List of states of Mexico

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The states of Mexico are first-level administrative territorial entities of the country of Mexico, which officially is named United Mexican States. There are 32 federal entities in Mexico (31 states and the capital, Mexico City, as a separate entity without being formally a state).[1][2][3][4]

States are further divided into municipalities. Mexico City is divided in boroughs, officially designated as demarcaciones territoriales or alcaldías, similar to other state's municipalities but with different administrative powers.[5]

List[edit]

It is noteworthy that Mexico's post agency, Correos de México, does not offer an official list of state name abbreviations, and as such, they are not included below. A list of Mexican states and several versions of their abbreviations can be found here.

Federal Entities
State Official name
(except Mexico City):
Estado Libre y Soberano de ("Free and Sovereign State of") :
Coat of arms Capital Largest city Area[6] Population (2020)[7] Municipalities Order of Admission
to Federation
Date of Admission
to Federation
Aguascalientes Aguascalientes Coat of arms of Aguascalientes.svg Aguascalientes Aguascalientes 005615.75,615.7 km2 (2,168.2 sq mi) 014256071,425,607 11 2424 185702051857-02-05[8]
Baja California Baja California Coat of arms of Baja California.svg Mexicali Tijuana 071450.071,450.0 km2 (27,587.0 sq mi) 037690203,769,020 6 2929 195201161952-01-16[9]
Baja California Sur Baja California Sur Coat of arms of Baja California Sur.svg La Paz La Paz 073909.473,909.4 km2 (28,536.6 sq mi) 00798447798,447 5 3131 197410081974-10-08[10]
Campeche Campeche Coat of arms of Campeche.svg San Francisco de Campeche San Francisco de Campeche 057484.957,484.9 km2 (22,195.0 sq mi) 00928363928,363 13 2525 186304291863-04-29[11]
Chiapas Chiapas Coat of arms of Chiapas.svg Tuxtla Gutiérrez Tuxtla Gutiérrez 073311.073,311.0 km2 (28,305.5 sq mi) 055438285,543,828 124 1919 182409141824-09-14[12]
Chihuahua Chihuahua Coat of arms of Chihuahua.svg Chihuahua Ciudad Juárez 247412.6247,412.6 km2 (95,526.5 sq mi) 037418693,741,869 67 1818 182407061824-07-06[12]
Coahuila[a][b] Coahuila de Zaragoza Coat of arms of Coahuila.svg Saltillo Saltillo 151594.8151,594.8 km2 (58,531.1 sq mi) 031467713,146,771 38 1616 182405071824-05-07[12]
Colima[c] Colima Coat of arms of Colima.svg Colima Manzanillo 005626.95,626.9 km2 (2,172.6 sq mi) 00731391731,391 10 2323 185609121856-09-12[14]
Durango Durango Coat of arms of Durango.svg Victoria de Durango Victoria de Durango 123364.0123,364.0 km2 (47,631.1 sq mi) 018326501,832,650 39 1717 182405221824-05-22[12]
Guanajuato Guanajuato Coat of arms of Guanajuato.svg Guanajuato León 030606.730,606.7 km2 (11,817.3 sq mi) 061669346,166,934 46 022 182312201823-12-20[12]
Guerrero Guerrero Coat of arms of Guerrero.svg Chilpancingo Acapulco 063595.963,595.9 km2 (24,554.5 sq mi) 035406853,540,685 81 2121 184910271849-10-27[15]
Hidalgo Hidalgo Coat of arms of Hidalgo.svg Pachuca Pachuca 020821.420,821.4 km2 (8,039.2 sq mi) 030828413,082,841 84 2626 186901161869-01-16[16]
