List of coups d'état and coup attempts by country

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This is a list by country of coups d'état and coup attempts, in chronological order.

A[edit]

Afghanistan[edit]

  1. February 20, 1919: Nasrullah Khan overthrows Habibullah Khan
  2. February 28, 1919: Amanullah Khan overthrows Nasrullah Khan
  3. January 17, 1929: Habibullah Kalakani overthrows Inayatullah Khan
  4. October 16, 1929: Mohammed Nadir Shah overthrows Habibullāh Kalakāni
  5. July 17, 1973: Mohammed Daoud Khan overthrows Mohammed Zahir Shah
  6. April 30, 1978 : Abdul Qadir overthrows Mohammed Daoud Khan
  7. September 16, 1979: Hafizullah Amin overthrows Nur Muhammad Taraki
  8. December 27, 1979: Babrak Karmal overthrows Hafizullah Amin
  9. April 28, 1992: Sibghatullah Mojaddedi overthrows Abdul Rahim Hatef[citation needed]
  10. September 27, 1996: Mohammed Omar overthrows Burhanuddin Rabbani[citation needed]
  11. November 13, 2001: The Northern Alliance overthrows Mohammed Omar[citation needed]

Algeria[edit]

  1. July 3, 1962: Houari Boumediene and Ahmed Ben Bella overthrow Benyoucef Benkhedda
  2. June 19, 1965: Houari Boumediene overthrows Ahmed Ben Bella[1]
  3. January 11, 1992: Khaled Nezzar overthrows Chadli Bendjedid[2]

Argentina[edit]

  1. 7September 6, 1930: General José Félix Uriburu overthrows president Hipólito Yrigoyen
  2. June 4, 1943: the military overthrows president Ramón Castillo
  3. September 29, 1951: Failed military revolt against President Juan Peron
  4. September 16, 1955: the military led by General Eduardo Lonardi overthrows president Juan Domingo Perón
  5. March 29, 1962: the military, led by General Raúl Poggi, overthrows president Arturo Frondizi
  6. June 28, 1966: a military uprising led by General Juan Carlos Onganía overthrows president Arturo Illia
  7. March 24, 1976: a military uprising overthrew the president María Estela Martínez de Perón

Azerbaijan[edit]

  1. June 9, 1993: Heydar Aliyev overthrows Abulfaz Elchibey[3]
  2. March 13, 1995: Colonel Rovshan Javadov and his unit of troops fail to seize power from president Heydar Aliyev and reinstate his predecessor Abulfaz Elchibey.

B[edit]

Bangladesh[edit]

  1. August 15, 1975: Khondaker Mostaq Ahmad overthrows Sheikh Mujibur Rahman[4]
  2. November 3, 1975: Khaled Mosharraf overthrows the government set up by the August coup.
  3. November 7, 1975: Soldiers from the Bangladesh army overthrew and killed Khaled Mosharraf just a few days after he took power.
  4. May 30, 1981: Soldiers led by Major General Abul Manzoor assassinate the president Ziaur Rahman. However, they fail to seize power and are rounded up.
  5. March 24, 1982: Hussain Muhammad Ershad overthrows A. F. M. Ahsanuddin Chowdhury[5]
  6. January 11, 2007: General Moin U Ahmed takes over the caretaker government.[6]
  7. Coup in 2007 General Moin U Ahmed takes over the interim government and imposed state of emergency.[6][7]

Benin[edit]

  1. October 28, 1963: Christophe Soglo overthrows Hubert Maga
  2. November 27, 1965: Christophe Soglo overthrows Sourou-Migan Apithy
  3. December 16, 1967: Maurice Kouandété overthrows Christophe Soglo
  4. October 26, 1972: Mathieu Kérékou overthrows Justin Ahomadégbé-Tomêtin
  5. March 4, 2013: Failed coup attempt by Colonel Pamphile Zomahoun against President Thomas Boni Yayi

Bolivia[edit]

  1. 1899: José Manuel Pando overthrows Severo Fernández
  2. 1920: Bautista Saavedra overthrows José Gutiérrez
  3. June 28, 1930: Carlos Blanco Galindo overthrows Hernando Siles Reyes
  4. December 1, 1934: José Luis Tejada Sorzano overthrows Daniel Salamanca Urey
  5. May 20, 1936: David Toro overthrows José Luis Tejada Sorzano
  6. July 13, 1937: Germán Busch overthrows David Toro Ruilova
  7. December 20, 1943: Gualberto Villarroel overthrows Enrique Peñaranda
  8. July 21, 1946: Néstor Guillén and Tomás Monje overthrows Gualberto Villarroel
  9. May 16, 1951: Hugo Ballivián overthrows Mamerto Urriolagoitía
  10. April 16, 1952: Víctor Paz Estenssoro overthrows Hugo Ballivián
  11. November 5, 1964: René Barrientos overthrows Víctor Paz Estenssoro[8]
  12. October 7, 1970: Juan José Torres overthrows Alfredo Ovando Candía
  13. August 21, 1971: Hugo Banzer overthrows Juan José Torres[9]
  14. July 17, 1980: Luis García Meza Tejada overthrows Lidia Gueiler Tejada[10]

Brazil[edit]

  1. November 15, 1889: Deodoro da Fonseca overthrows Pedro II of Brazil.[11]
  2. November 3, 1930: Getúlio Vargas overthrows Washington Luís.[12]
  3. March 31, 1964: Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco overthrows João Goulart establishing the 21-year-long dictatorship[13]

Bulgaria[edit]

  1. June 9, 1923: The Military Union overthrows Aleksandar Stamboliyski and installs coup leader Aleksandar Tsankov in power.
  2. May 19, 1934: Zveno, led by Kimon Georgiev with the help of the Military Union overthrows the coalition government led by the Democratic Party.
  3. September 9, 1944: Zveno, led by Kimon Georgiev overthrows Konstantin Muraviev.[14]
  4. April, 1965: A plot to overthrow Todor Zhivkov is uncovered.

Burkina Faso[edit]

  1. January 3, 1966: Lieutenant Colonel Sangoulé Lamizana overthrows President Maurice Yaméogo.
  2. November 25, 1980: Colonel Saye Zerbo overthrows President Sangoulé Lamizana.
  3. November 7, 1982: Major Jean-Baptiste Ouédraogo overthrows President Saye Zerbo.
  4. February 28, 1983: Failed coup attempt against President Jean-Baptiste Ouédraogo.
  5. August 4, 1983: Captain Blaise Compaoré overthrows President Jean-Baptiste Ouédraogo, replacing him with Captain Thomas Sankara.[15]
  6. October 15, 1987: Blaise Compaoré overthrows Thomas Sankara
  7. September 18, 1989: Alleged failed coup attempt by senior officers against President Compaoré.
  8. October 30, 2014: Lt. Colonel Isaac Zida overthrows current President Blaise Compaoré and briefly serves as head of state before selecting Michel Kafando as the new President. Days later, Kafando appointed Zida as acting Prime Minister.
  9. September 17, 2015: The presidential guard headed by Gilbert Diendéré overthrows Interim President Michel Kafando, one month before elections are due in the nation. However, the coup collapses one week later and Kafando is reinstalled.

