List of supersonic aircraft

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A supersonic aircraft is an aircraft which can exceed the speed of sound (Mach 1.0) in level flight.

Type Country Class Role Date Status Notes
Aeritalia F-104S Italy Turbojet Fighter 1966 Production Interceptor
AIDC F-CK-1 Ching-kuo Taiwan Turbofan Fighter 1989 Production
Atlas Cheetah South Africa Turbojet Fighter 1986 Production
Avro Canada CF-105 Arrow Canada Turbojet Fighter 1958 Prototype Interceptor
BAC 221 UK Turbojet Experimental 1964 Prototype Fairey Delta 2 adapted to test the ogival delta wing for Concorde.
BAC TSR-2 UK Turbojet Attack 1964 Prototype Tactical Strike/Reconnaissance (TSR)]]
Bell X-1 US Rocket Experimental 1946 Prototype First supersonic aircraft.
Bell X-2 US Rocket Experimental 1952 Prototype
Boeing X-32 US V/STOL Experimental 2000 Prototype
Boeing F/A-18E/F Super Hornet US Multirole 1995 Production
Boeing EA-18G Growler US Patrol 2004 Production Electronic warfare (EW)
Bristol 188 UK Experimental 1962 Prototype
British Aerospace EAP UK Experimental 1986 Prototype Developed into the Eurofighter Typhoon
CAC/PAC JF-17 Thunder International Multirole 2003 Production Pakistan-China
Chengdu J-7 China Fighter 1966
Chengdu J-10 China Multirole 1998
Chengdu J-20 China Fighter 2011 Prototype
Concorde International Transport 1969 Production SST. Anglo-French
Convair B-58 Hustler US Bomber 1956 Production Strategic.
Convair F-102 Delta Dagger US Fighter 1953 Production Interceptor
Convair F2Y Sea Dart US Fighter 1953 Prototype Seaplane. Interceptor
Convair F-106 Delta Dart US Fighter 1959 Production Interceptor
Dassault MD.550 Mirage France Fighter 1956 Prototype Interceptor
Dassault Mirage III France Fighter 1958 Production Interceptor. Active only in Pakistan Air Force
Dassault Mirage IIIV France V/STOL Fighter 1965 Prototype
Dassault Mirage IV France Bomber 1959 Production Strategic nuclear.
Dassault Mirage 5 France Attack 1967 Production
Dassault Mirage F1 France Fighter 1966 Production
Dassault Mirage F2 France Attack 1966 Prototype
Dassault Mirage G France Multirole 1967 Prototype
Dassault Mirage 2000 France Fighter 1978 Production
Dassault Mirage 4000 France Fighter 1979 Prototype
Dassault Rafale France Multirole 1986 Production
Dassault-Breguet Super Étendard France Attack 1974 Production
Dassault Super Mystère France Multirole 1974 Production
Douglas D-558-2 Skyrocket US Rocket Experimental 1948 Prototype Dual jet and rocket powerplants,
Douglas X-3 Stiletto US Experimental 1951 Prototype
English Electric Lightning UK Fighter 1957 Production Interceptor
Eurofighter Typhoon International Fighter 1994 Production
EWR VJ 101 West Germany V/STOL Fighter 1963 Prototype
Fairey Delta 2 UK Experimental 1954 Prototype First aircraft to pass 1,000 mph.
General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon US Fighter 1974 Production
General Dynamics F-111 Aardvark US Fighter 1964 Production Also bomber and EW variants.
General Dynamics–Grumman F-111B US Fighter 1965 Prototype Interceptor
Grumman F-11 Tiger US Fighter 1954 Production
Grumman F11F-1F Super Tiger US Fighter 1956 Prototype
Grumman F-14 Tomcat US Fighter 1970 Production
Guizhou JL-9 China Trainer 2003
HAL Tejas India Multirole 2001
Helwan HA-300 Egypt Fighter 1964 Prototype Interceptor
HESA Azarakhsh Iran Fighter 1997
HESA Saeqeh Iran Fighter 2004
Hongdu L-15 China Trainer 2005 Prototype
IAI Kfir Israel Multirole 1973 Production
IAI Lavi Israel Multirole 1986 Prototype
IAI Nammer Israel Fighter 1991 Prototype
IAI Nesher Israel Multirole 1971 Production
KAI T-50 Golden Eagle Republic of Korea Trainer 2002
Lockheed A-12 US Ramjet Patrol 1962 Hybrid turbojet-ramjet engines. Reconnaissance
Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird US Hybrid Patrol 1964 Production Hybrid turbojet-ramjet engines. Reconnaissance
Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor US Fighter 1997
Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II US Multirole 2006 Production
Lockheed F-104 Starfighter US Turbojet Fighter 1954 Production Interceptor
Lockheed Martin X-35 US Experimental 2000 Prototype
Martin Marietta X-24A US Rocket Experimental 1969 Prototype
