List of strawberry cultivars
The following is a partial list of strawberry cultivars. Strawberries come in a wide assortment of commercially available cultivars (cultivated varieties). Differences between cultivars may include the date the fruit ripens, disease resistance, freezing quality, firmness, berry size, berry shape, and flavor. Many different cultivars have been developed at the University of California (Davis campus), by Driscoll Strawberry Associates Inc. (Watsonville, California), the United States Department of Agriculture, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada and East Malling Research Station in the UK.
Almost all the strawberries listed below are cultivars of Fragaria × ananassa. Two cultivars listed here ('Frel' (Pink Panda) and 'Samba' (Red Ruby)) are bigeneric hybrids, grown mainly for their flower colour rather than their fruit, using a closely related species (Potentilla palustris = Comarum palustre) to introduce pink or red colouration to the flowers.
The cultivar Fragaria × ananassa 'Variegata' is grown mainly for the decorative qualities of its variegated foliage.
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Cultivar names should be shown in single quotes. Names shown in Small Capitals are trade designations, or "selling names", used in certain countries (with the cultivar name shown alongside); the same cultivar may be sold under a different trade designation in other countries.
|Alba||Early Season||New Fruits s.a.s., Italy||2002|
|Albion||Day neutral||Univ. of California||2006||Diamante x Cal 94.16-1||This strawberry plant is known for its large to very large fruit. Fruit is mostly conical, very firm and red in color. Its flavor is very good for a day-neutral and is sweet and pleasant. It is a high yielding cultivar with robust runners and stalks. It is resistant to verticillium wilt, phytophthora crown rot and has some resistance to anthracnose crown rot.|
|Alice||Midseason||East Malling Research, UK||1993|
|Alinta||Day neutral|
|Allstar ||Midseason||USDA / University of Maryland||1981||US 4419 × MDVS 3184||Strawberry plant, with an almost perfect strawberry shape, is a major variety during the late mid-season. The glossy firm fruit, which holds its size very well, is an excellent u-pick or home garden choice. Its orange/red color and delicate skin lessens its shipping potential. Allstar’s vigor and resistance to red stele, verticillium wilt, moderate resistance to powdery mildew and leaf scorch, makes it suitable to almost any growing region and soil condition.|
|Amelia||Late Season||East Malling Research, UK||1998|
|Annapolis||Early Season||AAFC||1984||(Micmac × Raritan) × Earliglow|
|Apollo||USDA||1970||N.C.1759 x N.C.1729|
|Archer ||Midseason||Cornell /NYSAES||2016||Very aromatic, delicious flavor; High yield; cold-hardy; Tolerant to root rots. Holds large fruit size through multiple harvests for 2-3 weeks. Fruit maximum size 45 g+ (comparable to plum fruit). Suited for growers in New York, Michigan and Minnesota, and along the Mid-Atlantic from Maryland into the Northeast. The 43rd strawberry released by the NYSAES breeding program since its founding in 1880.|
|Aromas ||Day neutral||Univ. of California||Cal 87.112-6 x Cal 88.270-1||This strawberry plant is a day-neutral cultivar which has larger fruit and produces greater yields than Selva or Seascape. Aromas produces large quantities of late-season fruit. It also has a broader environmental tolerance and is more resistant to mildew than Selva, and is especially tolerant to spider mites. Flavor is very good. Fruit size and cull rate is superior to Selva.|
|Asia||Early Midseason||New Fruits s.a.s., Italy||2005|
|Benton ||Late-midseason||USDA-ARS, Oregon||1975||OSC 2414 x Vale||strawberry plant is a Junebearing cultivar, named after Benton County where Oregon State University is located in Corvallis, Oregon. Fruit is very bright, has excellent keeping quality, is conic in shape, and the fruit has good flavor. Fruit is medium to large in size and is recommended for all parts of the Pacific Northwest. Benton appears to have excellent winter hardiness and excellent fruit quality with vigorous growth. The upright habit makes Benton a good bet for home gardeners as well as the commercial grower. It is more drought resistant than Rainier. Virus tolerant. Also tolerant to red stele. Ripens late.|
