List of suffragists and suffragettes

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This list of suffragists and suffragettes includes noted individuals active in the worldwide women's suffrage movement who have campaigned or strongly advocated for women's suffrage, the organizations which they formed or joined, and the publications which publicized – and, in some nations, continue to publicize – their goals. Suffragists and suffragettes, often members of different groups and societies, used or use differing tactics. For example, "suffragette" in the British usage denotes a more "militant" type of campaigner, while suffragettes in the United States organized such nonviolent events as the Suffrage Hikes, the Woman Suffrage Procession of 1913, and the Silent Sentinels.

Statue of Esther Hobart Morris, located at the front exterior of the Wyoming State Capitol

Argentine[edit]

  • Cecilia Grierson (1859–1934), the first woman physician in Argentina; supporter of women's emancipation, including suffrage
  • Julieta Lanteri (1873–1932) – physician, freethinker, and activist; the first woman to vote in South America
  • Alicia Moreau de Justo (1885–1986) – physician, politician, pacifist and human rights activist
  • Eva Perón (1919–1952) – First Lady of Argentina, created the first large female political party in the nation
  • Elvira Rawson de Dellepiane (1867–1954) – physician, activist for women's and children's rights; co-founder of the Association Pro-Derechos de la Mujer

Australian[edit]

  • Dora Meeson Coates (1869–1955) – artist, member of British Artists' Suffrage League
  • Edith Cowan (1861–1932) – politician, social campaigner, first woman elected to an Australian parliament
  • Fanny Furner (1864–1938) – activist, first women to stand for election in local government in Manly
  • Belle Theresa Golding (1864–1940) – feminist, suffragist and labor activist
  • Kate Dwyer (1861–1949) – schoolteacher and Labor leader, member of the Womanhood Suffrage League of New South Wales
  • Vida Goldstein (1869–1949) – feminist politician, first woman in British Empire to stand for election to a national parliament
  • Serena Lake – South Australian evangelical preacher, social reformer, campaigner for women's suffrage
  • Louisa Lawson (1848–1920) – poet, writer, publisher, and feminist
  • Mary Lee (1821–1909) – suffragist and social reformer in South Australia
  • Muriel Matters (1877–1969) – lecturer, journalist, educator, actress, elocutionist, member of the Women's Freedom League
  • May Jordan McConnel (1860–1929) – trade unionist and suffragist, member of the Women's Equal Franchise Association
  • Emma Miller (1839–1917) – pioneer trade union organiser, co-founder of the Women's Equal Franchise Association
  • Rose Scott (1847–1925) – founder of the Women's Political Education League
  • Catherine Helen Spence (1825–1910) – author, teacher, and journalist; commemorated on a special issue of the Australian five-dollar note
  • Jessie Street (1889–1970) – feminist, human rights campaigner

Austrian[edit]

Belgian[edit]

Brazilian[edit]

  • Leolinda de Figueiredo Daltro (1859–1935) – teacher and indigenous' rights activist; co-founder of the Feminine Republican Party
  • Celina Guimarães Viana (1890–1972) – Brazilian professor and suffragist; first woman to vote in Brazil
  • Ivone Guimarães (1908–1999) – Brazilian professor and activist for women's suffrage
  • Jerônima Mesquita (1880–1972) – co-founder of the Federação Brasileira pelo Progresso Feminino
  • Carlota Pereira de Queirós (1892–1982) – the first woman to vote and be elected to the Brazilian parliament
  • Miêtta Santiago (1903–1995) – Brazilian writer, poet, and lawyer; challenged the constitutionality of the ban on women voting in Brazil
  • Maria Werneck de Castro (1909–1993) – lawyer, militant communist, feminist, and supporter of women's suffrage

Bahamian[edit]

British[edit]

Mabel Capper (3rd from right, with petition) and fellow suffragettes, 1910

Bulgarian[edit]

Canadian[edit]

