List of styles of music: G–M

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  • G-funk – a style of gangsta rap that heavily uses P-Funk samples (largely recreated and not directly taken from P-funk records) in their music.
  • Gaana – upbeat Tamil dance song performed at celebrations
  • Gabber – a faster, more anarchistic, style of house music designed to counter the pretentious Dutch house scene of the 1980s
  • Gagaku – any Japanese classical music played for the Imperial Court
  • Ghana – counterpoint guitar music from Malta, with improvised lyrics.
  • Gaita Zuliana – diverse style of Venezuelan folk
  • Galant – intentionally simplistic style of Western classical music designed to counter the increasingly complex Baroque music of the 18th century
  • Gallican chantplainsong used during the Gallican rite.



  • Gar – Tibetan chanting and dancing
  • Garba – Gujarati music and dance
  • Garage house – heavily polished style of American house
  • Garage rock – a raw and energetic style of rock and roll, often practiced by high school bands in garages.
  • Garage rock revival – a music revival of garage rock that occurred in the early 2000s.
  • Gato – style of music folk dance popular in Argentina and Uruguay
  • Gavotte – traditional French dance music




  • Guarania – Paraguayan music style also popular in Brazil
  • Guajira – Cuban country music, performed in rural communities
  • Gumbe – Guinea-Bissaun folk music
  • Gunchei – Central American music played to accompany the garifauna dance of the same name
  • Gunka – Japanese military music
  • Guoyue – modernized Chinese traditional music
  • Gwo ka – Guadaloupean drum music
  • Gwo ka moderne – modernized style of gwo ka
  • Gypsy jazz – Roma-French style of jazz
  • Gypsy punk – Romani style of punk rock





  • Heartland rock – a style of roots rock known for its straightforward rock and roll sound and its concern with the American working class.
  • Heavy hardcore - a mix of Hardcore punk and Heavy metal
  • Heavy metal music – a technically proficient, aggressive style of rock music and an offshoot of blues rock. Related and originally used interchangeably with hard rock, heavy metal music usually abandons the bluesy elements of rock music.
  • Hi-NRG – an electronic, uptempo style of disco known for a reverberating, four-on-the-floor rhythm.
  • Hill country blues – a style country blues developed in Northern Mississippi which puts strong emphasis on rhythm and percussion, steady guitar riffs, few chord changes, unconventional song structures, and heavy emphasis on the "groove".
  • Highlife – Ghanan style that married traditional African forms with Western pop
  • Hiplife – fusion of highlife and hip hop
  • Hip hop production – music production for hip hop music.
  • Hip hop music – a popular music genre where lyrics are rapped rather than sung and are musically backed by a sampled loop provided by a DJ.
  • Hip house – fusion of hip hop and house music
  • Hindustani classical music – Northern Indian classical music
  • Hiragasy – style of music and dance performed by troupes of relatives for day-long periods by the Merina people of Madagascar
  • Honky-tonk – a crisp, clean style of country music that is usually played in honky-tonks.
  • Hokum – a comedic version of blues where lyrics is centered on making sexual innuendos.
  • Honkyoku – religious music performed by Japanese Zen Buddhists
  • Hora – Romani folk music
  • Hora lungă – improvisational Romani folk music
  • Hornpipe – music played to accompany the British naval dance of the same name
  • Horrorcore – hip hop known for dark, horror-inspired lyrics
  • Horror punk – punk that is lyrically inspired by 1950s horror B-movies, often in an ironic way
  • House music – a relaxed, electronic dance music offshoot of disco characterized by repetitive 4/4 beats, rhythms provided by drum machines, off-beat hi-hat cymbals, and synthesized basslines.