|Bolero||Everbearing||East Malling Research, UK||1996|
|Bountiful||USDA-ARS Corvallis OR||1993||Linn x Totem|
|Brunswick||Early Midseason||USDA||1999||Cavendish × 'Honeoye'|
|Cabot||Midseason||AAFC||1998||(Elsanta × K79-5) × (ArKing × K7-40)|
|Calypso||Everbearing||East Malling Research, UK||1991||Rapella × Selva|
|Camarosa ||early-season short day||Univ. of California||1992||Douglas x Cal 85.218-605||This strawberry plant is an early-season short day cultivar. Fruit is larger and firmer than Chandler, very flat conic, productive, has good appearance, is very firm, has good flavor, and is widely adapted producing fruit over an extended period at low latitudes. Can be used for fresh-market and processing.|
|Cambridge Favourite||Early Season||Univ. of Cambridge||1947||Fragaria Chiloensis x Blakemore|
|Camino Real ||short day||Univ. of California||Cal 89.230-7 x Cal 90.253-3||plants are smaller and more compact, open, and erect, but less vigorous than Camarosa. Fruit is larger and per-plant yields are somewhat greater than Camarosa, but fruiting begins somewhat later. External and internal fruit color for Camino Real is darker than Camarosa. Camino Real has very good flavor and is outstanding for both fresh market and processing. Moderately susceptible to common leaf spot and somewhat sensitive to powdery mildew, resistant to Verticillium wilt and Phytophthora crown rot, and relatively resistant to Anthracnose crown rot.|
|Canoga||Late Midseason||Cornell /NYSAES||1979||NY1123 ‘Senga Sengana’ × ‘Midland’) × Holiday|
|Cassandra||Midseason||East Malling Research, UK||1998|
|Cavendish||Midseason||AAFC||1990||Glooscap × Annapolis||strawberry plant is a high yielding cultivar with red stele and verticillium resistance and black root rot tolerance. It is very winter-hardy and produces very large, high-quality berries which are excellent for all uses. The flavor is sweet and less tart than Honeoye. Ripens mid-season.|
|Chambly||Midseason||AAFC/McGill University||1982||Sparkle × Honeoye||High-yield, June-bearing cross between Honeoye and Sparkle. Produced by Agriculture Canada and McGill University for specific conditions of southern Quebec, including high resilience to the region's traditionally extremely cold winters.|
|Chandler||Univ. of California||1983||Douglas x Cal 72.361-105||strawberry plant is a high yielding variety, produces very large fruit, and appears to be well adapted to southern regions. It is adaptable to the eastern US, and in many different production systems including matted rows.|
|Clancy||Late Midseason||Cornell /NYSAES||2003||MDUS4774 × MDUS5199|
|Darselect||Early Midseason||Societe Civile Darbonne, France||1998||Parker × 'Elsanta'|
|Delia||Early Midseason||East Malling Research, UK||2007||Honeoye × ITA 80-51-1|
|Diamante||Day neutral||Univ. of California||1991||Cal 87.112-6 × Cal 88.270-1|
|Earliglow ||Early Season||USDA||1975||Fairland × Midland × Redglow × Surecrop||strawberry plant is an early producing, medium-sized berry, with great flavor. The size decreases greatly as the season progresses, making it difficult for u-pick farms to sell the later fruit. The plant is vigorous, is resistant to red stele and moderately resistant to verticillium wilt.|
|Elegance||Late Season||East Malling Research, UK||2009||EM834 × EM1033|
|Elsanta||Midseason||Plant Research International B.V.||1975||Gorella × Holiday|
|Emily||Early Season||East Malling Research, UK||1995||Honeoye × Gea|
|Eros||Midseason||East Malling Research, U.K.||1985||Allstar ×Elsanta|
|Evangeline||Early Season||AAFC||1975||(Honeoye × Veestar) × NYUS119|
|Everest||Edward Vinson Ltd. (U.K.)||Evita x Irvine|
|Evie 2||Day neutral||Edward Vinson Ltd. (U.K.)||2006||Everglade × J92D12|
|Fenella||Late Season||East Malling Research, UK||2009||EM931 × EM972|
