List of suburban and commuter rail systems

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

This is an alphabetical listing of cities and countries that have commuter or suburban railways that are currently operational and in service. Commuter and suburban rail systems are train services that connect city centres with outer suburbs or nearby cities, with most passengers doing work or school commuting. Unlike metros, these systems usually operate on main line tracks unsegregated from other rail traffic. And unlike light rail, they also usually have lower service frequencies but generally offer multiple services throughout work days and peak hours.

List[edit]

City Country Name Official Link Lines Stations System length (km) Daily Ridership
Buenos Aires  Argentina Buenos Aires Metropolitan Area Rail Network Transporte Público 8 224 815 1,400,000 [1]
Córdoba  Argentina Tren de las Sierras 1 14 150.8 1093[2]
La Plata  Argentina University train of La Plata 1 7 4.6
Neuquén-Cipolletti  Argentina Tren del Valle 1 2 10.5 15,000
Santa Fe  Argentina Santa Fe Urban Train 1 6 3.7
Santiago del Estero  Argentina Tren al Desarrollo 1 4 8
Posadas - Encarnación  Argentina /  Paraguay Posadas-Encarnación International Train 1 2 8 8,000[3]
Adelaide  Australia Adelaide Metro Adelaide Metro 6 86 140 35,933
Brisbane  Australia Queensland Rail Queensland Rail 10 146 400 140,000[4]
Melbourne  Australia Metro Trains Melbourne Metro Trains Melbourne Public Transport Victoria Vicsig 16 215 830 649,000[5]
Perth  Australia Transperth Trains Transperth 6 69 173 160,000[6]
Sydney  Australia Sydney Trains Sydney Trains 11 178 961 940,000[7]
Sydney, Newcastle, Central Coast, Wollongong, Blue Mountains, Southern Highlands  Australia NSW TrainLink Intercity NSW TrainLink 5 175 1,099 114,000[7]
Graz  Austria S-Bahn Steiermark [de] ÖBB S-Bahn Steiermark 11 112 450
Innsbruck  Austria Tyrol S-Bahn ÖBB S-Bahn Tirol 6 68 271 42,000[8]
Klagenfurt  Austria S-Bahn Kärnten [de] ÖBB S-Bahn Kärnten 3 57 143
Salzburg  Austria Salzburg S-Bahn ÖBB S-Bahn Salzburg 5 64 130
Vienna  Austria S-Bahn Wien ÖBB S-Bahn Wien 9 176 475 300,000
Vorarlberg  Austria S-Bahn Vorarlberg ÖBB 3 80
Brussels  Belgium Brussels RER [1] [2] 12 120 350 68500[9]
CratoJuazeiro do Norte  Brasil Cariri Metro Metrô do Cariri 5,000[10]
Fortaleza  Brasil Fortaleza Metro (Metrofor)1 Metrofor 2 28 43 31,000
João Pessoa  Brasil Sistema de Trens Urbanos de João Pessoa CBTU João Pessoa 1 12 30 10,000
Rio de Janeiro  Brasil SuperVia 7 109 223.5 620,000
São Paulo  Brasil Companhia Paulista de Trens Metropolitanos (CPTM) 7 94 273 2,750,000
Teresina  Brasil Teresina Metro 1 9 13.5 8,000
Montreal  Canada Agence métropolitaine de transport (AMT) AMT 6 61 254.5 83,100
Toronto  Canada GO Transit Go Transit 7 62 444 216,000
Vancouver  Canada West Coast Express West Coast Express 1 8 69 11,300
Concepción  Chile Biotren 2 17 48 5200
Santiago de Chile - Rancagua  Chile Metrotren 1 18 133.8 20,000
Beijing  China Beijing Suburban Railway 4 12 275.42
