List of surviving Supermarine Spitfires

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P7350, a wartime veteran which today flies with the Battle of Britain Memorial Flight in the UK

The Supermarine Spitfire is a British single-seat fighter aircraft used by the Royal Air Force along with many other Allied countries throughout the Second World War and afterwards into the 1950s as both a front line fighter and also in secondary roles.

Many developing countries purchased Spitfires as industrial countries phased out propeller-powered aircraft in favour of new jet-engined machines.[1] As these nations started to update their air forces many Spitfires and other Second World War aircraft were sold on the open market to individuals or for scrap. The aircraft in Hong Kong serving with the UK Colonial wings are a good example of the differing means of disposal where they were simply bulldozed into the sea as part of the process to reclaim land from the water in order to lengthen the runway.[2]

Private collectors began to acquire Spitfire aircraft and a number went on to appear in movies and TV shows. These movie and TV appearances in turn helped to save a number of them from being scrapped. The Spitfire with probably the most movie and TV credits is a Mk.IX MH434.[3] It ended up in civilian ownership in the UK around 1963 and has since gone on to appear in many films and TV shows including The Longest Day (1962), The Battle of Britain (1969), A Bridge Too Far (1977), and Piece of Cake (1988).

Many Spitfire and Seafire aircraft survive in museums and private collections around the world today and this article lists individual aircraft known to still exist.

Statistics[edit]

The information in the table below provides a high-level breakdown of the surviving Spitfire/Seafire aircraft across the world by status, with an explanation of the status categories as follows,
Airworthy - Aircraft that are maintained in airworthy condition. Annual maintenance and minor remediation work is ignored.
Static Display - Aircraft that are on static display, with the majority being in publicly accessible museums. Check individual aircraft below for further details as some are displayed on military airfields which are not accessible to the public.
Restoration / Stored - Aircraft which are being either actively restored, held in storage, or otherwise do not fall into the above categories.

Status[4]
Country Airworthy Static display Restoration / stored Total
Australia 2 4 26 32
Belgium 0 4 1 5
Brazil 0 1 0 1
Canada 2 4 2 8
China 0 1 0 1
Czech Republic 0 1 0 1
Denmark 0 1 0 1
Egypt 0 1 0 1
France 1 1 1 3
Germany 2 1 1 4
Greece 0 1 0 1
India 0 2 2 4
Israel 1 2 0 3
Italy 0 1 0 1
Malta 0 2 0 2
Myanmar (Burma) 0 4 0 4
The Netherlands 1 3 0 4
New Zealand 3 2 1 6
Norway 0 2 1 3
Poland 0 1 0 1
Portugal 0 1 0 1
Serbia 0 1 0 1
South Africa 0 1 1 2
Sweden 1 1 1 3
Thailand 0 1 2 3
United Kingdom 30 16 65 111
United States 12 10 8 30
Zimbabwe 0 1 0 1
Total 54 71 113 238

Australia[edit]

MV239 at Point Cook, Victoria (2008)
Airworthy
Static Display
  • Spitfire F Mk.IIa P7973. This Spitfire was flown by several Royal Air Force (RAF) and Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) squadrons in 1941. Assigned to No. 452 Sqn (RAAF) (RAF Kenley and RAF Hornchurch) Flown by Australian pilot "Bluey" Truscott on "Circus 68", a bomber escort mission into France on 9 August 1941. This was the mission in which famous legless RAF pilot Douglas Bader was shot down and became a P.O.W. Aircraft has not been repainted since WW2 however bears the markings of the Central Gunnery School. (Coded R-H) flying 24 operations. In July 1945 it was shipped to Melbourne, Victoria, Australia for display. One of the few Spitfires still in its original paint, it has been displayed in the Australian War Memorial in Canberra since 1950.[7]
  • Spitfire F Mk.Vc Trop BS231 / A58-92. Partial airframe on display at the Australian Aviation Heritage Centre, Darwin, Northern Territory. Recovered during 1983 at low-tide from wartime water crash-site, Point Charles NT. Display incorporates parts from both BS178 / A58-70 & JG731 / A58-172.[8][9]
  • Spitfire F Mk.Vc Trop EE853 / A58-146. Displayed at The South Australian Aviation Museum, Port Adelaide, South Australia. This aircraft was manufactured in 1942 by Westlands in the UK. It was shipped to Australia and became part of RAAF 79 Squadron at Milne Bay. On 28 August 1943 it crashed on Kiriwina Island and was transported back to Goodenough Island. In 1971 Langdon Badger found the aircraft and in 1973 he had it shipped to Adelaide. After four years of restoration at Parafield Airport, Langdon displayed the Spitfire at his Adelaide home. In August 2001 the aircraft was put on display in the Museum.[10]
  • Spitfire F Mk. 22 PK481. Displayed at the RAAF Association Aviation Heritage Museum, Bull Creek, Western Australia. The aircraft was acquired from the Brighton & Hove Branch of the Royal Air Force Association in the UK in 1959 and was initially displayed outside on a pole before being brought into the museum and refurbished in 1977.[11]
PK481 on display at Bull Creek WA
Restoration / Stored (Not on Public Display)
  • Spitfire F Mk.Vc Trop BR545 / A58-51. Owned by the Royal Australian Air Force Museum and in storage at Point Cook, Victoria. Ex. 54 Sqn Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) machine, marked DL-E. Force landed on mud flats at low-tide, Prince Regent River, near Truscott WA 22 December 1943. Wreck lay for many years covered by the tides until recovered by the RAAF Museum in November 1987. Merlin engine and sections of airframe recovered.[8][9]
  • Spitfire LF Mk.IXc MH415 (N415MH). Owned by investors Warbirds Flight Club Pty Ltd, Hunter Valley NSW. Arrived in Australia and now en route to Scone NSW (22 January 2016 information) to commence a full restoration to airworthy condition.[12] Previously owned by Wilson 'Connie' Edwards and stored at his facility in Big Spring, Texas for decades. During its time with 'Connie' Edwards it wore the scheme MH415 / ZD-E to replicate the colours and markings it wore during its service with No. 222 (Natal) Squadron RAF during 1943. Sold via Platinum Fighter Sales in October 2015 and subsequently transported to Australia [13][14]
  • Spitfire F Mk.IX MH603 (VH-IXF). Owned by Ross Pay (son of Col Pay) and registered to Pay's Air Service Pty Ltd. Ex. South African Air Force machine MH603 is under active restoration to airworthy condition at Scone, NSW. When completed the Spitfire will wear 331 (Norwegian) Squadron colours as based at North Weald (UK) in early 1944.[15][16]
  • Spitfire LF Mk.IXb MJ789. Owned by the Royal Australian Air Force Museum and in storage at Point Cook, Victoria. Ex. 453 (RAAF) Sqn machine, wore the markings MJ789 / FU-B. Crashed in River Orne, near Caen, France on 11 June 1944 as a result of anti-aircraft fire claiming the life of pilot Flight Lieutenant Henry ‘Lacy’ Smith. Both F/L Smith and MJ789 were recovered from the riverbed in November 2010. Subsequently, F/L Smith was buried with full military honours in Normandy and the wreckage of MJ789 was transferred to the RAAF Museum and transported to Australia for conservation with a view to eventual display.[17]
  • Seafire F Mk.XV SW800 (VH-CIH). In storage, Adelaide area, South Australia. Recovered from Brownhills scrapyard in the UK circa 1991, and shipped to Melbourne VIC.[8]

