List of statues of Vladimir Lenin

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Leninplatz, East Berlin, Germany (removed in 1992)
Kolkata, India
Vijayawada, India

This article is a list of known monuments dedicated to Vladimir Lenin. Important regions and capital cities of countries are highlighted in bold. "Raining Lenins" is an interactive database mapping the fall of Lenin statues in Ukraine, and the existence of Lenin/Stalin Monuments across the World.[1]

Africa[edit]

Ethiopia[edit]

America[edit]

Lenin on top of building, East Village, New York City

Canada[edit]

Cuba[edit]

United States[edit]

Antarctica[edit]

Asia[edit]

India[edit]

Lenin at Nehru Park, New Delhi
  • Kolkata - at the mouth of Lenin Sarani in Esplanade
  • Vijayawada
  • New Delhi
    • Nehru Park, Delhi, Chanakyapuri >> - A life-size statue was erected on 1st November 1987 during the 70th anniversary of October Revolution. It was unveiled by then Soviet Premier Nikolai Ryzhkov, Indian Prime-minister Rajiv Gandhi and his wife Sonia Gandhi. Every year on 22 April members of the Communist Party of India and other Left-oriented political parties visit the place to commemorate Lenin's birthday.
    • AKG Bhawan - A large bust of Lenin is located in the headquarters of the Communist Party of India in New Delhi. The white bust is installed right in front of the bust of A. K. Gopalan. The bust was a gift from the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. Before its final installation in the year 2010 it remained isolated in the Headquarters' backyard for several years.

Kyrgyzstan[edit]

Nearly every city and village in the country has a Lenin statue, usually located in the central square. The one in Bishkek was removed from the central square and is now located behind the national museum.

Mongolia[edit]

In Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia; removed on 14 October 2012[6]

Tajikistan[edit]

Turkmenistan[edit]

  • Ashgabat - erected in 1927 in the heart of the city

Vietnam[edit]

  • Hanoi - Dien Bien Phu Street, adjacent to the Vietnamese Army museum

Europe[edit]

Armenia[edit]

Azerbaijan[edit]

  • Baku - the central monument was in front of the Government House, but was removed during the mass uprisings of 1990

Belarus[edit]

Bulgaria[edit]


Czech Republic[edit]

  • Vítězné náměstí (formerly náměstí Říjnové Revoluce) - in the Dejvice quarter of Prague, pulled down in 1990; a war memorial now stands on the site[8]

Denmark[edit]

Estonia[edit]

  • Jõhvi - 1953–1991, sculptors Enn Roos, Arseni Mölder, Signe Mölder[9]
  • Kohtla-Järve - 1950–1992, copy of statue in Jõhvi
  • Kallaste - 1988–19??
  • Narva - 1957–1993, sculptor Olav Männi (a statue is still present inside Narva Castle)
  • Pärnu
    • 1950s–1981
    • 1981–1990, sculptor Matti Varik created a replica of a monument built in Kotka in 1979
  • Tallinn - 1950–1991, sculptor Nikolai Tomsky
  • Tartu
    • 1949–1952 sitting Lenin (ferroconcrete), sculptor Sergey Merkurov
    • 1952–1990 standing Lenin bronze, height 3.5 m, weight 3.5 tons; sculptors August Vomm, Garibald Pommer, Ferdi Sannamaes[9]

Finland[edit]

  • Kotka - at Lenin park
  • Turku - near the art museum

France[edit]

  • Montpellier

Georgia[edit]

Germany[edit]

Memorial to Lenin in East Berlin, 1977; in the background the Bunkerberg in Volkspark Friedrichshain
  • Berlin - created in 1970 by Nikolai Tomski in granite, 19m, at Leninplatz, removed in 1992 and buried outside Berlin. A bust of Lenin can still be seen on the wall of the former swimming pool of the Russian Embassy on Behrenstrasse and there is a stained glass window of Lenin in the Old Library on Bebelplatz. One statue of Lenin (approximately 2:1) is still standing in Brommystrasse (corner Köpenickerstrasse) in the yard of a removal company.

