List of stutterers

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Man in robes with long brown hair against a background of waves reaching the shore
Greek orator Demosthenes practicing oratory at the beach with pebbles in his mouth

Stuttering (alalia syllabaris), also known as stammering (alalia literalis or anarthria literalis), is a speech disorder in which the flow of speech is disrupted by involuntary repetitions and prolongations of sounds, syllables, words or phrases, and involuntary silent pauses or blocks during which the person who stutters is unable to produce sounds.[1] The exact etiology of stuttering is unknown; both genetics and neurophysiology are thought to contribute.[2] There are many treatments and speech-language pathology techniques available that may help increase fluency in some people who stutter to the point where an untrained ear cannot identify a problem; however, there is essentially no cure for the disorder at present.[3][4]

People who stutter include British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, orator Demosthenes, King George VI, actor James Earl Jones, US President Joe Biden, and country singer Mel Tillis. Churchill, whose stutter was particularly apparent to 1920s writers,[5] was one of the 30% of people who stutter who have an associated speech disorder—a lisp in his case—yet led his nation through World War II.[6][7] Demosthenes stammered and was inarticulate as a youth, yet, through dedicated practice, using methods such as placing pebbles in his mouth, became a great orator of Ancient Greece.[8] King George VI hired speech therapist Lionel Logue to enable him to speak to his Empire, and Logue effectively helped him accomplish this goal.[9] This training and its results are the focus of the 2010 film The King's Speech.[10] James Earl Jones has stated he was mute for many years of his youth yet he became an actor noted for the power of his voice.[11][12] Mel Tillis stutters when talking but not when singing.[13] Many people had their speech impairment only as a child and have overcome their condition.[14]


Man looking at the camera
Actor James Earl Jones in 2013
Emily at the premiere of Edge of Tomorrow
Emily Blunt in 2014
Man in suit with left hand in pocket facing left
German silent film actor Bruno Kastner circa 1920
Woman in hot pink dress dancing and singing with both arms raised
Actress Marilyn Monroe in 1953's Gentlemen Prefer Blondes
Actors with stutters
Name Lifetime Comments Reference(s)
Rowan Atkinson 1955–present English comedian, screenwriter, and actor who incorporates his stuttering into his work by using over-articulation to overcome problematic consonants [15][16]
Emily Blunt 1983–present English actress who won a Golden Globe Award in 2007 [17]
Peter Bonerz 1938–present American actor and producer who played Jerry the orthodontist on The Bob Newhart Show [18]
Nicholas Brendon 1971–present American actor who serves with the Stuttering Foundation of America [19]
Jaik Campbell 1973–present British comedian who won British Stammering Association Writing Award in 2006 [20][21]
Hugh Grant 1960–present English actor who won a BAFTA and a Golden Globe Award in 1995 [22]
Steve Harvey 1957–present American television and radio presenter, actor, author, businessman, and former stand–up comedian. [23]
Dieter Thomas Heck 1937–2018 German actor and TV producer; started stuttering after being trapped under a staircase after a bombing raid in World War II [24][25]
James Earl Jones 1931–present American actor who overcame stuttering to become noted for his powerful voice [11][22][26]
Samuel L. Jackson 1948–present American actor who has appeared in over 100 films; active in Civil Rights Movement [22]
Javivi 1961–present Spanish actor who has appeared in films and TV series, usually in comical roles [27]
Bruno Kastner 1890–1932 German film actor and producer; committed suicide with the advent of sound films because of his speech impairment [28]
Harvey Keitel 1939–present American stage and movie actor [29]
Nicole Kidman 1967–present Australian actress and film producer [30]
Daniel Kitson 1977–present English comedian winner of the Perrier Comedy Award in 2002 [22][31]
Peggy Lipton 1946–2019 American actress who played "Julie Barnes" on The Mod Squad [29]
Drew Lynch 1991–present American comedian who often uses his stutter as the punchline of his jokes; brother of Stephen Lynch and Season 10 runner-up on America's Got Talent [32]
John Melendez 1965–present American television writer and radio personality known as "Stuttering John" [33]
Marilyn Monroe 1926–1962 American actress, singer, model, and sex symbol; Golden Globe Award nominee in 1956 [22][26]
Sam Neill 1947–present New Zealand actor [34]
Austin Pendleton 1940–present American actor, playwright, theatrical director, and instructor [18]
Rosie Perez 1964–present Puerto Rican-American actress [35]
Anthony Quinn 1915–2001 Mexican-American actor, painter, and writer [29]
Hrithik Roshan 1974–present Indian Bollywood actor who won numerous Best Actor awards [29][36]
Eric Roberts 1956–present American actor, Golden Globe Award nominee in 1978; brother of actress Julia Roberts [29]
Julia Roberts 1967–present One of the highest paid American actresses in terms of box office receipts; sister of actor Eric Roberts [29][37]
Tom Sizemore 1961–present American actor and producer [29]
Cole Sprouse 1992–present American actor, twin of Dylan Sprouse [29][38]
James Stewart 1908–1997 American film and stage actor whose stutter was a signature trait of his work [39][40][41][42]
Bruce Willis 1955–present American actor, producer, and musician [22]


