List of statues of Vladimir Lenin

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This article is a list of current and former known monuments of Vladimir Lenin. Some or all of the monuments in former Soviet republics and satellites were removed after the fall of the Soviet Union, while Russia and aligned countries (mainly Belarus) retained the thousands of Lenin monuments that were erected during the Soviet period as part of Lenin's cult of personality.[1][2]

Important regions and capital cities of countries are highlighted in bold.

Africa[edit]

Country Location Installed Removed Notes
Ethiopia Africa Park, Addis Ababa October 1983 1991 The first Lenin statue in Africa, this monument was constructed in October 1983.[3] The statue was toppled with the fall of the Derg government in 1991.[4]

Americas[edit]

Lenin on top of building, East Village, New York City
Country Location Installed Removed Notes
Canada Richmond, BC 2008 2011 A small statue of Mao Zedong on top of a large stainless steel Lenin bust. Displayed in Richmond from 2008–2011.[5][6]
Cuba Havana ? ? Monumento a Lenin, in Parque Lenin.
? ? Colina Lenin in Regla.
Santa Cruz del Norte ? ? In a petroleum plant.
Holguin ? ? In Vladimir Lenin Hospital.
United States Las Vegas ? 2019 Outside Red Square Restaurant, Mandalay Bay Hotel. Removed in 2019 when restaurant closed.
New York City ? ? On top of the Red Square apartment building, E. Houston St. in the East Village.[7] Moved to Norfolk St. in 2016, half-block south.[8]
Seattle 1995 No Fremont neighborhood; see Statue of Lenin (Seattle).
ACE Gallery Los Angeles ? 2017 There was a large metallic bust of Lenin on display at the corner of La Brea Avenue and 4th Street.
Hutchinson, Kansas ? ? Inside the Soviet wing of the Cosmosphere.
Willimantic, Connecticut ? ? Hidden in a scrapyard to avoid vandalism.[9]
Venezuela Caracas 13 November 2017 No Lenin bust, unveiled at 100th anniversary of Bolshevik Revolution.[10]

Antarctica[edit]

Country Location Installed Removed Notes
Pole of Inaccessibility December 1958 No Plastic bust left by Soviet scientists in December 1958.[11]

Asia[edit]

In Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia; removed on 14 October 2012[12]
Country Location Installed Removed Notes
Armenia Republic Square, Yerevan 24 November 1940 13 April 1991 Since being taken down it has been stored in the courtyard of the National Art Gallery behind Republic Square, with the head detached.
Vanadzor ? ? What is said to be the first-ever statue of Lenin is still standing in the Arbanyak Soviet Camp outside of Vanadzor. It was erected during his lifetime.[13]
Amasia 1985 ? Near Gyumri (the former Leninakan). Built in 1985 and kept in Amasia ever since.[14]
Arin c. 1991 No Built in 1947, moved to Arin after the dissolution of the USSR.[15]
Azerbaijan Baku ? c. 1990 The central monument was in front of the Government House, but was removed during the mass uprisings of 1990.
India Kolkata <1972 No At the mouth of Lenin Sarani in Esplanade, Jadavpur 8B bus stand.[16]
Vijayawada 1987 No [17]
Nehru Park, Delhi, Chanakyapuri 1 November 1987 No A life-size statue was erected on 1 November 1987 during the 70th anniversary of the October Revolution. It was unveiled by then Soviet Premier Nikolai Ryzhkov, Indian Prime-minister Rajiv Gandhi and his wife Sonia Gandhi. Every year on 22 April members of the Communist Party of India and other Left-oriented political parties visit the place to commemorate Lenin's birthday.[18]
AKG Bhawan, New Delhi 2010 ? A large bust of Lenin is located in the headquarters of the Communist Party of India in New Delhi. The white bust is installed right in front of the bust of A. K. Gopalan. The bust was a gift from the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. Before its final installation in the year 2010 it remained isolated in the Headquarters' backyard for several years.
Belonia, Tripura 2013 5 March 2018 A statue of Lenin was installed at Cege Square in 2013. Within days of winning the 2018 Tripura Legislative Assembly election, supporters of the Bharatiya Janata Party bulldozed the statue.[19]
Sabroom, Tripura ? 2018 Another such statue was erected by the Communist Party of India – ruled state until their electoral defeat by the Bharatiya Janata Party in 2018, when it was razed to the ground by supporters of the party.[20]
Katwa, West Bengal ? ? Red Ink thrown at the statue in 2019.[21]
Kalyani, West Bengal ? ? Bust exists on main crossing.
Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu ? ? Tallest Lenin statue in India located outside the local CPI(M) office.[22]
Kazakhstan Baikonur ? ? Located in the central square of the city.
Almaty ? ?
Karaganda ? ?
Kokshetau ? ?
Semey ? ?
Kyrgyzstan Multiple places ? ? Nearly every city and village in the country has a Lenin statue, usually located in the central square. The one in Bishkek was removed from the central square and is now located behind the national museum.
Mongolia Ulaanbaatar ? 14 October 2012 In front of Ulaanbaatar Hotel and in close proximity to the Mongolian People's Party headquarters. In a speech during the removal ceremony, Mayor Erdeniin Bat-Üül denounced Lenin and his fellow communists as "murderers".[12]
Tajikistan Dushanbe ? ? The monument in central Freedom Square was replaced by a monument of Ismoil Somoni, while a second in Central Park was removed and replaced by a statue of Rudaki, Khujand, Nurak, Faizobod.[citation needed]
Istaravshan ? ?
Khojand ? ?
Khorog ? ?
Murghab ? ?
Panjakent ? ?
Turkmenistan Ashgabat 1927 ? Erected in 1927 in the heart of the city.
Uzbekistan Tashkent ? 1991 Dismantled in 1991, replaced with a globe, featuring a geographic map of Uzbekistan.
Vietnam Hanoi ? ? Dien Bien Phu Street, adjacent to the Vietnamese Army museum.
North Korea Pyongyang ? ? In the Workers' Party of Korea Founding Museum.
? ? Russia-DPRK Embassy
Hamhung ? ? Soviet war memorial

