List of surviving Messerschmitt Bf 109s

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Main article: Messerschmitt Bf 109
Bf 109G-10 Black 2 + - of the Messerschmitt Museum

The Messerschmitt Bf 109 was a German World War II fighter aircraft. It was one of the first true modern fighters of the era, including such features as an all-metal monocoque construction, a closed canopy, and retractable landing gear. The Bf 109 was the most produced fighter aircraft during World War II, with 30,573 examples built during the war, and the most produced fighter aircraft in history, with a total of 33,984 units produced up to April 1945.

Spain had signed licensing agreements with Messerschmitt in 1942 to produce the Bf 109G-2 and had received tooling and jigs in preparation for starting production, as well as 25 uncompleted fuselage and wing assemblies. Due to priority to the Luftwaffe, Messerschmitt was unable to oversee the start-up of the production line. In addition, Hispano Aviación was also unable to acquire the Daimler-Benz DB 605 engines due to wartime shortages. It was not until 1947 that the factory started to produce complete airframes. As a replacement engine comparable to the DB 605A the Hispano-Suiza 12Z-17 was fitted to these aircraft. Aircraft with this engine were designated HA-1109-K1L (65 being produced). In 1954 Hispano Aviación re-engineered the airframe to accept the Rolls-Royce Merlin 500-45 and produced the HA-1112-M1L. Production of the Hispano Aviación HA-1109 and HA-1112 Buchons ended in 1958;[1] however, Spain continued to use the HA-1112 operationally until late 1967.

In 1946 Czechoslovakia restarted the closed Messerschmitt production line at the Avia Company[2] in Prague using the original jigs and tooling along with a substantial number of uncompleted airframes. From 1946 to 1949 about 550 airframes were completed as Avia S-99s, resembling a Bf 109G-14, and Avia S-199s (Jumo engine, otherwise unchanged).[1] Due to a fire in a warehouse a substantial number of DB 605 engines were lost and as a substitute the Junkers Jumo 211 was found in substantial quantity. Unlike either the original DB 605 or the Roll-Royce Merlin, the torque of this substitute engine was extremely high resulting in a high fatality rate from these aircraft.[citation needed] Production ended in 1948, and the Czechoslovak National Security Guard retired the last of the S-199s in 1957.

Post war, in addition to the Spanish and Czechoslovakian Air Forces, both Finland and Switzerland continued to use the Bf 109 operationally until the late 1950s. The then-new nation of Israel purchased 25 Avia S-199s (23 delivered) when, due to being embargoed, it was unable to acquire aircraft from other sources. The Israel Air Force retired its aircraft in early 1949.

Between 1945 & 1948, most Bf 109s were scrapped or destroyed. Some examples were kept for use as war trophies or technical examples for further studies. For the next 23 years, these were the first generation of Bf 109 survivors.

In 1967, the producers of the movie The Battle of Britain wanted a large and accurate group of aircraft for use onscreen. Fortunately, the Spanish Air Force was starting to retire its HA-1112s and an agreement was reached to use these aircraft. The Commemorative Air Force had also just purchased numerous examples of the HA-1112. These aircraft were also leased for the production of this movie. For the next 35 years, these Spanish Bf 109s were the mainstay for numerous World War II aviation movies and television work, including Hanover Street, Memphis Belle, The Tuskegee Airmen and Piece of Cake to name but a few.

Starting in late 1988, Bf 109s were among numerous crashed examples of World War II aircraft still extant in Russia that were being recovered for restoration. Other examples of the early models of the Bf 109 have been found in crash sites in France and Italy (as well as several aircraft recovered where they had been buried in Germany). These aircraft with known combat histories are the foundation of the current wave of recovered/restored Bf 109s with further discoveries anticipated. As of DEC 2016 there are 67 known existing Bf 109 airframes.

About twenty of the surviving Bf 109s existent in the 21st century served at one time with the Luftwaffe fighter wing Jagdgeschwader 5, more than with any other Axis military aviation unit of World War II.