Hong Kong  China East Rail Line MTR 1 14 41.5 1,044,800
 China Ma On Shan Line MTR 1 9 11.4 153,100
 China West Rail Line MTR 1 12 35.7 442,600
 China Tung Chung Line MTR 1 8 31.1 236,900
Shanghai  China Jinshan Railway 1 8 56.4 30,000[11]
San José  Costa Rica Incofer
Split  Croatia Split Suburban Railway 1 7 17.8 156[12]
Zagreb  Croatia Zagreb Commuter Rail 1 19 47
Havana  Cuba Havana Suburban Railway 8
Prague  Czech Republic Esko Prague 33 295 933 110,000
Ostrava  Czech Republic Esko Moravian-Silesian Region 10
Aalborg  Denmark Aalborg Commuter Rail DSB 1 7 27
Copenhagen  Denmark S-train (Copenhagen)2 S-tog 7 85 170 357,000
Tallinn  Estonia Elektriraudtee [3] 4 37 132
Helsinki  Finland Helsinki commuter rail VR commuter rail 14 55 236 152,000
Paris  France Réseau Express Régional (RER)2 RATP 5 246 587 3,290,000[13]
Transilien Transilien 15 383 1299 3,520,700[14]
Toulouse  France Toulouse railway network Tisséo 2 10
Berlin  Germany Berlin S-Bahn S-Bahn Berlin 15 166 331.5 1,060,000
Bremen  Germany Regio-S-Bahn Bremen/Niedersachsen Regio-S-Bahn Bremen/Niedersachsen 4 56 270
Dresden  Germany Dresden S-Bahn 3 46 103 36,000[15]
Frankfurt/Mainz/Wiesbaden  Germany Rhine-Main S-Bahn RMV 9 108 303 400,000
Hamburg  Germany Hamburg S-Bahn S-Bahn Hamburg Hamburger Verkehrsverbund 6 68 144 605,000[16]
Hannover  Germany Hanover S-Bahn 8 74 385
Leipzig/Halle  Germany S-Bahn Mitteldeutschland S-Bahn Mitteldeutschland 7 104 430 57,000
Magdeburg  Germany S-Bahn Mittelelbe 1 22 76
Mannheim/Heidelberg/Karlsruhe  Germany RheinNeckar S-Bahn 5 77 290
Munich  Germany Munich S-Bahn MVV 8 148 442 800,000
Nuremberg  Germany Nuremberg S-Bahn 4 78 229 40,000
Ruhr Area/Cologne/Düsseldorf  Germany Rhein-Ruhr S-Bahn 13 124 676 356,000[17][18]
Rostock  Germany Rostock S-Bahn 3 24 58
Stuttgart  Germany Stuttgart S-Bahn 6 75 190 340,000
Athens  Greece Proastiakos Athens Proastiakos Athens 4 45 320 30,000[19]
Thessaloniki  Greece Proastiakos Thessaloniki Proastiakos Thessaloniki 2 25 248.9
Patras  Greece Proastiakos Patras Proastiakos Patras 1 9 12 4,400[20]
Budapest  Hungary BHÉV MÁV-HÉV Zrt. 5 79 101
Suburban trains in Budapest 14 333
Chennai  India Chennai Suburban Railway Chennai Sub-urban Train Map 4 110 303 1,500,000
Lucknow - Kanpur  India Lucknow-Kanpur Suburban Railway 2 16 72 80,000
Delhi  India Delhi Suburban Railway 35 3,700
Hyderabad  India Hyderabad MMTS 3 36 43 200,000
Kolkata  India Kolkata Suburban Railway 20 348 1142 3,100,000
Pune  India Pune Suburban Railway 2 29 64 100,000
Mumbai  India Mumbai Suburban Railway Mumbai Railway Vikas Corporation 5 140 465 7,585,000
Jabodetabek  Indonesia KRL Jabodetabek KRL Jabodetabek 6 80 236.3 950,000[21]
Tehran  Iran Tehran Metro (Line 5) Urban & Suburban Railway Operation Co 1 11 41.5
Greater Dublin  Ireland Dublin Suburban Rail Iarnród Éireann 5 77
Cork  Ireland Cork Suburban Rail Iarnród Éireann 3 10
Galway  Ireland Galway Suburban Rail Iarnród Éireann 1 3
Limerick  Ireland Limerick Suburban Rail Iarnród Éireann 3 7
Tel Aviv, Haifa,