Europe[edit]

Belarus[edit]

Bulgaria[edit]

  • Shumen[23]
  • Novgrad
  • Banya
  • Pet Mogili
  • Sofia – in Lenin Square (now St Nedelya Square), installed in 1966 and pulled down in January 1991;[24] the site is now occupied by the Statue of Sveta Sofia

Czech Republic[edit]

  • Vítězné náměstí (formerly náměstí Říjnové Revoluce) – in the Dejvice quarter of Prague, pulled down in 1990; a war memorial now stands on the site[25]
  • Karlovy Vary – Theatre Square (formerly Lenin Square), pulled down in 1990.
  • Cheb - Built in 1979, it was located in front of Cheb railway station until 1990, it is now located at the garden of the Franciscan Monastery[26]

Denmark[edit]

Estonia[edit]

  • Jõhvi – 1953–1991, sculptors Enn Roos, Arseni Mölder, Signe Mölder[27]
  • Kohtla-Järve – 1950–1992, copy of statue in Jõhvi
  • Kallaste – 1988–19??
  • Narva – 1957–1993, sculptor Olav Männi (a statue is still present inside Narva Castle)
  • Pärnu
    • 1950s–1981
    • 1981–1990, sculptor Matti Varik created a replica of a monument built in Kotka in 1979
  • Tallinn – 1950–1991, sculptor Nikolai Tomsky
  • Tartu
    • 1949–1952 sitting Lenin (ferroconcrete), sculptor Sergey Merkurov
    • 1952–1990 standing Lenin bronze, height 3.5 m, weight 3.5 tons; sculptors August Vomm, Garibald Pommer, Ferdi Sannamaes[27]

Finland[edit]

France[edit]

Georgia[edit]

Germany[edit]

Erected in 2020 outside HQ of Marxist–Leninist Party of Germany, Gelsenkirchen
Leninplatz, East Berlin, Germany (removed in 1992)
  • BerlinLenin Monument, created in 1970 by Nikolai Tomsky in granite, 19 m, at Leninplatz, removed in 1992 and buried outside Berlin. The statue's head was found in 2015 and restored and put on display as part of an exhibition on Berlin’s monuments in Spandau Citadel, Berlin.[29]
    • One statue of Lenin (approximately 2:1) stood in Kreuzberg (West Berlin) in the yard of a removal company, before being moved to the front of the company's new main building in the district of Neukölln (also West Berlin) in September 2016.
  • Gelsenkirchen – A 3-metre statue revealed in 2020, The 1st to ever be erected in West Germany.[30]
  • Nohra – restored stone statue at the site of the former Soviet airbase.[31]
  • Potsdam – Bust of Lenin, originally at a Soviet Army base, it was placed in the Volkspark for an exhibition in 1994 and was subsequently moved to one of the main entrances where it is used as a children's climbing feature.[32]
  • Schwerin – Statue of Lenin, made by the Estonian sculptor Jaak Soans and inaugurated on 22 June 1985. Even nowadays this monument is still causing heated debates among politicians, citizen and historians, who, divided in supporters and detractors, continue arguing about its future.[33]
  • Wittstock – a neglected statue outside the derelict cultural centre at the abandoned Soviet military base.[34]
  • Wünsdorf (Zossen) – two large statues and a bronze head of Lenin survive at the former Soviet army complex.[35]
  • Zeithain – a 2-metre statue at the former Soviet Army training ground.[36]

