List of submarine volcanoes

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Map of world's major seamounts.

A list of active and extinct submarine volcanoes and seamounts located under the world's oceans. There are estimated to be 40,000 to 55,000 seamounts in the global oceans.[1] Almost all are not well-mapped and many may not have been identified at all. Most are unnamed and unexplored. This list is therefore confined to seamounts that are notable enough to have been named and/or explored.

List[edit]

Name Summit Elevation Approximate elevation above seafloor Location Last known eruption
Pitcairn Islands Adams Seamount −39 m (−128 ft)[2] 3,500 m (11,000 ft) 25°22′S 129°16′W / 25.37°S 129.27°W / -25.37; -129.27 50 BC ± 1000 years
Portugal Ampere Seamount 4,800 m (15,700 ft) 35°05′N 12°33′W / 35.08°N 12.55°W / 35.08; -12.55
United States Axial Seamount −1,400 m (−4,590 ft) 45°33′N 130°00′W / 45.55°N 130.00°W / 45.55; -130.00 2015
Indonesia Banua Wuhu −5 m (−16 ft)[3] 400 m (1,300 ft) 3°08′17″N 125°29′28″E / 3.138°N 125.491°E / 3.138; 125.491 1919
United States Bear Seamount −1,100 m (−3,610 ft) 2,000 m (6,560 ft) 39°55′N 67°24′W / 39.92°N 67.4°W / 39.92; -67.4
Pitcairn Islands Bounty Seamount −450 m (−1,480 ft) 3,950 m (13,000 ft) 25°11′S 129°23′W / 25.183°S 129.383°W / -25.183; -129.383
Canada Bowie Seamount −24 m (−79 ft) 3,000 m (9,800 ft) 53°18′N 135°38′W / 53.3°N 135.63°W / 53.3; -135.63 18,000 BP
Italy Campi Flegrei Mar Sicilia −8 m (−26 ft) 1867
Portugal Dom João de Castro Bank −14 m (−46 ft) 38°14′N 26°38′W / 38.23°N 26.63°W / 38.23; -26.63 1720
Italy Empedocles −7 m (−23 ft) 400 m (1,300 ft)
Indonesia Emperor of China −2,850 m (−9,350 ft) 6°37′S 124°13′E / 6.62°S 124.22°E / -6.62; 124.22
Foundation Seamounts
Italy Graham Island −6 m (−20 ft) 1863
New Zealand Healy −1,150 m (−3,770 ft) 34°59′S 179°00′W / 34.98°S 179.00°W / -34.98; -179.00 1360
United States Kelvin Seamount 38°29′N 63°35′W / 38.48°N 63.59°W / 38.48; -63.59
Grenada Kick 'em Jenny −160 m (−525 ft) 1,300 m (4,270 ft) 12°18′N 61°38′W / 12.30°N 61.64°W / 12.30; -61.64 2015
Greece Kolumbo −10 m (−33 ft) 1650
Vanuatu Kuwae 16°51′S 168°31′E / 16.85°S 168.52°E / -16.85; 168.52
United States Loihi Seamount −969 m (−3,180 ft) 3,000 m (9,840 ft) 18°55′N 155°16′W / 18.92°N 155.27°W / 18.92; -155.27 1996
Italy Marsili −450 m (−1,480 ft) 3,000 m (9,800 ft) 39°15′00″N 14°23′40″E / 39.25000°N 14.39444°E / 39.25000; 14.39444
ChileEaster Island Moai 2,500 m (8,200 ft)
Portugal Monaco Bank −197 m (−646 ft) 37°36′N 25°53′W / 37.6°N 25.88°W / 37.6; -25.88 1911
New Zealand Monowai Seamount −100 m (−328 ft) 25°53′13″S 177°11′17″W / 25.887°S 177.188°W / -25.887; -177.188 2008
Australia Muirfield Seamount −16 m (−52.5 ft) 4,800 m (16,000 ft) 13°13′30″S 96°7′30″E / 13.22500°S 96.12500°E / -13.22500; 96.12500
Japan Myōjin-shō −50 m (−164 ft)
Indonesia Nieuwerkerk −2,285 m (−7,500 ft) 6°36′00″S 124°40′30″E / 6.60°S 124.675°E / -6.60; 124.675
British Antarctic Territory Orca Seamount 500 m (1,640 ft) 62°26′00″S 58°24′00″W / 62.433334°S 58.400002°W / -62.433334; -58.400002 inactive
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Protector Shoal −55 m (−180 ft) 1,200 m (3,900 ft) 1962
ChileEaster Island Pukao 2,500 m (8,200 ft)
New Zealand Rumble I −1,100 m (−3,610 ft) 35°30′S 178°54′E / 35.5°S 178.9°E / -35.5; 178.9
New Zealand Rumble II −880 m (−2,890 ft) 35°24′S 178°36′E / 35.4°S 178.6°E / -35.4; 178.6
New Zealand Rumble III −140 m (−459 ft) 35°44′42″S 178°28′41″E / 35.745°S 178.478°E / -35.745; 178.478 1986
New Zealand Rumble IV −450 m (−1,480 ft) 36°08′S 178°03′E / 36.13°S 178.05°E / -36.13; 178.05
New Zealand Rumble V −1,100 m (−3,610 ft) 36°08′20″S 178°11′49″E / 36.139°S 178.197°E / -36.139; 178.197
Indonesia Submarine 1922 −5,000 m (−16,400 ft) 3°58′N 124°10′E / 3.97°N 124.17°E / 3.97; 124.17
Japan Suiyo Seamount −1,418 m (−4,650 ft)
United StatesNorthern Mariana Islands Supply Reef −8 m (−26 ft)[4] 20°08′N 145°06′E / 20.13°N 145.1°E / 20.13; 145.1 1989
United StatesTaney Seamounts 20°07′48″N 125°20′15″E / 20.13°N 125.3375°E / 20.13; 125.3375
Canada Tuzo Wilson Seamounts 36°41′18″N 130°54′00″W / 36.6882°N 130.9°W / 36.6882; -130.9 Holocene
United StatesAmerican Samoa Vailulu'u −590 m (−1,940 ft)
Italy Vavilov (Mediterranean Sea) −800 m (−2,600 ft) 39°52′N 12°35′E / 39.86°N 12.59°E / 39.86; 12.59
Vema seamount −11 m (−36 ft) 4,900 m (16,100 ft)
Philippines Unnamed volcano (Ibugos) −24 m (−79 ft) 20°20′N 121°45′E / 20.33°N 121.75°E / 20.33; 121.75 1854
Spain Unnamed volcano (El Hierro) 2011
Indonesia Yersey −3,800 m (−12,500 ft) 7°32′S 123°57′E / 7.53°S 123.95°E / -7.53; 123.95
Tonga West Mata −9,656 m (−31,700 ft) 15°06′S 173°45′W / 15.1°S 173.75°W / -15.1; -173.75 2009