|Firecracker||Late Season||USDA-ARS, Corvallis, OR||1997||ORUS 850-48 x Totem|
|Flamenco||Everbearer||East Malling Research, UK||2002||Evita × EMR77|
|Florence||Late Midseason||East Malling Research, UK||1997||[Tioga x ('Redgauntlet' × (Wiltguard × Gorella))]
× (Providence × self)
|Fort Laramie ||USDA||1973||Geneva x S.65122 (Earlidawn x Chief Bemidji)||strawberry plant is extremely winter hardy, and does well in colder areas except Alaska (Alaska’s long days inhibit fruit production). Also not recommended in the South. Large, bright scarlet fruit with dark pink to scarlet interior. Firm sweet flesh is exceptionally aromatic. Good for eating fresh, freezing and preserves. Vigorous; produces lots of runners and very heavy crop. Somewhat susceptible to mildew.|
|Frel (Pink Panda)||Fragaria × Comarum hybrid involving Fragaria chiloensis||Pink flowers; few fruit|
|Gaviota||Univ. of California||Cal 87.112-6 x Cal 88.270-1|
|Glooscap||Early Midseason||AAFC||1983||Mic Mac × Bounty|
|Governor Simcoe||Late Midseason||HRIO||1985||Guardian × Holiday|
|Hapil||1977||Gorella × Souvenir de Charles Machiroux||raised in Belgium|
|Hecker ||Day Neutral||University of California||1979||Cal 65.65-601 x Cal 66.96-101||strawberry plant has commercial potential for fruit stands and Pick-Your-Own operations due to heavy production. It should perform well everywhere, including Alaska, as it is a day-neutral cultivar. Fruit is medium size with excellent flavor. Similar to Brighton, but more cold hardy.|
|Hokowase||Early season||Old Japanese cultivar|
|Honeoye||Early Midseason||Cornell / NYSAES||1979||Vibrant × Holiday||strawberry plant is an early season cultivar with moderately-sized, relatively firm, bright fruit with consistent size throughout the season. Very high yields. Somewhat sensitive to Sinbar. Susceptible to black root rot. It is widely adapted, but exhibits best flavor when grown on lighter soils or in raised beds.|
|Hood||Midseason||George F. Waldo USDA-ARS / Oregon State||1965||OSC 2315 × Puget Beauty||Standard for use in premium ice cream in the Pacific Northwest, US strawberry plant has large, bright, glossy red fruit turning dark when fully ripe. Fine, sweet flavor, excellent fruit quality. Excellent for preserves and jams, good for all other uses. Vigorous, very productive, erect plants make picking easy. Resistant to root rot and mildew; is susceptible to red stele but still performs better than Northwest on red stele-infested soil. Bears entire crop over a short period. Popular home market variety. Ripens in early June. Not particularly winter hardy.|
|Itasca||Early Midseason||USDA / Univ. of Minnesota||2005||Allstar × Seneca|
|Jewel||Late Midseason||Cornell / NYSAES||1985||('Senga Sengana' × NYE58) × Holiday||strawberry plant is good for u-pick, fresh shipping and longer season yields. Produces large, firm, wedge-shaped fruit of excellent color and quality. Its firmness and abrasive resistant skin makes it less susceptible to fruit rots and ideal for shipping.|
|Judibell||Very Late Season||East Malling Research, UK||2005|
|Kent ||Midseason||AAFC||1981||('Redgauntlet' × Tioga) × Raritan||strawberry plant is a winter-hardy cultivar from Canada with high yield potential producing large, good quality berries. Excellent for all seasons and above average flavor. Kent has very good plant vigor, but has no resistance to red stele or verticillium wilt.|
|L'Amour||Midseason||Cornell / NYSAES||2003||(MDUS5252 × Etna) × Cavendish||Heart shaped berries with bright red color and a fancy calyx, which makes them very attractive. Berries are bright red and firm but not hard, with excellent eating quality and flavor. The plants are vigorous and disease resistant and remain productive for many years. The fruit is larger than most early season varieties.|
|Lucy||Late Midseason||East Malling Research, UK||2009|
|Mae||Early Midseason||East Malling Research, UK||2003||Rosie × Marmolada|
|Marshall||Early Midseason||Marshall F. Ewell||1890|
|Matis||Midseason||Jacques Marionnet GFA, France||2003|