Greece[edit]

Hungary[edit]

Italy[edit]

Kazakhstan[edit]

  • Baikonur - located in the central square of the city

Latvia[edit]

  • Cēsis - statue unveiled on November 7, 1959, sculptor Karlis Jansons; removed on October 17, 1990

Lithuania[edit]

All statues were taken down in 1991 or soon after, most eventually winding up in Grutas Park. They were erected during the Soviet period and stood, among other places, in Vilnius (at least two statues, one of them together with Lithuanian communist leader Kapsukas), Kaunas, Klaipėda, Šiauliai, Jonava, Druskininkai, and Jurbarkas (the Jurbarkas Lenin is now part of an installation in Europos Parkas park in Vilnius).

Moldova[edit]

Chisinau (then Kishinev), 1976
  • Chișinău - at the Moldexpo site
  • Rîbnița (Transistria) - main square
  • Tiraspol (capital of unrecognised state of Transnistria) - outside the Parliament and City Soviet building

Netherlands[edit]

Norway[edit]

Poland[edit]

Romania[edit]

Russia[edit]

Monument near Dubna

In the Soviet Union, many cities had statues and monuments of Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, the revolutionary and leader of the Russian SFSR, better known by the nom de plume Vladimir Lenin. With the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, many of them were destroyed without the consent of their creators. This happened even earlier in the European post-Communist states and in the Baltic states. However, in many of the former Soviet Republics (namely Russia, Belarus and Ukraine) many remain, and some new ones have been erected.[13]