Jerusalem, Beersheba
 Israel Israel Railways Israel Railways 9 63 1221 225,000
Bari  Italy Bari metropolitan railway service FNB
Ferrovie
2
Bologna  Italy Bologna metropolitan railway service SFM Bologna 8 82 350 82,076 [22]
Genoa  Italy Genoa urban railway service Trenitalia 3 21
Milan  Italy Milan suburban railway service Trenord 12 125 403[citation needed] 230,000[23]
Naples  Italy Line 2 1 12
Circumvesuviana EAV 6 96 142
Circumflegrea railway 1 16 27
Cumana railway 1 16 20
Naples–Aversa railway 1 5 10
Palermo  Italy Palermo metropolitan railway service Trenitalia 2 17 39
Potenza  Italy Potenza metropolitan railway service [4] 1 11 20
Rome  Italy FL lines Trenitalia 8 128 672 372,000
Rome–Lido railway 14 28
Turin  Italy Turin metropolitan railway service sfm Torino Ferrovie GTT Trenitalia 7 85
Salerno  Italy Salerno metropolitan railway service Metrosalerno 1 6 6
Fukuoka-Kitakyushu  Japan JR Kyushu[24] 11 175 464.3
Nishi-Nippon Railroad (Nishitetsu) JA EN 4 72 106.1 542,994
Amagi Railway 1 11 13.7 3,700
Chikuhō Electric Railroad 1 21 16.0 13,549
Heisei Chikuhō Railway 3 35 49.2
Hiroshima  Japan JR West[25] 4 76 247.8
Nagoya (Chūkyō Area)  Japan JR Central[26] JA EN 10 138 465.2
Aichi Loop Line Company (Aikan) JA 1 23 45.3 38,759[27]
Kinki Nippon Electric Railway (Kintetsu) JA
Nagoya Railroad (Meitetsu) JA EN+map 275 444.2
Nagoya Seaside Rapid Railway (Aonami Line) JA+map 1 6 11.2
Tokai Transport Service (TKJ) JA
Niigata  Japan JR East[28] 6 58 177.9
Okayama  Japan JR West[29] 8 117 417.5
Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto
(Keihanshin Area)
 Japan JR West[30] JA EN 25 361 985.7
Hankyu Railway JA EN+map 3 138.4 1,950,000
Hanshin Electric Railway JA EN
Hokushin Kyuko Electric Railway JA 1 7.5
Keihan Electric Railway JA
Kinki Nippon Electric Railway (Kintetsu) JA
Kita-Osaka Kyuko Railway (Kitakyu) JA+map 1
Kobe Electric Railway (Shintetsu) JA
Kobe Rapid Railway 3
Nankai Electric Railway JA 8 99 157.9 586,866[31][32]
Semboku Rapid Railway JA 1 6 14.3 135,450[33]
Sanyo Electric Railway JA
Sapporo  Japan JR Hokkaido[34] 4 55 172.9
Sendai  Japan JR East[35] 5 75 214.0
Sendai Airport Transit 1 4 7.1 6,670
Shizuoka-Hamamatsu  Japan JR East[36] 3 59 232.9
Tokyo (Greater Tokyo Area)  Japan JR East[37] JA EN 43 623 2282.8
Hokuso Railway JA 1 15 32.3
Keihin Electric Express Railway (Keikyu) JA EN 5 77 87 1,206,000
Keio Corporation JA EN 6[38] 69[38] 88.3 1,690,000[38]
Keisei Electric Railway JA EN 6 69 152.8 712,426[39]
Metropolitan Intercity Railway Company (Tsukuba Express) JA EN 1 20 58.3
Odakyu Electric Railway JA EN 3 80 120.5 1,951,000
Sagami Railway (Sotetsu) JA EN 2 28 35.9 614,236[40]
Saitama Railway JA EN+map 1 8 14.6
Seibu Railway JA EN 12 92 176.6 1,692,523[39]
Shin-Keisei Electric Railway JA 1 24 26.5 276,495[41]
Tobu Railway JA 13 204 463.3 2,364,626[39]
Tokyu Corporation (Tokyu) JA EN 7 108 2,833,000
Toyo Rapid Railway JA 1 9 16.2 133,000[42]
Almaty  Kazakhstan Elektrichka "EN map". Archived from the original on 2013-01-31.