Burma[edit]

  1. March 1, 1962: Ne Win overthrows U Nu[16]
  2. September 18, 1988: Saw Maung overthrows Maung Maung Kha[17]

Burundi[edit]

  1. July 8, 1966: Ntare V overthrows Mwambutsa IV[18]
  2. November 28, 1966: Michel Micombero overthrows Ntare V[18]
  3. November 10, 1976: Jean-Baptiste Bagaza overthrows Michel Micombero
  4. September 3, 1987: Pierre Buyoya overthrows Jean-Baptiste Bagaza
  5. July 25, 1996: Pierre Buyoya overthrows Sylvestre Ntibantunganya[19]
  6. May 13–15, 2015: General Godefroid Niyombare led a coup against PresidentPierre Nkurunziza.[20]

C[edit]

Cambodia[edit]

  1. March 18, 1970: Lon Nol overthrows Norodom Sihanouk[21]
  2. July 5, 1997: Hun Sen overthrows Norodom Ranariddh

Cameroon[edit]

  1. April 6, 1984: Presidential palace guards failed to overthrow president Paul Biya.

Central African Republic[edit]

  1. January 1, 1966: Jean-Bédel Bokassa overthrows David Dacko[22]
  2. September 21, 1979: David Dacko overthrows Jean-Bédel Bokassa
  3. September 1, 1981: André Kolingba overthrows David Dacko
  4. March 15, 2003: François Bozizé overthrows Ange-Félix Patassé
  5. March 24, 2013: Michel Djotodia overthrows François Bozizé

Chad[edit]

  1. April 13, 1975: Noël Milarew Odingar overthrows François Tombalbaye
  2. June 7, 1982: Hissène Habré overthrows Goukouni Oueddei
  3. December 1, 1990: Idriss Déby overthrows Hissène Habré
  4. May 16, 2004: Failed coup against President Idriss Déby
  5. March 14, 2006: Failed coup against President Idriss Déby

Chile[edit]

For a more comprehensive list, see List of Chilean coups d'état.

China[edit]

  1. 249: Incident at Gaoping Tombs Sima Yi threw a coup against the Cao Wei regent Cao Shuang
  2. July 6, 626: During the Xuanwu Gate Incident, Prince Li Shimin and his close followers killed Crown Prince Li Jiancheng and Prince Li Yuanji before taking complete control of the Tang government from Emperor Gaozu.[23]
  3. 1861: Xinyou Coup: With the help of Prince Gong, Empress Dowager Cixi ousted eight regents (led by Sushun) whom the Xianfeng Emperor had appointed on his deathbed to rule for the child Tongzhi Emperor.
  4. February 12, 1912: Qing general Yuan Shikai (by agreement with Sun Yat-sen) forced abdication of the last Qing dynasty emperor Puyi.
  5. Late 1913 - January 1914: Yuan Shikai crackdown the parliament of the Republic of China (self coup).
  6. June 14, 1917: Qing-loyalist general Zhang Xun overthrow Li Yuanhong and later claim the restoration of the Qing Empire with Puyi as emperor.
  7. July 12, 1917: Brief restoration attempt was crushed by Duan Qirui troops.
  8. July 19, 1920: Cao Kun and Zhang Zuolin overthrow Duan Qirui.
  9. January 25, 1922: Wu Peifu overthrow Liang Shiyi causing First Zhili-Fengtian War.
  10. October 23, 1924: Feng Yuxiang overthrow Cao Kun and establish Guominjun.
  11. April 18, 1926: Zhang Xueliang and Wu Peifu capture the capital Beijing and then sack city leading to the collapse of Beiyang government and nearly destruction of Guominjun fraction.
  12. April 12, 1927: Chiang Kai-shek order to purge communists in his Kuomintang party to ensure right wing dominance in the party.
  13. June 2, 1928: Yan Xishan (allied with Chiang Kai-shek) overthrow Zhang Zuolin.
  14. April 1930: Yan Xishan expels Chiang Kai-shek's supporters from Beijing, starting the Central Plains War.
  15. 12 December 1936 - 25 December 1936: During the Xi'an Incident, Zhang Xueliang kidnaps Chiang Kai-shek in an attempt to seize power and establish a united Anti-Japanese front.

Ciskei[edit]

  1. March 4, 1990: Oupa Gqozo overthrows Lennox Sebe[24]

Colombia[edit]

  1. June 13, 1953: Gustavo Rojas Pinilla overthrows Laureano Gómez[25]

Comoros[edit]

  1. August 3, 1975: Said Mohamed Jaffar and Bob Denard overthrow Ahmed Abdallah
  2. May 23, 1978: Ahmed Abdallah and Bob Denard overthrow Ali Soilih
  3. November 26, 1989: Said Mohamed Djohar and Bob Denard overthrow Ahmed Abdallah
  4. September 28, 1995: Bob Denard overthrows Said Mohamed Djohar for 7 days. (see Operation Azalee)
  5. April 30, 1999: Azali Assoumani overthrows Tadjidine Ben Said Massounde[26]

Congo-Brazzaville[edit]

  1. August 15, 1963: Alphonse Massamba-Débat overthrows Fulbert Youlou
  2. September 4, 1968: Marien Ngouabi overthrows Alphonse Massamba-Débat[27]
  3. February 8, 1979: Denis Sassou Nguesso overthrows Joachim Yhombi-Opango
  4. October 25, 1997: Denis Sassou Nguesso overthrows Pascal Lissouba

Congo-Kinshasa[edit]

  1. September 14, 1960: Mobutu Sese Seko overthrows Patrice Lumumba
  2. November 25, 1965: Mobutu Sese Seko overthrows Joseph Kasa-Vubu
  3. May 16, 1997: Laurent-Désiré Kabila overthrows Mobutu Sese Seko[citation needed]

Costa Rica[edit]

  1. April 27, 1870: Bruno Carranza overthrows Jesús Jiménez Zamora
  2. July 30, 1876: Vicente Herrera Zeledón overthrows Aniceto Esquivel Sáenz
  3. January 27, 1917: Federico Tinoco Granados overthrows Alfredo González Flores

Cuba[edit]

  1. March 10, 1952: Fulgencio Batista overthrows Carlos Prío Socarrás
  2. January 1, 1959: 26th of July Movement overthrows Fulgencio Batista[citation needed]

Cyprus[edit]

  1. July 15, 1974: Nikos Sampson overthrows Makarios III

Czechoslovakia[edit]

  1. February 25, 1948: the Communist government of Klement Gottwald eliminates all democratic elements from power.

D[edit]

Denmark[edit]

  1. 1660 by Frederick III of Denmark
  2. 1772 by Juliana Maria of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel and her son Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Denmark.
  3. 1784 by Crown Prince Frederick of Denmark.

