List of styles of music: G–M

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  • G-funk – style of West Coast gangster rap


  • Gaana – upbeat Tamil dance song performed at celebrations
  • Gabber – a faster, more anarchistic, form of house music designed to counter the pretentious Dutch house scene of the 1980s
  • Gagaku – any Japanese classical music played for the Imperial Court
  • Gaita Zuliana – diverse form of Venezuelan folk
  • Galant – intentionally simplistic style of Western classical music designed to counter the increasingly complex Baroque music of the 18th century
  • Gallican chantplainsong used during the Gallican rite.



  • Gar – Tibetan chanting and dancing
  • Garba – Gujarati music and dance
  • Garage house – heavily polished style of American house
  • Garage rock – a raw and energetic style of rock and roll, often practiced by high school bands in garages.
  • Gato – style of music folk dance popular in Argentina and Uruguay
  • Gavotte – traditional French dance music


  • Gender wayang – Balinese style of gamelan
  • Geek rockalternative rock with geeky themes.
  • Gelineau psalmody – a style of plainsong developed by Joseph Gelineau that uses regular metre unlike other plainsongs.
  • German folk – any folk music performed by Germans
  • Ghazal – Arabic (particularly Pakistani) angst-ridden poetry, often accompanied by music
  • Ghetto house – form of Chicago house known for its sexually explicit lyrics
  • Ghettotech – fusion of Chicago house, Miami bass, electro, glitch, and techno
  • Girl group – any all-female pop or rock group
  • Glam metal – a subgenre of heavy metal with elements of glam rock, hard rock and pop rock.
  • Glam punk – fusion of glam and punk rock
  • Glam rock – a style of rock music which included heavy themes of gender-bending and androgyny.
  • Glitch – style of EDM based around samples of malfunctioning technology in order to create an intentionally harsh sound
  • Gnawa – Islamic African religious music



  • Guarania – Paraguayan music style also popular in Brazil
  • Guajira – Cuban country music, performed in rural communities
  • Gumbe – Guinea-Bissaun folk music
  • Gunchei – Central American music played to accompany the garifauna dance of the same name
  • Gunka – Japanese military music
  • Guoyue – modernized Chinese traditional music
  • Gwo ka – Guadaloupean drum music
  • Gwo ka moderne – modernized form of gwo ka
  • Gypsy jazz – Roma-French style of jazz
  • Gypsy punk – Romani style of punk rock


Ha- He-HoHu-Hy




  • Heartland rock – style of rock known for its minimalism, straightforwardness, and concern with the American working class
  • Heavy metal music – a technically proficient, aggressive form of rock music. Related and originally treated interchangeably with hard rock, heavy metal music usually abandons the bluesy elements of rock music.
  • Hi-NRG – uptempo, fast-paced style of EDM known for a reverberating, four-on-the-floor rhythm
  • Hill country blues – a style country blues developed in Northern Mississippi which puts strong emphasis on rhythm and percussion, steady guitar riffs, few chord changes, unconventional song structures, and heavy emphasis on the "groove".
  • Highlife – Ghanan style that married traditional African forms with Western pop
  • Hiplife – fusion of highlife and hip hop
  • Hip hop music – a music genre that combines poetry and innovative DJ techniques, particularly the usage of sampling of pre-recorded material.
  • Hip house – fusion of hip hop and house music
  • Hindustani classical – Northern Indian classical music
  • Hiragasy – style of music and dance performed by troupes of relatives for day-long periods by the Merina people of Madagascar
  • Honky-tonk – a bar that provides country music for the entertainment of its patrons, specifically a crisp, clean form of it.
  • Hokum – a comedic version of blues where lyrics is centered on making sexual innuendos.
  • Honkyoku – religious music performed by Japanese Zen Buddhists
  • Hora – Romani folk music
  • Hora lungă – improvisational Romani folk music
  • Hornpipe – music played to accompany the British naval dance of the same name
  • Horrorcore – hip hop known for dark, horror-inspired lyrics
  • Horror punk – punk that is lyrically inspired by 1950s horror B-movies, often in an ironic way
  • House music – a relaxed, disco-informed style of electronic dance music characterized by repetitive 4/4 beats, rhythms provided by drum machines, off-beat hi-hat cymbals, and synthesized basslines.