Nairobi  Kenya Nairobi rail service 4 23 160 9,400[43]
Seoul National Capital Area  South Korea Seoul Metropolitan Subway, Korail, Commuter
Incheon International Airport and Yeongjongdo  South Korea A'REX KO EN
Riga  Latvia Pasažieru vilciens Map
Kaunas  Lithuania Elektrichka Map
Vilnius  Lithuania Elektrichka Map
Greater Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia KTM Komuter KTM Berhad 3 56 269 120,389 (2013)[44]
 Malaysia Express Rail Link KLIA Ekspres 2 5 57 17,634 (2013)[45]
Greater Penang  Malaysia KTM Komuter Northern Sector KTM Berhad 2 20 272
Mexico City  Mexico Tren Suburbano Ferrocarriles Suburbano 1 7 27 140,000
Casablanca  Morocco Al Bidaoui ONCF 2 11 32.0
Yangon  Myanmar Yangon Circular Railway [46] 1 39 45.9 100-150,000
Auckland  New Zealand AT Metro Auckland Transport 4 40 95 48,000 [47]
Wellington  New Zealand Metlink Metlink 5 48 154 30,000
Bergen  Norway Bergen Commuter Rail NSB 2 28 135
Oslo  Norway Oslo Commuter Rail NSB 8 110 501
Stavanger  Norway Jæren Commuter Rail NSB 1 18 75 7,000
Trondheim  Norway Trønderbanen NSB 2 35 290 3 300
Manila  Philippines Philippine National Railways Metro Commuter Line PNR 1 32 100,000
Krakow  Poland Koleje Małopolskie Koleje Małopolskie 1 9 14
Łódź  Poland Łódzka Kolej Aglomeracyjna Łódzka Kolej Aglomeracyjna 4 61
Tricity Area  Poland Szybka Kolej Miejska w Trójmieście (Tricity Rapid City Rail) Szybka Kolej Miejska 1 27
Tricity Area  Poland Pomorska Kolej Metropolitalna Pomorska Kolej Metropolitalna 1 11 19.5
Warsaw  Poland Koleje Mazowieckie Koleje Mazowieckie 8
Warsaw  Poland Szybka Kolej Miejska SKM Warszawa 4 77,000
Warsaw  Poland Warszawska Kolej Dojazdowa WKD 1 20,000
Coimbra  Portugal CP Urban Services CP (in English) 1 20
Lisbon  Portugal CP Urban Services CP (in English) 4
Oporto  Portugal CP Urban Services CP (in English) 5
Moscow  Russia Moscow Central Circle MCC (in Russian) 1 31 54 310,000
Nizhny Novgorod  Russia Nizhny Novgorod City Rail NNCR (in Russian) 2 20
Dakar-Thiès  Senegal Petit train de banlieue http://www.au-senegal.com/Le-chemin-de-fer.html 1
Belgrade  Serbia BG Voz City of Belgrade – Secretariat for Public Transport (in Serbian) 1 13 31.3 35,000
Cape Town  South Africa Metrorail Western Cape GoMetro 4 122 423 621,000
Durban  South Africa Metrorail KwaZulu-Natal Metrorail 8 99
East London  South Africa Metrorail Eastern Cape Metrorail 1 18
Johannesburg/Pretoria  South Africa Metrorail Gauteng Metrorail 12
Gautrain Gautrain 2 10 80
Port Elizabeth  South Africa Metrorail Eastern Cape Metrorail 1 10
Alicante/Murcia  Spain Cercanías Murcia/Alicante 1 26 200
Barcelona  Spain Rodalies Barcelona Cercanías Barcelona 13 228 462.7 350,000
Bilbao  Spain Cercanías Bilbao Cercanías Bilbao 3 54
Euskotren Euskotren 8 79
Madrid  Spain Cercanías Madrid Cercanías Madrid 9 89 370 880,000
Málaga  Spain Cercanías Málaga Cercanías Málaga 2 26 70
Palma de Mallorca  Spain Serveis Ferroviaris de Mallorca 3 29 85
Oviedo/Gijón  Spain Cercanías Asturias Cercanías Asturias 9
Seville  Spain Cercanías Sevilla Cercanías Sevilla 5 37 25,000
Valencia  Spain Cercanías Valencia Cercanías Valencia 6 66 252 43,500
Zaragoza  Spain Cercanías Zaragoza Cercanías Zaragoza 1
Gothenburg  Sweden Gothenburg commuter rail Västtrafik 3 25 104 60,000
Linköping/Norrköping  Sweden Östergötland commuter rail Östgötatrafiken 1 11 115 9,000
Scania  Sweden Pågatågen Skånetrafiken 5 51 388 50,000
Stockholm  Sweden Stockholm commuter rail SL 4[48] 53[48] 241[48] 309,000[48]
Roslagsbanan and Saltsjöbanan SL 5[48] 56[48] 83[48] 63,000[48]