Dominican Republic[edit]

  1. May 30, 1849: Pedro Santana overthrows Manuel Jiménes
  2. June 13, 1858: José Desiderio Valverde overthrows Buenaventura Báez
  3. September 25, 1963: Elías Wessin y Wessin overthrows Juan Bosch

E[edit]

Ecuador[edit]

  1. 1925 by Luis Telmo Paz y Miño
  2. 1935 by Federico Páez
  3. 1963 by Ramón Castro Jijón
  4. 1972 by Guillermo Rodríguez
  5. 2000 by Lucio Gutiérrez

Egypt[edit]

  1. 1952: Muhammad Naguib overthrows Farouk of Egypt
  2. February 27, 1954: Gamal Abdel Nasser overthrows Muhammad Naguib
  3. February 2011: Mohamed Hussein Tantawi deposes Hosni Mubarak after massive protests and transfers power to the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces of Egypt
  4. July 3, 2013: Abdel Fattah el-Sisi overthrows president Mohamed Morsi

El Salvador[edit]

  1. 1931 by Maximiliano Hernández Martínez
  2. 1948 by Manuel de Jesús Córdova
  3. October 26, 1960: A bloodless coup overthrows President José María Lemus
  4. January 25, 1961: A coup overthrows the junta established just a few months before.
  5. 1979: A coup d'état brought the Revolutionary Government Junta of El Salvador to power.

England[edit]

  1. 1648: Pride's Purge: Parliamentarian troops under Colonel Thomas Pride purge the Long Parliament of those opposed to trying the King for treason, turning it into the republican Rump Parliament and leading directly to the abolition of the monarchy.
  2. 1688: The Glorious Revolution: William III of Orange's invasion of England at the invitation of the country's powerful Protestants, deposing the Catholic James II of England.

Equatorial Guinea[edit]

  1. September 29, 1979: Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo overthrows Francisco Macías Nguema
  2. March 7, 2004: A coup attempt is stopped before the plotters can arrive in country

Estonia[edit]

Ethiopia[edit]

  1. 1910: Ras Tessema Nadew and Fitawrawi Habte Giyorgis against Empress Taytu, regent of the incapacitated Emperor Menelik II of Ethiopia
  2. 1916: a group of aristocrats, including Fitawrawi Habte Giyorgis and Ras Tafari Makonnen, against Emperor Iyasu V.
  3. September 12, 1974: Aman Mikael Andom overthrows Emperor Haile Selassie I
  4. November 17, 1974: Tafari Benti overthrows Aman Mikael Andom
  5. February 3, 1977: Mengistu Haile Mariam overthrows Tafari Benti
  6. May 21, 1991: Meles Zenawi and the EPRDF overthrow Mengistu Haile Mariam[citation needed]

F[edit]

Fiji[edit]

  1. May 14, 1987: Sitiveni Rabuka overthrows Prime Minister Timoci Bavadra
  2. September 28, 1987: Sitiveni Rabuka overthrows Governor General Ratu Sir Penaia Ganilau
  3. May 19, 2000: George Speight overthrows Mahendra Chaudhry
  4. December 5, 2006: Frank Bainimarama overthrows Laisenia Qarase

Finland[edit]

  1. February 27-March 6, 1932: The radical nationalist Lapua Movement failed to overthrow the Finish government.

France[edit]

  1. 1794: The National Convention votes to execute Maximilien Robespierre.[citation needed]
  2. 1797: The French Directory, with the support of the military, deposes the royalists.
  3. 1799: Napoleon Bonaparte overthrows the French Directory and installs the French Consulate.
  4. 1812: General Claude François de Malet fails to remove Napoleon from power while he was campaigning in Russia.
  5. 1815 by Emperor Napoleon I against King Louis XVIII of France.
  6. 1851: Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte, then president of France, dissolves the Assembly and becomes the sole ruler of the country. In the following year, he would restore the French Empire after a referendum.
  7. 1958: A successful coup d'état led by Pierre Lagaillarde, in which Charles de Gaulle is brought back to power.
  8. 1961: A failed coup d'état against president Charles de Gaulle.

G[edit]

Gambia[edit]

  1. July 22, 1994: Yahya Jammeh overthrows Dawda Jawara

Georgia[edit]

  1. Jan 6, 1992: Tengiz Kitovani and Jaba Ioseliani overthrow Zviad Gamsakhurdia

Germany[edit]

  1. March 1920: A failed right-wing coup against the Weimar Republic.
  2. November 8, 1923: failed attempt by Nazi Party leader Adolf Hitler with Erich Ludendorff to seize power in Bavaria.
  3. July 20, 1944: Members of the German resistance failed to assassinate Adolf Hitler and seize control.

Ghana[edit]

  1. February 24, 1966: Joseph Arthur Ankrah overthrows Kwame Nkrumah
  2. April 17, 1967: Failed military coup
  3. January 13, 1972: Ignatius Kutu Acheampong overthrows Kofi Abrefa Busia
  4. July 5, 1978: Fred Akuffo overthrows Ignatius Kutu Acheampong
  5. June 4, 1979: Jerry John Rawlings overthrows Fred Akuffo
  6. December 31, 1981: Jerry John Rawlings overthrows Hilla Limann

Greece[edit]