Jalisco Jalisco Coat of arms of Jalisco.svg Guadalajara Guadalajara 078595.978,595.9 km2 (30,346.0 sq mi) 083481518,348,151 125 099 182312231823-12-23[12]
México México Coat of arms of Mexico State.svg Toluca de Lerdo Ecatepec de Morelos 022351.822,351.8 km2 (8,630.1 sq mi) 1699241816,992,418 125 011 182312201823-12-20[12]
Mexico City[d] Ciudad de México Coat of arms of Mexico City, Mexico.svg Mexico City Mexico City 001494.31,494.3 km2 (577.0 sq mi) 092099449,209,944 16
(boroughs)
3232 182409142016-01-29
Michoacán Michoacán de Ocampo Coat of arms of Michoacan.svg Morelia Morelia 058598.758,598.7 km2 (22,625.1 sq mi) 047488464,748,846 113 055 182312221823-12-22[12]
Morelos Morelos Coat of arms of Morelos.svg Cuernavaca Cuernavaca 004878.94,878.9 km2 (1,883.8 sq mi) 019715201,971,520 36 2727 186904171869-04-17[17]
Nayarit Nayarit Coat of arms of Nayarit.svg Tepic Tepic 027856.527,856.5 km2 (10,755.5 sq mi) 012354561,235,456 20 2828 191701261917-01-26[18]
Nuevo León[b] Nuevo León Coat of arms of Nuevo Leon.svg Monterrey Monterrey 064156.264,156.2 km2 (24,770.8 sq mi) 057844425,784,442 51 1515 182405071824-05-07[12]
Oaxaca Oaxaca Coat of arms of Oaxaca.svg Oaxaca Oaxaca 093757.693,757.6 km2 (36,200.0 sq mi) 041321484,132,148 570 033 182312211823-12-21[12]
Puebla Puebla Coat of arms of Puebla.svg Puebla Puebla 034309.634,309.6 km2 (13,247.0 sq mi) 065832786,583,278 217 044 182312211823-12-21[12]
Querétaro Querétaro de Arteaga Coat of arms of Queretaro.svg Querétaro Querétaro 011690.611,690.6 km2 (4,513.8 sq mi) 023684672,368,467 18 1111 182312231823-12-23[12]
Quintana Roo Quintana Roo Coat of arms of Quintana Roo.svg Chetumal Cancún 044705.244,705.2 km2 (17,260.8 sq mi) 018579851,857,985 11 3030 197410081974-10-08[19]
San Luis Potosí San Luis Potosí Coat of arms of San Luis Potosi.svg San Luis Potosí San Luis Potosí 061138.061,138.0 km2 (23,605.5 sq mi) 02,8222552,822,255 58 066 182312221823-12-22[12]
Sinaloa Sinaloa Coat of arms of Sinaloa.svg Culiacán Culiacán 057365.457,365.4 km2 (22,148.9 sq mi) 030269433,026,943 18 2020 183010141830-10-14[20]
Sonora[e] Sonora Coat of arms of Sonora.svg Hermosillo Hermosillo 179354.7179,354.7 km2 (69,249.2 sq mi) 029448402,944,840 72 1212 182401101824-01-10[12]
Tabasco[f] Tabasco Coat of arms of Tabasco.svg Villahermosa Villahermosa 024730.924,730.9 km2 (9,548.7 sq mi) 024025982,402,598 17 1313 182402071824-02-07[12]
Tamaulipas[b] Tamaulipas Coat of arms of Tamaulipas.svg Ciudad Victoria Reynosa 080249.380,249.3 km2 (30,984.4 sq mi) 035277353,527,735 43 1414 182402071824-02-07[12]
Tlaxcala Tlaxcala Coat of arms of Tlaxcala.svg Tlaxcala San Pablo del Monte 003996.63,996.6 km2 (1,543.1 sq mi) 013429771,342,977 60 2222 185612091856-12-09[21]
Veracruz Veracruz de
Ignacio de la Llave
Coat of arms of Veracruz.svg Xalapa Veracruz 071823.571,823.5 km2 (27,731.2 sq mi) 080625798,062,579 212 077 182312221823-12-22[12]
Yucatán[g] Yucatán Coat of arms of Yucatan.svg Mérida Mérida 039524.439,524.4 km2 (15,260.5 sq mi) 023208982,320,898 106 088 182312231823-12-23[12]
Zacatecas Zacatecas Escudo de armas de la Ciudad y Estado de Zacatecas.svg Zacatecas Guadalupe 075275.375,275.3 km2 (29,064.0 sq mi) 016221381,622,138 58 1010 182312231823-12-23[12]