Aargau   Switzerland Aargau S-Bahn AAR Bus+Bahn 6 78
Basel   Switzerland Basel Regional S-Bahn Regio-S-Bahn Basel 5 72 250 65,000
Bern   Switzerland Bern S-Bahn 12 120,000
Chur   Switzerland Chur S-Bahn Rhaetian Railway 2 22 53
Lucerne   Switzerland Lucerne S-Bahn S-Bahn Luzern 9
Lugano/Ticino   Switzerland Rete celere del Canton Ticino TiLo official website 4 41
St. Gallen   Switzerland St. Gallen S-Bahn St. Gallen S-Bahn 23
Zürich   Switzerland Zürich S-Bahn ZVV 28 171 380 456,073[49]
Zug   Switzerland Zug Stadtbahn 2
Greater Taipei-Taoyuan-Hsinchu  Taiwan Taiwan Railway Administration TRA 4
Taichung  Taiwan Taiwan Railway Administration TRA 2
Tainan-Kaohsiung  Taiwan Taiwan Railway Administration TRA 1
Dar es Salaam  Tanzania Dar es Salaam commuter rail Tazarasite.com 2 23 45 16,000
Bangkok Metropolitan Area  Thailand Greater Bangkok Commuter rail State Railway of Thailand 5 623
Airport Rail Link Airport Rail Link 1 28.6 8 47,000 [50]
Tunis  Tunisia TGM TransTu 1 18 19
Ankara  Turkey Başkentray [5] 1 26 37
Istanbul  Turkey Marmaray Marmaray 1 5 13.6 148,034
Izmir  Turkey IZBAN [6] 2 40 135 185,000
Kiev  Ukraine Kiev Urban Electric Train 1 15 50 32,000
Belfast  United Kingdom Belfast Suburban Rail (NI Railways) NI Railways 4 44
Bristol  United Kingdom MetroWest (Great Western Railway) MetroWest
Cardiff  United Kingdom Valley Lines Arriva Trains Wales 81
Glasgow  United Kingdom Abellio ScotRail First ScotRail 341 3032
Liverpool  United Kingdom Merseyrail Merseyrail, Merseytravel 67 120.7 110,000
Leeds  United Kingdom MetroTrain (Northern Rail) MetroTrain
Greater London2  United Kingdom c2c c2c 28 128.7
Chiltern Railways Chiltern Railways 62 336.4
Great Western Railway Great Western Railway 270 2129.2
Great Northern TSGN
Thameslink TSGN 129 778.9
Abellio Greater Anglia Abellio Greater Anglia 168
Heathrow Connect Heathrow Connect 8
London Overground London Overground 9 112 123.6 200,000
Southern Southern Railway 213
South West Trains South West Trains 213
Southeastern London & South Eastern Railway 179
TfL Rail [7] 1 14 32
West Midlands conurbation  United Kingdom Centro (London Midland) Centro, Network West Midlands
Albuquerque  United States New Mexico Rail Runner Express Rio Metro 1 11 156 3,900
Austin  United States Capital MetroRail Metro – MetroRail 1 9 51 1,600
Boston  United States MBTA Commuter Rail (Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority) MBTA – Commuter Rail Maps and Schedules 11 127 592 129,400
Chicago  United States Metra Metra 11 239 785 296,600
ChicagoSouth Bend  United States South Shore Line South Shore Line 1 20 140 11,500
Dallas  United States Trinity Railway Express (TRE) Trinity Railway Express 1 10 34.7 8,300
A-train (Denton County Transportation Authority) (DCTA) Denton County Transportation Authority 1 6 33.8 1,500
Denver  United States RTD Commuter Rail Fastracks 2 9 47.82
Los Angeles-Orange County-Inland Empire  United States Metrolink Metrolink 7 55 512 42,265
Miami/Fort Lauderdale/West Palm Beach  United States Tri-Rail Tri-Rail 1 18 114.1 13,700
Minneapolis  United States Northstar Commuter Rail MetroTransit – Northstar 1 6 64 2,100
Nashville  United States Music City Star RTA – Music City Star 1 6 51.5 1,000
New Haven-Hartford-Springfield  United States Hartford Line Hartford Line 1 9 100 1,531
New HavenNew London  United States Shore Line East Shore Line East 1 13 94.5 1,900
New Jersey/New York Metropolitan Area  United States NJ Transit Rail Operations NJ Transit 11 160 1530 301,746