Australia[edit]

Bf 109 G-6/U4 in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra
On display
  • Bf 109 G-6/U4 163824 NF + FY; Luftwaffe unit unknown. Held by the Australian War Memorial (AWM), Canberra. The last Bf-109 in the world still displaying its original camouflage and markings: a 1944 day-fighter scheme, with variations resulting from service repairs (possibly including its Erla Haube canopy) and replacements (e.g. one wing was replaced). Ex-post-war UK registration of G-SMIT, 163824 has twice been owned by the AWM: according to historian Michael Nelmes, the AWM disposed of it for £100 in 1963, to a member of the Illawarra Flying Club at Bankstown Airport in Sydney. It was later acquired by collector Sid Marshall, who had the aircraft suspended from the ceiling of his personal hangar. In 1979, an Australian owner of 163824 attempted to export it, for a reputed price of $10,000, to a British collector. However, any such export would have been illegal under Australian law and the aircraft was confiscated by Australian Customs and subsequently re-acquired by the AWM. It has been claimed that the seller temporarily covered the Bf-109 in a silver plastic protective film, supposedly in attempt to pass it off as a Mustang.[3]
Under restoration/stored
  • Bf 109 G-2 14798 GJ+QP, ex 8./JG 5 "Black 10"; Wayne Dawson New South Wales.

Austria[edit]

On display
  • Bf 109 G-14 784993 ex-IV./JG 53 "White 13", White 13, Aviaticum Wiener Neustadt.[4]

Belgium[edit]

Airworthy
  • HA-1112-M1L c/n 201 C.4K-131 (OO-MAF), movie: Battle of Britain, ex-Victory Air Museum", White 1 Sabine, Eric Vormezeele Collection, Brasschaat.[5]

Brazil[edit]

Bf 109 G-2 Yellow 14 in the TAM Museum, Brazil
On display

Canada[edit]

On display

Czech Republic[edit]

Avia S-199 with Czechoslovakian markings
Avia CS-199; Letecké muzeum Kbely
On display
  • S-199 199178, UC-25, Aviation Museum - Kbely, Prague.[12][13]
  • CS-199 199565, UC-26, Aviation Museum - Kbely, Prague.[13][14][15]

Finland[edit]

On display
Stored or under restoration
  • Bf 109 E-3 3285, ex-Bf 109E-7, ex-4./JG 5 "Black 12", "White 4", "Yellow 2", Finnish AF Museum, Tikkakoski

France[edit]

Stored or under restoration
  • Bf 109 G-6 26129 ex-RV + IS, ex-II./JG 54 "Black 3", Aéronautique Provençale

Germany[edit]

