List of submarine volcanoes

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Map of world's major seamounts.

A list of active and extinct submarine volcanoes and seamounts located under the world's oceans. There are estimated to be 40,000 to 55,000 seamounts in the global oceans.[1] Almost all are not well-mapped and many may not have been identified at all. Most are unnamed and unexplored. This list is therefore confined to seamounts that are notable enough to have been named and/or explored.

List[edit]

Name Summit Elevation Approximate elevation
above seafloor
Location Last known eruption
Pitcairn Islands Adams Seamount −39 m (−128 ft)[2] 3,500 m (11,000 ft) 25°22′S 129°16′W / 25.37°S 129.27°W / -25.37; -129.27 50 BC ± 1000 years
Portugal Ampere Seamount 4,800 m (15,700 ft) 35°05′N 12°33′W / 35.08°N 12.55°W / 35.08; -12.55
United States Axial Seamount −1,400 m (−4,590 ft) 45°33′N 130°00′W / 45.55°N 130.00°W / 45.55; -130.00 2015
Indonesia Banua Wuhu −5 m (−16 ft)[3] 400 m (1,300 ft) 3°08′17″N 125°29′28″E / 3.138°N 125.491°E / 3.138; 125.491 1919
United States Bear Seamount −1,100 m (−3,610 ft) 2,000 m (6,560 ft) 39°55′N 67°24′W / 39.92°N 67.4°W / 39.92; -67.4
Pitcairn Islands Bounty Seamount −450 m (−1,480 ft) 3,950 m (13,000 ft) 25°11′S 129°23′W / 25.183°S 129.383°W / -25.183; -129.383
Canada Bowie Seamount −24 m (−79 ft) 3,000 m (9,800 ft) 53°18′N 135°38′W / 53.3°N 135.63°W / 53.3; -135.63 18,000 BP
Italy Campi Flegrei Mar Sicilia −8 m (−26 ft)[4] 1867
United States Cobb Seamount −34 m (−110 ft) 2,743 m (8,999 ft)
United States Cortes Bank −1 m (−3.3 ft)
Portugal Dom João de Castro Bank −14 m (−46 ft) 38°14′N 26°38′W / 38.23°N 26.63°W / 38.23; -26.63 1720
Italy Empedocles −7 m (−23 ft) 400 m (1,300 ft)
Indonesia Emperor of China −2,850 m (−9,350 ft) 6°37′S 124°13′E / 6.62°S 124.22°E / -6.62; 124.22
Tonga Fonua foʻou −17 m (−55.8 ft)
Foundation Seamounts
Japan Fukutoku-Okanoba −29 m (−95 ft)[5]
Portugal Gorringe Ridge −25 m (−82 ft)
Italy Graham Island −8 m (−26 ft)[6] 63 m (207 ft) 1863
New Zealand Healy −1,150 m (−3,770 ft) 34°59′S 179°00′E / 34.98°S 179.00°E / -34.98; 179.00 1360
Tonga Home Reef −10 m (−33 ft)[7]
United States Kelvin Seamount 38°29′N 63°35′W / 38.48°N 63.59°W / 38.48; -63.59
Grenada Kick 'em Jenny −185 m (−607 ft) 1,300 m (4,270 ft) 12°18′N 61°38′W / 12.30°N 61.64°W / 12.30; -61.64 2015
Greece Kolumbo −10 m (−33 ft) 1650
Vanuatu Kuwae 16°51′S 168°31′E / 16.85°S 168.52°E / -16.85; 168.52
United States Loihi Seamount −969 m (−3,180 ft) 3,000 m (9,840 ft) 18°55′N 155°16′W / 18.92°N 155.27°W / 18.92; -155.27 1996
Italy Marsili −450 m (−1,480 ft) 3,000 m (9,800 ft) 39°15′00″N 14°23′40″E / 39.25000°N 14.39444°E / 39.25000; 14.39444
ChileEaster Island Moai 2,500 m (8,200 ft)
Portugal Monaco Bank −197 m (−646 ft) 37°36′N 25°53′W / 37.6°N 25.88°W / 37.6; -25.88 1911
New Zealand Monowai Seamount −132 m (−433 ft) 25°53′13″S 177°11′17″W / 25.887°S 177.188°W / -25.887; -177.188 2008
Australia Muirfield Seamount −16 m (−52.5 ft) 4,800 m (16,000 ft) 13°13′30″S 96°7′30″E / 13.22500°S 96.12500°E / -13.22500; 96.12500
Japan Myōjin-shō −11 m (−36.1 ft)