New York City  United States Long Island Rail Road (LIRR) MTA – Long Island Rail Road 10 124 1100 345,300
Metro-North Railroad MTA – Metro-North Railroad 6 120 617.8 286,100
Orlando  United States SunRail SunRail 1 12 50 4,300
Philadelphia  United States SEPTA Regional Rail SEPTA Regional Rail 13 153 465 125,300
Portland, Oregon  United States Westside Express Service (WES) TriMet WES 1 5 23.7 1,400
Salt Lake City/Ogden/Provo  United States FrontRunner UTA FrontRunner 1 16 142 13,000[51]
San Diego/Oceanside  United States Coaster Coaster 1 8 66 4,800
San Francisco/San Jose  United States Caltrain Caltrain 1 32 124.6 58,250
San Jose/Stockton  United States Altamont Corridor Express (ACE) ACE 1 10 138 2,800
San Rafael/Santa Rosa  United States Sonoma–Marin Area Rail Transit (SMART) SMART 1 10 43 487[52]
Seattle/Tacoma  United States Sounder commuter rail Sound Transit 2 9 132 17,057
WashingtonBaltimore, Maryland/part of West Virginia  United States MARC Maryland Transit Administration 3 43 301 31,300
WashingtonNorthern Virginia  United States Virginia Railway Express VRE 2 18 145 19,000

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  • ^1 Fortaleza is in the process of converting its suburban rail network into a full metro system.
  • ^2 Sydney, Melbourne, Berlin, Copenhagen, Hamburg, London, Paris (RER) and São Paulo (CPTM) have hybrid systems, with trains running as metro-like services (on segregated track—usually in tunnel—and with high frequency) in their inner cities, but as main line commuter services in the suburbs. Nonetheless, the International Association of Public Transport (French: L’Union internationale des transports publics (UITP)) does not consider these systems to be "metro" systems.[53]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Detalles del proyecto para conectar todos los ferrocarriles urbanos debajo del Obelisco - Buenos Aires Ciudad, 12 May 2015.
  2. ^ https://lmdiario.com.ar/noticia/97373/tren-de-las-sierras-con-la-nueva-frecuencia-crecio-35-la-cantidad-de-pasajeros
  3. ^ http://wwwcronicaferroviaria.blogspot.com/2015/03/misiones-el-tren-posadas-encarnacion.html
  4. ^ Moore, Tony (2017-11-02). "Call to freeze fares after south-east Queensland train patronage slumps". Brisbane Times. Retrieved 2018-05-10.
  5. ^ "Public Transport Victoria Annual Report 2016-17" (PDF). 2017.
  6. ^ "PTA 2016-17 Annual Report - Operational Report" (PDF).
  7. ^ a b NSW, Transport for (8 June 2017). "Train Patronage - Monthly Figures". www.transport.nsw.gov.au. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  8. ^ Archived [Date missing] at oebb.at [Error: unknown archive URL]
  9. ^ (Projected.) Source
  10. ^ "Características Físicas e Operacionais" [Physical and Operational Characteristics] (in Portuguese). METROFOR. Archived from the original on 2014-02-19. Retrieved 2014-06-21.
  11. ^ "【砥砺奋进的五年】上海金山铁路即将5岁,日均客流达3万人_浦江头条_澎湃新闻-The Paper". www.thepaper.cn. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  12. ^ http://www.szz.hr/wp-content/uploads/2009/09/prigradski-zeljeznicki-promet-na-podrucju-splitske-konurbacije.pdf
  13. ^ "La vie du rail". La vie du rail. Retrieved 2010-08-11.
  14. ^ "SNCF Open Data". SNCF. 2018.
  15. ^ "Dresdner S-Bahn feiert 40-jährige Erfolgsgeschichte und blickt auf eine vielversprechende Zukunft" (Press release) (in German). DB Mobility Logistics AG. 15 November 2013.
  16. ^ "Fazit 2010: S-Bahn kommt pünktlicher ans Ziel". Hamburger Abendblatt (in German). 2011-01-06. Retrieved 2011-01-06.
