List of stoffs

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During World War II, Germany fielded many aircraft and rockets whose fuels, and oxidizers, were designated (letter)-Stoff. The following list of stoffs refers to the World War II aerospace meanings if not noted otherwise.

Meaning of stoff[edit]

The German word Stoff, like the English word stuff derives from Old French estoffe, however the meanings are somewhat different. Stoff has a fairly broad range of meanings, including "chemical substance" or "matter", "fuel" and "cloth", depending on the context.[1] The common elements (hydrogen, oxygen, carbon and nitrogen) are named respectively Wasserstoff, Sauerstoff, Kohlenstoff and Stickstoff (literally: 'water-substance', 'sour-substance', 'coal-substance' and 'smother-substance', respectively) in German. Stoff was used in chemical code names in both World War I and World War II. Some code names were reused between the wars and had different meanings at different times; for example, T-Stoff meant a rocket propellant in World War II, but a tear gas (xylyl bromide) in World War I.

List[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Stoff". Duden (in German). Berlin: Bibliographisches Institut. Retrieved 29 March 2018.
  2. ^ a b c Ford, Brian J.,Secret Weapons, 2011, p.33 ISBN 978 1 84908 390 4
  3. ^ Clark, John D. (1972). "9: What Ivan Was Doing". Ignition! An Informal History of Liquid Rocket Propellants (PDF). Rutgers University Press. p. 116. ISBN 0813507251.

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