  1. 1831: Navy mutiny at Poros against Governor Ioannis Kapodistrias
  2. 1843: 3 September 1843 Revolution: Athens garrison imposes constitution on King Otto of Greece
  3. 1862: Military revolt and ousting of Otto of Greece
  4. 1909: Goudi coup (15 August) against Dimitrios Rallis
  5. 1916: Thessaloniki coup (17 August) leading to the establishment of the Provisional Government of National Defence, and onset of the National Schism
  6. 1922: 11 September 1922 Revolution by the army returning from Asia Minor against Petros Protopapadakis and King Constantine I of Greece
  7. 1923: Failed pro-royalist Leonardopoulos–Gargalidis coup d'état attempt (23 October)
  8. 1925: Successful coup of general Theodoros Pangalos (25 June), who becomes dictator
  9. 1926: Counter-coup by Georgios Kondylis (22 August), Pangalos deposed
  10. 1933: Failed pro-republican and pro-Venizelos coup by Nikolaos Plastiras (6 March)
  11. 1935: Failed pro-republican coup attempt (1 March)
  12. 1935: Coup by Georgios Kondylis, abolition of the Second Hellenic Republic and restoration of the Greek monarchy
  13. 1936: Prime Minister Ioannis Metaxas assumes dictatorial powers (4 August), establishment of the 4th of August Regime
  14. 1951: Abortive military coup (31 May) by the ΙΔΕΑ far-right officer organization
  15. 1967: Coup d'état under Georgios Papadopoulos (21 April) and establishment of the Regime of the Colonels
  16. 1967: Failed counter-coup (13 December) by King Constantine II of Greece against the Colonels
  17. 1973: Imminent Navy revolt against the Colonels prevented (23 May), mutiny of the destroyer Velos
  18. 1973: Overthrow of Georgios Papadopoulos by hardliner Brigadier Dimitrios Ioannidis (25 November)

Grenada[edit]

  1. March 13, 1979: Maurice Bishop overthrows Eric Gairy
  2. October 14, 1983: Bernard Coard overthrows Maurice Bishop
  3. October 19, 1983: Hudson Austin overthrows Bernard Coard

Guam[edit]

  1. 1898 by José Sisto against Francisco Portusach Martínez
  2. 1898 by Venancio Roberto against José Sisto

Guatemala[edit]

  1. July 8 1954 by Carlos Castillo Armas who overthrew president Jacobo Árbenz Guzmán with the help of CIA
  2. 1963 under Enrique Peralta Azurdia
  3. 1982 under Efraín Ríos Montt

Guinea[edit]

  1. April 3, 1984: Lansana Conté overthrows Louis Lansana Beavogui
  2. December 24, 2008: Moussa Dadis Camara overthrows Aboubacar Somparé

Guinea-Bissau[edit]

  1. November 14, 1980: João Bernardo Vieira overthrows Luís Cabral
  2. May 7, 1999: Ansumane Mané overthrows João Bernardo Vieira
  3. September 14, 2003: Veríssimo Correia Seabra overthrows Kumba Ialá
  4. April 12, 2012: Army overthrows the government.

H[edit]

Haiti[edit]

  1. October 17, 1806: Henri Christophe and Alexandre Pétion overthrow Emperor Jacques I
  2. Feb 13, 1843: Charles Rivière-Hérard overthrows Jean-Pierre Boyer
  3. May 3, 1844: Philippe Guerrier overthrows Charles Rivière-Hérard
  4. March 24, 1846: Jean-Baptiste Riché overthrows Jean-Louis Pierrot
  5. January 15, 1859: Fabre Geffrard overthrows Emperor Faustin I
  6. August 26, 1867: Sylvain Salnave overthrows Fabre Geffrard
  7. December 27, 1869: Nissage Saget overthrows Sylvain Salnave
  8. April 16, 1876: Pierre Théoma Boisrond-Canal overthrows Michel Domingue
  9. October 19, 1888: François Denys Légitime overthrows Lysius Salomon
  10. October 17, 1889: Florvil Hyppolite overthrows François Denys Légitime
  11. December 21, 1902: Pierre Nord Alexis overthrows Pierre Théoma Boisrond-Canal
  12. December 2, 1908: François C. Antoine Simon overthrows Pierre Nord Alexis
  13. August 3, 1911: Cincinnatus Leconte overthrows Antoine Simon
  14. January, 1914: Oreste Zamor overthrows Michel Oreste
  15. November 7, 1914: Joseph Davilmar Théodore overthrows Oreste Zamor
  16. February 25, 1915: Vilbrun Guillaume Sam overthrows Joseph Davilmar Théodore
  17. July 28, 1915: Mulatto uprising overthrows and kills Jean Vilbrun Guillaume Sam
  18. January 11, 1946: Dumarsais Estimé overthrows Élie Lescot
  19. May 10, 1950: Paul Eugène Magloire against Dumarsais Estimé
  20. December 12, 1956: Joseph Nemours Pierre-Louis overthrows Paul Eugène Magloire[citation needed]
  21. April 4, 1957: Leon Cantave overthrows Franck Sylvain
  22. June 14, 1957: Antonio Thrasybule Kébreau overthrows Daniel Fignolé
  23. June 20, 1988: Henri Namphy overthrows Leslie Manigat
  24. September 17, 1988: Prosper Avril overthrows Henri Namphy
  25. September 30, 1991: Raoul Cédras overthrows Jean-Bertrand Aristide

Honduras[edit]

  1. 1956[clarification needed][citation needed]
  2. 1963 under Oswaldo López Arellano
  3. 1972 under Oswaldo López Arellano
  4. 1975 under Juan Alberto Melgar Castro
  5. 1978 under Policarpo Paz García
  6. 2009 under Roberto Micheletti

Hungary[edit]

  1. 1944 under Ferenc Szálasi against Regent Miklós Horthy

I[edit]

Indonesia[edit]

  1. Sep 30, 1965: Suharto overthrows Sukarno (see Transition to the New Order)

Iran[edit]

  1. 1921 by Reza Khan Mirpanj (later Reza Shah Pahlavi) and Zia'eddin Tabatabaee during the reign of Ahmad Shah Qajar.
  2. 1953: by General Fazlollah Zahedi against Prime Minister Mohammed Mossadegh in support of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.
  3. 1980: Failed coup d'état by a group of army officers against the newly established Islamic regime.

Iraq[edit]

  1. October 20, 1936: Bakr Sidqi overthrows Yasin al-Hashimi
  2. April 1, 1941: Rashid Ali al-Gaylani overthrows 'Abd al-Ilah
  3. July 14, 1958: Abdul Karim Qassim against King Faisal II
  4. February 8, 1963: Abdul Salam Arif and Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr overthrow Abdul Karim Qassim
  5. November 11, 1963: Pro-Nasserist officers oust the Ba'ath Party from government
  6. July 16, 1968: Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr overthrows Abdul Rahman Arif

Italy[edit]

  1. 1922: Fascist coup d'état, Benito Mussolini overthrows Luigi Facta.
  2. 1964: Coup attempted by military groups.
  3. 1970: Coup attempt by fascist groups.

Ivory Coast[edit]

  1. December 24, 1999: Robert Guéï overthrows Henri Konan Bédie

J[edit]

Japan[edit]

  1. March 1931: An aborted coup by the Sakurakai
  2. October 21, 1931: An aborted coup also by the Sakurakai
  3. May 15, 1932: A failed coup by members of the Imperial Japanese Navy
  4. November 1934: A failed coup by members of the Imperial Japanese Army
  5. February 26, 1936: A failed coup by the Imperial Japanese Army
  6. August 14–15, 1945: A failed coup by army members opposed to surrender
  7. August 24, 1945: A failed coup by dissidents opposed to surrender
  8. November 25, 1970: An aborted coup by author Yukio Mishima

Jordan[edit]

  1. 1970 :Failed PLO coup attempt against King Hussain.