  • Akhtubinsk - a monument installed in the town center, VI Lenin
  • Almetyevsk - a monument installed in the center of the city on Lenin Square
  • Arzamas - two monuments in the city, in the Cathedral Square and Peace Square
  • Arkhangelsk - Only a few remain of the city's many monuments. The monument in the square is the last major Lenin monument to be established in the Soviet Union, in 1988. Others stand in Solombala on the Square, Terekhina on the street, and Gagarin in the yard.
  • Astrakhan - monument installed in the square, VI Lenin
  • Bakhchysarai (disputed Crimea)
  • Balakovo - Saratov region, two monuments
  • Barnaul - three on the main avenue, and one in Upland Park. Because of the drapery which is present in the composition of the monument near the street Anatolia, a Lonely Planet guide to Russia has called the monument "Lenin Toreador".
  • Belgorod - at Cathedral Square (the former Revolution Square), in Lenin Park, near the now-current cinema "Falcon", and a bust in the Belgorod Dairy Plant (BMP)
  • Berezniki - Lenin Square (about Palace of Culture, Lenin)
  • Bogoroditsk - town center
  • Boksitogorsk - central square (Lenin Square)
  • Dubna - 25 m, the second tallest; 15 m statue on a 10 m pedestal
  • Dedovsk - a small monument is located opposite the branch of RSCU in the street of Gagarin
  • Dimitrovgrad - the town square - the square of the Soviets. A bust is located within the NCC, Slavsky.
  • Dmitry - installed in the central square of the historic district
  • Dubna - the world's second largest statue of Lenin lies in the vicinity of the "Big Volga". Sculptor SD Merkurov, height 25 m (with pedestal 37 m), weight 540 tons. The monument was erected in 1937 on the banks of the Volga near the beginning of the Moscow Canal. On the other bank was a monument to Stalin. After Stalin's death the monument was blown up, but the pedestal remained.
  • Dudinka - monument in front of the House of Culture
  • Dyatkovo - on Lenin Square in the town center, next to buildings authorities
  • Dzerzhinsk - in Lenin Square. The authors of the improvement and development area are the architects Androsova GD and Sinyavsky EA. Sculptor Nelyubin BS; opened for the 100th anniversary of Vladimir Lenin in 1970.
  • Ekaterinburg - main monument in front of City Hall in Lenin Square since 1905; secondary monuments placed at the entrance of the Sverdlovsk Tools Factory Street
  • Gelendzhik - monument near the boarding house "Caucasus", st. Mayachnaya
    • The working village Settlement on Lenin Street has a monument, built in contemporary Russia (established November 7, 2006). Sculptor V. Fetisov
  • Izhevsk - monument established in 1958 at the National Library of the Udmurt Republic, sculptor PP Yatsynova and architect LN Kulaga, in bronze and granite
  • Ishimbay - 1966, the square on the street gutter
  • Kazan
    • monument standing 1930-1951, in the square and then park in the former Theatre (now Liberty) Square
    • the new statue with bleachers installed in 1954 at what was then the main Freedom Square
    • monument to young Vladimir Ulyanov (like Moscow) set in 1954 at University Park on the street Kremlin
    • a statue of Lenin stands in front of the Lenin House of Culture in Sotsgorod
  • Kaliningrad - major monument to Lenin by the sculptor VB Topuridze installed at Victory Square in 1958. In 2005, during the reconstruction of the area, the monument was removed allegedly temporarily, for the restoration, but after the reconstruction the monument was not returned. Mayor of Kaliningrad Yuri Savenko put forward the idea of creating the city's Lenin Square, where he could transfer the monument.
  • Kaluga - statue in front of the regional administration in the area of old trades that previously had the name Lenin
  • Kamensk Shakhtinsky - a monument to Lenin in Kamensk Shakhtinsky square, at the intersection of the Avenue of Karl Marx and Pushkin Street, next to the district council Kamensky district, Rostov region