  • Huayño – Peruvian folk music
  • Hula – Hawaiian folk music made to accompany the dance of the same name
  • Humppa – Finnish jazz style
  • Hunguhungu – folk music performed by Garifuna women
  • Hyangak – Korean court music from the Three Kingdoms period
  • Hymn – any religious song
  • Hyphy – fast-paced style of hip hop from the San Francisco Bay Area





  • J-pop – pop music made by the Japanese performers
  • Jaipongan – music made to accompany the dance of the same name of Sundanese people of Indonesia
  • Jam band – a type of band (usually a rock band) that plays long instrumental, often improvised, tracks called 'jams'.
  • Jam sessionmusical improvisation within the context of popular music (i.e. rock).
  • Jamaican folk musicfolk music originating from Jamaica.
  • Jamrieng samai – Cambodian pop music
  • Jangle – a sound characterized by undistorted, treble-heavy electric guitars (particularly 12-strings) played in a droning chordal style (by strumming or arpeggiating), giving it an uplifting, 'jangly' sound. This sound is the main focus of an indie/pop rock music style known as jangle pop.
  • Japanese rock – rock music made by Japanese performers
  • Japanoise – noise music from Japan
  • Jarana yucateca – traditional Yucatán dance music
  • Jarocho – Mexican dance and song style from Veracruz
  • Jawaiian – fusion of Hawaiian traditional music and reggae
  • Jazz – a form of music (usually considered a type of popular music, although some forms can be considered art music) that originated in the late 19th and early 20th century in the Southern United States and is known for its heavy use of musical improvisation and brass instruments (especially the saxophone and trumpet).
  • Jazzcore
  • Jazz improvisationmusical improvisation within the context of jazz.
  • Jazz-funk – fusion of jazz and funk music
  • Jazz fusion – can refer to any music that fuses something with jazz, although its usage is often limited to defining a fusion of jazz and rock music. Sometimes used interchangeably with jazz rock, jazz fusion is usually seen as being a jazz style that incorporates rock elements (particularly its backbeat and usage of the electric guitar) into its music.
  • Jazz rap – a fusion of jazz and hip hop music; usually contains jazz instrumentation (either played live or sampled from older jazz recordings) and hip hop rhythms.
  • Jazz rock – a fusion of jazz and rock music. Sometimes used interchangeably with jazz fusion, jazz rock is usually seen as being a rock style that incorporates jazz elements (particularly its usage of improvisation and brass instruments) into its music.
  • Jegog – gamelan played with bamboo-based instruments
  • Jenkka – Finnish folk dance music
  • Jesus music – style of CCM developed by the American hippie-based Jesus Movement


  • Jig – uptempo Irish folk dance music
  • Jing ping – Dominican folk dance music developed by slave during European colonialism
  • Jingle – short, catchy song used in advertising
  • Jit – Zimbabwean pop music
  • Jitterbug – any music that accompanied the dance of the same name
  • Jive – swing music used to accompany the African-American ballroom dance of the same name
  • Joged – Balinese dance music
  • Joged bumbung – fusion of gamelan and joged
  • Joik – style of Sami folk music
  • Joropo – Venezuelan waltz
  • Jota – Spanish folk dance music
  • Jug band – a band that plays a style of African-American folk music using household objects such as jugs, spoons, and washboards.
  • Jùjú music – Nigerian pop music
  • Jump blues – an uptempo, style of boogie-woogie played with horns and swing music rhythms.
  • Jumpstyle – faster style of progressive house
  • Jungle music – a style of breakbeat hardcore known for fast tempo, breakbeats, samples, and for being the immediate predecessor of drum and bass.
  • Junkanoo – Bahamas folk dance music




  • K-pop - pop music made by the korean performers
  • Kabuki – style of Japanese musical theatre known for its elaborate make-up and costuming
  • Kagok – Korean folk music
  • Kaiso – a style of Trinidadian music originating from Igbo and Kongo slaves that later developed into calypso music.
  • Kalamatianó – Greek folk music
  • Kan ha diskan – Breton folk music
  • Kanikapila – Hawaiian music
  • Kansas City bluesblues performed by Kansas City inhabitants.
  • Kantrum – fast-paced Khmer-Thai folk music
  • Kargyraa – deep, growling style of Tuvan throat singing
  • Kaseko – Surinamese music that fuses African, European, and American styles
  • Kachāshī – fast-paced Ryukyuan festive folk music
  • Kawachi ondo – Japanese folk music from the Osaka region
  • Kawaii metal – Fusion of heavy metal and J-pop
  • Karaoke – a form of entertainment, offered typically by bars and clubs, in which people take turns singing popular songs
  • Kayōkyoku – an early style of J-Pop


