List of stripped Olympic medals

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The following is a list of stripped Olympic medals. The International Olympic Committee (IOC) is the governing body that can rule when athletes are in violation of rules in the Olympic Games. The IOC can strip athletes' Olympic honors and request the return of medals. In the case of team events, the IOC can strip medals from a team based on infractions by a single team member. In the table below, for stripped team medals, the athlete in violation is shown in parentheses. The international governing body of each Olympic sport can also strip athletes of medals for infractions of the rules of the sport.

All but a few of the stripped medals involve infractions stemming from doping and drug testing. Jim Thorpe was stripped of his two 1912 gold medals based on evidence he had participated in professional sports; Thorpe's medals were restored in 1982, 29 years after his death, and presented to his children. Ibragim Samadov of the 1992 Unified Team was stripped of his bronze medal after he "hurled his bronze medal to the floor" and "stormed off the stage during the awards ceremony."[1] Ara Abrahamian was stripped of his bronze medal in 2008 for similar reasons.[2] China was stripped of a team gymnastics bronze medal from 2000 in 2010 after a team member was found to be underage at the time of the competition.

In a few cases the IOC has reversed earlier rulings that stripped athletes of medals. In the case of Rick DeMont, the United States Olympic Committee (USOC) recognized his gold medal performance in the 1972 Summer Olympics in 2001,[3] but only the IOC has the power to restore his medal, and it has so far refused to do so.[3]

List of stripped Olympic medals[edit]

This is the list of Olympic medals stripped by the IOC, the governing body of the Olympics.

