List of submarine actions

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
A German World War I-era submarine

The following is a list of notable submarine actions, spanning the period from the American Civil War to the present era. The technology was in its infancy during mid to late 19th century and only a few vessels were produced during this time. During the 20th century the technology was refined and submarines became more prevalent, being employed by many nations' naval forces as they sought the advantages that submarines offered against conventional naval forces. World War I saw the first use of unrestricted submarine warfare and it was again used during World War II, resulting in heavy losses on both sides and many significant actions. In the post-war era, submarines have been developed further, giving them longer ranges and making them more effective as weapons' platforms, but also making them more costly to produce and more of a strategic asset than a tactical one. As a result, since World War II there have been few submarine actions.

Actions[edit]

American Civil War[edit]

First Balkan War[edit]

  • 1912 December 9 – Greek submarine Delfin became the first submarine to launch a torpedo at an enemy ship, though the ship did not sink due to a weapons malfunction.

World War I[edit]

HMS Majestic torpedoed by U-21
  • 1914 September 5 — HMS Pathfinder is sunk at the start of World War I by U-21, becoming the first ship to ever be sunk by a torpedo fired by submarine.
  • 1914 September 22 — German submarine U-9 sinks three unescorted British armoured cruisers HMS Aboukir, HMS Hogue and HMS Cressy in approximately one hour.
  • 1914 October 18 — German submarine U-27 sinks HMS E3 in the first ever successful attack on one submarine by another.
  • 1914 October 20 — German submarine U-17 sinks SS Glitra in the first submarine sinking of a merchant ship during the world wars.[1]
  • 1915 May 7 — German submarine U-20 sinks RMS Lusitania killing 1,198 and leaving 761 survivors. The sinking turned public opinion in many countries against Germany, contributed to the American entry into World War I.
  • 1915 May 25/27 — In the morning of May 27 German submarine U-21 sinks the British pre-dreadnought battleship HMS Majestic off the Gallipoli peninsula. Two days after the same U-boat sunk the pre-dreadnought HMS Triumph] near Gaba Nepe.
  • 1916 March 22 — German submarine SM U-68 is sunk by the Q-ship - a merchant ship carrying hidden weapons - HMS Farnborough in the first successful use of depth charges.[2] (Farnborough sank the SM U-83 in 1917)
  • 1917 September 22 — German submarine SM UB-32 is the first submarine sunk by aircraft (a Royal Navy flying boat).[3]

World War II[edit]

HMS Venturer (P68)
  • 1943 April 29 – May 6 — Convoy ONS 5 is the last major North Atlantic wolfpack attack by surfaced U-boats as escorts demonstrate effective use of radar to sink 6 U-boats in low-visibility conditions.
  • 1943 May 14 — U-640 or U-657 is the first submarine sunk by a homing torpedo.
  • 1944 November 29 — USS Archer-Fish sinks Japanese aircraft carrier Shinano, the largest vessel of that time.
  • 1945 January 30 — Soviet submarine S-13 sinks the German ship Wilhelm Gustloff, with older and cautious estimates of 6,000 but more recent estimates of more than 9,000 casualties.
  • 1945 February 6- Royal Navy submarine Venturer becomes the only submarine to sink another submarine while they were both submerged when she sinks U-864 off Norway.
  • 1945 April 16 — Soviet submarine L-3 sinks the German ship Goya, with 6,000–7,000 casualties.

Post-World War II[edit]

  • 1982 May 2 — British nuclear submarine HMS Conqueror sinks Argentine cruiser General Belgrano off the Falkland Islands. It was the first sinking by a nuclear-powered submarine in war and one of three submarine kills since World War II. This was also the first time that a nuclear-powered submarine fired weapons in an act of war.
  • 2003 April 23 – American nuclear submarines launch Tomahawk Cruise Missiles in support of the Invasion of Iraq.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tarrant, V.E. (1989). The U-Boat Offensive 1914–1945. Sterling Publishing. p. 12. ISBN 1-85409-520-X. 
  2. ^ Tarrant, V.E. (1989). The U-Boat Offensive 1914–1945. Sterling Publishing. p. 27. ISBN 1-85409-520-X. 
  3. ^ Tarrant, V.E. (1989). The U-Boat Offensive 1914–1945. Sterling Publishing. p. 60. ISBN 1-85409-520-X. 
  4. ^ Casualties in 1971 war