Greece[edit]

Hungary[edit]

  • Budapest – created in 1965 by Patzáy Pál, in City Park. In 1989, the huge statue was lifted off its red granite pedestal (later demolished), and carried away “for restoration”; in 1991, it was moved to Memento Park. Timewheel now stands on the former site.[37]
  • Before 1990, every county seat and industrial town had their Lenin statues. Many smaller settlements had their own, too. In 1990 or shortly afterwards, all Lenins were quickly removed.

Italy[edit]

Lenin's bust in Cavriago (Italy)

Latvia[edit]

  • Cēsis – statue unveiled on November 7, 1959, sculptor Karlis Jansons; removed on October 17, 1990
  • Riga – removed on August 25, 1991.

Lithuania[edit]

All statues were taken down in 1991 or soon after, most eventually winding up in Grutas Park. They were erected during the Soviet period and stood, among other places, in Vilnius (at least two statues, one of them together with Lithuanian communist leader Kapsukas), Kaunas, Klaipėda, Šiauliai, Jonava, Druskininkai, and Jurbarkas (the Jurbarkas Lenin is now part of an installation in Europos Parkas park in Vilnius).

Moldova[edit]

The statue behind a podium during a ceremony in 1976 in Chișinău (then Kishinev)
  • Chișinău – at the Moldexpo site
  • Edineț – Inside the city park
  • In the centre (statue) and on the outskirts (bust, near Rompetrol gas station) of Comrat, in the autonomous region of Gagauzia
  • unrecognised state of Transnistria
    • Tiraspol – outside the Parliament, the City Soviet building and the Historical Museum
    • Rîbnița – main square
    • Bender – opposite the Gorky Cinema & on Moskovskaya Street
    • Parcani – on Gogol Street
    • Dnestrovsc – Two busts
    • Various other towns and villages in Transnistria have Lenin busts and statues in their centres

Netherlands[edit]

Norway[edit]

Poland[edit]

Statue in the basement of the Polish United Workers Party's House in Warsaw, 2011
Statue in Poronin, near Lenin's Museum, 1960s
Statue in the museum in Kozłówka, moved from Poronin, 2008

In 1939–1941, after the attack of the Red Army, statues of Lenin were in: Sokółka,[83] Augustów, Kolno, Suwałki, Białystok (pulled down in June 1941), Łomża, Choroszcz (3x),[84] Brańsk, Bielsk Podlaski, Jedwabne,[85][86] Siemiatycze,[87] Śniadowo, Czyżewo (pulled down 5 July 1941),[88] Zaręby Kościelne,[89] Zambrów,[90] Przemyśl, Lubaczów, Łapy, Zabłudów[91] etc.

Romania[edit]

Russia[edit]

Statue of Lenin in Murom
Statue of Lenin in Saint Petersburg

Out of 7,000 Lenin statues as of 1991, Russia retained the vast majority. As of 2022, there are approximately 6,000 monuments to Lenin in Russia.[92]

