List of suffragists and suffragettes

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This list of suffragists and suffragettes includes noted individuals active in the worldwide women's suffrage movement who have campaigned or strongly advocated for women's suffrage, the organizations which they formed or joined, and the publications which publicized – and, in some nations, continue to publicize – their goals. Suffragists and suffragettes, often members of different groups and societies, used or use differing tactics. For example, suffragettes in the British usage denotes a more "militant" type of campaigner, and suffragettes in the United States organized such nonviolent events as the Silent Sentinels, the Suffrage Hikes, and the Woman Suffrage Parade of 19

Argentinian[edit]

Australian[edit]

  • Dora Meeson Coates (1869–1955) - Artist, member of Royal Institute of Oil Painters in London, member of British Artists' Suffrage League
  • Edith Cowan (1861–1932) - politician, social campaigner, first woman elected to an Australian parliament
  • Fanny Furner (1864–1938) - activist
  • Vida Goldstein (1869–1949) - feminist politician, first woman in British Empire to stand for election to a national parliament
  • Louisa Lawson (1848–1920) - poet, writer, publisher, feminist, mother of the poet and author Henry Lawson
  • Mary Lee (1821–1909) - Irish-Australian social reformer
  • Muriel Matters (1877–1969) - lecturer, journalist, educator, actress, elocutionist, best known for her work on behalf of Women's Freedom League
  • Emma Miller (1839–1917) - pioneer trade union organiser, key figure in organisations which led to the founding of the Australian Labor Party in Brisbane, Queensland
  • Rose Scott (1847–1925) - women's rights activist in New South Wales
  • Catherine Helen Spence (1825–1910) - Scottish-born author, teacher, journalist, politician, called the "Greatest Australian Woman," commemorated on the Australian five-dollar note issued for the Centenary of Federation of Australia
  • Jessie Street (1889–1970) - feminist, human rights campaigner
  • Serena Lake - English-born, South Australian evangelical preacher, social reformer, campaigner for women's suffrage

Austrian[edit]

  • Marianne Hainisch (1839–1936) - founder and leader of the Austrian women's movement, mother of first President of Austria
  • Ernestine von Fürth, née Kisch (1877–1946) - Austrian-Jewish women's activist, founder and leader of the women's suffrage movement in Austria
  • Rosa Welt-Straus (1856–1938) - feminist, first Austrian woman to earn a medical degree

Belgian[edit]

  • Marie Popelin (1846–1913) - founded the Belgian League for Women's Rights in 1892
  • Isala Van Diest (1842–1916) - first female medical doctor and first female university graduate in Belgium

British[edit]