McDonnell F-101 Voodoo US Fighter 1954 Production
McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II US Multirole 1958 Production
McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle US Fighter 1972 Production F-15E Strike Eagle mutirole variant
McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornet US Multirole 1978 Production
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-19 USSR Fighter 1953 Production
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 USSR Fighter 1955 Production
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23 USSR Fighter 1967 Production
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-25 USSR Fighter 1964 Production Interceptor
Mikoyan MiG-27 USSR Attack 1970 Production
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-29 USSR Fighter 1977 Production
Mikoyan MiG-31 USSR Fighter 1975 Interceptor
Mikoyan MiG-35 Russia Fighter 2007 Prototype
Mikoyan Project 1.44 Russia Experimental 2000 Prototype
Mitsubishi F-1 Japan Fighter 1971 Production
Mitsubishi F-2 Japan Multirole 1995 Production
Mitsubishi T-2 Japan Trainer 1975 Production
Myasishchev M-50 USSR Bomber 1959 Prototype
Nanchang J-12 China Fighter 1970 Prototype
Nanchang Q-5 China Attack 1965
Nord Gerfaut France Experimental 1953 Prototype
Nord Griffon France Ramjet Experimental 1955 Prototype Dual turbojet-ramjet powerplant
North American A-5 Vigilante US Fighter 1958 Production Interceptor
North American F-100 Super Sabre US Fighter 1953 Production
North American F-107 US Attack 1957 Prototype
North American X-15 US Rocket Experimental 1959 Prototype
North American XB-70 Valkyrie US Bomber 1964 Prototype Strategic.
Northrop F-5 US Fighter 1959 Production
Northrop T-38 Talon US Trainer 1959 Production
Northrop HL-10 US Rocket Experimental 1966 Prototype
Northrop M2-F3 US Rocket Experimental 1970 Prototype
Northrop YF-17 US Fighter 1974 Prototype
Northrop F-20 Tigershark US Fighter 1982 Prototype
Northrop YF-23 US Fighter 1990 Prototype
Panavia Tornado International Multirole 1974 Production
Republic XF-91 Thunderceptor US Fighter 1949 Prototype Interceptor
Republic F-105 Thunderchief US Attack 1955 Production
Rockwell B-1 Lancer US Bomber 1974 Production
Rockwell-MBB X-31 US Experimental 1990 Prototype
Saab 32 Lansen Sweden Fighter 1952 Production
Saab 35 Draken Sweden Fighter 1955 Production
Saab 37 Viggen Sweden Fighter 1967 Production
Saab JAS 39 Gripen Sweden Multirole 1988 Production
Saunders-Roe SR.53 UK Rocket Fighter 1957 Prototype Interceptor. Mixed powerplant (jet + rocket)
SEPECAT Jaguar International Attack 1968 Production
Shenyang J-6 China Fighter 1958 Production
Shenyang J-8 China Fighter 1969 Production Interceptor
Shenyang J-11 China Fighter 1998 Production
Shenyang J-15 China Fighter 2009 Production
Shenyang J-16 China Multirole 2012 Prototype
Shenyang J-31 China Multirole 2012 Prototype
Sukhoi Su-7 USSR Fighter 1955 Production
Sukhoi Su-9 USSR Fighter 1956 Production Interceptor
Sukhoi Su-11 USSR Fighter 1958 Production Interceptor
Sukhoi Su-15 USSR Fighter 1962 Production Interceptor
Sukhoi Su-17 USSR Attack 1966 Production
Sukhoi Su-24 USSR Attack 1967 Production
Sukhoi Su-27 USSR Fighter 1977 Production
Sukhoi Su-30 USSR Multirole 1989 Production
Sukhoi Su-33 USSR Fighter 1987 Production
Sukhoi Su-34 USSR Attack 1990 Production
Sukhoi Su-35 Russia Multirole 2008 Production
Sukhoi Su-37 Russia Fighter 1996 Prototype
Sukhoi Su-47 Russia Fighter 1997 Prototype
Sukhoi PAK FA Russia Fighter 2010 Prototype
Sukhoi T-4 USSR Bomber 1972 Prototype Strategic.
Tupolev Tu-22 USSR Bomber 1959 Production Strategic.
Tupolev Tu-22M USSR Bomber 1969 Production Strategic.
Tupolev Tu-144 USSR Transport 1968 Production SST
Tupolev Tu-160 USSR Bomber 1981 Production Strategic.
Vought F-8 Crusader US Fighter 1955 Production
Xian JH-7 China Multirole 1988 Prototype
Yakovlev Yak-27 USSR Patrol 1960 Production Reconnaissance
Yakovlev Yak-28 USSR Multirole 1958 Production
Yakovlev Yak-38 USSR V/STOL Fighter 1971 Production
Yakovlev Yak-141 USSR V/STOL Fighter 1987 Prototype

See also[edit]



  • Gunston, Bill (2008). Faster than Sound: The Story of Supersonic Flight. Somerset, UK: Haynes Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84425-564-1.