Olympics Athlete Country Medal Event Ref
1968 Summer Olympics Pentathlon team (Hans-Gunnar Liljenwall)  Sweden Bronze Modern pentathlon, Team [4]
1972 Summer Olympics Bakhaavaa Buidaa  Mongolia Silver Judo, Men's 63 kg [5]
Jaime Huélamo  Spain Bronze Cycling, Men's individual road race [6]
Cycling team (Aad van den Hoek)  Netherlands Bronze Cycling, Men's team time trial [6]
Rick DeMont  United States Gold Swimming, Men's 400 m freestyle [3]
1976 Winter Olympics Galina Kulakova  Soviet Union Bronze Cross-Country Skiing, Women's 5 km [7]
1976 Summer Olympics Blagoy Blagoev  Bulgaria Silver Weightlifting, Men's 82.5 kg [8]
Zbigniew Kaczmarek  Poland Gold Weightlifting, Men's 67.5 kg [9]
Valentin Khristov  Bulgaria Gold Weightlifting, Men's 100 kg [10]
1984 Summer Olympics Tomas Johansson  Sweden Silver Wrestling, Greco-Roman super-heavyweight [11]
Martti Vainio  Finland Silver Athletics, Men's 10,000 m [12]
1988 Summer Olympics Mitko Grablev  Bulgaria Gold Weightlifting, Men's 56 kg [13]
Angell Guenchev Gold Weightlifting, Men's 67.5 kg [13]
Ben Johnson  Canada Gold Athletics, Men's 100 m [14]
Andor Szanyi  Hungary Silver Weightlifting, Men's 100 kg [15]
1992 Summer Olympics Ibragim Samadov Olympic flag.svg Unified Team Bronze Weightlifting, Men's 82.5 kg [16]
2000 Summer Olympics Ashot Danielyan  Armenia Bronze Weightlifting, Men's 105 kg [17]
Izabela Dragneva  Bulgaria Gold Weightlifting, Women's 48 kg [18]
Ivan Ivanov Silver Weightlifting, Men's 56 kg [18]
Sevdalin Minchev Bronze Weightlifting, Men's 62 kg [18]
Gymnastics team (Dong Fangxiao)  China Bronze Gymnastics, Women's artistic team all-around [19]
Alexander Leipold  Germany Gold Wrestling, Men's freestyle 76 kg [20]
Andreea Răducan  Romania Gold Gymnastics, Women's individual all-round [21]
Marion Jones  United States Gold Athletics, Women's 100 m [22]
Gold Athletics, Women's 200 m
Gold Athletics, Women's 4 × 400 m relay
Bronze Athletics, Women's long jump
Bronze Athletics, Women's 4 × 100 m relay
Lance Armstrong Bronze Cycling, Men's road time trial [23]
Relay team (Antonio Pettigrew, Jerome Young) Gold Athletics, Men's 4 × 400 m relay [24][25]
2002 Winter Olympics Olga Danilova  Russia Gold Cross-Country Skiing, Women's 5 km + 5 km combined pursuit [26]
Silver Cross-Country Skiing, Women's 10 km [26]
Larisa Lazutina Gold Cross-Country Skiing, Women's 30 km [26][27]
Silver Cross-Country Skiing, Women's 15 km [28]
Silver Cross-Country Skiing, Women's 5 km + 5 km combined pursuit [28]
Johann Mühlegg  Spain Gold Cross-Country Skiing, Men's 50 km [26]
Gold Cross-Country Skiing, Men's 30 km freestyle [29]
Gold Cross-Country Skiing, Men's 10 km + 10 km combined pursuit [29]
Alain Baxter  United Kingdom Bronze Alpine Skiing, Men's giant slalom [30]
2004 Summer Olympics Ivan Tsikhan  Belarus Silver Athletics, Men's hammer throw [31]
Iryna Yatchenko Bronze Athletics, Women's discus throw [31]
Equestrian team[nb 1]
(Goldfever horse; Ludger Beerbaum rider)
 Germany Gold Equestrian, Team show jumping [32]
Leonidas Sabanis  Greece Bronze Weightlifting, Men's 62 kg [33]
Adrián Annus  Hungary Gold Athletics, Men's hammer throw [34]
Róbert Fazekas Gold Athletics, Men's discus throw [35]
Ferenc Gyurkovics Silver Weightlifting, Men's 105 kg [36]
Waterford Crystal (horse; Cian O'Connor rider)  Ireland Gold Equestrian, Individual show jumping [37]
Irina Korzhanenko  Russia Gold Athletics, Women's shot put [38]
Svetlana Krivelyova Bronze Athletics, Women's shot put [31]
Oleg Perepetchenov Bronze Weightlifting, Men's 77 kg [39]
Yuriy Bilonoh  Ukraine Gold Athletics, Men's shot put [31]
Rowing team (Olena Olefirenko) Bronze Rowing, Women's quadruple sculls [40]
Crystal Cox  United States Gold Athletics, Women's 4 × 400 m relay [41]
Tyler Hamilton Gold Cycling, Men's road time trial [42]
2006 Winter Olympics Olga Medvedtseva  Russia Silver Biathlon, Women's individual [43]
2008 Summer Olympics Rashid Ramzi  Bahrain Gold Athletics, Men's 1500 m [44]
Yarelys Barrios  Cuba Silver Athletics, Women's discus throw [45]
Lyudmyla Blonska  Ukraine Silver Athletics, Women's heptathlon [46]
Relay team (Yuliya Chermoshanskaya)  Russia Gold Athletics, Women's 4 × 100 metres relay [47]
Relay team (Anastasiya Kapachinskaya, Tatyana Firova) Silver Athletics, Women's 4 × 400 metres relay [48][49]
Maria Abakumova Silver Athletics, Women's javelin throw [50]
Relay team (Denis Alexeev) Bronze Athletics, Men's 4 × 400 metres relay [51]
Andrei Mikhnevich  Belarus Bronze Athletics, Men's shot put [52]
Davide Rebellin  Italy Silver Cycling, Men's road race [53]
Equestrian team[nb 2]
(Camiro horse; Tony André Hansen rider)
 Norway Bronze Equestrian, team show jumping [54]
Kim Jong-su  North Korea Bronze Shooting, Men's 10 m air pistol [55][56]
Silver Shooting, Men's 50 m air pistol [55]
Sibel Özkan  Turkey Silver Weightlifting, Women's 48 kg [57]
Marina Shainova  Russia Silver Weightlifting, Women's 58 kg [58]
Nadezhda Evstyukhina Bronze Weightlifting, Women's 75 kg [59]
Tigran Gevorg Martirosyan  Armenia Bronze Weightlifting, Men's 69 kg [60]
Ara Abrahamian  Sweden Bronze Wrestling, Greco-Roman 84 kg [61]
2012 Summer Olympics Nadzeya Ostapchuk  Belarus Gold Athletics, Women's shot put [62]
Darya Pishchalnikova  Russia Silver Athletics, Women's discus throw [63]
Yuliya Zaripova Gold Athletics, Women's 3000 m steeplechase [64]
Asli Cakir Alptekin  Turkey Gold Athletics, Women's 1500 m [65]
Relay team (Tyson Gay)  United States Silver Athletics, Men's 4 × 100 metres relay [66]
Soslan Tigiev  Uzbekistan Bronze Wrestling, Men's freestyle 74 kg [67]
Sergey Kirdyapkin  Russia Gold Athletics, Men's 50 km walk [68]
Olga Kaniskina Silver Athletics, Women's 20 km walk [69]
Yuliya Kalina  Ukraine Bronze Weightlifting, Women's 58 kg [70]
Oleksandr Pyatnytsya Silver Athletics, Men's javelin throw [71]
Yevgeniya Kolodko  Russia Silver Athletics, Women's shot put [72]
2016 Summer Olympics Izzat Artykov  Kyrgyzstan Bronze Weightlifting, Men's 69 kg [73]

