List of surgical procedures

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The names of many surgical procedure names can be broken into parts to indicate the meaning. For example, in gastrectomy, "ectomy" is a suffix meaning the removal of a part of the body. "Gastro-" means stomach. Thus, gastrectomy refers to the surgical removal of the stomach (or sections thereof). "Otomy" means cutting into a part of the body; a gastrotomy would be cutting into, but not necessarily removing, the stomach. And also "pharyngo" means pharynx, "laryngo" means larynx, "esophag" means esophagus. Thus, "pharyngolaryngoesophagectomy" refers to the surgical removal of the three.

The field of minimally invasive surgery has spawned another set of words, such as arthroscopic or laparoscopic surgery. These take the same form as above; an arthroscope is a device which allows the inside of the joint to be seen.

See also: Category:Surgical procedures and techniques

List of common surgery terms[edit]

Prefixes[edit]

  • angio- : related to blood vessels
  • arthr- : related to a joint
  • bi- : two
  • colono- : related to large intestine colon
  • colpo- : related to the vagina
  • cysto- : related to the bladder
  • encephal- : related to the brain
  • gastr- : related to stomach
  • hepat- : related to the liver
  • hyster- : related to the uterus
  • lamino- : related to the lamina (posterior aspect of vertebra)
  • lapar- : related to the abdominal cavity
    • Etymology actually refers to soft, fleshy part of abdominal wall. The term celio- is probably more accurate and used in America.
  • lobo- : related to a lobe (of the brain or lungs)
  • mammo- and masto-: related to the breast
  • myo- : related to muscle tissue
  • nephro- : related to the kidney
  • oophor- : related to the ovary
  • orchid- : related to the testicle
  • rhino- : related to the nose
  • thoraco- : related to the chest
  • vas- : related to a duct, usually the vas deferens

Suffixes[edit]