  • Kemerovo - Lenin monument in the Square of the Soviets. One night in 1993 local businessmen made an unsuccessful attempt to demolish the monument.
  • Prokopyevsk - statue was destroyed by a drunk man attempting to take a selfie
  • Kimry - a monument placed in the town center
  • Kirov - Theatre Square, XX Party Congress
  • Kolomna - monument installed in the center of the square of the two revolutions
  • Krasnodar
    • The main urban monument to Lenin, sculptor P. Sabsay, architect A Giants, opened in 1956 on the square in front of the Communist Party Regional Committee (now the Legislative Assembly of Krasnodar Region - KYC), according to government decree of the RSFSR. At the end of July 2007 the monument was dismantled under the pretext of reconstruction of the architectural ensemble of the square before the Legislative Assembly. However, the restored monument to the city authorities moved on the forecourt, in front of the Legislative Assembly and a monument to Catherine II. Moving the monument prompted an outcry from the townspeople: according to law enforcement agencies, the Communists and other patriotic organizations organized picket lines several times in front of the Legislative Assembly demanding the return of the monument to its place.
    • The oldest statue of Lenin in Krasnodar (sculptor K. Dietrich) is in the park to VI Lenin, on the street Vishnyakova. The monument was built in 1925, a year after the death of the Soviet leader. A decision on its creation was accepted 23 January 1924 at a meeting of workers of Krasnodar. It was funded by public donations.
  • Krasnoturinsk - monument installed in front of the city administration in the city centre
  • Krasnoyarsk - statue on Revolution Square in the city centre
    Revolution Square Krasnoyarsk
  • Krasnoznamensk (Moscow region) - set before the House of Culture (house of the garrison officers)
  • Kursk - monument installed in front of the city administration in the city centre
  • Moscow - There are over 82 Lenin monuments in Moscow,[14][15] including:
  • Saint-Petersburg - Lenin giving a speech from an armored car monument is present in the city on Ploshchad Lenina (Lenin Square) next to Finland Railway Station
  • Sevastopol (disputed Crimea)
  • Simferopol (capital of disputed Crimea)
  • Veliky Novgorod - two monuments: in the Sofia area (established in April 1928, lost by war, restored in 1958) and in Street Trading Ivanskoy side
  • Vladikavkaz (sculptor ZI Azgur, architect G. Zakharov) is open on Lenin Square in front of the Russian Drama Theatre. Vakhtangov in 1957. In 1993, twice blown up and subsequently restored.
  • Volgograd (27 m, the tallest).now in five sites:
    • «Great Lenin" - Liberty Square (the intersection of Victory Avenue and the streets of the World)
    • «Little Lenin" - the Children's park named after Alexander Pushkin.
    • A monument in the main building of the Volgograd State Technical University.
    • 2 monuments in car-repair factory.
    • Lenin monument at the entrance of the Volga-Don channel - set in the Krasnoarmeysk area (height pedestal - 30 meters, the sculpture - 27 meters. Sculptor - EV Vucetich. listed in the Guinness Book of Records as the highest monument of a man who lived reality. Earlier, on the same pedestal, there was a monument to Stalin.
    • In the central region on Lenin Square on the 90th anniversary of the monument to Lenin. Sculptor - EV Vucetic.
    • In the central region, in the park opposite the building of regional administration.
    • The Post Office building is a statue of Lenin.
  • Volga:
    • Monument to Lenin Square.
  • Vyborg:
    • A monument in the town square - Red (set in 1957)
    • The bust in the house-museum of Lenin
  • Yakutsk - Lenin statue in Lenin Square, in the centre of the city.
  • Yalta (disputed Crimea)
  • Yefremov - a park near the city administration. Also in the park near the police building.
  • Zheleznogorsk (Krasnoyarsk region) - Lenin Square opposite the Palace of Culture. There was also the now dismantled joint statue of Lenin and Stalin.