  17. ^ Press note Deutsche Bahn, 28. January 2011
  18. ^ Facts and figures Archived 2011-07-06 at the Wayback Machine. S-Bahn Köln
  19. ^ "Ο προαστιακός προσελκύει περισσότερους επιβάτες | Ελλάδα | Η ΚΑΘΗΜΕΡΙΝΗ". kathimerini.gr. Retrieved 2015-11-04.
  20. ^ "ΤΡΑΙΝΟΣΕ: Ρεκόρ επιβατικής κίνησης - Newpost.gr". newpost.gr. Retrieved 2015-11-04.
  21. ^ "Commuter line passengers hits 1 million". The Jakarta Post, retrieved August 18, 2017.
  22. ^ http://www.sfmbo.it//Engine/RAServeFile.php/f/Documenti/Utenti_2010-2013_totSFM.jpg
  23. ^ "Le linee S". Affari Italiani. Retrieved 2018-02-27.
  24. ^ Defined here as the SUGOCA coverage area (as of 2012.04.01), together with the Gotōji Line and the JōnoTagawa-Gotōji section of the Hita-Hikosan Line. In comparison to the tabulation here, JR Kyūshū's Fukuoka Suburban Area (福岡近郊区間) as defined for fare calculation purposes includes the HarudaKeisen section of the Chikuhō Main Line and the Tagawa-Gotōji ‒ Imayama section of the Hita-Hikosan Line, but excludes the Kagoshima Main Line south of Tosu; the Nagasaki Main Line; the Chikuhi Line / Karatsu Line; the Nippō Main Line south of Yukuhashi; and the MojiShimonoseki section of the San'yō Main Line.
  25. ^ Defined here as the ICOCA coverage area in the Hiroshima area. The tabulation shown here roughly correlates to JR West’s Hiroshima City Network (広島シティネットワーク), but includes the HiroMihara section of the Kure Line and the ShiraichiItozaki section of the San'yō Main Line.
  26. ^ Defined here as the TOICA coverage area (as of 2012.05.30), together with the SekigaharaMaibara and ŌgakiMino-Akasaka sections of the Tōkaidō Main Line; the YokkaichiKameyama section of the Kansai Main Line; the Kameyama ‒ Taki section of the Kisei Main Line; the Sangū Line; and the ToyokawaHon-Nagashino section of the Iida Line. Unlike Greater Tokyo and Osaka‒Kobe‒Kyoto, JR Central has no suburban area (近郊区間) defined for the Greater Nagoya area for fare calculation purposes, and the TOICA coverage area is limited, with some trains continuing beyond the boundaries of the current coverage area.
  27. ^ "第25期(平成22年度)の決算等の概要". 愛知環状鉄道株式会社. Retrieved 2012-05-28.
  28. ^ Defined here as the Suica coverage area (as of 2012.05.31) in the Niigata area, omitting the Jōetsu Shinkansen. The Suica coverage area is identical in scope to JR East's Niigata Suburban Area (新潟近郊区間)
  29. ^ Defined here as the ICOCA coverage area (as of 2012.05.31) in the Okayama area, together with the WakeAioi section of the San'yō Main Line; the OsafuneBanshū Akō section of the Akō Line; the ChayamachiUno section of the Uno Line; the HōkaiinTsuyama section of the Tsuyama Line; the Bitchū-TakahashiNiimi section of the Hakubi Line; and the KannabeFuchū section of the Fukuen Line; and omitting the section of the Seto Ōhashi Line south of Kojima. JR West has no suburban area (近郊区間) defined for the Okayama area for fare calculation purposes, and the ICOCA coverage area is limited, with most trains continuing beyond the boundaries of the current coverage area.
  30. ^ Defined here as the union of JR West’s Urban Network (アーバンネットワーク) (as of 2012.03.17) and the Osaka Suburban Area (大阪近郊区間) for fare calculation purposes, omitting Shinkansen sections. The Urban Network is mostly identical to the Osaka Suburban Area, but omits the Kakogawa Line; the SasayamaguchiTanikawa section of the Fukuchiyama Line; the MaibaraShin-Ōsaka section of the Tōkaidō Shinkansen; and the Nishi-AkashiAioi section of the Sanyō Shinkansen. The Urban Network also includes the Ōmi-ShiotsuTsuruga section of the Hokuriku Main Line and the HimejiKamigōri section of the San'yō Main Line, which are not included in the Osaka Suburban Area.