  • Edith Archibald (1854–1936) – writer who led the Maritime Women's Christian Temperance Union and the National Council of Women of Canada and the Local Council of Women of Halifax
  • Laura Borden (1861–1940) – wife of Sir Robert Laird Borden, the eighth Prime Minister of Canada
  • Henrietta Muir Edwards (1849–1931) – women's rights activist and reformer
  • Gertrude Harding (1889–1977) – one of the highest-ranking and longest-lasting members of the Women's Social and Political Union
  • Anna Leonowens (1831–1915) – travel writer, educator and social activist
  • Nellie McClung (1873–1951) – politician, author, social activist, member of The Famous Five
  • Louise McKinney (1868–1931) – politician, women's rights activist, Alberta legislature
  • Emily Murphy (1868–1933) – women's rights activist, jurist, author
  • Irene Parlby (1868–1965) – women's farm leader, activist, politician
  • Eliza Ritchie (1856–1933) – educator and member of the executive of the Local Council of Women of Halifax
  • Emily Stowe (1831–1903) – doctor, campaigned for the country's first medical college for women

Chilean[edit]

  • Henrietta Müller (1846–1906) – Chilean-British women's rights activist and theosophist
  • Marta Vergara (1898–1995) – co-founder of MEMch; Inter-American Commission of Women delegate

Chinese[edit]

  • Lin Zongsu (1878–1944) – founder of the first suffrage organization in China

Colombian[edit]

  • Lucila Rubio de Laverde co-founder of the suffrage organizations, Unión Femenina de Colombia (Women's Union of Colombia) (UFC) and the Alianza Femenina de Colombia (Women's Alliance of Colombia)
  • María Currea Manrique (1890–1985) – co-founder of the suffrage organizations, Unión Femenina de Colombia (Women's Union of Colombia) (UFC) and the Alianza Femenina de Colombia (Women's Alliance of Colombia)

Danish[edit]

  • Mathilde Fibiger (1830–1872) – feminist writer
  • Eline Hansen (1859–1919) – co-founder of Dansk Kvinderaad, later Danske Kvinders Nationalråd (DKN)
  • Line Luplau (1823–1891) – co-founder and chairperson of the Danske Kvindeforeningers Valgretsforbund or DKV
  • Elna Munch (1871–1945) – co-founder of the Landsforbundet for Kvinders Valgret (National Association for Women's Suffrage) or LKV
  • Louise Nørlund (1854–1919) – co-founder and chairperson of the Danske Kvindeforeningers Valgretsforbund or DKV
  • Johanne Rambusch (1865–1944) – co-founder of the Landsforbundet for Kvinders Valgret (Country Association for Women's Suffrage) or LKV
  • Caroline Testman (1839–1919) – co-founder and chairman of the Dansk Kvindesamfund

Dutch[edit]

Egyptian[edit]

French[edit]

German[edit]

Bust of Clara Zetkin

Greek[edit]

Haitian[edit]

Icelandic[edit]

Indian[edit]

Irish[edit]

Italian[edit]

Japanese[edit]

Jordanian[edit]

  • Emily Bisharat (d. 2004), first female lawyer in Jordan, fought for women's suffrage

Liechtensteinerin[edit]

  • Melitta Marxer (1923–2015) – one of the "Sleeping Beauties" who took the issue of women's suffrage to the Council of Europe in 1983

Mexican[edit]

New Zealander[edit]

Nicaraguan[edit]

  • Josefa Toledo de Aguirre, also called Josefa Emilia Toledo Murillo (1866–1962) – Nicaraguan feminist, writer and reform pedagogue

Norwegian[edit]