Man in a Harlem Globetrotters uniform is on one knee and holding a basketball.
Basketball player Wilt Chamberlain in 1959 while a Harlem Globetrotter
Woman in peak cap and sunglasses is wearing a red T-shirt.
Golfer Sophie Gustafson in 2008
Athletes with stutters
Name Lifetime Comments Reference(s)
Kelly Brown 1982–present Scottish rugby union player [43]
Rubin Carter 1937–2014 American boxer known as "The Hurricane" [18]
Wilt Chamberlain 1936–1999 American basketball player, holds numerous official NBA all-time records [44]
Johnny Damon 1973–present American baseball outfielder [45]
Sophie Gustafson 1973–present Swedish golfer [18]
Ron Harper 1964–present American basketball player [18]
Lester Hayes 1955–present American football cornerback [46]
Ben Johnson 1961–present Canadian sprinter [18]
Bo Jackson 1962–present American baseball and football player, 1985 Heisman Trophy winner [47]
Tommy John 1943–present American baseball pitcher [18]
Ivo Karlović 1979–present Croatian tennis player [48]
Michael Kidd-Gilchrist 1993–present American basketball player [49]
Ellis Lankster 1987–present American football cornerback [50]
Greg Louganis 1960–present American diver [18]
Bob Love 1942–present American basketball player [51]
Junior Ortiz 1959–present Puerto Rican baseball player [52][53]
Kenyon Martin 1977–present American basketball player [18]
Kenndal McArdle 1987–present Canadian hockey player [18]
Adrian N. Peterson 1979–present American football running back [18]
Wilfredo Rivera 1968–present Puerto Rican boxer [18]
Michael Spinks 1956–present American boxer who was a world champion in the light-heavyweight and heavyweight divisions (1981–1988) [18]
George Springer 1989–present American baseball outfielder [54]
Darren Sproles 1983–present American football running back [55]
Jake Steinfeld 1958–present American actor and fitness personality who had a fitness line "Body by Jake" and TV show called Body by Jake [56]
Duane Thomas 1947–present American football running back [18]
Dave Taylor 1955–present American ice hockey player [18]
Ken Venturi 1931–2013 American golfer and golf broadcaster [57]
Bill Walton 1952–present American Basketball Hall of Famer [58]
Tiger Woods 1975–present American golfer, formerly ranked World No. 1 (2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009) [59]
James Rodríguez 1991–present Colombian soccer player [60]