Notes:

  1. ^ The Germany team was not disqualified, but with Beerbaum's score excluded, it dropped from gold medalist to bronze medalist.
  2. ^ The Norwegian team was not disqualified, but with Hansen's score excluded, it dropped from bronze medalist to tenth.

List of Olympic medals stripped and later returned[edit]

Here is the list of Olympic medals that were stripped by the IOC and later returned by the IOC.

Olympics Athlete Country Medal Event Ref
1912 Summer Olympics Jim Thorpe  United States Gold Athletics, Pentathlon [74]
Gold Athletics, Decathlon [74]
1952 Summer Olympics Ingemar Johansson  Sweden Silver Boxing, Heavyweight [75]
1964 Winter Olympics Marika Kilius, Hans-Jürgen Bäumler Germany Silver Figure skating, Pairs [76]
1998 Winter Olympics Ross Rebagliati  Canada Gold Snowboarding, Men's giant slalom [77]
2000 Summer Olympics Relay team (except Marion Jones)  United States Bronze Athletics, Women's 4 × 100 m relay [78]
Gold Athletics, Women's 4 × 400 m relay [78]
2004 Summer Olympics María Luisa Calle  Colombia Bronze Cycling, Women's points race [79]
2008 Summer Olympics Vadim Devyatovskiy  Belarus Silver Athletics, Men's hammer throw [80]
Ivan Tsikhan Bronze Athletics, Men's hammer throw [80]
2014 Winter Olympics Nicklas Bäckström  Sweden Silver Ice hockey, Men's tournament [81]

Stripped, returned, and stripped[edit]

Six gold medals for the 2000 Olympic men's 4 × 400 metres relay were awarded to the U.S. squad of Jerome Young, Michael Johnson, Antonio Pettigrew, Angelo Taylor, Alvin Harrison and Calvin Harrison. In 2004, after Young was retroactively banned from 1999 to 2001, all six were stripped of their medals.