  • Randi Blehr (1851–1928) – chairperson and co-founder of the Norwegian Association for Women's Rights
  • Anna Bugge (1862–1928) – chairman of the Norwegian Association for Women's Rights
  • Betzy Kjelsberg (1866–1950) – co-founder of the Norwegian Association for Women's Rights (1884), the National Association for Women's Suffrage (1885)
  • Gina Krog (1847–1916) – co-founder of the Norwegian Association for Women's Rights
  • Ragna Nielsen (1845–1924) – chairperson of the Norwegian Association for Women's Rights
  • Thekla Resvoll (1871–1948) – head of the Norwegian Female Student’s Club and on the board of the women's suffrage movement (Kvinnestemmeretsforeningen)
  • Anna Rogstad (1854–1938) – vice president of the Association for Women's Suffrage

Panamanian[edit]

Peruvian[edit]

Filipino[edit]

Puerto Rican[edit]

Romanian[edit]

Russian[edit]

South African[edit]

Spanish[edit]

  • Concepción Arenal (1820–1893)- Pioneer and founder of the feminist movement in Spain. Activist, writer, journalist and lawyer.
  • Emilia Pardo Bazán (1851–1921)- Spanish writer, journalist, university professor and support for women's rights and education.
  • Carmen de Burgos (1867–1932)- Spanish journalist, writer, translator and women's rights activist.
  • Clara Campoamor (1888–1972) – Spanish politician and feminist best known for her advocacy for women's rights and suffrage during the writing of the Spanish constitution of 1931.
  • Victoria Kent (1891–1987)- Spanish lawyer, suffragist and politician.

Swedish[edit]

Swiss[edit]

  • Simone Chapuis-Bischof (born March 16, 1931) – head of the Association Suisse Pour les Droits de la Femme (ADF) and the president of the journal Femmes Suisses
  • Caroline Farner (1842–1913) – the second female Swiss doctor
  • Marie Goegg-Pouchoulin (1842–1913) – Swiss doctor and campaigner for the Swiss women's movement
  • Marthe Gosteli (1917–2017) – Swiss suffrage activist and creator of the Swiss archive of women's history
  • Ursula Koch (born 1941) – politician, refused the 'male' oath in the Zürich cantonal parliament; first women president of the Social Democratic Party of Switzerland (SP)
  • Emilie Lieberherr (1924–2011) – Swiss politician who was a leading figure in the final struggle for women suffrage in Switzerland, and the famous 1969 March to Bern for women suffrage
  • Rosa Neuenschwander (1883–1962) – pioneer in vocational education, founder of the Schweizerische Landfrauenverband or SLFV (Swiss Country Association for Women Suffrage)
  • Julie von May (von Rued)
  • Helene von Mülinen (1850–1924) – founder of Switzerland's organized suffrage movement; created and served as first president of Bund Schweizerischer Frauenvereine (BSF)

Trinidadian[edit]

United States[edit]

Uruguayan[edit]

  • Paulina Luisi Janicki (1875–1949) – leader of the feminist movement in Uruguay, first Uruguayan woman to earn a medical degree in Uruguay (1909)

Venezuelan[edit]

Yishuvian[edit]

Major suffrage organizations[edit]

Women's suffrage publications[edit]

Back cover of The Woman Citizen magazine from Jan 19, 1918

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  4. ^ Krista Cowman (9 December 2010). Women in British Politics, c.1689–1979. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 63–. ISBN 978-1-137-26801-3. 
  5. ^ Graham Neville (1998). Radical Churchman: Edward Lee Hicks and the New Liberalism. Clarendon Press. pp. 165–. ISBN 978-0-19-826977-9. 
  6. ^ Adelaide Knight, leader of the first east London suffragettes — East End Women's Museum
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  11. ^ Izzy Lyons. "Lolita Roy – the woman who simultaneously fought for British and Indian female suffrage". Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 2018-02-26. 
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  13. ^ Knight, R. Cecilia. "Adams, Mary Newbury (or Newberry)". University of Iowa. Retrieved January 15, 2018. 
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  15. ^ Parker, Jacqueline (1974). Helen Valeska Bary: Labor Administration and Social Security: A Woman's Life. Berkeley CA: University of California. 
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