K[edit]

Kenya[edit]

  1. 1st August 1982: attempted coup by Kenyan airforce personnel to overthrow the Daniel arap Moi government.

South Korea[edit]

  1. May 16, 1961 under Park Chung Hee
  2. December 12, 1979 under Chun Doo-hwan

Kyrgyzstan[edit]

  1. 2010: against Kurmanbek Bakiyev

L[edit]

Laos[edit]

  1. 25 December 1959: Coup by Captain Kong Le established General Phoumi Nosavan in charge
  2. 9 August 1960: Captain Kong Le overthrew General Phoumi
  3. 16 December 1960: General Phoumi won counter-coup in Battle of Vientiane
  4. 18 April 1964: Police General Siho Lamphouthacoul seized power for five days
  5. 4 August 1964: General Phoumi's attempt fails
  6. 31 January 1965: Colonel Bounleut Saycocie's and General Phoumi's independent attempts both fail
  7. 1966 Laotian coup: General Thao Ma's coup by air strike fails
  8. 1973 Laotian coup: General Thao Ma's coup via air strike fails

Latvia[edit]

  1. May 15, 1934: Kārlis Ulmanis dissolved the Saeima (Parliament) and established an authoritarian rule.

Lesotho[edit]

  1. January 18, 1986: Justin Metsing Lekhanya overthrows Leabua Jonathan
  2. November 12, 1990: Justin Metsing Lekhanya overthrows King Moshoeshoe II of Lesotho
  3. May 2, 1991: Elias Phisoana Ramaema overthrows Justin Metsing Lekhanya
  4. August 30, 2014: A failed coup attempt

Liberia[edit]

  1. April 12, 1980: Staff Sergeant Samuel K. Doe overthrows President William R. Tolbert, Jr.
  2. September 9, 1990: Prince Johnson overthrows President Samuel K. Doe[citation needed]

Libya[edit]

  1. September 1, 1969: Muammar al-Gaddafi overthrows King Idris I of Libya and establishes a republic.

Lithuania[edit]

There are estimated to be over 10 unsuccessful coups during the period of 1919-1940 in Lithuania.

  1. December 17, 1926, overthrowing President Kazys Grinius and Antanas Smetona becoming the head of state.
  2. September 9, 1927, known as Tauragė Uprising, a failed attempt to overthrow Lithuanian Nationalist Union and to re-establish previous Govt.
  3. June 6–7, 1934 failed coup d'état led by fascist Iron Wolf

M[edit]

Madagascar[edit]

  1. October 11, 1972: Gabriel Ramanantsoa overthrows Philibert Tsiranana
  2. February 5, 1975: Richard Ratsimandrava overthrows Gabriel Ramanantsoa
  3. March 17, 2009: Andry Rajoelina overthrows Marc Ravalomanana (see 2009 Malagasy political crisis)

Mali[edit]

  1. November 19, 1968: Moussa Traoré overthrows Modibo Keïta
  2. March 26, 1991: Amadou Toumani Touré overthrows Moussa Traoré
  3. March 22, 2012: Military overthrows Amadou Toumani Touré

Mauritania[edit]

  1. July 10, 1978: Mustafa Ould Salek overthrows Moktar Ould Daddah
  2. April 6, 1979: Ahmad Ould Bouceif and Mohamed Khouna Ould Haidalla overthrow Mustafa Ould Salek
  3. January 4, 1980: Mohamed Khouna Ould Haidalla overthrows Mohamed Mahmoud Ould Louly
  4. December 12, 1984: Maaouya Ould Sid'Ahmed Taya overthrows Mohamed Khouna Ould Haidalla
  5. August 3, 2005: Ely Ould Mohamed Vall overthrows Maaouya Ould Sid'Ahmed Taya
  6. August 6, 2008: Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz overthrows Sidi Ould Cheikh Abdallahi (see 2008 Mauritanian coup d'état)

Mexico[edit]

  1. 1876 by Porfirio Díaz against Sebastián Lerdo de Tejada
  2. 1911 by Francisco I. Madero against Porfirio Díaz (and Francisco León de la Barra)
  3. 1913 by Victoriano Huerta (and Pedro Lascuráin) against Francisco I. Madero
  4. 1915 by Venustiano Carranza and others against Victoriano Huerta[citation needed]
  5. 1920 by Adolfo de la Huerta against Venustiano Carranza

Morocco[edit]

  1. July 10, 1971 failed coup attempt by M'hamed Ababou and Mohamed Medbouh against Hassan II of Morocco
  2. August 16, 1972 failed coup by Mohamed Oufkir against Hassan II of Morocco

N[edit]

Netherlands[edit]

  1. Jan 22, 1798: Uitvoerend Bewind against the National Assembly of the Batavian Republic
  2. Jun 12, 1798: Herman Willem Daendels against Pieter Vreede
  3. Sep 19, 1801: Napoleon Bonaparte against Uitvoerend Bewind

Nicaragua[edit]

  1. 1856 under William Walker
  2. 1944 by Anastasio Somoza García for Benjamín Lacayo Sacasa against Leonardo Argüello Barreto

Niger[edit]

  1. April 15, 1974: Seyni Kountché overthrows Hamani Diori.
  2. January 27, 1996: Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara overthrows Mahamane Ousmane.
  3. April 9, 1999: Daouda Malam Wanké overthrows Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara.
  4. February 18, 2010: Salou Djibo overthrows Mamadou Tandja.