  • Akhtubinsk – a monument installed in the town center, VI Lenin
  • Almetyevsk – a monument installed in the center of the city on Lenin Square
  • Arzamas – two monuments in the city, in the Cathedral Square and Peace Square
  • Arkhangelsk – Only a few remain of the city's many monuments. The monument in the square is the last major Lenin monument to be established in the Soviet Union, in 1988. Others stand in Solombala on the Square, Terekhina on the street, and Gagarin in the yard.
  • Astrakhan – monument installed in the square, VI Lenin
  • Bakhchysarai (disputed Crimea)
  • Balakovo – Saratov region, two monuments
  • Barnaul – three on the main avenue, and one in Upland Park. Because of the drapery which is present in the composition of the monument near the street Anatolia, a Lonely Planet guide to Russia has called the monument "Lenin Toreador".
  • Belgorod – at Cathedral Square (the former Revolution Square), in Lenin Park, near the now-current cinema "Falcon", and a bust in the Belgorod Dairy Plant (BMP)
  • Berezniki – Lenin Square (about Palace of Culture, Lenin)
  • Bogoroditsk – town center
  • Boksitogorsk – central square (Lenin Square)
  • Dubna – 25 m, the second tallest; 15 m statue on a 10 m pedestal
  • Dedovsk – a small monument is located opposite the branch of RSCU in the street of Gagarin
  • Dimitrovgrad – the town square – the square of the Soviets. A bust is located within the NCC, Slavsky.
  • Dmitry – installed in the central square of the historic district
  • Dubna – the world's second largest statue of Lenin lies in the vicinity of the "Big Volga". Sculptor SD Merkurov, height 25 m (with pedestal 37 m), weight 540 tons. The monument was erected in 1937 on the banks of the Volga near the beginning of the Moscow Canal. On the other bank was a monument to Stalin. After Stalin's death the monument was blown up, but the pedestal remained.
  • Dudinka – monument in front of the House of Culture
  • Dyatkovo – on Lenin Square in the town center, next to buildings authorities
  • Dzerzhinsk – in Lenin Square. The authors of the improvement and development area are the architects Androsova GD and Sinyavsky EA. Sculptor Nelyubin BS; opened for the 100th anniversary of Vladimir Lenin in 1970.
  • Ekaterinburg – main monument in front of City Hall in Lenin Square since 1905; secondary monuments placed at the entrance of the Sverdlovsk Tools Factory Street
  • Gelendzhik – monument near the boarding house "Caucasus", st. Mayachnaya
    • The working village Settlement on Lenin Street has a monument, built in contemporary Russia (established November 7, 2006). Sculptor V. Fetisov
  • Irkutsk
    • monument at the crossing of streets Karl Marx and Lenin
    • bust on Karl Marx street, in front of a shopping center
  • Izhevsk – monument established in 1958 at the National Library of the Udmurt Republic, sculptor PP Yatsynova and architect LN Kulaga, in bronze and granite
  • Ishimbay – 1966, the square on the street gutter
  • Kazan
    • monument standing 1930–1951, in the square and then park in the former Theatre (now Liberty) Square
    • the new statue with bleachers installed in 1954 at what was then the main Freedom Square
    • monument to young Vladimir Ulyanov (like Moscow) set in 1954 at University Park on the street Kremlin
    • a statue of Lenin stands in front of the Lenin House of Culture in Sotsgorod
  • Kaliningrad – major monument to Lenin by the sculptor VB Topuridze installed at Victory Square in 1958. In 2005, during the reconstruction of the area, the monument was removed allegedly temporarily, for the restoration, but after the reconstruction the monument was not returned. Mayor of Kaliningrad Yury Savenko put forward the idea of creating the city's Lenin Square, where he could transfer the monument.
  • Kaluga – statue in front of the regional administration in the area of old trades that previously had the name Lenin
  • Kamensk Shakhtinsky – a monument to Lenin in Kamensk Shakhtinsky square, at the intersection of the Avenue of Karl Marx and Pushkin Street, next to the district council Kamensky district, Rostov region
  • Kemerovo – Lenin monument in the Square of the Soviets. One night in 1993 local businessmen made an unsuccessful attempt to demolish the monument.
  • Prokopyevsk – statue was destroyed by a drunk man attempting to take a selfie
  • Kimry – a monument placed in the town center
  • Kirov – Theatre Square, XX Party Congress
  • Kolomna – monument installed in the center of the square of the two revolutions
  • Krasnodar
Revolution Square Krasnoyarsk
    • The main urban monument to Lenin, sculptor P. Sabsay, architect A Giants, opened in 1956 on the square in front of the Communist Party Regional Committee (now the Legislative Assembly of Krasnodar Region – KYC), according to government decree of the RSFSR.
    • The oldest statue of Lenin in Krasnodar (sculptor K. Dietrich) is in the park to VI Lenin, on the street Vishnyakova. The monument was built in 1925, a year after the death of the Soviet dictator.
  • Krasnoturinsk – monument installed in front of the city administration in the city centre
  • Krasnoyarsk – statue on Revolution Square in the city centre
  • Krasnoznamensk (Moscow region) – set before the House of Culture (house of the garrison officers)
  • Kursk – monument installed in front of the city administration in the city centre
  • Lodeynoye Pole – Statue in front of train station
  • Moscow – There are over 82 Lenin monuments in Moscow,[93][94] including:
  • Noginsk - the oldest statue erected in 1924
  • Murom
  • Pokhvistnevo – statue is standing near the Culture Palace
  • Pskov – statue is standing near the House of Soviets
  • Saint-PetersburgStatue of Lenin at Finland Station: Lenin giving a speech from an armored car monument is present in the city on Ploshchad Lenina (Lenin Square) next to Finland Railway Station
  • Samara – Statue of Lenin on Ploshchad Revolyutsii (Revolution Square) in the old part of the city.
  • Sevastopol (disputed Crimea)
  • Simferopol (capital of disputed Crimea)
  • Tambov – Lenin statue in Lenin Square, in the centre of the city.
  • Ulan Ude – biggest head of Lenin in the world, in front of Buryatia government building
  • Veliky Novgorod – two monuments: in the Sofia area (established in April 1928, lost by war, restored in 1958) and in Street Trading Ivanskoy side
  • Vladikavkaz (sculptor ZI Azgur, architect G. Zakharov) is open on Lenin Square in front of the Russian Drama Theatre. Vakhtangov in 1957. In 1993, twice blown up and subsequently restored.
  • Volgograd (27 m, the tallest).now in five sites:
    • "Great Lenin" – Liberty Square (the intersection of Victory Avenue and the streets of the World)
    • "Little Lenin" – the Children's park named after Alexander Pushkin.
    • A monument in the main building of the Volgograd State Technical University.
    • 2 monuments in car-repair factory.
    • Lenin monument at the entrance of the Volga-Don channel – set in the Krasnoarmeysk area (height pedestal) – 30 meters, the sculpture – 27 meters. Sculptor – EV Vucetich. Earlier, on the same pedestal, there was a monument to Stalin.
    • In the central region on Lenin Square on the 90th anniversary of the monument to Lenin. Sculptor – EV Vucetich.
    • In the central region, in the park opposite the building of regional administration.
    • The Post Office building is a statue of Lenin.
  • Volga:
    • Monument to Lenin Square.
  • Vyborg:
    • A monument in the town square – Red (set in 1957)
    • The bust in the house-museum of Lenin
  • Yakutsk – Lenin statue in Lenin Square, in the centre of the city.
  • Yalta (disputed Crimea)
  • Yefremov – a park near the city administration. Also in the park near the police building.
  • Zheleznogorsk (Krasnoyarsk region) – Lenin Square opposite the Palace of Culture. There was also the now dismantled joint statue of Lenin and Stalin.

