Free Imperial City n/a n/a 1533: Independence from Bishopric of Geneva 1536: Republic
1798: To France
1815: To Switzerland
Wappen Reichenbach (Gengenbach).png Gengenbach Abbacy Swab SP betw. 727-735 9th Century: Imperial immediacy
1007: To Bishopric of Bamberg
1139: Imperial immediacy
1751: Bench of Swabian Prelates
1803: To Baden
Wappen Gengenbach.png Gengenbach Imperial City Swab SW c1250 1360: Free Imperial City
1803: To Baden
CoA Reuss Family.svg Gera Advocacy (Vogtei) n/a n/a 1244: Partitioned from Plauen and Gera 1314: Acquired Schleiz, Saalburg and Burgk
1425: Partitioned into Gera-Burgk, Gera-Lobenstein and Gera-Schleiz
CoA Reuss Family.svg Gera-Burgk Advocacy (Vogtei) n/a n/a 1425: Partitioned from Gera 1426: Extinct; to Gera-Lobenstein
CoA Reuss Family.svg Gera-Gera Advocacy (Vogtei) n/a n/a 1482: Partitioned from Gera-Lobenstein 1502: Sold to Gera-Schleiz
1508: Extinct
CoA Reuss Family.svg Gera-Lobenstein Advocacy (Vogtei) n/a n/a 1425: Partitioned from Gera 1482: Partitioned into Gera-Gera, Gera-Schleiz and itself
1489: Extinct; divided between Gera-Gera and Gera-Schleiz
1509: Partitioned from Gera-Schleiz
1538: Extinct; to Gera-Schleiz
CoA Reuss Family.svg Gera-Schleiz Advocacy (Vogtei) n/a n/a 1425: Partitioned from Gera 1448: Acquired Rochsburg
1456: Extinct; to Gera-Lobenstein
1482: Partitioned from Gera-Lobenstein
1509: Partitioned into itself and Gera-Lobenstein
1547: To Reuss-Plauen
1550: Extinct
Coats of arms of None.svg Gerlachsheim Abbacy n/a n/a 1197 To Lords of Zimmern-Lauda as fief of Bishopric of Würzburg
To Wertheim as fief of Bishopric of Würzburg
1319: Gerlachsheim Abbey fief of Bishopric of Würzburg
1552
Direct possession of Bishopric of Würzburg
1717: To Oberzell Abbey as fief of Bishopric of Würzburg
1803: To Salm-Reifferscheid-Krautheim
1806: To Baden
CoA Geroldseck Family.svg Geroldseck Lordship n/a n/a 1080: First mentioned 1139: Established around Hohengeroldseck
1186: Side line established at Ochsenstein
1270: Acquired Veldenz
1277: Partitioned into itself and Hohengeroldseck
1279: Sold Diersburg to Schwarzenberg
1300: Sold additional territory to Baden
1426: Extinct; to Moers-Saarwerden in succession dispute with Hohengeroldseck
1442: Half sold to Baden
1522: Other half sold to Nassau-Saarbrücken
1629: All to Nassau-Saarbrücken
1803: To Baden
CoA Geroldseck Family.svg Geroldseck-Sulz Lordship n/a n/a 1333: Partitioned from Hohengeroldseck 1451: Extinct
1473: Sold to Württemberg
Wappen von Giebelstadt.svg Geyer von Giebelstadt 1685: HRE County Franc FR 1685: HRE Count
1693: Bench of Counts of Franconia
1708: Extinct
CoA Giech Family.svg Giech
HRE Count & Lord of Giech
Lordship
1680: HRE Barony
1695: HRE County
Franc FR 12th Century 1680: HRE Baron
1695: HRE Count
1726: Bench of Counts of Franconia
1791: Under ovelordship of Prussia
Wappen Giengen an der Brenz.svg Giengen Imperial City Swab SW 11th Century 1391: Free Imperial City
1803: To Württemberg
Coats of arms of None.svg Gimborn
Gimborn and Neustadt
Lordship
1631: Imperial Lordship
1783: County
Low Rhen WE ? To Lords of Sankt Gereon as fief of Berg
1273: To Lords of Sankt Gereon as fief of Mark
1550: To Barons of Schwarzenberg (Franconian line) as fief of Mark
1610: To Barons of Schwarzenberg (Franconian line) as fief of Brandenburg
1631: Imperial immediacy
1682: Lower Rhenish-Westphalian Circle
1702: Bench of Counts of Westphalia
1782: To Wallmoden-Gimborn
1783: HRE Count
1806: To Berg
