List of submarine volcanoes

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Map of world's major seamounts.

A list of active and extinct submarine volcanoes and seamounts located under the world's oceans. There are estimated to be 40,000 to 55,000 seamounts in the global oceans.[1] Almost all are not well-mapped and many may not have been identified at all. Most are unnamed and unexplored. This list is therefore confined to seamounts that are notable enough to have been named and/or explored.

List[edit]

Name Summit Elevation Approximate elevation above seafloor Location Last known eruption
Pitcairn Islands Adams Seamount −59 m (−194 ft)[2] 3,500 m (11,000 ft) 25°22′S 129°16′W / 25.37°S 129.27°W / -25.37; -129.27 50 BC ± 1000 years
Portugal Ampere Seamount 4,800 m (15,700 ft) 35°05′N 12°33′W / 35.08°N 12.55°W / 35.08; -12.55
United States Axial Seamount −1,400 m (−4,590 ft) 45°33′N 130°00′W / 45.55°N 130.00°W / 45.55; -130.00 2015
Indonesia Banua Wuhu −5 m (−16 ft)[3] −400 m (−1,300 ft) 3°08′17″N 125°29′28″E / 3.138°N 125.491°E / 3.138; 125.491 1919
United States Bear Seamount −1,100 m (−3,610 ft) 2,000 m (6,560 ft) 39°55′N 67°24′W / 39.92°N 67.4°W / 39.92; -67.4
Canada Bowie Seamount −24 m (−79 ft) 3,000 m (9,800 ft) 53°18′N 135°38′W / 53.3°N 135.63°W / 53.3; -135.63 18,000 BP
Italy Campi Flegrei Mar Sicilia −8 m (−26 ft) 1867
Portugal Dom João de Castro Bank −14 m (−46 ft) 38°14′N 26°38′W / 38.23°N 26.63°W / 38.23; -26.63 1720
Italy Empedocles −7 m (−23 ft) 400 m (1,300 ft)
Indonesia Emperor of China −2,850 m (−9,350 ft) 6°37′S 124°13′E / 6.62°S 124.22°E / -6.62; 124.22
Foundation Seamounts
Italy Ferdinandea −6 m (−20 ft) 1863
New Zealand Healy −1,150 m (−3,770 ft) 34°59′S 179°00′W / 34.98°S 179.00°W / -34.98; -179.00 1360
United States Kelvin Seamount 38°29′N 63°35′W / 38.48°N 63.59°W / 38.48; -63.59
Grenada Kick 'em Jenny −160 m (−525 ft) 1,300 m (4,270 ft) 12°18′N 61°38′W / 12.30°N 61.64°W / 12.30; -61.64 2015
Greece Kolumbo −10 m (−33 ft) 1650
Vanuatu Kuwae 16°51′S 168°31′E / 16.85°S 168.52°E / -16.85; 168.52
United States Loihi Seamount −969 m (−3,180 ft) >3,000 m (9,840 ft) 18°55′N 155°16′W / 18.92°N 155.27°W / 18.92; -155.27 1996
Italy Marsili −450 m (−1,480 ft) 3,000 m (9,800 ft) 39°15′00″N 14°23′40″E / 39.25000°N 14.39444°E / 39.25000; 14.39444
ChileEaster Island Moai >2,500 m (8,200 ft)
Portugal Monaco Bank −197 m (−646 ft) 37°36′N 25°53′W / 37.6°N 25.88°W / 37.6; -25.88 1911
New Zealand Monowai Seamount −100 m (−328 ft) 25°53′13″S 177°11′17″W / 25.887°S 177.188°W / -25.887; -177.188 2008
Australia Muirfield Seamount −16 m (−52.5 ft) 4,800 m (16,000 ft) 13°13′30″S 96°7′30″E / 13.22500°S 96.12500°E / -13.22500; 96.12500
Japan Myōjin-shō −50 m (−164 ft)
Indonesia Nieuwerkerk −2,285 m (−7,500 ft) 6°36′00″S 124°40′30″E / 6.60°S 124.675°E / -6.60; 124.675
British Antarctic Territory Orca Seamount 500 m (1,640 ft) 62°26′00″S 58°24′00″W / 62.433334°S 58.400002°W / -62.433334; -58.400002 inactive
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Protector Shoal −55 m (−180 ft) 1,200 m (3,900 ft) 1962
ChileEaster Island Pukao >2,500 m (8,200 ft)
New Zealand Rumble I −1,100 m (−3,610 ft) 35°30′S 178°54′E / 35.5°S 178.9°E / -35.5; 178.9
New Zealand Rumble II −880 m (−2,890 ft) 35°24′S 178°36′E / 35.4°S 178.6°E / -35.4; 178.6
New Zealand Rumble III −140 m (−459 ft) 35°44′42″S 178°28′41″E / 35.745°S 178.478°E / -35.745; 178.478 1986
New Zealand Rumble IV −450 m (−1,480 ft) 36°08′S 178°03′E / 36.13°S 178.05°E / -36.13; 178.05
New Zealand Rumble V −1,100 m (−3,610 ft) 36°08′20″S 178°11′49″E / 36.139°S 178.197°E / -36.139; 178.197
Indonesia Submarine 1922 −5,000 m (−16,400 ft) 3°58′N 124°10′E / 3.97°N 124.17°E / 3.97; 124.17
Japan Suiyo Seamount −1,418 m (−4,650 ft)
United StatesNorthern Mariana Islands Supply Reef −8 m (−26 ft)[4] 20°08′N 145°06′E / 20.13°N 145.1°E / 20.13; 145.1 1989
Canada Tuzo Wilson Seamounts 51°24′N 130°54′W / 51.4°N 130.9°W / 51.4; -130.9 Holocene
United StatesAmerican Samoa Vailulu'u −590 m (−1,940 ft)
Italy Vavilov (Mediterranean Sea) −800 m (−2,600 ft) 39°52′N 12°35′E / 39.86°N 12.59°E / 39.86; 12.59
Vema seamount 11 m (36 ft) 4,900 m (16,076 ft)
Philippines Unnamed volcano (Ibugos) −24 m (−79 ft) 20°20′N 121°45′E / 20.33°N 121.75°E / 20.33; 121.75 1854
Spain Unnamed volcano (El Hierro) 2011
Indonesia Yersey −3,800 m (−12,500 ft) 7°32′S 123°57′E / 7.53°S 123.95°E / -7.53; 123.95
Tonga West Mata −9,656 m (−31,700 ft) 15°06′S 173°45′W / 15.1°S 173.75°W / -15.1; -173.75 2009

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kim, Seung-Sep; Wessel, Paul (2011). "New global seamount census from altimetry-derived gravity data". Geophysical Journal International. 186 (2). doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X.2011.05076.x. 
  2. ^ "Adams Seamount". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2017-02-28. 
  3. ^ "Campi Flegrei Mar Sicilia". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2017-02-28. 
  4. ^ "Supply Reef". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2017-03-03. 

See also[edit]