  • Huayño – Peruvian folk music
  • Huella – folk music from Argentina and Uruguay
  • Hula – Hawaiian folk music made to accompany the dance of the same name
  • Humppa – Finnish jazz style
  • Hunguhungu – folk music performed by Garifuna women
  • Hyangak – Korean court music from the Three Kingdoms period
  • Hymn – any religious song
  • Hyphy – fast-paced style of hip hop from the San Francisco Bay Area




  • J-pop – pop music made by the Japanese performers
  • J-rock – rock music made by Japanese performers


  • Jaipongan – music made to accompany the dance of the same name of Sundanese people of Indonesia
  • Jam – a type of band that plays long instrumental tracks, often improvised, called 'jams'
  • Jamrieng samai – Cambodian pop music
  • Jangle – a sound characterized by undistorted, treble-heavy electric guitars (particularly 12-strings) played in a droning chordal style (by strumming or arpeggiating), giving it an uplifting, 'jangly' sound. This sound is the main centerpiece of a indie/pop rock music style known as jangle pop.
  • Japanoise – noise music from Japan
  • Jarana yucateca – traditional Yucatán dance music
  • Jarocho – Mexican dance and song style from Veracruz
  • Jawaiian – fusion of Hawaiian traditional music and reggae
  • Jazz – a type of music (usually considered a form of popular music, although some forms can be considered art music) that originated in the late 19th and early 20th century in the Southern United States and is known for its heavy use of improvisation.
  • Jazz blues – fusion of jazz and blues music
  • Jazz-funk – fusion of jazz and funk music
  • Jazz fusion – any music that fuses something with jazz, particularly jazz-rock
  • Jazz rap – fusion of jazz and hip hop
  • Jazz-rock – fusion of jazz and rock music
  • Jegog – gamelan played with bamboo-based instruments
  • Jenkka – Finnish folk dance music
  • Jesus – style of CCM developed by the American hippie-based Jesus Movement


  • Jig – uptempo Irish folk dance music
  • Jing ping – Dominican folk dance music developed by slave during European colonialism
  • Jingle – short, catchy song used in advertising
  • Jit – Zimbabwean pop music
  • Jitterbug – any music that accompanied the dance of the same name
  • Jive – swing music used to accompany the African-American ballroom dance of the same name
  • Joged – Balinese dance music
  • Joged bumbung – fusion of gamelan and joged
  • Joik – style of Sami folk music
  • Joropo – Venezuelan waltz
  • Jota – Spanish folk dance music
  • Jug band – a band that plays a form of African-American folk music using household objects such as jugs, spoons, and washboards.
  • Juke joint blues – fusion of blues and soul
  • Jùjú – Nigerian pop music
  • Jump blues – an uptempo, swing-influenced form of boogie-woogie played with horns.
  • Jumpstyle – faster form of progressive house
  • Jungle music – a style of breakbeat hardcore known for fast tempo, breakbeats, samples, and for being the immediate predecessor of drum and bass.
  • Junkanoo – Bahamas folk dance music





  • Kaba – Southern Albanian instrumental folk music
  • Kabuki – form of Japanese musical theatre known for its elaborate make-up and costuming
  • Kagok – Korean folk music
  • Kaiso – a type of Trinidadian folk music originating from Igbo and Kongo slaves that later developed into calypso music.
  • Kalamatianó – Greek folk music
  • Kan ha diskan – Breton folk music
  • Kanikapila - Hawaiian music
  • Kansas City bluesblues performed by Kansas City inhabitants.
  • Kantrum – fast-paced Khmer-Thai folk music
  • Kargyraa – deep, growling form of Tuvan throat singing
  • Kaseko – Surinamese music that fuses African, European, and American styles
  • Kachāshī – fast-paced Ryukyuan festive folk music
  • Kawachi ondo – Japanese folk music from the Osaka region
  • Kawaii metal - Fusion of heavy metal and J-pop
  • Karaoke - a form of entertainment, offered typically by bars and clubs, in which people take turns singing popular songs
  • Kayōkyoku – an early form of J-Pop


  • Kecak – Balinese folk opera
  • Kacapi suling – Sundanese folk music
  • Kertok – Malay musical ensemble utilizing xylophones
  • Khaleeji – Arab folk music
  • Khene – Malay woodwind music
  • Khyal – North Indian form of Hindustani classical music
  • Khoomei – soft, droning form of Tuvan throat singing