  • Kecak – Balinese folk opera
  • Kacapi suling – Sundanese folk music
  • Kertok – Malay musical ensemble utilizing xylophones
  • Khaleeji – Arab folk music
  • Khene – Malay woodwind music
  • Khyal – North Indian style of Hindustani classical music
  • Khoomei – soft, droning style of Tuvan throat singing


  • Kievan chant – a liturgical chant common in churches that have their roots in the Moscow Patriarchate; part of the Obikhod.
  • Kirtan – Indian drum music performed during Hindu bhakti rituals
  • Kiwi rock – rock music performed by New Zealanders
  • Kizomba – Angolan folk dance music
  • Klapa – Croatian a capella music
  • Klasik – Afghan classical music
  • Klezmer – Jewish classical music
  • Kliningan – Sundanese folk dance music
  • Kolomyjka – tongue-in-cheek Hutsul folk dance music
  • Komagaku – Japanese court music from the Heian period
  • Kpanlogo – Ghanan folk dance music






  • Legényes – Hungarian and Romanian folk dance music performed by the inhabitants of Transylvania, now modern-day Cluj-Napoca
  • Letkajenkka – Finnish folk dance music
  • Lhamo – Tibetan folk opera
  • Lied – German poems spoken to music
  • Light Metal music
  • Light music – soft, non-confrontational British orchestral music
  • Liquid funk – style of drum and bass with a heavy emphasis on melody
  • Lo-fi music – any music recorded at a quality lower than usual.
  • Logobi – style of zouglou influenced by the French colonists in the Ivory Coast
  • Loncomeo – musical style from the tehuelche people in Argentina
  • Long song – Mongolian folk music in which each syllable is extended for a longer than average period of time
  • Louisiana bluesblues performed by inhabitants of the state of Louisiana.
  • Lounge music – downtempo music intended to give the listener a sense of being somewhere else, i.e. a jungle or outer space
  • Lovers rock – style of reggae fusion known for its romantic lyrics
  • Lowercase – an extreme, minimalist style of ambient music consisting of long periods of silence and occasional, very minute sounds.


  • Lu – Tibetan a capella music
  • Lubbock sound – fusion of rock and roll and country music from Lubbock, Texas
  • Luk Krung – more polished style of luk thung
  • Luk thung – Thai folk music
  • Lullaby – soothing song sung to young children to lull them to sleep
  • Lundu – harmonious style of Afro-Brazilian music




  • M-Base – style of musical thought and composition developed by Steve Coleman
  • Madchester – a music scene developed in Manchester that combined alternative rock with acid house. The music itself is often referred to as baggy.
  • Madrigal – style of classical singing popular in the Renaissance and Baroque eras
  • Mafioso rap – an East Coast style of gangsta rap that focuses on organize crime (i.e. the Mafia) rather than street gang activities.
  • Mahori – style of Thai and Khmer classical music
  • Makossa – Cameroonian pop
  • Malhun – Arab folk poetry
  • Maloya – style of folk developed by the slaves on the French territory of Reunion
  • Malambo – Argentine and Uruguayan style of folk music dance
  • Mambo – a Cuban style of swing music.


  • Manaschi – Kyrgyz song recital of the Epic of Manas
  • Mandopop – style of C-pop sung in the Mandarin language
  • Manele – Romani folk music
  • Mangue bit – a Brazilian electronic music genre played in a fast-paced, alternative rock-informed style.
  • Manila Sound – fusion of Western rock music and traditional Filipino folk music
  • Mapouka – traditional folk dance music of the Aizi, Alladian, and Avikam people of the Ivory Coast