Churchill is wearing his trademark overcoat and top hat.
Prime Minister Winston Churchill in 1942
Biden standing with US flags behind him
President Joe Biden in 2021
Politicians with stutters
Name Lifetime Comments Reference(s)
Ed Balls 1967–present British Labour politician; former Member of Parliament (2005–2015) [61]
Antonio Bassolino 1947–present Mayor of Naples (1994–1998); President of Campania (2000–2010); member of Italian Communist Party [18]
Joe Biden 1942–present United States Senator from Delaware (1973–2009), 47th Vice President of the United States (2009–2017), 46th President of the United States (2021–present) [18][62][63]
Winston Churchill 1874–1965 Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1940–1945, 1951–1955); Nobel Prize in Literature recipient in 1953 [22][26]
Claudius 10 BC – 54 AD Emperor of Rome (41–54), exaggerated his ailment in youth amid fratricidal dynastic conflicts [64][65]
Demosthenes 384 – 322 BC Ancient Greek orator and politician [8]
Proinsias De Rossa 1940–present Irish Labour Party politician; Member of the European Parliament (1989–1992, 1999–) [66]
Eduardo de Pedro 1976–present Argentine Peronist politician; Minister of the Interior (2019–) [67]
Thomas Kean 1935–present American politician, 48th Governor of New Jersey (1982–1990) [68]
Joacine Katar Moreira 1982–present Portuguese politician, Member of the Assembly of the Republic (2019–) [69]
E. M. S. Namboodiripad 1909–1998 Indian communist politician; Chief Minister of Kerala (1957–1959, 1967–1969) [70]
Matti Vanhanen 1955–present Prime Minister of Finland (2003–2010) [71]
A. K. Fazlul Huq 1873–1962 1st Prime Minister of Bengal, Bengali lawyer, legislator and statesman in the 20th century

Singers and musicians[edit]

Black man singing
Blues guitarist John Lee Hooker
Man in white slacks and black jacket standing singing on stage
Country singer Mel Tillis in 2007 at the Grand Ole Opry
Singers and musicians with stutters
Name Lifetime Comments Reference(s)
Marc Almond 1957–present English singer and songwriter [72]
Noel Gallagher 1967–present English singer, guitarist, and vocalist [73]
Gareth Gates 1984–present English singer and songwriter [74]
John Lee Hooker 1912–2001 American blues guitarist [75]
Scatman John 1942–1999 American scat singer [76]
Jim Kerr 1959–present Scottish singer and songwriter [22]
Alvin Lucier 1931–present American music professor and composer of experimental music [18]
Chris Martin 1977–present English singer, songwriter, and guitarist [22]
Kylie Minogue 1968–present Australian singer, songwriter, and actress [22]
Peter Murphy 1957–present English singer, songwriter, and actor [77]
Elvis Presley 1935–1977 American rock and roll singer [26]
Carly Simon 1945–present American singer, songwriter, musician, and children's author; recipient of two Grammy Awards, an Academy Award, and a Golden Globe Award; member of Grammy Hall of Fame [18][78]
Mel Tillis 1932–2017 American country singer, spokesman and honorary chairman of the Stuttering Foundation of America in 1998 [13][79]
Chris Trapper 1971–present American musician [18]
Bill Withers 1938–2020 American singer, songwriter, and musician [18][80][81]
Sean Dunphy 1937–2011 Irish singer, who represented Ireland at the 1967 Eurovision song contest [82]
Megan Washington 1986–present Australian singer, songwriter and musician [83]


Man with moustache standing in suit
Writer W. Somerset Maugham in 1934
Man with moustache standing in suit and facing right
Writer Machado de Assis circa 1896
Writers with stutters
Name Lifetime Comments Reference(s)
Arnold Bennett 1867–1931 English journalist and novelist [18]
Michael Bentine 1922–1996 British comedian, script-writer, and reader of children's books [18]
Elizabeth Bowen 1899–1973 Irish novelist and short story writer [18]
Lewis Carroll 1832–1898 English author, mathematician, logician, Anglican deacon and photographer [22][26]
Jim Davis 1945–present American cartoonist [84]
Machado de Assis 1838–1908 Brazilian novelist, short story writer, poet, and literary critic [85]
Margaret Drabble 1939–present English novelist, biographer, and literary critic [86]
Han, FeiHan Fei 280 BC – 233 BC Chinese philosopher and writer [18]
Edward Hoagland 1932–present American nature and travel writer [87]
Henry James 1843–1916 American-born writer and critic who spent most of his life in England [18]
Dylan Jones 1960–present British journalist and editor [88][89]
Somerset Maugham 1874–1965 English novelist, playwright, and short story writer [22][26]
Michael McCurdy 1942–present American illustrator, author, and publisher [18]
David Mitchell 1969–present English novelist [90]
John Montague 1929–2016 Irish poet [18]
Budd Schulberg 1914–2009 American screenwriter, television producer, novelist and sports writer [18]
David Seidler 1937–present British screenwriter; BAFTA and Academy Award-winning writer of The King's Speech
David Shields 1956–present American writer of fiction and nonfiction [18]
Nevil Shute 1899–1960 British novelist and aeronautical engineer [18]
Peter Straub 1943–present American author and poet [18]
Kenneth Tynan 1927–1980 English theater critic and writer [18]
John Updike 1932–2009 American novelist, poet, short story writer, art critic, and literary critic [22]