  31. ^ "南海線・乗降人員". 株式会社アド南海. Retrieved 2012-05-25.
  32. ^ "高野線・乗降人員". 株式会社アド南海. Retrieved 2012-05-25.
  33. ^ "泉北高速鉄道の概要". 大阪府都市開発株式会社. Archived from the original on 2012-05-09. Retrieved 2012-05-26.
  34. ^ Defined here as JR Hokkaidō’s Sapporo suburban area network (as of 2012.05.31).
  35. ^ Defined here as the Suica coverage area (as of 2012.05.31) in the Sendai area, omitting the Tōhoku Main Line south of Shiroishi Station and the Tōhoku Shinkansen.
  36. ^ Defined here as the TOICA coverage area (as of 2012.05.30) east of Toyohashi, together with the KannamiAtami section of the Tōkaidō Main Line and the Nishi-FujinomiyaShibakawa section of the Minobu Line. JR Central has no suburban area (近郊区間) defined for the Shizuoka‒Hamamatsu area for fare calculation purposes, and the TOICA coverage area is limited, with many trains continuing beyond the boundaries of the current coverage area.
  37. ^ Defined here as JR East's Tokyo Suburban Area (東京近郊区間) for fare calculation purposes, and roughly correlating with the Suica coverage area (as of 2012.03.17). However, Suica coverage does not extend to the Karasuyama Line, Kashima Line, and Kururi Line, which are considered part of the Tokyo Suburban Area.
  38. ^ a b c "Company Profile - Keio Corporation". Keio.co.jp. Retrieved 2010-08-11.
  39. ^ a b c "関東交通広告協議会・各社・各駅乗降人員・通過人員・輸送人員《平成22年度1日平均》" (PDF). 関東交通広告協議会. October 2011. Retrieved 2012-05-24.
  40. ^ "1日平均各駅乗降人員". 相鉄ホールディングス株式会社. Archived from the original on 2005-04-21. Retrieved 2012-05-24.
  41. ^ "路線図・駅情報". 新京成電鉄株式会社. Retrieved 2012-05-24.
  42. ^ "東葉高速鉄道㈱平成22年度(第30期)決算について" (PDF). 東葉高速鉄道株式会社. 14 June 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 May 2012. Retrieved 2012-05-25.
  43. ^ "Decongesting Nairobi: The Importance of efficient Public transport system- Part 2". YouTube. Retrieved 2016-07-26.
  44. ^ "Keretapi Tanah Melayu Berhad (KTMB) Traffic Statistics, Fourth Quarter, 2013" (PDF). Ministry of Transport, Malaysia. Retrieved 2014-08-29.
  45. ^ "Number of Passengers for Light Rail Transit (LRT) Services, Fourth Quarter, 2013" (PDF). Ministry of Transport, Malaysia. Retrieved 2014-08-29.
  46. ^ "Inter-states and regions railroad tracks all heading to Nay Pyi Taw". Bi-Weekly Eleven. 3 (30). 2010-10-15. Archived from the original on 2011-07-14.
  47. ^ "October-2016 Patronage - Greater Auckland". 21 November 2016. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  48. ^ a b c d e f g h "Fakta om SL och länet 2015" (PDF) (in Swedish). Storstockholms Lokaltrafik. 25 October 2017. pp. 18–19. Retrieved 2017-11-01.
  49. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-02-21. Retrieved 2016-02-21.
  50. ^ "ยอดผู้โดยสารแอร์พอร์ตลิงค์ทะลุ1.4ล้านเที่ยว/ด. - ข่าวไทยรัฐออนไลน์". thairath.co.th. Retrieved 2015-11-04.
  51. ^ "Transit Ridership Report First Quarter 2013" (PDF). American Public Transportation Association. 24 May 2013. p. 28. Retrieved 2013-06-22.
  52. ^ "Transit Ridership Report: Second Quarter 2018" (PDF). American Public Transportation Association. August 24, 2018.
  53. ^ "Metros: Keeping pace with 21st century cities". uitp.org. International Association of Public Transport (French: L’Union internationale des transports publics (UITP)). Retrieved 2014-08-12. Suburban railways (such as the Paris RER, the Berlin S-Bahn and the Kuala Lumpur International Airport express line) are not included [in the list of world metro systems].