In 2005, the Court of Arbitration for Sport restored the medals of the remaining five, but in 2008, Pettigrew admitted to the use of HGH and EPO from 1997 to 2003, meaning that the team were disqualified, but it was not until 2012 that the medals were stripped from the remaining four.[78]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bondy, Filip (August 3, 1992). "BARCELONA: Weight Lifting; Medalist's Ban Is A Tangled Tale". New York Times. 
  2. ^ Longman, Jere (August 17, 2008). "Swede Stripped of His Medal After His Angry Reaction". New York Times. 
  3. ^ a b c Associated Press (January 30, 2001). "Better late than never". sportsillustrated.cnn.com. [dead link]
  4. ^ The Olympics Most Wanted by Floyd Conner. 2001.
  5. ^ Black Belt magazine January 1973
  6. ^ a b Historical Dictionary of Cycling By Bill Mallon, Jeroen Heijmans. Scarecrow Press. 2011. p. xxiv
  7. ^ Temple, Wick. "Russian star stripped of medal after use of drug". The Day. February 9, 1976.
  8. ^ entry at Sports Reference
  9. ^ entry at Sports Reference
  10. ^ entry at Sports Reference
  11. ^ Associated Press (August 6, 1984). "Swede Loses Silver For Using Steroids". The New York Times. 
  12. ^ "SPORTS PEOPLE; Finn Admits Drug Use". The New York Times. July 10, 1985. 
  13. ^ a b Johnson, William Oscar; Moore, Kenny (October 3, 1988). "The Loser". Sports Illustrated. 
  14. ^ "1988: Johnson stripped of Olympic gold". BBC News. September 27, 1988. 
  15. ^ "THE SEOUL OLYMPICS; Weight Lifter Used Drug". The New York Times. September 29, 1988. 
  16. ^ Bondy, Filip (August 3, 1992). "BARCELONA: Weight Lifting; Medalist's Ban Is A Tangled Tale". The New York Times. 
  17. ^ CNNSI.com (September 30, 2000). "More busts". CNN. [dead link]
  18. ^ a b c "Bulgarian lifters sent home". BBC News. September 22, 2000. 
  19. ^ "China 'pained' by loss of medal". BBC News. April 29, 2010. 
  20. ^ "Wrestler Leipold given ban". BBC News. November 3, 2000. 
  21. ^ "PLUS: GYMNASTICS; Romanian Loses Gold-Medal Appeal". The New York Times. December 13, 2000. 
  22. ^ Associated Press (December 12, 2007). "IOC strips Jones of all 5 Olympic medals". MSNBC.com. 
  23. ^ "Lance Armstrong stripped of Sydney Olympics medal". January 17, 2013. 
  24. ^ Associated Press (August 2, 2008). "IOC Strips Gold Medals From 2000 Olympics U.S. Relay Team". Fox News. 
  25. ^ Associated Press (October 27, 2005). "Sprinter Jerome Young stripped of gold medal". USAToday.com. 
  26. ^ a b c d Associated Press (February 24, 2002). "Muehlegg, Lazutina test positive, stripped of golds". ESPN.com. 
  27. ^ "Drugs test denies Lazutina gold". BBC News. February 24, 2002. 
  28. ^ a b "Lazutina loses Olympic medals". BBC News. June 29, 2003. 
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  30. ^ Court of Arbitration for Sport decision[dead link]
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  33. ^ "Greek weightlifter stripped of bronze". The Guardian. London. August 22, 2004. 
  34. ^ "Hammer throw champ's gold taken". USA Today. August 29, 2004. 
  35. ^ Associated Press (August 24, 2004). "Gold medalist stripped after test tampering". ESPN.com. 
  36. ^ Associated Press (August 28, 2004). "Positive drug tests lead to another stripped medal, expulsion". USAToday.com. 
  37. ^ "O'Connor loses Olympic gold medal". RTÉ News. March 27, 2005. 
  38. ^ "Shot-put champion will lose gold". CNN. August 22, 2004. 
  39. ^ "Russian weightlifter, Oleg Perepetchenov, stripped of Athens bronze medal". Reuters. February 12, 2013. 
  40. ^ Associated Press (August 27, 2004). "Ukrainian rowers stripped of bronze for drug violation; Hungarian weightlifter expelled". The China Post. 