Man standing in royal regalia
King George VI of the United Kingdom circa 1940–1946
Man in beige shirt standing and talking, with finger pointed
Zoologist Alan Rabinowitz
Woodcut of man facing left with cloth hat and robe
Mathematician Niccolò Tartaglia later in life
Other people with stutters
Name Lifetime Comments Reference(s)
Alan Turing 1912–1954 Mathematician [91]
Prince Albert II 1958–present Prince of Monaco [18][62]
Walter Annenberg 1908–2002 Publisher, philanthropist, and diplomat [92]
Terry Allen 1888–1969 United States Army Major General during World War II [93]
Aristotle 384 BC – 322 BC Greek philosopher and writer [22][26]
Homer Bigart 1907–1991 American newspaper reporter who won two Pulitzer Prizes for combat reporting—one each during World War II and the Korean War [94]
Howard Bingham 1939–2016 American photographer and biographer of Muhammad Ali [18]
Arthur Blank 1942–present American businessman, co-founder of The Home Depot and owner of the National Football League's Atlanta Falcons [18]
Patrick Campbell 1913–1980 3rd Baron Glenavy, Irish-born British journalist, humorist and television personality [18]
Lord Carver 1915–2001 British Field Marshal, tank commander in World War II; Chief of the Defence Staff [95]
Lord David Cecil 1902–1986 British biographer, historian and professor [18]
King Charles I 1600–1649 King of England (1625–1649) [96]
Charles Darwin 1809–1882 English naturalist [29]
Harley Earl 1893–1969 American car designer, first vice president of design at General Motors [18]
Jake Eberts 1941–2012 Canadian movie producer, director, and financier [97]
Malcolm Fraser 1903–1994 American philanthropist and businessman [98][99]
Philip French 1933–2015 Film critic and BBC radio producer [100]
King George VI 1895–1952 King of the United Kingdom [22]
Annie Glenn 1920–2020 Wife of astronaut and United States Senator John Glenn; She was inducted into the National Stuttering Association Hall of Fame. [101][102]
Sidney Gottlieb 1918–1999 American chemist who worked with the Central Intelligence Agency [18]
Vernon Hill 1945–present American banker [18]
King James II 1633–1701 King of England (1685–1688) [103]
King Louis the Stammerer 846–879 King of Aquitaine and West Francia [104]
Emperor Michael II 770–829 Byzantine emperor, founder of the Amorian (Phrygian) dynasty [105]
Adam Michnik 1946–present Polish editor, historian, essayist, and political commentator [18]
Isaac Newton 1642–1727 English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, alchemist, and theologian [22]
Bruce Oldfield 1950–present British fashion designer [18]
Jerzy Owsiak 1953–present Polish journalist, social campaigner [106]
King Peter I 1320–1367 King of Portugal (1357–1367) [107]
Alan Rabinowitz 1953–2018 American zoologist, conservationist, field biologist, and President and CEO of Panthera [18][108]
Alfred Rehder 1863–1949 German-American botanist, Harvard professor [22]
John Stossel 1947–present American consumer reporter, investigative journalist, author, and libertarian columnist [109]
Niccolò Fontana Tartaglia 1499–1557 Italian mathematician, engineer, and surveyor [18]
Jack Welch 1935–2020 American chemical engineer, businessman, and author [18]
Ludwig Wittgenstein 1889–1951 Austrian philosopher [22]
Charles Van Riper 1905–1994 speech pathologist [110]


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