Bf 109 E-3 790
Bf 109 G-4 19310 White 3 at the Technikmuseum Speyer
D-FWME (red 7) Force landed in a corn field on August 18th 2013 during an airshow display at Roskilde Airport, Denmark. The pilot was unharmed, and the aircraft sustained minor damage, including a completely broken propeller. Red 7 is now back to flying condition,[20][21] a Bf 109 G-4, at RIAT 2010.
Airworthy
  • HA-1112-M1L c/n 139 C4K-75 (D-FWME), movie: Battle of Britain "Yellow 11", Red 7 + - , Messerschmitt Air Company. Belly landed in a corn field on August 18, 2013 during an airshow display at Roskilde Airport, Denmark. The pilot was unharmed, and the aircraft sustained only minor damage, including a completely broken propeller., re-engined with DB605.[22][23]
  • HA-1112-M1L c/n 156 C.4K-87 (D-FMBB), FM+BB , EADS / Messerschmitt Foundation, rebuilt with a DB605 engine.[24]
  • HA-1112-M1L c/n 234 C.4K-169 (D-FMGZ), Yellow 27 , Hangar 10 Air Fighter Collection GmbH. Restored to Bf 109 G-12 (two-seat trainer) status with DB605
  • HA-1112-M1L c/n 235 C.4K-172 (D-FMVS), movie: Battle of Britain, ex-Victory Air Museum, <- + - , Cavanaugh Flight Museum, Addison, Texas.[25][26][27] Hangar 10 Air Fighter Collection GmbH
On display
  • Bf 109 E-1 790 - earliest surviving 109 to have seen combat - ex-J/88/2 (Condor Legion) "6-106", ex-Bf 109 E-3, ex-Spanish AF "C4E-106", <- + - ,[28]/ Deutsches Museum, Munich,[29][30][31][32]
  • Bf 109 E-3 1407, ex-2./JG 77 "Black 2", ex-Bf 109E-4, ex-14/JG 77 "Red 5", Red 5 , Deutsches Technikmuseum, Berlin
  • Bf 109 G-2 trop 14753, ex-1./JG 27 "White 3", White 3 , Aviation Museum Hannover-Laatzen[33]
  • Bf 109 G-4 19310, ex-BH + XN, ex-4./JG 52 "White 3" "Nesthäkchen" - crashed 20 March 1943, White 3 , Technikmuseum Speyer.[34][35]
  • HA-1109-K1L C.4J-??, <<< Yellow 4 Luftwaffen Museum, Gatow, rebuilt as Bf 109G-2 with DB605[36]
  • HA-1109-K1L c/n 54 C.4J-??, Messerschmitt Museum, Manching
  • HA-1112-M1L c/n 194 C.4K-134, movie: Battle of Britain, ex-Victory Air Museum, On limited display at Wittmundhafen AB, marked as Black 12) has been rebuilt with DB 605 engine
  • HA-1112-M1L c/n 228 C.4K-170 (N170BG), movie: Battle of Britain "Yellow <", movie: Patton (as P-51B) "743652", Yellow 4 + - , Auto und Technik Museum, Sinsheim, has been rebuilt with DB605 engine.[37][38]
  • HA-1112-M1L c/n 213 C.4K-1?? (D-FEHD), Black 15 , Messerschmitt Foundation.[39]
Stored or under restoration
  • Bf 109B/V10a 1010 (D-IAKO), Oberschleißheim, Munich — only surviving Bf 109 prototype airframe known to exist
  • Bf 109 F-2 8993, ex GC + KQ, ex-2./JG 3, ex-Bf 109F-4, ex-JG 54 "White 2", ex-9/III JG 5 "Yellow 3" (pilot Obgfr. Eugen Britz) - crashed 3 April 1943, Yellow 3 [40]
  • Bf 109 G-2 13605 (G-JIMP),[41] Yellow 12 registered to Mark R. Oliver, Altrincham, UK.
  • Bf 109 G-6 410077 (VH-BFG), ex-RK + FY, ex-IV./JG 54 "<+"
  • Bf 109 G-10 w/n unknown (D-FDME), Black 2 + - , EADS / Messerschmitt Foundation. This aircraft is widely regarded to be an HA-1112-M1L rebuilt as a Bf 109 G-10.

Israel[edit]

S-199 782358 IAFM
On display

Netherlands[edit]

On display
  • Bf 109 G-5 15343, ex-5./JG 53 "Black 11", Black 11 , Aviation Museum at Seppe, Breda.[43]
  • Bf 109 G-6 15678 ex-9./JG 54 "Brown 7"- crashed Jul 1943, fuselage only at the Atlantic Wall Museum

New Zealand[edit]

Under restoration/stored
  • Bf 109 G, sub type and w/n as yet unknown. Believed to have previously been in Australia, it was understood to be imported for a private owner who intends to restore it to airworthy.[44]

Norway[edit]

Stored or under restoration

Poland[edit]

Bf 109 G-6 163306 Red 3 at Fundacja Polskie Orły
On Display
  • Bf 109 G-6 163306, ex-RQ + DR, ex-JGr. West "Red 3" - crashed 28 May 1944, Red 3 , Fundacja Polskie Orły, Warszawa [47][48][49][50][51]
Stored or under restoration
  • Bf 109 E-3 1185, ex-Bf 109 E-6, Lotnictwa Astronautyki Museum, Krakow

Russia[edit]

On display
Stored or under restoration
  • Bf109 F-4/Z 7504, ex-7./JG 3 "White 10 + |" (pilot Fw. Rudolf Berg) - crashed 28 March 1943[53]
  • Bf 109 G-2 13427, ex-9./JG 5 "Yellow 2", Russia (S)

Serbia[edit]

Bf 109 G-2 14792 at the Yugoslavian Aviation Museum
On display
  • Bf 109 G-2 14792, ex-GJ + QJ, ex-Yugoslavian AF 9663 "63", 63 , Yugoslavian Aviation Museum, Belgrade.[54][55][56]

South Africa[edit]