Slovakia[edit]

Statue of Lenin in Košice

Spain[edit]

  • Bust at Otxarkoaga district of Bilbao, erected without approval from the authorities.

Sweden[edit]

  • Vittsjö, a small town in southern Sweden.[98] The statue is privately owned by Calevi Hämäläinen.

United Kingdom[edit]

The bust of Lenin by Lubetkin, displayed in Islington Museum
  • London, Islington Museum – 245 St John Street, Islington. Bust by Berthold Lubetkin commissioned by the UK Government during the war in tribute to the efforts of the Soviet Union. It was placed in Holford Square (briefly Lenin's home when he lived in London) and unveiled in 1942. It was a supposed focal point of a new housing development to be named 'Lenin Court' although the choice of Lenin proved unpopular with the local community and the bust was frequently daubed with anti-communist slogans. Lubetkin had the bust removed and when the housing development was completed in the late 1940s, it was renamed 'Bevin Court'. The bust was displayed in Islington Town Hall for many years and is now on permanent display in the museum.
  • Belfast – The Kremlin Bar, a gay bar, has a statue of Lenin welcoming partygoers over the main entrance.[99]

Ukraine[edit]

Kyiv, Ukraine. The Lenin statue was toppled and dismantled on 8 December 2013 during the Euromaidan

In 1991 Ukraine had 5,500 Lenin monuments.[100]

Before Ukraine's Euromaidan, Lenin monuments and other Soviet-era monuments were already being removed.[101][102] However, in 2008, the 139th anniversary of Lenin, two new Lenin monuments were erected in Luhansk Oblast.[103]

In Ukraine more than 500 statues of Lenin were dismantled between February 2014 and April 2015, after which nearly 1,700 remained standing.[citation needed] On 15 May 2015 President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko signed a bill into law that set a six-month deadline for the removal of the country's communist monuments.[104] By December 2015 Lenin monuments 1,300 were still standing (in Ukraine).[100]

In April 2015, a formal decommunization process started in Ukraine after laws were approved which, among other acts, outlawed communist symbols.[105]

In May 2016 Dnipropetrovsk was itself officially renamed to Dnipro to comply with decommunization laws.[119]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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Further reading[edit]

  • Tumarkin, Nina. Lenin Lives!: The Lenin Cult in Soviet Russia (Harvard University Press, 1983).
  • Joffre-Eichhorn, Hjalmar Jorge; Anderson, Patrick and Johann Salazar (eds.). Lenin150 (Samizdat) (KickAss Books, 2020; 2nd, expanded edition: Daraja Press, 2021).

External links[edit]