|Mesabi ||Midseason||University of Minnesota and the USDA-ARS||2000||Glooscap x MNUS 99||strawberry plants should be a mid-season winner for growers in northern areas, as it rarely shows winter damage in Minnesota, where it was developed. Mesabi™ produces large, firm berries that are red all the way through with excellent flavor. Plants are very winter hardy and show excellent disease and red stele root rot resistance.|
|Mira||Midseason||AAFC||1996||Scott × Honeoye|
|Mohawk||Early Season||USDA||1994||MDUS 4587 × Earliglow|
|Monterey ||Day neutral||Univ. of California||2009||Albion x Cal 97.85-6||strawberry plant is a moderate day-neutral cultivar. Vigorous plant, may require slightly more space than Albion with similar production pattern. Fruit is slightly larger than Albion, but less firm. Outstanding flavor. good disease resistance profile, although it is susceptible to powdery mildew|
|Northeastern||Early Season||USDA||1994||Mdus 4380 × Holiday|
|Ogallala||Everbearing||USDA||1956||Berries are soft, medium in size and dark red. Sweet, good flavor. Berries ripen early. Plants are vigorous, hardy during winter. Resistant to leaf spot and resistant to drought.|
|Orléans||Early Season||Les Fraises de l'Île d'Orléans, Québec, Canada||2001|
|Oso Grande||Early season, short-day||Univ. of California||1989||Exceptionally high yield of very large fruit, firmness and particularly fine flavor.|
|Ozark Beauty||Everbearing||J.B. Winn||1955||Red Rich x Twentieth Century||Developed in Arkansas. One of the hardiest, most vigorous, heaviest-producing everbearing strawberries. Cold hardy. Ripens in early summer and continues to fruit until first frost. Self-pollinating.|
|Palomar||Univ. of California|
|Pandora||Late Season||East Malling Research, UK||1988||(Von Humboldt × Redstar) × 'Merton Dawn'|
|Pelican||Late Midseason||East Malling Research, UK||1990||'Redgauntlet' × Gorella|
|Pink Panda ('Frel')||Fragaria × Comarum hybrid involving Fragaria chiloensis||Pink flowers; few fruit|
|Pinnacle||early mid-season||USDA-ARS, Oregon||2002||Laguna x ORUS 1267-250|
|Portola ||Day neutral||Univ. of California||2009||Cal 97.93-7 x Cal 97.209-1||Portola strawberry plant is a strong day-neutral cultivar. Fruit is similar in size to Albion, but lighter in color and somewhat shinier. It has excellent flavor and a slightly earlier ripening season than Albion. It is a vigorous plant and may require a slightly lower planting density than Albion. It is somewhat less tolerant to rain than Albion.|
|Puget Reliance ||Early mid-season||Washington State Univ., Oregon State Univ., Univ. of Idaho, and the USDA-ARS||1994||WSU 1945 x BC 77-2-72||strawberry plants produce high yields of large, medium-red conic fruit that is good for processing or local fresh market. It is virus tolerant. Season is similar to ‘Totem’. The plant has an erect growth habit, and unripe fruit are usually held off the ground, providing some degree of avoidance to fruit rot.|
|Puget Summer ('Schwartze')||Late||Washington State University||2002||Nanaimo x ORUS 1076-124||Excellent flavor|
|Quinault||Everbearing||Washington State University||1967||Prefers a soil pH of 5.3 to 6.5. When Quinault plants reach maturity they will attain a height of 8 to 12 inches and spread will be about 12 inches. Will produce berries on unrooted runners. Berries are large to very large, round to round conic. Soft, bright red in color, sweet fruit. Produces from late Spring through fall. Quinault was found to be the most disease free everbearer ever tested. Self pollinating.|
|Rainier ||Late season||Washington State University||1972||WSU 685 (Northwest x Sierra) x Columbia||strawberry plant is a full sibling of Shuksan, is a late-season, cultivar with good-flavored, large fruit. Yields are intermediate. It is not suited for the processing market as it does not cap well, but makes a good addition for local fresh sales. It is tolerant to powdery mildew and red stele.|
|Redchief||USDA||1968||NC 1768 × Surecrop|
|Redcrest||late season||USDA-ARS, Oregon||1990||Linn x Totem|
|Redgem||USDA-ARS, Oregon||1993||Benton x OSC 3596|