  • Kievan chant – a liturgical chant common in churches that have their roots in the Moscow Patriarchate; part of the Obikhod.
  • Kirtan – Indian drum music performed during Hindu bhakti rituals
  • Kiwi rock – rock music performed by New Zealanders
  • Kizomba – Angolan folk dance music
  • Klapa – Croatian a capella music
  • Klasik – Afghan classical music
  • Klezmer – Jewish classical music
  • Kliningan – Sundanese folk dance music
  • Kolomyjka – tongue-in-cheek Hutsul folk dance music
  • Komagaku – Japanese court music from the Heian period
  • Kpanlogo – Ghanan folk dance music
  • K-pop – South Korean pop music


  • Krakowiak – fast-paced Polish folk dance music
  • Krautrock – highly experimental form of German art rock that incorporated electronic influences
  • Kriti – Indian classical music
  • Kroncong – Indonesian folk music utilizing the ukele
  • Kuduro – Angolan folk music
  • Kulintang – ancient gong music of the Filipinos, Indonesians, Malays, Bruneian, and Timorese
  • Kundiman – Filipino love songs
  • Kvæði – Icelandic folk music
  • Kwaito – South African house music
  • Kwassa kwassa – Congolese folk dance music
  • Kwela – South African skiffle music





  • Legényes – Hungarian and Romanian folk dance music performed by the inhabitants of Transylvania, now modern-day Cluj-Napoca
  • Letkajenkka – Finnish folk dance music
  • Lhamo – Tibetan folk opera
  • Lied – German poems spoken to music
  • Light Metal music
  • Light – soft, non-confrontational British orchestral music
  • Liquid funk – form of drum and bass with a heavy emphasis on melody
  • Liquindi – style of percussion performed by the various 'pygmy' peoples of Africa in which drummers stand in a body of water and hit the surface
  • Lo-fi – any music recorded at a quality lower than usual
  • Logobi – form of zouglou influenced by the French colonists in the Ivory Coast
  • Loncomeo – musical style from the tehuelche people in Argentina
  • Long song – Mongolian folk music in which each syllable is extended for a longer than average period of time
  • Louisiana bluesblues performed by inhabitants of the state of Louisiana.
  • Lounge – downtempo music intended to give the listener a sense of being somewhere else, i.e. a jungle or outer space
  • Lovers rock – form of reggae fusion known for its romantic lyrics
  • Lowercase – an extreme, minimalist form of ambient music consisting of long periods of silence and occasional, very minute sounds.


  • Lu – Tibetan a capella music
  • Lubbock sound – fusion of rock and roll and country music from Lubbock, Texas
  • Luk Krung – more polished form of luk thung
  • Luk thung – Thai folk music
  • Lullaby – soothing song sung to young children to lull them to sleep
  • Lundu – harmonious style of Afro-Brazilian music
  • Lust - romantic retro 80's music



  • M-Base – style of musical thought and composition developed by Steve Coleman


  • Madchester – a music scene developed in Manchester that combined alternative rock with acid house. The music itself is often referred to as baggy.
  • Madrigal – style of classical singing popular in the Renaissance and Baroque eras
  • Mafioso rap – subgenre of gangsta rap that focuses on organized crime
  • Mahori – form of Thai and Khmer classical music
  • Makossa – Cameroonian pop
  • Malhun – Arab folk poetry
  • Maloya – style of folk developed by the slaves on the French territory of Reunion
  • Malambo – Argentine and Uruguayan style of folk music dance
  • Mambo – a Cuban style of swing music.


  • Manaschi – Kyrgyz song recital of the Epic of Manas
  • Mandopop – style of C-pop sung in the Mandarin language
  • Manele – Romani folk music
  • Mangue bit – a Brazilian electronic music genre played in a fast-paced, alternative rock-informed style.
  • Manila Sound – fusion of Western rock music and traditional Filipino folk music
  • Mapouka – traditional folk dance music of the Aizi, Alladian, and Avikam people of the Ivory Coast


  • Marabi – South African style informed by blues and jazz
  • Maracatu – Brazilian folk dance music
  • March
  • Mariachi – fusion of Mexican folk music and pop music
  • Marrabenta – Mozambican folk dance music informed by Portuguese styles
  • Martial industrial – style of neo-folk informed by military marches and militaristic themes
  • Martial music – music intended for use in military settings.
  • Maskanda – South African folk music
  • Marinera – romantic Peruvian folk dance music
  • Martinetes – a capella flamenco music
  • Mashup – Blend of two or more pre-recorded songs
  • Mass – Christian hymns sung by large vocal groups
  • Matamuerte – Garifuna folk dance music
  • Mathcore – fusion of metalcore and math rock
  • Math rock – a rhythmically complex and experimental form of indie rock.
  • Maxixe – Brazilian folk dance music
  • Mazurka – Polish folk dance music


