List of subcamps of Majdanek

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Forced labor camp at Poniatowa, the workshop of W.C. Toebbens

The following is a list of subcamps of the Majdanek concentration camp run by Nazi Germany in occupied Poland during World War II. The list, supplied by the Majdanek State Museum,[1] identifies two German categories of the KL Lublin/Majdanek subcamps; the Arbeitzlagers, and the so-called Kommandos. The satellite camps were named Aussenlager (external camp), Nebenlager (extension or subcamp), and Arbeitslager (labor camp). Some of them were less than ten kilometers away from the main camp, with prisoner populations ranging from several dozens to several thousand.[2]

Around 1943 the SS put a number of separate camps under the command of the Majdanek administration including Trawniki, Krasnik, Pulawy and Poniatowa concentration camps.[2] However, a similar plan to include the Kraków-Płaszów concentration camp in the list was never realized partly because of the Sobibor extermination camp uprising in the vicinity. Plaszow remained an independent Konzentrationslager associated with Auschwitz.

Subcamps of Majdanek[edit]

Guarded by the SS division of the Totenkopfverbände,[3] the known sub-camps of KL Majdanek included:

#. Name Location Duration Function Prisoners Firms
1. DAW Lublin Lublin: ul. Lipowa, ul. Chełmska; Puławy 1940-1944 Multipurpose Yearly from 1,220 (1940) to 15,779 (1944) Deutsche Ausruestungswerke (DAW)
2. Arbeitslager Radom Bliżyn, Radom Since winter 1944 Workshops, factories 2,500 prisoners Deutsche Ausruestungswerke (DAW)
3. Arbeitzlager Blizyn Bliżyn From winter 1944 Quarry, workshops Several thousand Deutsche Ausruestungswerke (DAW), Ostidnustrie
4. BKW Lublin Lublin, ul. Chełmska 1941 – 1944 Textile works Over 200 prisoners Bekleidungswerke Dachau – Aussenstelle Lublin, Ostindustrie
5. Bydzyn Budzyń near Kraśnik June 1944 – January 1945 Airplane parts 1,000 prisoners Heinkel
6. KL Warschau Warszawa, ul. Gęsia Since 1944 Work commandos for Ghetto demolition Several thousand Ostdeutsche Tiefbau, Berlinische Baugeselschaft.
Kommandos
7. SS-Polizeiführerkommando Sportsplatz [4] Lublin (Wieniawa), ul. Ogródkowa Spring 1942 – Spring 1944 Ghetto demolition Approx. 120-600 prisoners Schutzstaffel (SS)
8. Standorterwaltungskommando Lublin 1942 – 1943 Forced labour at SS garrison Up to a hundred Schutzstaffel (SS)
9. Trawniki Trawniki Jesień 1942 Bridge construction 50 skilled workers /-/
10. Sägewerkkommando Piaski Piaski k. Lublina 1943 Lumber mill Dozens SS
11. Kommando Chełm 1944 SS Wiking Two dozen SS

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Majdanek State Museum (2014), Witryna Państwowego Muzeum na Majdanku. Retrieved 6 March 2015.
  2. ^ a b "Forced labor-camps in District Lublin: Budzyn, Trawniki, Poniatowa, Krasnik, Pulawy, Airstrip and Lipowa camps". Holocaust Encyclopedia: Lublin/Majdanek Concentration Camp. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Retrieved April 19, 2013. 
  3. ^ J Mayer (20 Feb 2011). "KL Lublin-Majdanek". Der Ort des Terrors - Geschichte der nationalsozialistischen Konzentrationslager. Band 5. Axis History. Retrieved 17 July 2014. 
  4. ^ ARC (6 July 2006), SS-Polizeiführerkommando Sportplatz, Aktion Reinhard, homepage.