Indonesia Nieuwerkerk −2,285 m (−7,500 ft) 6°36′00″S 124°40′30″E / 6.60°S 124.675°E / -6.60; 124.675
British Antarctic Territory Orca Seamount 500 m (1,640 ft) 62°26′00″S 58°24′00″W / 62.433334°S 58.400002°W / -62.433334; -58.400002 inactive
United States Patton Seamount −160 m (−520 ft)[8] 3,900 m (12,795 ft)
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Protector Shoal −55 m (−180 ft) 1,200 m (3,900 ft) 1962
ChileEaster Island Pukao 2,500 m (8,200 ft)
New Zealand Rumble I −1,100 m (−3,610 ft) 35°30′S 178°54′E / 35.5°S 178.9°E / -35.5; 178.9
New Zealand Rumble II −880 m (−2,890 ft) 35°24′S 178°36′E / 35.4°S 178.6°E / -35.4; 178.6
New Zealand Rumble III −140 m (−459 ft) 35°44′42″S 178°28′41″E / 35.745°S 178.478°E / -35.745; 178.478 1986
New Zealand Rumble IV −450 m (−1,480 ft) 36°08′S 178°03′E / 36.13°S 178.05°E / -36.13; 178.05
New Zealand Rumble V −1,100 m (−3,610 ft) 36°08′20″S 178°11′49″E / 36.139°S 178.197°E / -36.139; 178.197
Indonesia Submarine 1922 −5,000 m (−16,400 ft) 3°58′N 124°10′E / 3.97°N 124.17°E / 3.97; 124.17
Japan Suiyo Seamount −1,418 m (−4,650 ft)
United StatesNorthern Mariana Islands Supply Reef −8 m (−26 ft)[9] 20°08′N 145°06′E / 20.13°N 145.1°E / 20.13; 145.1 1989
United States Taney Seamounts 20°07′48″N 125°20′15″E / 20.13°N 125.3375°E / 20.13; 125.3375
Canada Tuzo Wilson Seamounts 36°41′18″N 130°54′00″W / 36.6882°N 130.9°W / 36.6882; -130.9 Holocene
United StatesAmerican Samoa Vailulu'u −590 m (−1,940 ft)
Italy Vavilov (Mediterranean Sea) −800 m (−2,600 ft) 39°52′N 12°35′E / 39.86°N 12.59°E / 39.86; 12.59
Vema seamount −11 m (−36 ft) 4,900 m (16,100 ft)
Philippines Unnamed volcano (Ibugos) −24 m (−79 ft) 20°20′N 121°45′E / 20.33°N 121.75°E / 20.33; 121.75 1854
Spain Unnamed volcano (El Hierro) 2011
Madagascar Walters Shoals −18 m (−59.1 ft) 4,750 m (15,580 ft)
Tonga West Mata −9,656 m (−31,700 ft) 15°06′S 173°45′W / 15.1°S 173.75°W / -15.1; -173.75 2009
Indonesia Yersey −3,800 m (−12,500 ft) 7°32′S 123°57′E / 7.53°S 123.95°E / -7.53; 123.95

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kim, Seung-Sep; Wessel, Paul (2011). "New global seamount census from altimetry-derived gravity data". Geophysical Journal International. 186 (2): 615–631. doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X.2011.05076.x.
  2. ^ "Adams Seamount". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2017-02-28.
  3. ^ "Campi Flegrei Mar Sicilia". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2017-02-28.
  4. ^ "Campi Flegrei Mar Sicilia". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2017-02-28.
  5. ^ "Fukutoku-Oka-no-Ba". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2017-02-28.
  6. ^ Bird, Maryann (20 March 2000). "Fire from the Sea". Time magazine. Accessed 4 January 2018.
  7. ^ "Home Reef". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2017-02-28.
  8. ^ Chaytor, J. D.; Keller, R. A.; Duncan, R. A.; Dziak, R. P. (2007). "Seamount morphology in the Bowie and Cobb hot spot trails, Gulf of Alaska". Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst. 8 (9): Q09016. doi:10.1029/2007GC001712.
  9. ^ "Supply Reef". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2017-03-03.