|Red Ruby ('Samba')||Fragaria × Comarum hybrid involving Fragaria chiloensis||Red flowers; few fruit|
|Rosie||Early Midseason||East Malling Research, UK||1999|
|Roxana||Late season||New Fruits s.a.s., Italy||2001|
|Sable||Early Season||USDA||1998||Veestar × Cavendish|
|Saint Pierre||Midseason||AAFC||2001||Chandler × Jewel|
|Sallybright||Midseason||East Malling Research, UK||2007|
|Samba (Red Ruby)||Fragaria × Comarum hybrid involving Fragaria chiloensis||Red flowers; few fruit|
|San Andreas ||Day neutral||Univ. of California||2009||Albion x Cal 97.86-1||strawberry plant is a moderate day-neutral with a production pattern similar to Albion. It has high quality fruit, outstanding flavor, exceptional appearance, and is especially superior to Albion in the early season. Fruit color is slightly lighter than Albion.|
|Sapphire||Midseason||University of Guelph||2002||319A92 × V7737-2|
|Sasha||June Bearer||East Malling|
|Seascape ||Day neutral||Univ. of California||1991||Selva x Douglas||strawberry plant produces very large, firm fruit which have good color and flavor when picked ripe. They have a symmetric, medium to long conical berry with a glossy finish. It is one of our most popular varieties with a general flexibility in planting dates and areas. Seascape is a very good choice for roadside and farmer’s markets. This variety is highly tolerant of the virus diseases common in California; and is moderately susceptible to leaf rot|
|Seneca||Midseason||Cornell / NYSAES||1991||NY1261 × Holiday|
|Sequoia||Everbearing||University of California||1972||Medium height plants that develop vigorous runners. Large, glossy berries with a long conic shape. Flavor is sweet and subacid with pleasing aromatic qualities. Disease-resistant to leaf spot. Cold hardy. Ripens in June and may bear into fall. Self-pollinating.|
|Shuksan ||Short day||Washington State University||1970||(Northwest x Sierra) x Columbia||strawberry plants have large, glossy bright red fruit with slightly indented yellowish red seeds. Fruit has medium-firm flesh with good flavor. It is good for fresh eating and excellent for freezing and preserves. Plant is large, very vigorous, and produces runners freely. It is virus and Botrytis tolerant and red stele resistant. Does not demand perfect drainage.|
|Sophie||Late Season||East Malling Research, UK||1997||NY1261 × Holiday|
|Strawberry Festival ||Short Day||Florida Agr. Expt. Station||2000||Rosa Linda x Oso Grande||strawberry plant is distinguished by the numerous runners it produces in the fruiting field, the long pedicels attached to its fruit, and the production of fruit that are flavorful, firm fleshed, deep red on the outside, bright red on the inside, and conically shaped.|
|Surecrop||Short Day||USDA-ARS and the Maryland Agr. Expt. Station||1956||Fairland × Mdus 1972||strawberry plant is a favorite of home gardeners because its vigorous growth habits make it easy to grow and produce good crops in almost any region or soil type. Resistant to red stele. Firm, solid fruit make it good for fresh use or the freezer.|
|Tillamook ||early mid-season||USDA-ARS, Oregon Agr. Expt. Station, Washington State Univ. Agr. Research Center, and Idaho Agr. Expt. Station||2002||Cuesta x Puget Reliance||strawberry plant is a high yielding cultivar, with an extremely large fruit size that is maintained throughout the season. The large fruit size combined with an open plant habit make it extremely efficient to pick. Fruit are extremely firm, cap easily, and have excellent flavor, but color is somewhat light compared to other Pacific Northwest cultivars. Ripens slightly earlier than ‘Totem’.|
|Totem ||mid-season||Agriculture and Agri-Foods Canada, BC||1972||Puget Beauty x Northwest||Standard processing cultivar for the Pacific Northwest US strawberry plant produces relatively firm, conic fruit, which has a uniform, intense medium to dark red internal and external color. Excellent for processing. Totem plants have the potential to produce high yields (5-8 tons/acre) in the Pacific Northwest. Totem is resistant to some strains of red stele, verticillium wilt, leaf spot, and powdery mildew.|