Nigeria[edit]

  1. January 15–16, 1966: Chukwuma Kaduna Nzeogwu overthrows Abubakar Tafawa Balewa
  2. July 29, 1966: Yakubu Gowon overthrows Johnson Aguiyi-Ironsi
  3. July 29, 1975: Murtala Mohammed overthrows Yakubu Gowon
  4. February 13, 1976: Buka Suka Dimka led a failed coup that resulted the death of the head of state Murtala Mohammed
  5. December 31, 1983: Muhammadu Buhari overthrows Shehu Shagari
  6. August 27, 1985: Ibrahim Babangida overthrows Muhammadu Buhari
  7. April 22, 1990: Gideon Orkar failed to topple president Ibrahim Babangida
  8. November 17, 1993: Sani Abacha overthrows Ernest Shonekan

O[edit]

Oman[edit]

  1. July 23, 1970 Qaboos bin Said overthrew his father Said bin Taimur

P[edit]

Panama[edit]

  1. 1931 by Arnulfo Arias Madrid and Harmodio Arias Madrid against Florencio Harmodio Arosemena
  2. 1941 by Ricardo Adolfo de la Guardia Arango against Arnulfo Arias Madrid
  3. 1951 by Colonel José Antonio Remón Cantera against Arnulfo Arias Madrid
  4. 1968 by Omar Torrijos against President Arnulfo Arias Madrid
  5. 1989 coup attempt by Moises Giroldi against Manuel Antonio Noriega

Pakistan[edit]

  1. April 17, 1953 by Ghulam Mohammad against Khawaja Nazimuddin
  2. October 27, 1958 by Field Marshal Ayub Khan against Iskander Mirza
  3. March 25, 1969 by General Yahya Khan against Ayub Khan
  4. July 4, 1977 by General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq against Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
  5. Failed coup against Benazir Bhutto in 1995
  6. October 12, 1999 by General Pervez Musharraf against Nawaz Sharif

Paraguay[edit]

  1. February 17, 1936: Rafael Franco overthrows Eusebio Ayala
  2. August 13, 1937: Paraguayan military overthrows Rafael Franco
  3. May 5, 1954: Alfredo Stroessner overthrows Dr. Federico Chávez
  4. February 3, 1989: Andrés Rodríguez and the Paraguayan Army overthrow Alfredo Stroessner

Peru[edit]

  1. 1914 under Óscar Benavides
  2. 1919 under Augusto B. Leguía y Salcedo
  3. 1930 under Luis Miguel Sánchez Cerro
  4. 1948 under Manuel A. Odría
  5. 1962 under Ricardo Pérez Godoy
  6. 1968 under Juan Velasco Alvarado
  7. 1992 under Alberto Fujimori (self-coup)

Philippines[edit]

  1. 1972: Ferdinand Marcos (self-coup)
  2. 1986: Juan Ponce Enrile and Fidel Ramos against Ferdinand Marcos
  3. 1986–1990: Coup attempts against Corazon C. Aquino
  4. January 2001: A four-day political protest from 17–20 January 2001 that peacefully overthrew the government of Joseph Estrada
  5. Attempted coups against Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
  6. EDSA III
  7. Oakwood Mutiny - The Oakwood Mutiny refers to a short-lived event which occurred on 27 July 2003 when members of the Philippine Marine Corps and Army took hold of the Glorietta Mall and the Oakwood Premier Condominium in Makati City. See Oakwood Mutiny
  8. 2006 state of emergency in the Philippines
  9. Manila Peninsula Mutiny

Poland[edit]

  1. May 1926: Józef Piłsudski overthrew the government of President Stanisław Wojciechowski and Prime Minister Wincenty Witos
  2. 1981 under Wojciech Jaruzelski

Portugal[edit]

  1. 1926: General Manuel Gomes da Costa overthrows the First Portuguese Republic
  2. 1974: The Movimento das Forças Armadas overthrows the Estado Novo

R[edit]

Romania[edit]

  1. 1866 by the "monstrous coalition" of Liberals and Conservatives against prince Alexander John Cuza
  2. 1938 by King Carol II of Romania against Corneliu Zelea Codreanu and the Iron Guard
  3. 1940 by Ion Antonescu against King Carol II of Romania
  4. 1944 by King Michael I of Romania and Constantin Sănătescu against Ion Antonescu
  5. 1947 by Petru Groza against King Michael I of Romania
  6. 1989: National Salvation Front overthrows Nicolae Ceaușescu (see Romanian Revolution)

Russia[edit]

  1. March 15, 1917: abdication of Nicholas II of Russia in favor of the Russian Provisional Government
  2. November 7, 1917: RSDLP(b) (Communist Party) overthrows Russian Provisional Government
  3. January, 1929: Pro-Soviet, anti-Buddhist faction of the Tuvan People's Revolutionary Party overthrows the government of the Tuvan People's Republic, in modern Tuva.
  4. October 14, 1964: Leonid Brezhnev overthrows Nikita Khrushchev[citation needed]
  5. September 21 to October 4, 1993: President Boris Yeltsin, aided by the military, extralegally dissolves parliament and suspends the constitution. (Self-coup)

Rwanda[edit]

  1. July 5, 1973: Juvénal Habyarimana overthrows Grégoire Kayibanda
  2. April 6, 1994: Juvénal Habyarimana was assassinated when his plane was shot down[citation needed]
  3. July 4, 1994: Paul Kagame and the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) overthrow Théoneste Bagosora (see Rwandan Civil War)[citation needed]

S[edit]

São Tomé and Príncipe[edit]

  1. August 15, 1995: Manuel Quintas de Almeida overthrows Miguel Trovoada for 6 days
  2. July 16, 2003: Fernando Pereira (major) overthrows Fradique de Menezes for 7 days

Seychelles[edit]

  1. June 5, 1977: France-Albert René overthrows James Mancham

Sierra Leone[edit]

  1. March 21, 1967: David Lansana overthrows Siaka Stevens
  2. April 19, 1968: John Amadu Bangura overthrows Andrew Juxon-Smith
  3. April 29, 1992: Valentine Strasser overthrows Joseph Saidu Momoh
  4. January 16, 1996: Julius Maada Bio overthrows Valentine Strasser
  5. May 25, 1997: Johnny Paul Koroma overthrows Ahmed Tejan Kabbah

Solomon Islands[edit]

  1. 2000 by the Malaita Eagle Force

Somalia[edit]

  1. October 21, 1969: Muhammad Siad Barre overthrows Sheikh Mukhtar Mohamed Hussein
  2. January 26, 1991: Mohammed Farrah Aidid overthrows Muhammad Siad Barre

South Africa[edit]

  1. March 11, 1994: Lucas Mangope is overthrown by mutinying security forces. Bophuthatswana is reincorporated into South Africa.

Spain[edit]

  1. 603 by General Witerico against king Liuva II
  2. 631 by Duke Sisenando against king Suintila
  3. 642 : Tulga was overthrown by Chindasvinto
  4. 692 : Égica was briefly overthrown by Suniefredo
  5. 1923 by Miguel Primo de Rivera against Manuel García Prieto
  6. 1932 by José Sanjurjo failed to overthrow Manuel Azaña
  7. 1936 by Francisco Franco against Manuel Azaña
  8. November 17, 1978: An aborted coup led by Antonio Tejero to stop the Spanish transition to democracy.
  9. February 23, 1981: A group led by Tejero broke into the Congress of Deputies while they were preparing to elect Leopoldo Calvo Sotelo as the new prime minister. King Juan Carlos denounced the coup in a nationally televised address, and the coup collapsed the next day with no casualties.
  10. October 27, 1982: A group of colonels failed to overthrow Calvo Sotelo.