  41. ^ Associated Press (July 21, 2012). "Crystal Cox stripped of 2004 gold". ESPN.com. 
  42. ^ "US cyclist Tyler Hamilton stripped of Athens gold for doping". BBC. August 10, 2012. Retrieved August 13, 2012. 
  43. ^ Associated Press (February 16, 2006). "Russian Woman Stripped of Biathlon Medal". NBCSports.com. 
  44. ^ Wilson, Stephen (November 18, 2009). "Ramzi stripped of Olympic 1,500-meter gold medal". Associated Press. 
  45. ^ "Yarelys Barrios stripped of discus silver". espn.com. 1 September 2016. Retrieved 1 September 2016.
  46. ^ Associated Press (August 22, 2008). "Ukrainian Blonska stripped of silver medal in heptathlon". ESPN.com. 
  47. ^ Payne, Marissa. "Russia stripped of 4×100 gold medal from 2008 Olympics because of doping". washingtonpost.com. August 17, 2016. Retrieved August 17, 2016.
  48. ^ "IOC strips Russia's 2008 4x400 silver medal in doping case". espn.com. 19 August 2016. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
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  50. ^ [2]. olympic.org. 13 September 2016. Retrieved 13 September 2016.
  51. ^ [3]. olympic.org. 13 September 2016. Retrieved 13 September 2016.
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  54. ^ Norwegian stripped of Olympic equestrian bronze December 22, 2008. USA Today.
  55. ^ a b "Two more athletes fail dope tests". BBC Sport. August 15, 2008. 
  56. ^ Scott, Matt (August 15, 2008). "Olympics: Korean double medallist expelled for drug use". The Guardian. 
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  62. ^ Wilson, Stephen (August 13, 2012). "Belarus shot putter stripped of Olympic gold". Associated Press. 
  63. ^ "Russia's Pishchalnikova given 10-year doping ban". Reuters. 2013-05-01. Retrieved 2013-05-01. 
  64. ^ "The decisions of the Lausanne (Switzerland) Court of Arbitration for Sport regarding the Russian Athletes". 2016-03-16. 
  65. ^ "Women's 2012 1500-Meter Olympic Champion Stripped of Gold Medal". Runner's World. Retrieved 2015-11-04. 
  66. ^ "IOC strips U.S. of 2012 relay medal after Tyson Gay doping case". Espn. 2015-05-19. Retrieved 2015-05-19. 
  67. ^ "Doping-IOC strips Uzbek wrestler of Olympic bronze". Reuters. 2012-11-07. Retrieved 2012-11-07. 
  68. ^ 50km walk men results – Athletics – London 2012 Olympics
  69. ^ 20km walk women results – Athletics – London 2012 Olympics
  70. ^ IOC sanctions Ukrainian weightlifter Yulia Kalina for failing anti-doping test at London 2012
  71. ^ IOC sanctions four athletes for failing anti-doping tests
  72. ^ "IOC sanctions Evgeniia Kolodko for failing anti-doping test at London 2012". olympic.org. 20 August 2016. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
  73. ^ "Rio Olympics 2016: Izzat Artykov stripped of weightlifting bronze". BBC News. 18 August 2016. Retrieved 18 August 2016. 
  74. ^ a b "Jim Thorpe's Family Feud," The New York Times, February 7, 1983, Retrieved April 23, 2007.
  75. ^ Ingemar Johansson: Boxer who beat Floyd Patterson to win the world heavyweight title February 3, 2009. The Independent
  76. ^ Culture on Ice: Figure Skating & Cultural Meaning By Ellyn Kestnbaum. p. 77
  77. ^ Clarey, Christopher (February 13, 1998). "Canadian Gets His Gold Medal Back". The New York Times. p. C2. 
  78. ^ a b c Associated Press (July 17, 2010). "Marion Jones' teammates win back stripped Olympic medals". USA Today. 
  79. ^ "IOC to return cyclist's Olympic medal". CBC Sports. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. October 27, 2005. 
  80. ^ a b "Hammer blow repaired". The Times of London. 11 June 2010. p. 93. 
  81. ^ "IOC Decision - Swedish ice hockey player Nicklas Backstrom to receive Sochi silver medal.". IOC. 14 March 2014. Retrieved 14 March 2014. 

External links[edit]