Bf 109 E-3, 1289
Bf 109 F-2 trop White 6 at the South African Museum
On display

Spain[edit]

Hispano Aviación HA-1112-M1L Buchon with the original paint of the Spanish Air Force, preserved in the Museo del Aire, near Cuatro Vientos Airport, Madrid
On display
  • HA-1109-K1L c/n 56 C.4J-10, ex-94 Sq "94-28", 94-28 , Museo del Aire, Madrid[59]
  • HA-1112-M1L c/n 211 C.4K-148, ex-471 Sq "471-23", 471-23 , Museo del Aire, Madrid.[60]
Stored or under restoration

Switzerland[edit]

On display

United Kingdom[edit]

Bf 109 G-2 trop 10639 Black 6 at the RAF Museum - Hendon
Airworthy
On display
Stored or under restoration
  • Bf 109 E-1 Wknr unknown, ex-Spanish AF C4E-88, Robs Lamplough, Hungerford
  • Bf 109 E-1 854, Charleston Aviation Services
  • Bf 109 E-3 1983, ex-5./JG 5 "Red ?", Charleston Aviation Services, Colchester
  • Bf 109 E-3 3523, ex-CS + AJ, ex-Bf 109E-7, ex-5/JG 5 "Red 6", Jim Pearce, Sussex
Bf 109 E-3 3579 at Thunder Over Michigan when owned by the Russell Group in Canada
  • Bf 109 E-3 3579 (G-CIPB), ex-JG 2 "White 14", ex-Bf 109E-7 4/JG 5 "White 7" - crashed 2 August 1942, White 14, Biggin Hill Heritage Hangar, Biggin Hill.[80][81]
  • Bf 109 E-3 4034 (G-CDTI), ex-1/JG 77, ex-8/JG 53 "Black 5", "Black 6" - crashed 11 February 1940, Rare Aero Ltd, Jersey[82]
  • Bf 109 F-4 7485, ex-9./JG 5 "Black 1" Charleston Aviation Services
  • Bf 109 F-4 8347, ex-6./JG 54 "Yellow 10", Charleston Aviation Services
  • Bf 109 G-6 15458, ex-8./JG 1 "Black 10", ex-III/JG 1, CW Tomkins Ltd

United States[edit]