Sudan[edit]

  1. November 16, 1958: Ibrahim Abboud overthrows Abdallah Khalil
  2. May 25, 1969: Gaafar al-Nimeiry overthrows Ismail al-Azhari
  3. July 19–22, 1971: Failed communist coup
  4. April 6, 1985: Abdel Rahman Swar al-Dahab overthrows Gaafar al-Nimeiry
  5. June 30, 1989: Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir overthrows Ahmed al-Mirghani

Suriname[edit]

  1. February 25, 1980: military coup led by Dési Bouterse ousts Prime Minister Henck Arron.
  2. August 13, 1980: the military led by Dési Bouterse ousts President Johan Ferrier.
  3. December 24, 1990: President Ramsewak Shankar dismissed by Suriname's military.

Switzerland[edit]

  1. 1717: Wilchingen against the City of Schaffhausen[citation needed]
  2. 1719: Werdenberg against Glarus[citation needed]
  3. 1723: Military led by Major Abraham Davel (Vaud) against City of Bern[citation needed]
  4. 1726: Peasants of Jura against Bistum of Basel[citation needed]
  5. 1755: Leventina (Ticino) against Canton Uri[citation needed]
  6. 1781: Chenaux (Fribourg) against Canton Fribourg[citation needed]
  7. 1797: Peasants of Baselgebiet against the City of Basel and ousted Peter Ochs and Peter Vischer[citation needed]
  8. January 8, 1800: Republicans (Hans Konrad Escher, Paul Usteri, Albrecht Rengger, Bernhard Friedrich Kuhn.) ousting the Patriots ( Karl Albrecht von Frisching, Karl von Müller-Friedberg und Carl Heinrich Gschwend)
  9. August 7, 1800: Patriots ousting the Republicans
  10. October, 27/28 1801: Federalist (Alois Reding & Johann Rudolf von Frisching) with help of the French Raymond Verninac ousting Unitarier and Patriots
  11. April 17, 1802: Unitarier under the Lead of Bernhard Friedrich Kuhns ousting the Federalist Alois Reding
  12. September 6, 1839: Züriputsch: Radical Movement under the lead of Conrad Melchior Hirzel & Fridrich Ludwig Keller ousting the Liberals. Killing of Johannes Hegtschweiler.

Sweden[edit]

  1. 1756 Coup of 1756 of queen Louisa Ulrika the Riksdag of the Estates
  2. 1772 Revolution of 1772 by Gustav III of Sweden against the Privy Council of Sweden
  3. 1809 Coup of 1809 by a number of army officers against king Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden

Syria[edit]

  1. March 29, 1949 by Husni al-Za'im against Shukri al-Quwatli
  2. August 14, 1949 by Sami al-Hinnawi against Husni al-Za'im
  3. December 3, 1951 by Adib Shishakli against Hashim al-Atassi
  4. February 25, 1954 by Maamun al-Kuzbari against Adib Shishakli
  5. September 29, 1961 by Haydar al-Kuzbari and others against Gamal Abdel Nasser
  6. March 8, 1963 by Lu'ayy al-Atasi against Nazim al-Kudsi
  7. February 21–23, 1966 by Salah Jadid against Amin Hafiz
  8. November 13, 1970 by Hafez al-Assad against Salah Jadid

T[edit]

Thailand[edit]

  1. 1912: Coup planned by military officers is discovered and thwarted.
  2. June 24, 1932: The Khana Ratsadon party overthrows the absolute monarchy of King Prajadhipok.
  3. June 20, 1933: Phraya Phahon Phonphayuhasena overthrows Phraya Manopakorn Nititada.
  4. October 11–23, 1933: Royalist rebellion to overturn the results of the June 1933 coup d'état.
  5. August 23, 1935: The Nai Sip rebellion.[28]
  6. January 29, 1939: More a purge or internal coup, it was the work of Prime Minister Phibul to remove political enemies and rivals.[28]
  7. November 7, 1947: Phin Choonhavan overthrows Thawal Thamrong Navaswadhi.
  8. 1949: Attempted coup by Pridi, which saw the Grand Palace occupied by his supporters, failed.[28]
  9. June 29, 1951: Pridi supporters in the navy attempted a coup when they tried to seize Phibun.[28]
  10. November 29, 1951: Military overthrows 1949 constitution and reverts to 1932 constitution.
  11. September 21, 1957: Sarit Thanarat overthrows Plaek Pibulsongkram
  12. October 20, 1958: Self-coup of Sarit Thanarat
  13. November 18, 1971: Self-coup of Thanom Kittikachorn
  14. February 1976: An attempted military coup was defeated in February.[28]
  15. October 6, 1976: Sangad Chaloryu overthrows Seni Pramoj
  16. October 20, 1977: Kriangsak Chomanan overthrows Tanin Kraivixien
  17. 1981: A coup led by the deputy commander-in-chief of the army failed when forces loyal to the government suppressed the revolt. The "Young Turk" group of officers who staged the coup were dismissed from the army.[28]
  18. 1985: A coup attempt by Col Manoon Roopkachorn, a member of the Young Turks, failed and a number of senior officers were later arrested.[28]
  19. February 24, 1991: Sunthorn Kongsompong overthrows Chatichai Choonhavan
  20. September 19, 2006: Sonthi Boonyaratglin overthrows Thaksin Shinawatra
  21. May 22, 2014: Prayut Chan-o-cha overthrows Niwatthamrong Boonsongpaisan

Togo[edit]

  1. Jan 13, 1963: Étienne Eyadéma and Emmanuel Bodjollé overthrow Sylvanus Olympio
  2. Jan 13, 1967: Étienne Eyadéma and Kléber Dadjo overthrow Nicolas Grunitzky

Transkei[edit]

  1. Dec 30, 1987: Bantu Holomisa overthrows Stella Sigcau.

Tunisia[edit]

  1. July 15, 1957: Habib Bourguiba overthrows King Muhammad VIII al-Amin
  2. November 7, 1987: Zine El Abidine Ben Ali overthrows Habib Bourguiba
  3. Jan 14, 2011: the Tunisian Revolution overthrows Zine El Abidine Ben Ali[citation needed]

Turkey[edit]

  1. January 23, 1913: The Committee of Union and Progress overthrows Grand Vizier Kâmil Pasha.
  2. May 27, 1960: A group of mid ranking army officers, later called the National Unity Committee, overthrows the government led by Prime Minister Adnan Menderes
  3. 1971 under four force commanders of the Turkish Armed Forces overthrows Süleyman Demirel
  4. September 12, 1980: Chief of the General Staff Kenan Evren overthrows the government led by Prime Minister Süleyman Demirel
  5. 1997 under military commanders of the National Security Council overthrows Necmettin Erbakan