Spain[edit]

  • Bust at Otxarkoaga district of Bilbao, erected without approval from the authorities.

Sweden[edit]

  • Vittsjö, a small town in southern Sweden.[16] The statue is privately owned by Calevi Hämäläinen.

United Kingdom[edit]

  • London, Islington Museum, 245 St John Street, Islington. Bust by Lubetkin commissioned by the UK Government during the war in tribute to the efforts of the Soviet Union. It was placed in Holford Square (briefly Lenin's home when he lived in London) and unveiled in 1942. It was a supposed focal point of a new housing development to be named 'Lenin Court' but the bust became a target of fascist sympathisers and was frequently daubed with anti-Communist and anti-semitic messages, even in the months after the liberation of Belsen and Auschwitz. Lubetkin had the bust removed and when the housing development was completed in the late 1940s, it was renamed 'Bevin Court'. The bust was displayed in Islington Town Hall for many years and is now on permanent display in the museum.
  • Belfast - The Kremlin Bar, a gay bar, has a statue of Lenin welcoming partygoers over the main entrance.[17]

Ukraine[edit]

Kiev, Ukraine. It was torn down on 8 December 2013 during the Euromaidan


In Ukraine more than 500 statues of Lenin were dismantled between February 2014 and mid-April 2015, after which nearly 1,700 remained standing.[18] On 15 May 2015 President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko signed a bill into law that set a six-month deadline for the removal of the country's communist monuments.[19] Prior to Ukraine’s Euromaidan, Lenin monuments and other Soviet-era monuments were already being removed.[20][21] However, in 2008, the 139th anniversary of Lenin, two new Lenin monuments were erected in Luhansk Oblast.[13]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Raining Lenins". Retrieved 29 July 2015. 
  2. ^ Patman, Robert G. The Soviet Union in the Horn of Africa: The Diplomacy of Intervention and Disengagement. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009. p. 267
  3. ^ Man Fights to Have Lenin Statue Removed From Casino, Fox News (16JUN2008)
  4. ^ Popik, Barry (2006-04-10). "The Big Apple: Red Square (and the Lenin statue)". Barrypopik.com. Retrieved 2013-12-10. 
  5. ^ "Soviet icon surprises polar scientists". Stuff.co.nz. Retrieved October 15, 2011. 
  6. ^ a b "Mongolia capital Ulan-Bator removes Lenin statue". BBC News. 14 Oct 2012. Retrieved 30 Jan 2013 
  7. ^ "Bulgaria Removes Giant Statue of Lenin". LA Times. 1991-01-19. Retrieved 2014-10-01. 
  8. ^ "Statuary - a set on Flickr". Flickr. Retrieved 2 October 2014. 
  9. ^ a b Kai Aus (2010). "Maailmakultuuri ja ajaloo suurkujude mälestusmärgid Eestis" (PDF) (in Estonian). Retrieved 8 September 2011. 
  10. ^ "City Park, Budapest". A View on Cities. Retrieved 1 October 2014. 
  11. ^ De Twentsche Courant Tubantia 05 November 2009 Link Dutch language
  12. ^ UPHEAVAL IN THE EAST; Lenin Statue in Mothballs, The New York Times, December 11, 1989
  13. ^ a b Two Lenin monuments opened in Luhansk Oblast, UNIAN (April 22, 2008)
  14. ^ "Lenin, Lenin everywhere". The Moscow Times. 2012-07-16. Retrieved 2014-11-27. 
  15. ^ "Памятники Владимиру Ильичу Ленину". ru-lenin.livejournal.com. Retrieved 2014-11-27. 
  16. ^ Här är Skånes Lenin 15 October 2008 [1] Swedish language
  17. ^ "408232 in Belfast, United Kingdom". Lonely Planet. Retrieved 2013-12-10. 
  18. ^ rasing Own History: Soviet-Era Monuments Torn Down in Ukraine (VIDEO), Sputnik News (11 April 2015)
  19. ^ Poroshenko signed the laws about decomunization. Ukrayinska Pravda. 15 May 2015
    Poroshenko signs laws on denouncing Communist, Nazi regimes, Interfax-Ukraine. 15 May 20
    Goodbye, Lenin: Ukraine moves to ban communist symbols, BBC News (14 April 2015)
  20. ^ "In Kremenchug broke up a monument to Lenin". unian.net. Retrieved 2 July 2015. 
  21. ^ Ukraine to remove 10 Soviet-era monuments, UNIAN (28-11-2008)
  22. ^ "Police: One more Lenin statue broken in Odesa region". KyivPost. Retrieved 2 July 2015. 
  23. ^ "Belokurakino, Luhansk Region. Lenin felt". Map of war in Ukraine. Retrieved 2 July 2015. 