|Tribute ||day neutral||Maryland Agr. Expt. Station and the USDA-ARS||1981||EB 18 (MdUS 3082 x Cal 65.65-601) x MdUS 4258 (MdUS 2713 x MdUS 3364)||strawberry plant is a day neutral cultivar with medium-sized, firm fruit. It is one of the most popular eastern day neutral cultivars and performs well in commercial plantings. Resistant to red stele and powdery mildew and partially resistant to verticillium wilt and leaf scorch. Full sibling to Tristar.|
|Tristar ||day neutral||Maryland Agr. Expt. Station and the USDA-ARS||1981||EB 18 (MdUS 3082 x Cal 65.65-601) x MdUS 4258 (MdUS 2713 x MdUS 3364)||strawberry plant produces medium to small flavorful fruit and is a favorite of home gardeners who desire good dessert quality berries all season long. Tristar yield peaks slightly earlier than Tribute. It is resistant to red stele and powdery mildew and partially resistant to verticillium wilt and leaf scorch. Full sibling to Tribute.|
|Valley Red||early mid-season||USDA-ARS, Oregon||2010||Anaheim x Puget Reliance||Processing cultivar|
|Variegata||Variegated foliage; few fruit|
|Veestar||Early Season||HIRO||1967||Valentine × Sparkle|
|Ventana||Univ. of California|
|Viktoriana||Late Midseason||East Malling Research, UK||1998|
|Wendy||Early Season||AAFC||2006||(Sable × K91-2) × Evangeline|
|Winona||Late Season||University of Minnesota/USDA-ARS, Beltsville, MD||1996|
|Yamaska||Late Season||AAFC||2001||Pandora × Bogota|
- RHS Plant Finder 2009–2010, p282, Dorling Kindersley, London, 2009, ISBN 978-1-4053-4176-9
- Small Fruits Breeding Program at Cornell University
- Food & Rural Affairs - June-Bearing and Day-Neutral Strawberries from the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture
- Strawberry Varieties Developed at USDA
- Nourse Farms - All Strawberry Varieties
- Indiana Berry & Plant Co. - All Strawberry Varieties
- MEIOSIS List of Strawberries
- Plant Research International B.V.
- Strawberry plant named ‘Albion’
- "Albion Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- "Allstar Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- "Aromas Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- "Benton Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- "Camarosa Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- "Camino Real Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- "Cavendish Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- "Chambly Strawberry". Retrieved 1 May 2015.
- "Chandler Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- Strawberry plant `Diamante`
- "Earliglow Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- "Fort Laramie Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- "Hecker Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- "Honeoye Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- "OSU Tells Development of New Hood Strawberry". The Oregonian. May 3, 1965. p. 20.
- "Hood Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- "Jewel Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- "Kent Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- Bosc, J. P. (2009). Strawberry production systems in France. Pomologia Croatica. 14(4): 259-268.
- "Mesabi Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- "Monterey Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- "Portola Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- "Puget Reliance Strawberry/". Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- "Rainier Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- "San Andreas Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- "Seascape Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- "Shuksan Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- "Strawberry Festival Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- "Surecrop Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- "Tillamook Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- "Totem Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- "Tribute Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- "Tristar Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013.