U[edit]

Uganda[edit]

  1. February 1966: Milton Obote overthrows King Mutesa II of Buganda
  2. January 21, 1971: Idi Amin overthrows Milton Obote
  3. April 11, 1979: Tanzania People's Defence Force and Uganda National Liberation Army overthrow Idi Amin[citation needed]
  4. May 12, 1980: Paulo Muwanga overthrows Godfrey Binaisa
  5. July 27, 1985: Tito Okello Lutwa overthrows Milton Obote
  6. January 26, 1986: Yoweri Museveni and the National Resistance Army overthrow Tito Okello Lutwa[citation needed]

Ukraine[edit]

  1. April 29, 1918: Pavlo Skoropadskyi overthrows the socialist government of the Central Council of Ukraine
  2. December 14, 1918: Directorate of Ukraine overthrows Pavlo Skoropadskyi
  3. February 18, 2014: Euromaidan overthrows Viktor Yanukovych. This is only recognized as a coup by the Russian Federation[29]

United States of America[edit]

  1. March 1783 Newburgh Conspiracy (Gen. George Washington failed to join, failed)
  2. 1841–1842 Dorr Rebellion (Rhode Island only, failed)
  3. November 10, 1898: The Wilmington Insurrection of 1898 (Wilmington, North Carolina only)
  4. 1933 Business Plot (planning stages only, failed)

Uruguay[edit]

  1. 1933 under Gabriel Terra
  2. 27 June 1973: Juan María Bordaberry closed parliament and established a civic-military dictatorship[30]

V[edit]

Venda[edit]

  1. Apr 5, 1990: Gabriel Ramushwana overthrows Frank Ravele[31]

Venezuela[edit]

  1. 1945: Dictator Isaías Medina Angarita was overthrown by a rebellion and a popular movement, which saw a transition to a democratic government.
  2. 1948:A military junta, led by Carlos Delgado Chalbaud overthrows the democratically elected president Rómulo Gallegos
  3. 1958: Dictator Marcos Pérez Jiménez was overthrown by a military rebellion and a popular movement
  4. 1992: A pair of failed coup attempts
  5. 2002: Failed coup against Hugo Chávez

South Vietnam[edit]

  1. 1960: Lieutenant-Colonel Vương Văn Đông and Colonel Nguyễn Chánh Thi of the Airborne Division of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam failed to depose of President Ngo Dinh Diem.
  2. 1963: General Dương Văn Minh led a group of army officers to oust President Ngo Dinh Diem.
  3. January 1964: General Nguyễn Khánh ousted the military junta led by General Dương Văn Minh in a bloodless coup.
  4. September 1964: Generals Lâm Văn Phát and Dương Văn Đức failed to overthrow the ruling military junta led by General Nguyễn Khánh. The attempt collapsed without any casualties.
  5. December 1964: The ruling military junta, led by General Nguyễn Khánh dissolves the High National Council.
  6. 1965: Army units commanded by General Lâm Văn Phát and Colonel Phạm Ngọc Thảo fight to a stalemate with those of the ruling military junta, led by General Nguyễn Khánh. Following this, however, General Nguyễn Cao Kỳ and Air Marshal Nguyễn Chánh Thi (hostile to both the plotters and to Khánh himself) seized power themselves with the backing of the USA. They then forced Khánh into exile.

Y[edit]

Yemen[edit]

  1. 1962 under Abdullah al-Sallal
  2. 1974 under Ibrahim al-Hamdi

Yugoslavia[edit]

  1. 6 January 1929: Alexander I of Yugoslavia suspends the constitution and introduces a personal dictatorship. (Self-coup)
  2. 1941: by King Peter II of Yugoslavia against Regent Prince Paul of Yugoslavia
  3. 1945 by Josip Broz Tito against King Peter II of Yugoslavia

Z[edit]

Zanzibar[edit]

  1. Jan 12, 1964: John Okello led the coup to overthrow Sultan Jamshid bin Abdullah Al Said

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Survivor of a coup TIME magazine
  2. ^ Page 455 The Fate of Africa: From the Hopes of Freedom to the Heart of Despair
  3. ^ Page 130 Azerbaijan A Country Study
  4. ^ Page 184 God Willing: The Politics of Islamism in Bangladesh
  5. ^ "Bangladesh. Ediz. Inglese". google.com. p. 21. 
  6. ^ a b "Cable: 07DHAKA66_a". wikileaks.org. 
  7. ^ Military coups in Bangladesh#Coup in 2007
  8. ^ Page 175 Whiteout: The CIA, Drugs and the Press
  9. ^ Page 38 A Political and Economic Dictionary of Latin America
  10. ^ Page 80 Real Terror Network: Terrorism in Fact and Propaganda
  11. ^ Purcell, Roett. "Brazil Under Cardoso". google.ca. 
  12. ^ Bakewell, Peter A history of Latin America: c. 1450 to the present Blackwell Publishing USA p. 518
  13. ^ Page 141 Industrialized Nature: Brute Force Technology and the Transformation of the Natural World
  14. ^ Page 725 The Encyclopedia of World History: ancient, medieval, and modern, chronologically arranged
  15. ^ Country profile: Burkina Faso BBC News
  16. ^ Obituary: Ne Win BBC News
  17. ^ Page 64 The Burmese Connection: Illegal Drugs and the Making of the Golden Triangle
  18. ^ a b Timeline: Burundi BBC News
  19. ^ Burundi: Leaders are changing but human rights abuses continue unabated Amnesty International
  20. ^ "Burundi President Pierre Nkurunziza returns to Bujumbura". BBC News. 15 May 2015. Retrieved 15 May 2015. 
  21. ^ Who's who: Cambodia, Lon Nol PBS
  22. ^ Page 23 Central Africa
  23. ^ Bingham, Woodbridge (1950). "Li Shih-min's coup in A. D. 626. I: The climax of princely rivalry". Journal of the American Oriental Society 70 (2). 
  24. ^ Page 221 From Colonization to Democracy: A New Historical Geography of South Africa
  25. ^ Page 86 Conservative Parties, the Right, and Democracy in Latin America
  26. ^ Page 753 Time Almanac, 2004
  27. ^ Timeline: Republic of Congo BBC News
  28. ^ a b c d e f g Tsang, Amie (2014-05-23). "Timeline: Thailand’s coups". Financial Times. Retrieved 30 Apr 2015. 
  29. ^ "Lavrov: If West accepts coup-appointed Kiev govt, it must accept a Russian Crimea". RT English. 
  30. ^ Page 590 The Americana Annual: An Encyclopedia of Current Events
  31. ^ Page 106 The Territorial Management of Ethnic Conflict

External links[edit]