  • Mbalax – Senegalese folk dance music that combines traditional sabar drumming techniques with jazz, soul, rock, and Latin music
  • Mbaqanga – Zulu jazz style that was one of the first South African genres to achieve intertribal recognition
  • Mbube – South African a cappella music
  • Meditation – any music created to aid meditation procedures
  • Medieval folk rock – form of folk rock that incorporated elements of earlier folk traditions, such as Medieval, Renaissance, and Baroque music, despite what the name may suggest
  • Medieval metal – fusion of folk metal and Medieval folk rock
  • Medieval music – a period of Western art music ranging from the 6th to 15th centuries.
  • Mejoranera – Panaman guitar music
  • Malhun – north African style of classical music that borrows from Andalusian traditions
  • Melam – Indian drumming style
  • Melisma – a singing technique where a single single syllable of text is sung through several different notes in succession.
  • Melodic hardcore – style of hardcore punk known for its slower, melodic guitars, juxtaposed with shouted vocals
  • Melodic metalcore – fusion of melodic hardcore and metalcore
  • Melodic – any music that utilizes melody, the combination of notes so that they are perceived as a single string of music
  • Memphis blues – a style of blues from Memphis.
  • Memphis soul – polished, funky style of soul from Memphis
  • Mento – Jamaican folk music
  • Merengue – Dominican folk dance music
  • Merengue típico – style of modern merengue that attempts to sound similar to 19th century merengue
  • Méringue – Haitian guitar music
  • Metalcore – fusion of extreme metal and hardcore punk; often sung melodically
  • Mexican rock – rock music performed by Mexicans
  • Meykhana – Azerbaijani spoken word music
  • Mezwed – Tunisian folk music



  • Min'yō – Japanese folk music
  • Minimal – heavily experimental form of orchestral music known for its simplicity
  • Minimal Goa
  • Minimal trance – fusion of psychedelic trance and minimal music
  • Minimal techno – fusion of techno and minimal music
  • Minstrel – American folk music which parodied African-American styles
  • Minneapolis sound – glam-informed style of dance-rock pioneered by Prince


  • Modal jazzjazz that uses musical modes rather than tonal scales and thinking as a framework.
  • Modinha – Brazilian folk music
  • Modern classical – loose term for orchestral music made during or after the 20th century
  • Modern laïka – modernized and pop-informed style of laïka
  • Modern rock – any rock music (usually alternative rock) made during or after the 1990s
  • Morenada – folk music and dance style from the Bolivian Andes
  • Mor lam – Laotian and Thai folk music
  • Mor lam sing – fast-paced, sexual, and modernized form of mor lam
  • Moombahton – fusion of electro house and reggaeton
  • Moombahcore – moombahton incorporating dubstep influences and elements of Dutch house
  • Motown – a record label found in Detroit by Berry Gordy Jr. that became the one of most successful independent-owned label in the 1960s. Its slick, pop-informed form of soul music is known as the Motown Sound.
  • Montuno – loose term for Cuban music and its derivatives
  • Morna – Cape Verdean folk music
  • Mozambique of Cuba – Cuban folk dance music
  • Mozambique of America – American derivative of the Cuban style of the same name
  • Mozarabic chantplainsong used during the Mozarabic rite.


  • Mugham – Azerbaijan classical music
  • Mumble rap - A modern subgenre of hip-hop characterized by simplistic and often unintelligible lyrics
  • Murga – Uruguayan and Argentinian folk dance music
  • Musette – French folk dance music
  • Mushroom Jazz – eclectic genre that draws from downtempo, hip hop, and world styles
  • Music drama – an artwork that covers all forms of art
  • Music hall – English popular music of the 19th century
  • Música criolla – Peruvian music informed by African, European, and Andean styles
  • Musica llanero – Venezuelan and Colombian folk music
  • Música popular brasileira – loose term for Brazilian pop music
  • Musiqi-e assil – Persian orchestral music
  • Musique concrète – heavily experimental orchestral music known for its use of electronic instruments
  • Muwashshah – Arabic musical poetry

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