  • Marabi – South African style informed by blues and jazz
  • Maracatu – Brazilian folk dance music
  • March
  • Mariachi – fusion of Mexican folk music and pop music
  • Marrabenta – Mozambican folk dance music informed by Portuguese styles
  • Martial industrial – style of neo-folk informed by military marches and militaristic themes
  • Martial music – music intended for use in military settings.
  • Maskanda – South African folk music
  • Marinera – romantic Peruvian folk dance music
  • Martinetes – a capella flamenco music
  • Mashup – Blend of two or more pre-recorded songs
  • Mass – Christian hymns sung by large vocal groups
  • Matamuerte – Garifuna folk dance music
  • Mathcore – fusion of metalcore and math rock
  • Math rock – a rhythmically complex and experimental style of indie rock.
  • Maxixe – Brazilian folk dance music
  • Mazurka – Polish folk dance music


  • Mbalax – Senegalese folk dance music that combines traditional sabar drumming techniques with jazz, soul, rock, and Latin music
  • Mbaqanga – Zulu jazz style that was one of the first South African genres to achieve intertribal recognition
  • Mbube – South African a cappella music
  • Meditation music – any music created to aid meditation procedures
  • Medieval folk rock – style of folk rock that incorporated elements of earlier folk traditions, such as Medieval, Renaissance, and Baroque music, despite what the name may suggest
  • Medieval metal – fusion of folk metal and Medieval folk rock
  • Medieval music – a period of Western art music ranging from the 6th to 15th centuries.
  • Mejoranera – Panamanian guitar music
  • Malhun – north African style of classical music that borrows from Andalusian traditions
  • Melam – Indian drumming style
  • Melisma – a singing technique where a single syllable of text is sung through several different notes in succession.
  • Melodic hardcore – style of hardcore punk known for its slower, melodic guitars, juxtaposed with shouted vocals
  • Melodic metalcore – fusion of melodic hardcore and metalcore
  • Melodic music – any music that utilizes melody, the combination of notes so that they are perceived as a single string of music
  • Memphis blues – a style of blues from Memphis.
  • Memphis soulsouthern soul from Memphis known for its sultry sound and melodic unison horn lines.
  • Mento – a style of Jamaican folk music that later developed into ska; heavily conflated with calypso music.
  • Merengue music – Dominican folk dance music
  • Merengue típico – style of modern merengue that attempts to sound similar to 19th century merengue
  • Méringue – Haitian guitar music
  • Metalcore – fusion of extreme metal and hardcore punk; often sung melodically
  • Mexican rock music – rock music performed by Mexicans
  • Meykhana – Azerbaijani spoken word music
  • Mezwed – Tunisian folk music




  • Modal jazzjazz that uses musical modes rather than tonal scales and thinking as a framework.
  • Modinha – Brazilian folk music
  • Modern rock – any rock music (usually alternative rock) made during or after the 1990s
  • Morenada – folk music and dance style from the Bolivian Andes
  • Mor lam – Laotian and Thai folk music
  • Mor lam sing – fast-paced, sexual, and modernized style of mor lam
  • Moombahton – fusion of electro house and reggaeton
  • Moombahcore – moombahton incorporating dubstep influences and elements of Dutch house
  • Motown sound – a style of soul music produced by and named after the famous record label that took elements of pop music (particularly its clean production and usage of catchy hooks) in order to gain mass crossover appeal.
  • Montuno – loose term for Cuban music and its derivatives
  • Morna – Cape Verdean folk music
  • Mozambique
  • Mozarabic chantplainsong used during the Mozarabic rite.


  • Mugham – Azerbaijan classical music
  • Mumble rap – A modern style of hip-hop characterized by simplistic and often unintelligible lyrics
  • Murga – Uruguayan, Argentinian and Spaniard theatrical music performed during carnival.
  • Musette – French folk dance music
  • Mushroom Jazz – eclectic genre that draws from downtempo, hip hop, and world styles
  • Music drama – an artwork that covers all forms of art
  • Music hall – English popular music of the 19th century
  • Música criolla – Peruvian music informed by African, European, and Andean styles
  • Musica llanero – Venezuelan and Colombian folk music
  • Música popular brasileira – loose term for Brazilian pop music
  • Musical improvisation – music made up on the spot.
  • Musique concrète – heavily experimental orchestral music known for its use of electronic instruments
  • Muwashshah – Arabic musical poetry

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