Notes:

  1. ^ Joined the federation with the name of Coahuila y Tejas.
  2. ^ a b c The states of Nuevo León, Tamaulipas and Coahuila became independent de facto in 1840 to form the República del Río Grande (English: Republic of the Rio Grande); never consolidated its independence because independent forces were defeated by the centralist forces.[13]
  3. ^ Includes the remote Revillagigedo Islands, which are federally administered.
  4. ^ Mexico City was formerly a Federal District. On 29 January 2016, its status as the Federal District ceased.
  5. ^ Joined the federation with the name of Estado de Occidente, also recognized as Sonora y Sinaloa.
  6. ^ The State of Tabasco seceded from Mexico on two occasions: first on February 13, 1841, rejoining again on December 2, 1842; and the second from November 9, 1846 to December 9, 1846.
  7. ^ Joined the federation as República Federada de Yucatán[22] (English: Federated Republic of Yucatán) formed by the current states of Yucatán, Campeche and Quintana Roo. Became independent in 1841 constituting the second Republic of Yucatán and definitively rejoined in 1848.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Agren, David (29 January 2015). "Mexico City officially changes its name to – Mexico City". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  2. ^ El Diario de México. "La Ciudad de México no será estado, sino entidad federal autónoma" (in Spanish). Retrieved February 29, 2016.
  3. ^ "Artículo 43 de la Constitución Política de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos" (PDF).
  4. ^ "DF no es el estado 32, aclaran legisladores". Archived from the original on 2020-04-18.
  5. ^ "Constitution of Mexico City" (PDF) (in Spanish). Gobierno de la Ciudad de México. Retrieved 2021-02-08.
  6. ^ "México en cifras - Medio Ambiente - Superficie continental" (in Spanish). INEGI. Retrieved February 12, 2021.
  7. ^ "Censo de Población y Vivienda 2020 - SCITEL" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-01-26.
  8. ^ "Historical Summary of Aguascalientes" (in Spanish). Gobierno del estado de Aguascalientes. Retrieved 2021-02-05.
  9. ^ "Transformación Política de Territorio Norte de la Baja California a Estado 29" (in Spanish). Gobierno de Baja California.
  10. ^ "44 Years Ago, Baja California Sur and Quintana Roo became States" (in Spanish). Gobierno de México. Retrieved 2021-02-06.
  11. ^ "156th Anniversary of Campeche's Statehood" (in Spanish). INAFED. Retrieved 2021-02-05.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s "Las Diputaciones Provinciales" (PDF) (in Spanish). p. 15.
  13. ^ "República de Río Grande, el País que no pudo ser" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2010-01-22. Retrieved 2015-06-16.
  14. ^ "Universidad de Colima". Archived from the original on 2010-08-10. Retrieved 2015-06-16.
  15. ^ "Commemorating the 169th Anniversary of Guerrero's Statehood" (in Spanish). Gobierno de México. Retrieved 2021-02-05.
  16. ^ "History of the state of Hidalgo" (in Spanish). INAFED. Retrieved 2021-02-05.
  17. ^ "History of Morelos" (in Spanish). Gobierno del estado de Morelos. Retrieved 2021-02-05.
  18. ^ "Anniversary of Nayarit's Statehood" (in Spanish). Gobierno de México. Retrieved 2021-02-05.
  19. ^ "Historia de Quintana Roo" (in Spanish). Gobierno del Estado de Quintana Roo. Retrieved 2021-02-05.
  20. ^ "500 años de México en documentos" (in Spanish). Biblioteca Garay.
  21. ^ "History of Tlaxcala" (in Spanish). Congreso del estado de Tlaxcala. Retrieved 2021-02-05.
  22. ^ "La historia de la República de Yucatán".