Mabel Capper (3rd from right, with petition) and fellow Suffragettes 1910
  • Janie Allan (1868–1968) – suffragette activist and funder of the WSPU
  • Mary Sophia Allen (1878–1964) - women's rights activist, involved in far right political activity
  • Katharine Russell, Viscountess Amberley (1844–1874) - early advocate of birth control, mother of philosopher Bertrand Russell
  • Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1836–1917) - physician, feminist, co-founder of first hospital staffed by women, first dean of a British medical school, first female mayor and magistrate in Britain
  • Louisa Garrett Anderson (1873–1943) - medical pioneer, member of Women's Social and Political Union, social reformer, Chief Surgeon of Women's Hospital Corps, Fellow of Royal Society of Medicine
  • Nancy Astor, Viscountess Astor (1879–1964) - politician, socialite, first woman to sit as a Member of Parliament in the English House of Commons
  • Barbara Ayrton-Gould (née Ayrton; June 1886 – 14 October 1950) - a Labour politician in the United Kingdom
  • Frances Balfour (1858–1931) - highest-ranking members of British aristocracy to assume a leadership role in the women's suffrage movement
  • Dorothea Beale (1831–1906) - educational reformer, author, Principal of the Cheltenham Ladies' College
  • Mary Gawthorpe (1881–1973) - socialist, trade unionist, editor
  • Lydia Becker (1827–1890) - amateur scientist with interests in biology and astronomy, best remembered for founding and publishing the Women's Suffrage Journal
  • Ethel Bentham (1861–1931) - doctor, politician
  • Annie Besant (1847–1933) - prominent socialist, theosophist, women's rights activist, writer, orator and supporter of Irish and Indian self-rule
  • Rosa May Billinghurst (1875–1953) - member of the Women's Social and Political Union
  • Teresa Billington-Greig (1877–1964) - founder of Women's Freedom League
  • Barbara Bodichon (1827–1891) - educationalist, artist, feminist, activist for women's rights
  • Margaret Bondfield (1873–1953) - Labour politician, feminist, first woman Cabinet minister in the United Kingdom
  • Catherine Booth (1829–1890) - speaker, known as the 'Mother of The Salvation Army'
  • Elsie Bowerman (1889–1973) - lawyer, RMS Titanic survivor
  • Vera Brittain (1893–1970) - writer, feminist, pacifist
  • Frances Buss (1827–1894) - headmistress, pioneer of women's education
  • Josephine Butler (1828–1906) - feminist, social reformer concerned about the welfare of prostitutes
  • Mona Caird (1854–1932) - Scottish novelist, essayist
  • Mabel Capper (1888–1966) - activist in the Women's Social and Political Union, devoted to the struggle against bad luck and discrimination
  • Anne Clough (1820–1892) - promoter of higher education for women
  • Jane Cobden (1851–1947) - Liberal politician who was active in many radical causes
  • Leonora Cohen (1873–1978) - regional activist who was also an appointed OBE
  • Margaret Cole (1893–1980) - socialist politician, champion of comprehensive education
  • Florence Annie Conybeare (1872-1916) - campaigned on behalf of the Women's Suffrage Movement, President of the Dartford Women's Liberal Association, First World War fundraiser, VAD worker
  • Selina Cooper (1864–1946) - local magistrate, campaigner against fascism, first woman to represent the Independent Labour Party in 1901 when elected as Poor Law Guardian
  • Richmal Crompton (1890–1969) - schoolmistress, writer who is best known for her humorous short stories
  • Mary Crudelius (1839–1877) - campaigner for women's education
  • Emily Davies (1830–1921) - feminist, campaigner for women's rights to university access, co-founder and first Mistress of Girton College, Cambridge University
  • Emily Davison (1872–1913) - militant activist, key member of the Women's Social and Political Union, died in a protest action at a racetrack
  • Charlotte Despard (1844–1939) - novelist, Sinn Féin activist, vegetarian, anti-vivisection advocate
  • Flora Drummond (1878–1949) - organiser for Women's Social and Political Union, imprisoned nine times for her activism in Women's Suffrage movement, inspiring orator
  • Norah Elam(1878–1961) - radical feminist, militant suffragette, anti-vivisectionist and fascist
  • Millicent Fawcett (1847–1929) - feminist, intellectual, political leader, Union leader, writer
  • Elizabeth Fry (1780–1845) - prison reformer, social reformer, philanthropist
  • Edith Margaret Garrud (1872–1971) - professional arts instructor
  • Gerald Gould (1885–1936) - an English writer, known as a journalist and reviewer, essayist and poet
  • Nellie Hall (1895–1929) - god-daughter of Emmeline Pankhurst (the leader of British suffragette movement)
  • Cicely Hamilton (1872–1952) - actress, writer, journalist, feminist
  • Marion Coates Hansen (1870–1947) - early member Women's Social and Political Union (WSPU), founding member Women's Freedom League, important activist for suffrage
  • Jane Ellen Harrison (1850–1928) - linguist, feminist, scholar, co-founder of modern studies in Greek mythology
  • Evelina Haverfield (1867–1920) - aid worker, involved in the Women's Social and Political Union
  • Emily Hobhouse (1860–1926) - campaigner, worked to change the conditions inside the concentration camps in South Africa during the Second Boer War