Shallow seamounts[edit]

This is a list of seamounts with summit depths less than 200 meters.

Seamount Summit depth Approximate elevation from ocean floor
Cortes Bank 1 m (3 ft)
Banua Wuhu 5 m (16 ft)[5]
Empedocles 8 m (26 ft)[6] 400 m (1,312 ft)
Graham Island 8 m (26 ft)[7] 63 m (207 ft)
Supply Reef 8 m (26 ft)[8]
Home Reef 10 m (33 ft)[9]
Vema Seamount 11 m (36 ft) 4,900 m (16,076 ft)
Myōjin-shō 11 m (36 ft)[10]
Dom João de Castro Bank 13 m (43 ft)[11]
Muirfield Seamount 16 m (52 ft) 4,800 m (15,748 ft)
Fonua foʻou 17 m (56 ft)[12]
Walters Shoals 18 m (59 ft) 4,750 m (15,584 ft)
Bowie Seamount 24 m (79 ft) 3,000 m (9,843 ft)
Unnamed volcano (Ibugos) 24 m (79 ft)
Gorringe Ridge 25 m (82 ft)
Fukutoku-Okanoba 29 m (95 ft)[13]
Cobb Seamount 34 m (112 ft) 2,743 m (8,999 ft)
Adams Seamount 39 m (128 ft)[14] 3,500 m (11,483 ft)
Protector Shoal 55 m (180 ft)[15] 3,900 m (12,795 ft)
Monowai Seamount 132 m (433 ft)[16]
Patton Seamount 160 m (525 ft)[17] 3,900 m (12,795 ft)
Kick 'em Jenny 185 m (607 ft)[18] 1,300 m (4,265 ft)
Monaco Bank 197 m (646 ft)[19]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kim, Seung-Sep; Wessel, Paul (2011). "New global seamount census from altimetry-derived gravity data". Geophysical Journal International. 186 (2): 615–631. doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X.2011.05076.x.
  2. ^ "Adams Seamount". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2017-02-28.
  3. ^ "Campi Flegrei Mar Sicilia". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2017-02-28.
  4. ^ "Supply Reef". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2017-03-03.
  5. ^ "Banua Wuhu". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2017-03-03.
  6. ^ "Campi Flegrei Mar Sicilia". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2017-02-28.
  7. ^ Bird, Maryann (20 March 2000). "Fire from the Sea". Time magazine. Accessed 4 January 2018.
  8. ^ "Supply Reef". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2017-03-03.
  9. ^ "Home Reef". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2017-02-28.
  10. ^ "Myojinsho". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-05.
  11. ^ "Don Joao de Castro Bank". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2017-02-28.
  12. ^ "Falcon Island". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2017-02-28.
  13. ^ "Fukutoku-Oka-no-Ba". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2017-02-28.
  14. ^ "Adams Seamount". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2017-02-28.
  15. ^ "Protector Shoal". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-05.
  16. ^ "Monowai". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-04.
  17. ^ Chaytor, J. D.; Keller, R. A.; Duncan, R. A.; Dziak, R. P. (2007). "Seamount morphology in the Bowie and Cobb hot spot trails, Gulf of Alaska". Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst. 8 (9): Q09016. doi:10.1029/2007GC001712.
  18. ^ "Kick 'em Jenny". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-04.
  19. ^ "Monaco Bank". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2018-01-05.