  24. ^ a b "Another Lenin monument removed near Ukraine's Sumy". Interfax-Ukraine. Retrieved 2 July 2015. 
  25. ^ "In Bogodukhiv (Kharkiv region)". Map of war in Ukraine. Retrieved 2 July 2015. 
  26. ^ a b c "Leninopad" continues - monuments dismantled in Dnipropetrovsk, Poltava and Chernihiv, Ukrayinska Pravda (February 21, 2014)
  27. ^ "Another Lenin was toppled in Derchachi near Kharkiv". Map of war in Ukraine. Retrieved 2 July 2015. 
  28. ^ "Another Lenin monument demolished in Kharkiv region". KyivPost. Retrieved 2 July 2015. 
  29. ^ "Ukraine: the Day After". weeklystandard.com. Retrieved 2 July 2015. 
  30. ^ a b Olga Rudenko, Special for USA TODAY (14 March 2014). "In East Ukraine, fear of Putin, anger at Kiev". USA TODAY. Retrieved 2 July 2015. 
  31. ^ "Пам'ятник Леніну у Дніпропетровську остаточно перетворили в купу каміння". ТСН.ua. 19 August 2014. Retrieved 2 July 2015. 
  32. ^ "Lenin Statue Toppled in Ukrainian City of Dnipropetrovsk". Yahoo News Singapore. Retrieved 2 July 2015. 
  33. ^ "У Дніпропетровську демонтували черговий пам'ятник Леніну". Українська правда. Retrieved 2 July 2015. 
  34. ^ "Three monuments to Lenin destroyed in Odesa Oblast". Retrieved 16 April 2014. 
  35. ^ Vandals damage monument to Lenin in downtown Kyiv, Interfax-Ukraine (June 30, 2009)
    Photos; Events by themes: In Kiev injured a monument to Lenin, UNIAN (June 30, 2009)
    Monument to Lenin is damaged in Kyiv, UNIAN (July 1, 2009)
    (Ukrainian) Події за темами: У Києві облили фарбою пам’ятник Леніну під час його відкриття після реставрації, UNIAN (November 27, 2009)
    Monument to Lenin was opened with scandal, UNIAN (November 27, 2009)
    Police detain two persons who threw bottle of paint at Lenin monument in Kyiv, Kyiv Post (November 27, 2009)
  36. ^ "Ukrainian protesters topple Lenin statue in Kiev". Reuters. 2009-02-09. Retrieved 2013-12-10. 
  37. ^ "Protesters topple Lenin monument in Kharkiv (VIDEO)". KyivPost. Retrieved 2 July 2015. 
  38. ^ "One more Lenin destoyed in Kharkiv". Map of war in Ukraine. Retrieved 2 July 2015. 
  39. ^ a b c (Ukrainian) Kernes promised to rebuild the monuments to Lenin, Ukrayinska Pravda (26 August 2014)
  40. ^ "Ukraine nationalists tear down Kharkiv's Lenin statue". BBC News. 28 September 2014. Retrieved 28 September 2014. 
  41. ^ "Thousands in Kharkiv cheer as nationalists fell statue of Vladimir Lenin - Daily Mail Online". Mail Online. Retrieved 2 July 2015. 
  42. ^ (Russian) The Court of Appeal upheld the legality of the demolition of the monument to Lenin, Status quo (19 November 2014)
  43. ^ Lenin in Kherson(February 22, 2014)
  44. ^ ""Ленінопад" добрався до Буковини". Новини Чернівці: Інформаційний портал газети "Молодий буковинець". Retrieved 2 July 2015. 
  45. ^ "Twitter / KyivPost: Another #Lenin monument was". Twitter. Retrieved 2013-12-10. 
  46. ^ "Lenin toppled in Kramatorsk.". Map of war in Ukraine. Retrieved 2 July 2015. 
  47. ^ "В Кривом Роге ночью снесли памятник Ленину. ФОТО". Новости за 24 часа. Retrieved 2 July 2015. 
  48. ^ В Мариуполе неизвестные повалили памятник Ленину. YouTube. 14 August 2014. Retrieved 2 July 2015. 
  49. ^ "Lenin in Novomoskovs'k". Map of war in Ukraine. Retrieved 2 July 2015. 
  50. ^ "У Нікополі повалили один із трьох пам'ятників Леніну". unian.ua. Retrieved 2 July 2015. 
  51. ^ "Lenin was toppled in Novovoskresenske, Kherson Region". Map of war in Ukraine. Retrieved 2 July 2015. 
  52. ^ a b "Two Lenin monuments opened in Luhansk Oblast". unian.info. Retrieved 2 July 2015. 
  53. ^ "One more Lenin down In Pavlohrad". Map of war in Ukraine. Retrieved 2 July 2015. 
  54. ^ "Lenin statue removed in eastern Ukraine". Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  55. ^ "У Сумах законно знесли Леніна. ФОТО". Історична правда. Retrieved 2 July 2015. 
  56. ^ "Lenin was toppled in Svatove, Luhansk region". Map of war in Ukraine. Retrieved 2 July 2015. 
  57. ^ "In Zaporozhie, #Lenin gets some fancy new threads: a Ukrainian vyshyvanka". Map of war in Ukraine. Retrieved 2 July 2015. 
  58. ^ [2][dead link]
  59. ^ [3][dead link]
  60. ^ [4][dead link]

Further reading[edit]

  • Tumarkin, Nina. Lenin Lives!: The Lenin Cult in Soviet Russia (Harvard University Press, 1983).