  • Olive Hockin (married name Olive Leared) (1881–1936) - artist
  • Winifred Holtby (1898–1935) - novelist, journalist
  • Winifred Horrabin (1887–1971) - socialist activist, journalist
  • Clemence Housman (1861–1955) - author, illustrator, activist
  • Laurence Housman (1865–1959) - playwright, writer, illustrator
  • Elizabeth How-Martyn (1875–1954) - member of the Women's Social and Political Union
  • Elsie Inglis (1864–1917) - innovative Scottish doctor
  • Sophia Jex-Blake (1840–1912) - physician, teacher, feminist, a leading campaigner for medical education for women
  • Ellen Isabel Jones (–1948) - close associate of the Pankhursts
  • Annie Kenney (1879–1953) - leading figure in the Women's Social and Political Union
  • Grace Kimmins (1871–1954) - active in the foundation of charitable foundations, particularly those concerned with the welfare of poor and disabled children
  • Anne Knight (1786–1862) - social reformer, pioneer of feminism
  • Annie Knight (1895–2006) - organizer
  • Aeta Adelaide Lamb (1886-1928) - longest serving organizer in the Women's Social and Political Union
  • George Lansbury (1859–1940) - politician and social reformer
  • Jennie Lee (1904–1988) - politician
  • Lilian Lenton (1891–1972) - dancer
  • Lady Constance Lytton (1869–1923) - writer and campaigner
  • Agnes Macdonald (1836–1920) - the first Prime Minister of Canada
  • Margaret Mackworth (1883–1958) - activist and director of more than thirty companies
  • Sarah Mair (1846–1941) - campaigner and founder
  • Kitty Marion (1871–1944) - actress and political activist
  • Dora Marsden (1882–1960) - anarcho-feminist, editor of literary journals and philosopher of language
  • Selina Martin (1882-1972) - activist
  • Harriet Martineau (1802–1876) - social theorist and writer
  • Eleanor Marx (1855–1898) - activist and translator
  • Alice Meynell (1847–1922) - editor, writer and poet
  • Harriet Taylor Mill (1807–1858) - philosopher and women's rights advocate
  • John Stuart Mill (1806–1873) - philosopher, political economist and civil servant
  • Hannah Mitchell (1872–1956) - activist
  • Dora Montefiore (1851–1933) - activist and writer
  • Ethel Moorhead (1869–1955) - painter
  • Flora Murray (1869–1923) - medical pioneer and activist
  • Mary Neal (1860–1944) - social worker and collector of English folk dances
  • Alison Roberta Noble Neilans (1884–1942) - activist, member of the executive committee of the Women's Freedom League
  • Florence Nightingale (1820–1910) - celebrated social reformer and statistician, and the founder of modern nursing
  • Ada Nield Chew (1870–1945) - organiser
  • Christabel Pankhurst (1880–1958) - co-founder and leader of the Women's Social and Political Union
  • Emmeline Pankhurst (1858–1928) - a main founder and the leader of the British Suffragette Movement
  • Sylvia Pankhurst (1882–1960) - campaigner and anti-fascism activist
  • Adela Pankhurst (1885–1961) - political organizer, co-founder of the Communist Party of Australia and the Australia First Movement
  • Edith Pechey (1845–1908) - campaigner for women's rights, involved in a range of social causes.
  • Emmeline Pethick-Lawrence (1867–1954) - member Suffrage Society, secretary Women's Social and Political Union
  • Una Harriet Ella Stratford Duval [née Dugdale] (1879–1975), suffragette and marriage reformer
  • Eleanor Rathbone (1872–1946) - campaigner for women's rights
  • Mary Reid (1880–1921) - Scottish trades unionist
  • Mary Richardson (1882–1961) - Canadian suffragette, arsonist, head of the women's section of the British Union of Fascists
  • Edith Rigby (1872–1948) - founder of St. Peter's School, prominent activist
  • Elizabeth Robins (1862–1952) - actress, playwright, novelist
  • Rona Robinson
  • Esther Roper (1868–1938) - social justice campaigner
  • Agnes Royden (1876-1956) - preacher
  • Sophia Duleep Singh (1876–1948) - leading roles in the Women's Tax Resistance League, and the Women's Social and Political Union.
  • Ethel Smyth (1858–1944) - composer, writer
  • Ethel Snowden (1881–1951) - socialist, human rights activist, feminist politician
  • Flora Stevenson (1839–1905) - Scottish social reformer with interest in education for poor or neglected children
  • Louisa Stevenson (1835–1908) - Scottish campaigner for women's university education, effective, well-organised nursing
  • Lucy Deane Streatfeild (1865–1950) - civil servant, social worker, one of the first female factory inspectors in UK
  • Helena Swanwick (1864–1939) - feminist, pacifist
  • Dora Thewlis (1890–1976) - activist
  • Elizabeth Thompson (1846–1933) - prominent painter
  • Violet Tillard (1874–1922) - nurse, pacifist, supporter of conscientious objectors, relief worker
  • Marion Wallace Dunlop (1864–1942) - suffragett went on hunger strike after being arrested for militancy
  • Harriet Shaw Weaver (1876–1961) - political activist, magazine editor
  • Beatrice Webb (1858–1943) - sociologist, economist, socialist, labour historian, social reformer
  • Rebecca West (1892–1983) - author, journalist, literary critic, travel writer
  • Olive Wharry (1886–1947) - artist, arsonist
  • Ellen Wilkinson (1891–1947) - politician, Member of Parliament, served as Minister of Education
  • Alice Zimmern (1855–1939) - teacher, writer