1815: To Prussia
Glaris-coat of arms.svg Glarus Imperial valley n/a n/a 1395 Until 1395: To Säckingen Abbey
1352: Joined Swiss Confederation, though subject to Säckingen Abbey
1395: Free Imperial Valley; member of Swiss Confederation
1648: Left Empire as member of Swiss Confederation
1798: To Linth Canton within Helvetic Confederation
1803: Canton of Glarus within Switzerland
Armoiries de Clabay.svg Gleichen County n/a n/a 1162: Title "Count of Gleichen" used by Counts of Tonna 1228: Partitioned from Tonna
1343: Partitioned into Gleichen-Blankenhain and Gleichen-Tonna
Armoiries de Clabay.svg Gleichen-Blankenhain County Upp Sax WT 1343: Partitioned from Gleichen 1378: Partitioned into Gleichen-Blankenhain Elder Line, Gleichen-Blankenhain Intermediate Line and Gleichen-Blankenhain Younger Line
1456: Reunited by Younger Line
1627: Extinct; to the Archbishopric of Mainz
1631: To Hatzfeld
1794: To Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
Armoiries de Clabay.svg Gleichen-Blankenhain Elder Line County n/a n/a 1378: Partitioned from Gleichen-Blankenhain 1456: Extinct; to Gleichen-Blankenhain Younger Line
Armoiries de Clabay.svg Gleichen-Blankenhain Intermediate Line County n/a n/a 1378: Partitioned from Gleichen-Blankenhain 1385: Extinct; to Gleichen-Blankenhain Elder Line
Armoiries de Clabay.svg Gleichen-Blankenhain Younger Line County n/a n/a 1378: Partitioned from Gleichen-Blankenhain 1415: Partitioned into Gleichen-Rembda and itself
1456: Renamed to Gleichen-Blankenhain
Armoiries de Clabay.svg Gleichen-Rembda County Upp Sax WT 1415: Partitioned from Gleichen-Blankenhain Younger Line 1596: Extinct; to Gleichen-Blankenhain
Armoiries de Clabay.svg Gleichen-Tonna County Upp Sax WT 1343: Partitioned from Gleichen 1631: Extinct; divided between Hohenlohe-Langenburg, Schwarzburg-Sondershausen and Schenk von Tautenburg
Armoiries de Clabay.svg Gleichenstein County n/a n/a 1228: Partitioned from Tonna 1294: Sold to the Archbishopric of Mainz
1297: Extinct
1802: To Prussia
1807: To Westphalia
1813: To Prussia
Schwäbisch Gmünd Wappen.png Gmünd
see: Schwäbisch Gmünd
DEU Bad Godesberg COA.svg Godesberg County 1276: Partitioned from Neuenahr 1465: Partitioned into Alpheim and Bedburg
Coats of arms of None.svg Goldineshundare County 950: Partitioned from Cläven 1067: Extinct
Blason Fr famille Argout (Bayonne).svg Goltstein 1694: HRE Count n/a n/a 1305: First mentioned in Moravia 15th Century: Fief of Jülich
1771: immediate Lords of Slenaken
1794: To France
Grafschaft Görz.svg Gorizia (Görz) County
1365: HRE Princely County
1754: Princely County of Gorizia and Gradisca
Aust PR 11th Century 1031: To Counts of Eppenstein
1090: To Counts of Lurn
1258: Division into Gorz and Tyrol (extinct 1335)
1500: Extinct; to Austria
1754: United to form Gorizia and Gradisca
1809: To France
1813: To Austria
Wappen Goslar.svg Goslar Imperial City Low Sax RH 922 1290: Free Imperial City
1803: To Prussia
1806: To Westphalia
1813: To Prussia
CoA Gradisca d'Isonzo.svg Gradisca 1647: County
1754: Princel County of Gorizia and Gradisca
Aust PR 1511: Annexed to Austria 1647: To Eggenberg
1717: To Austria
1747: United to form Gorizia and Gradisca
CoA Graevenitz Family.svg Graevenitz (Grävenitz) Lordship
1707: County
Franc FR 1290: First mentioned; ministerialis in Mecklenburg 1707: HRE Count
1718: Acquired Welzheim
1728: Joined the Franconian Counts
1733: Welzheim to Württemberg; retained personalist vote in the Franconian Circle