Bf 109 G-10 610824 Blue 4 at the USAF Museum
Airworthy
  • Bf 109 E-3 1342 (N342FH), ex-6./JG 51 "Yellow 8" (Pilot: Eduard Hemmerling) - crashed: 29 July 1940, Yellow 8 , Flying Heritage Collection, Everett, Washington.[83]
  • Bf 109 G-4 19257 (N109GY), Black <1 , Training Services Inc, Virginia Beach, Virginia[84]
On display
Stored or under restoration
  • Bf 109 E-3 2023, ex-Bf 109E-7, ex-8./JG 5 "Black 9" (pilot Ofw. Walter Sommer) - crashed 27 May 1943, Military Aviation Museum[102] Virginia Beach, Virginia.
  • Bf 109 F-4 8461, ex-5./JG 27, Malcolm Laing.[103]
  • Bf 109 F-4 10144, ex-6./JG 5 "Yellow 7" (pilot Fw. Albert Brunner) - crashed 5 September 1942, Air Assets International, Lafayette, Colorado.
  • Bf 109 G-2 10394, ex-6./JG 5 "Yellow 2" (pilot Fw. Erwin Fahldieck) - crashed 29 April 1943, Malcolm Laing, Texas.
  • Bf 109 G-2 13500, ex-II./JG ? "Red 4".
  • Bf 109 F-4 10212, ex-JG 5, Air Assets International, Lafayette, Colorado.
  • Bf 109 F-4 10256, ex-11./JG 5 "<", (pilot Fw. Horst Carganico) - crashed 22 July 1942, Mickael R., Framingham, Massachusetts.
  • Bf 109 F-4 10270, ex-JG 5 "<", Mickael R., Framingham, Massachusetts.
  • Bf 109 F-4 10276, ex-JG 5, Air Assets International, Lafayette, Colorado.
  • Bf 109 G-2 13927, ex-6./JG 5 "Yellow 6"
  • HA-1112-M1L c/n unkn C.4K-30, ex-471 Sq "471-26", movie: Battle of Britain, Edwards Collection, Wilson Edwards, Big Spring, Texas.
  • HA-1112-M1L c/n 120 C.4K-77 (N700E), Yellow 3 , Planes of Fame, Chino, California. Under restoration to fly with Allison V-1710 and reconfigured 109G-style cowling.
  • HA-1112-M1L c/n 129 C.4K-61 (G-AWHE), movie: Battle of Britain, Edwards Collection, Wilson Edwards, Big Spring, Texas
  • HA-1112-M1L c/n 137 C.4K-116 (N6109), Quantico, Virginia.
  • HA-1112-M1L c/n 145 C.4K-105 (N6036), movie: Battle of Britain "Red 4", ex-Edwards Collection, Richard Hansen, Batavia Illinois.
  • HA-1112-M1L c/n unkn C.4K-111, ex-471 Sq "471-15", movie: Battle of Britain, Edwards Collection, Wilson Edwards, Big Spring, Texas.
  • HA-1112-M1L c/n 166 C.4K-106 (N90607), movie: Battle of Britain "Yellow 8", Edwards Collection, Wilson Edwards, Big Spring, Texas.
  • HA-1112-M1L c/n 187 C.4K-99 (N90604), ex-7 Sq "7-77", movie: Battle of Britain "Yellow 5", Yellow 5 , Edwards Collection, Wilson Edwards, Big Spring, Texas.
  • HA-1112-M1L c/n 190 C.4K-126 (N90603), movie: Battle of Britain "Red 9", Edwards Collection, Wilson Edwards, Big Spring, Texas.
  • HA-1112-M1L c/n 195 C.4K-135, movie: Battle of Britain, ex-Victory Air Museum, St Louis, Missouri.
  • HA-1112-M1L c/n 220 C.4K-152 (N4109G), movie: Battle of Britain "White 5", Edwards Collection, Wilson Edwards, Big Spring, Texas.
  • HA-1112-M1L c/n 223 C.4K-154, movie: Battle of Britain, Edwards Collection, Wilson Edwards, Big Spring, Texas.
  • HA-1112-M1L c/n 178 C.4K-178, movie: Battle of Britain, ex-Victory Air Museum, The 1941 Historical Aircraft Group, Geneseo, New York, rebuilt with DB601N engine.
  • HA-1112-M4L c/n unkn C.4K-112, Accepted: Spanish AF, Assigned: 7 Sqd (codes:7 - 92), Assigned: 40 Sqd (codes: 40 - 2), Movie: 1969 Battle of Britain (markings: Red 11), Sold: 1970 Wilson Edwards (N1109G) currently in storage with the Edwards Collection, Wilson Edwards, Big Spring, Texas marked as Red 11)
  • HA-1112-M1L c/n 193 C.4K-130 (N90602), movie: Battle of Britain "<", Erickson Aircraft Collection, Madras, Oregon. Being restored to fly with a lowered Allison V-1710 and fitted with genuine Bf 109 G-10 cowling and reconfigured tail unit