Bulgaria[edit]

Canadian[edit]

Danish[edit]

  • Mathilde Fibiger (1830–1872) - feminist writer
  • Eline Hansen (1859–1919) - co-founder of Dansk Kvinderaad, later Danske Kvinders Nationalråd (DKN)
  • Line Luplau (1823-1891) - co-founder and chairperson of the Danske Kvindeforeningers Valgretsforbund or DKV
  • Louise Nørlund (1854-1919) - co-founder and chairperson of the Danske Kvindeforeningers Valgretsforbund or DKV
  • Elna Munch (1871-1945) - co-founder of the Landsforbundet for Kvinders Valgret (National Association for Women's Suffrage) or LKV
  • Johanne Rambusch (1865-1944) - co-founder of the Landsforbundet for Kvinders Valgret (Country Association for Women's Suffrage) or LKV
  • Caroline Testman (1839 - 1919), co-founder and chairman of the Dansk Kvindesamfund

Dutch[edit]

Egyptian[edit]

French[edit]

German[edit]

Bust of Clara Zetkin

Greek[edit]

Haitian[edit]

Icelandic[edit]

Indian[edit]

Italian[edit]

Irish[edit]

Japanese[edit]

New Zealand[edit]

Nicaragua[edit]

  • Josefa Toledo de Aguirre, also called Josefa Emilia Toledo Murillo (1866–1962) - Nicaraguan feminist, writer and reform pedagogue

Norwegian[edit]

  • Randi Blehr (1851-1928) - Chairperson, co-founder, The Norwegian Association for Women's Rights
  • Anna Bugge (1862-1928) - chairman of The Norwegian Association for Women's Rights
  • Betzy Kjelsberg (1866-1950) - co-founder of the Norwegian Association for Women's Rights (1884), the National Association for Women's Suffrage (1885)
  • Gina Krog (1847-1916) - co-founder of the Norwegian Association for Women's Rights
  • Ragna Nielsen (1845-1924) - Chairperson, Norwegian Association for Women's Rights
  • Thekla Resvoll (1871-1948) - head of the Norwegian Female Student’s Club and on the board of the women's suffrage movement (Kvinnestemmeretsforeningen)
  • Anna Rogstad (1854-1938) - vicepresident of the Association for Women's Suffrage

Peruvian[edit]

Puerto Rican[edit]

Romania[edit]

Russian[edit]

Scottish[edit]

South African[edit]

Spanish[edit]

  • Clara Campoamor (1888–1972) - added language into the writing of the Spanish constitution of 1931 giving women the right to vote in Spain.

Swedish[edit]

Swiss[edit]

  • Caroline Farner (1842–1913) - the second female Swiss doctor
  • Marie Goegg-Pouchoulin (1842–1913) - Swiss doctor and campaigner for the Swiss women's movement.
  • Rosa Neuenschwander (1883–1962) - pioneer in vocational education, founder of the Schweizerische Landfrauenverband or SLFV (Swiss Country Association for Women Suffrage)
  • Julie von May (von Rued)
  • Helene von Mülinen (1850–1924) - founder of Switzerland's organized suffrage movement, created and served as first president of Bund Schweizerischer Frauenvereine (BSF).
  • Emilie Lieberherr (1924–2011) - Swiss politician who was a leading figure in the final struggle for women suffrage in Switzerland, and the famous 1969 March to Bern for women suffrage.
  • Ursula Koch (born 1941) - politician, refused the 'male' oath in the Zürich cantonal parliament, and the first women president of the Social Democratic Party of Switzerland (SP)

Yishuvian[edit]

Major suffrage organizations[edit]

Women's suffrage publications[edit]

Back cover of The Woman Citizen magazine from Jan 19, 1918

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Services For Mrs. Dudley To Be Held Thursday". Nashville Banner. September 14, 1955.
  2. ^ a b Anastatia Sims (1998). "Woman Suffrage Movement". In Carroll Van West. Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Tennessee Historical Society. ISBN 1-55853-599-3.
  3. ^ "L.F.Feickert". Njwomenshistory.orgpx. Retrieved 2012-08-15. 
  4. ^ Yung, Judy (1995). Unbound Feet: A Social History of Chinese Women in San Francisco. University of California Press. 
  5. ^ The African-American history of Nashville, Tennessee, 1780-1930: elites and dilemmas, by Bobby L. Lovett, University of Arkansas Press, 1999, page 232
  6. ^ Tennessee Through Time, The Later Years. Gibbs Smith. 1 August 2007. pp. 174–. ISBN 978-1-58685-806-3. 
  7. ^ "Black History Month: J. Frankie Pierce founded school for girls | The Tennessean | tennessean.com". Archive.tennessean.com. 2014-02-14. Retrieved 2015-09-07. 
  8. ^ "Frankie Pierce & the Tennessee Vocational School for Colored Girls". Ww2.tnstate.edu. Retrieved 2015-09-07. 
  9. ^ "Huygens, Cornélie Lydie (1848-1902)". Huygens ING. Retrieved 2014-11-23. 
  10. ^ "Belfast suffragettes". Retrieved 25 July 2013.