Coats of arms of None.svg Grandvillars Barony n/a n/a 11th Century Barons of Grandvillars were fiefs of Montbéliard and Pfirt
1648: To France
Granges (Veveyse)-Wappen.png Granges Lordship
Coats of arms of None.svg Gravenegg Acquired Eglingen
CoA Graevenitz Family.svg Grävenitz
See: Graevenitz
Lordship
Coats of arms of None.svg Grävenstein (Gravenstein or Gråsten) Lordship
Greifensee-blazon.svg Greifensee Lordship n/a n/a 1300: Created on transfer from Rapperswil to Landenburg 1369: Sold to Toggenburg
1402: To Zürich
1798: Abolished
CoA Reuss Family.svg Greiz and Reichenbach Advocacy (Vogtei) n/a n/a 1209: Partitioned from Weida 1240: Extinct; to Plauen and Gera
Escudo de Groniga 1581.svg Groningen Free City n/a n/a 8th Century Originally a property of the Bishopric of Utrecht
1536: Added to the Lordship of Groningen
Escudo de Groniga 1581.svg Lordship of Groningen Lordship Burg n/a 1498 Free Frisians
1498: Invested on the Duchy of Saxony but was unable to gain control of the region
1514/15: To Guelders
1536: To Spanish Netherlands
1579: To the Netherlands
Coat of Arms of Brunswick-Lüneburg.svg Grubenhagen
see "Brunswick-Grubenhagen"
Principality
Greyerzbezirk-Wappen.png Gruyères (Greyerz) County n/a n/a 11th Century 1246: Fief of Savoy
1536: Imperial immediacy
1554: Bankrupt; divided between Fribourg and Bern
Coat of arms of the House of Gonzaga (1433).svg Guastalla County
1621: Duchy
n/a n/a 1406: Created for Guido Torelli 1539: To Gonzago-Guastalla
1621: Duchy
1746: To Austria
1748: To Parma
1808: To France
1814: To Parma
Blason ville fr Avanne-Aveney (Doubs).svg Guelders c1088: Landgraviate
1096: County
1317: HRE Prince
1339: Duchy, claimed the status of archduchy
Burg PR 1082/1096 1179: Inherited County of Zutphen by marriage
1247: Acquired the pawned Imperial city of Nijmegen
1393: Inherited Duchy of Julich
1473: To the Duchy of Burgundy
1492: To House of Egmond
1543: To the Duchy of Burgundy
After 1581: divided between United Provinces and Southern Netherlands
1672: French occupation
1713: Southern Gelderland fell to Prussia
1795: To France
1806: To Kingdom of Holland
1810: To France
1815: To the Netherlands
CoA Gundelfingen Lordship.svg Gundelfingen Lordship Swab SC 11th Century 1008: 1st mention of Gundelfingen
after 1251: Partitioned into Gundelfingen-Hellenstein, Gundelfingen-Hohengundelfingen and Gundelfingen-Niedergundelfingen
1647-1768: To Furstenberg
CoA Gundelfingen Lordship.svg Gundelfingen-Hellenstein Lordship n/a n/a after 1251: Partitioned from Gundelfingen 1273: Extinct; to Burgau
1280: To Austria
1292: To Rechberg
1351: To Helfenstein-Blaubeuren
1448: To Württemberg-Stuttgart
1450: To Bavaria-Landshut
1503: To Württemberg
1521: To Ulm
1536: To Württemberg
Gurk-bistum1.PNG Gurk 1072: Bishopric
Prince-Bishopric
Aust n/a 1072 1803: To Austria (annexed to Carinthia)
Wappen Gutenstein.svg Gutenstein Lordship n/a n/a 12th Century Originally to the Lords of Gutenstein
13th Century: To Austria
1306: To Magenbuch as fief of Austria
1455: To Zimmern
1594: To Austria
1609: To Burgau
1618: To Austria
1624: To Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen as fief of Austria
1652: To Mohr as fief of Austria
1655: To Castell as fief of Austria
1735: To Castell directly
1806: To Württemberg
1810: To Baden
Wappen Kloster Gutenzell.svg Gutenzell Abbacy Swab SP 1237 1417: Imperial immediacy
1803: To Toerring-Jettenbach
1806: To Württemberg

References[edit]