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Nowarra 1993, p. 189.
  2. ^ A division of the Škoda Works
  3. ^ "Forum thread," Key Publishing Ltd Aviation Forums. Retrieved: 27 May 2012.
  4. ^ 784993 White 13 (airliners photo collection)
  5. ^ C4K-131 White 1 (airliners photo collection)
  6. ^ Museu TAM
  7. ^ 14256 Yellow 14 (airliners photo collection)
  8. ^ Yellow 14
  9. ^ Canada Aviation Museum
  10. ^ 10132 (airliners photo collection)
  11. ^ "HA-1112-M1L Buchon." Western Canada Aviation Museum.
  12. ^ 199178 UC-25
  13. ^ a b Aviation Museum - Kbely
  14. ^ 199565 UC-26 (airliners photo collection)
  15. ^ 199565 UC-26
  16. ^ 7108 (Preserved Axis Aircraft Collection)
  17. ^ Finnish Aviation Museum
  18. ^ MT-507 (airliners photo collectionj)
  19. ^ 167271
  20. ^ Black 2 (airliners photo collection)
  21. ^ Belly landing august 18th 2013
  22. ^ [1]
  23. ^ HA-1112 139 "7" (airliners photo collection)
  24. ^ C4K-87 (airliners photo collection)
  25. ^ C4K-172 <- (airliners photo collection)
  26. ^ C4K-172 Black 14 (airliners photo collection)
  27. ^ C.4K-169
  28. ^ http://www.deutsches-museum.de/en/sammlungen/verkehr/aeronautics/propeller-planes/aeronautics-hall/messerschmitt-me-109
  29. ^ 790 <- + - (airliners photo collection)
  30. ^ 790 (Paul Nann Collection)
  31. ^ 790
  32. ^ 790
  33. ^ 14753 "White 3"
  34. ^ 19310 White 3 (airliners photo collection)
  35. ^ 19310 White 3
  36. ^ C4J-?? <<< Yellow 4 (airliners photo collection)
  37. ^ C.4K-170
  38. ^ C4K-170 Yellow 4 (airliners photo collection)
  39. ^ C4K-1?? Black 15 (airliners photo collection)
  40. ^ 8993 Yellow 3 (preserved axis aircraft page)
  41. ^ [2]
  42. ^ 782358 112D (airliners photo collection)
  43. ^ 15343 (airliners photo collection)
  44. ^ http://rnzaf.proboards.com/thread/21519/classic-wings-109
  45. ^ Flyhistorisk Museum
  46. ^ Norwegian Aviation Museum
  47. ^ 163306 Red 3 (airliners photo collection)
  48. ^ 163306 Red 3 (Yugoslavian Modlers)
  49. ^ 163306 "Red 3"
  50. ^ 163306
  51. ^ Fundacja Polskie Orły
  52. ^ 411768 "Black 1 (airliners phto collection)
  53. ^ 7504 (preserved axis aircraft page)
  54. ^ 14792 (airliners photo collection)
  55. ^ 14792
  56. ^ Yugoslavian Aviation Museum
  57. ^ 1289
  58. ^ South African Museum of Military History
  59. ^ C4J-10 94-28 (airliners photo collection)
  60. ^ C4K-158 (airliners photo collection)
  61. ^ White 4 (preserved axis aircraft page)
  62. ^ 2242 J-355 (airliners photo collection)
  63. ^ 2242 (Paul Mann Collection)
  64. ^ Swiss Air Force Museum
  65. ^ 2242
  66. ^ HA-1112 67 Yellow 14 (airliners photo collection)
  67. ^ HA-1112 67 (Courtesy Aircraft) Archived December 29, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  68. ^ HA-1112 M1L&dataindex=0 "G-AWHE" Check |url= value (help). Civil Aviation Authority. Retrieved 26 June 2013. 
  69. ^ C4K-102 Red 1 (airliners photo collection)
  70. ^ Imperial War Museum. "Messerschmitt Bf 109E-3 (Me 109E)". IWM Collections Search. Retrieved 23 April 2013. 
  71. ^ 1190 (airliners photo collection)
  72. ^ 1190
  73. ^ [3]
  74. ^ 4101 Black 12 (airliners photo collection)
  75. ^ 4101
  76. ^ 4101
  77. ^ 10639 Black 6 (airliners photo collection)
  78. ^ 10639 "Black 6"
  79. ^ Royal Air Force Museum
  80. ^ "3579 White 14". Airliners photo collection.
  81. ^ "3579." warbirdregistry.
  82. ^ 4034
  83. ^ Flying Heritage Collection
  84. ^ FAA Registry N-Number Inquiry
  85. ^ 5975 (Warbird Recovery)
  86. ^ 160163 "White 2"
  87. ^ 160163
  88. ^ National Air & Space Museum
  89. ^ National Museum of the United States Air Force
  90. ^ 610824 Blue 4
  91. ^ 610824
  92. ^ Evergreen Ventures
  93. ^ 610937 << (airliners photo collection)
  94. ^ 610937
  95. ^ 610937
  96. ^ 611943 Yellow 13
  97. ^ 611943
  98. ^ C.4K-100 71-9 (airliners photo collection)
  99. ^ HA-1112 392 (airliners photo collection)
  100. ^ C.4K-122
  101. ^ EAA Aviation Museum
  102. ^ Fighter Factory
  103. ^ 8461 (preserved axis aircraft page)

External links[edit]