  • -centesis : surgical puncture
  • -clasia : crushing or breaking up
  • -desis : fusion of two parts into one, stabilization
  • -ectomy : surgical removal (see List of -ectomies). The term 'resection' is also used, especially when referring to a tumor.
  • -opsy : looking at
  • -oscopy : viewing of, normally with a scope
  • -ostomy or -stomy : surgically creating a hole (a new "mouth" or "stoma")
  • -otomy or -tomy : surgical incision (see List of -otomies)
  • -pexy : to fix or secure
  • -plasty : to modify or reshape (sometimes entails replacement with a prosthesis)
  • -rrhaphy : to strengthen, usually with suture
Category Plasty Ectomy Stomy Otomy Other
Central nervous system Decompressive craniectomy · Hemispherectomy · Anterior temporal lobectomy · Hypophysectomy · Amygdalohippocampectomy Ventriculostomy Craniotomy · Pallidotomy · Thalamotomy · Lobotomy · Bilateral cingulotomy · Cordotomy · Rhizotomy Neurosurgery · Psychosurgery · Brain biopsy
Peripheral nervous system Ganglionectomy · Sympathectomy/Endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy · Neurectomy Axotomy · Vagotomy Nerve biopsy
Endocrine Hypophysectomy · Thyroidectomy · Parathyroidectomy · Adrenalectomy · Pinealectomy
Eye Punctoplasty · Trabeculoplasty Photorefractive keratectomy · Trabeculectomy · Iridectomy · Vitrectomy Dacryocystorhinostomy Radial keratotomy  · Mini Asymmetric Radial Keratotomy (M.A.R.K.) Corneal transplantation
Ears Otoplasty Stapedectomy · Mastoidectomy · Auriculectomy Myringotomy
Respiratory Rhinoplasty · Septoplasty Rhinectomy · Laryngectomy · Pneumonectomy Tracheostomy Sinusotomy · Pneumotomy · Cricothyroidotomy · Cricothyrotomy · Bronchotomy · Thoracotomy · Thyrotomy · Tracheotomy Pleurodesis · Lung transplantation
Cardiovascular Angioplasty · Valvuloplasty Pericardiectomy · Endarterectomy Cardiotomy · Pericardiotomy Heart transplantation
Lymphatic Tonsillectomy · Adenoidectomy · Thymectomy · Splenectomy · Lymphadenectomy Thymus transplantation · Spleen transplantation · Splenopexy · Lymph node biopsy
GI/mouth Uvulopalatoplasty · Palatoplasty Gingivectomy · Glossectomy · Esophagectomy · Gastrectomy · Appendectomy  · Proctocolectomy · Colectomy · Hepatectomy · Cholecystectomy · Pancreatectomy/Pancreaticoduodenectomy Gastrostomy (Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy· Gastroduodenostomy · Gastroenterostomy · Ileostomy · Jejunostomy · Colostomy · Cholecystostomy · Hepatoportoenterostomy · Sigmoidostomy Uvulotomy · Myotomy (Heller myotomy · Pyloromyotomy· Anal sphincterotomy · Lateral internal sphincterotomy Vertical banded gastroplasty · Gastropexy · Colon resection · Nissen fundoplication · Hernia repair · Omentopexy · Liver biopsy
Urinary Urethroplasty · Pyeloplasty Nephrectomy · Cystectomy Nephrostomy · Ureterostomy · Cystostomy (Suprapubic cystostomy· Urostomy Nephrotomy Nephropexy · Urethropexy · Lithotripsy · Kidney transplantation · Renal biopsy
Male reproductive Phalloplasty · Scrotoplasty Vasectomy · Penectomy · Orchidectomy · Prostatectomy · Posthectomy · Gonadectomy Vasovasostomy  · Vasoepididymostomy Meatotomy Circumcision · Foreskin restoration · Orchiopexy · Prostate biopsy
Female reproductive Vaginoplasty · Clitoroplasty · Labiaplasty · Tuboplasty · Fimbrioplasty Cervicectomy · Clitoridectomy · Oophorectomy · Salpingoophorectomy · Salpingectomy · Hysterectomy · Vaginectomy · Vulvectomy Salpingostomy Amniotomy · Clitoridotomy · Hysterotomy · Hymenotomy · Episiotomy · Symphysiotomy Tubal ligation · Tubal reversal · Colporrhaphy · Cesarean section · Hymenorrhaphy · Endometrial biopsy
Bone,
cartilage,
and joint

bone: Acromioplasty · Khyphoplasty · Mentoplasty · Acromioplasty

joint: Arthroplasty · Rotationplasty

bone: Ostectomy (Femoral head ostectomy · Vertebrectomy · Coccygectomy · Astragalectomy· Corpectomy · Facetectomy · Laminectomy (Hemilaminectomy)

joint: Synovectomy · Discectomy

bone: Osteotomy

joint: Arthrotomy · Laminotomy · Foraminotomy

bone: Epiphysiodesis

joint: Arthrodesis · Arthroscopy · Ulnar collateral ligament reconstruction

Muscle or
soft tissue
Bursectomy · amputation (Hemicorporectomy, Hemipelvectomy) Myotomy · Tenotomy · Fasciotomy Muscle biopsy · Amputation · Tendon transfer
Breast Mammoplasty Lumpectomy · Mastectomy Breast implant · Mastopexy · Breast reconstruction · Breast reduction plasty
Skin V-plasty · VY-plasty · W-plasty · Z-plasty Escharotomy Skin biopsy
Other/ungrouped Abdominoplasty · Hernioplasty · Frenuloplasty · Z-plasty Diverticulectomy · Frenectomy · Hemorrhoidectomy · Mastoidectomy · Thrombectomy · Embolectomy · Ganglionectomy · Lobectomy · Myomectomy · Panniculectomy Ureterosigmoidostomy Fistulotomy · Laparotomy · Myringotomy · Sphincterotomy · Commissurotomy Abdominal surgery · Inguinal hernia surgery · Biopsy · Brostrom prodedure · Cauterization · Grafting · Hypnosurgery · Laparoscopy · NOTES · Nuss procedure · Radiosurgery ·

See also[edit]

External links[edit]