Canada[edit]

C-GYQQ S/N TE294
Airworthy
Static Display
  • Spitfire Mk. XVIe TE214. On display at the Canadian Warplane Heritage Museum, in Mount Hope Ontario, on loan from the Canada Aviation and Space Museum in Ottawa, Ontario. It was built by Vickers at Castle Bromwich, UK, in 1945 and it flew post-war with RAF No. 203 Advanced Flying School, until it was damaged in an accident. The British Air Ministry presented it to the RCAF in 1960 and it was transferred it to the Canadian Aeronautical Collection, now the Canada Aviation and Space Museum in 1966.[20]
  • Spitfire F Mk.IIb P8332. Battle of Britain veteran, on display at the Canadian War Museum, Ottawa. It wears the markings and codes P8332 / ZD-L of 222 Sqn to replicate the scheme it wore when serving with the Squadron during 1941. Presentation aircraft, "SOEBANG N.E.I.", funded by the Netherlands East Indies.[21]
NH188
Restoration / Stored (Not on Public Display)

China[edit]

Static Display
  • Spitfire LF Mk.XVIe TE330. Displayed at the China Aviation Museum, Datangshan. Acquired in 2008 from New Zealand where it underwent restoration to static display condition by the Subritzky family of North Shore and sold to China via auction.[25]

Denmark[edit]

MA298 on display at the Stauning Aircraft Museum
Static Display
  • Spitfire HF Mk.IXe MA298. After the German occupation, the Royal Danish Air Force acquired 38 HF Mk.IXe and 3 PR Mk.XI Spitfire aircraft. The Spitfires were phased out and replaced by jets between 1951 and 1955. All but two were scrapped. For a number of years, one was placed in a children's playground. The last survivor is exhibited at Danmarks Flymuseum, Stauning Airport.[26] It wears the authentic Royal Danish Air Force markings 41-401.

France[edit]

RR263 on display at Musée de l'Air, Le Bourget
Non-airworthy
  • Spitfire PR.XIX PS890. Entered service 1945. To Royal Thai Air Force as U14-26/97, in service until 1952. Donated to Planes of Fame Air Museum in 1962. Restored to airworthy condition in 2002 as N219AM. Sold to French owner in 2005, re-registered F-AZJS.[27] Damaged in a take-off accident at Longuyon-Villette Airfield, Meurthe-et-Moselle on 11 June 2017.[28]

Germany[edit]

TP280 on display at Oshkosh 2006
Static Display
  • Spitfire FR Mk.XIVe MV370. On display at the Luftfahrtmuseum, Hannover. Ex-Indian Air Force instructional airframe (marked T.44), wears the codes MV370 / EB-Q to represent a machine from No. 41 Squadron RAF.[29]
Restoration / stored (not on public display)
  • Spitfire Tr.9 MJ772 (G-AVAV). Served with 341 Squadron, Royal Air Force as MJ772 / NL-W then with 340 Squadron, Royal Air Force as MJ772 / GW-A. Sold to Vickers-Armstrongs in 1950, converted to two-seat trainer. Carried Class B markings G-15-172. To Irish Air Corps in May 1951 as 159. Withdrawn from flying in 1960. Sold to Film Aviation Services in November 1963 and stored at Biggin Hill. Sold to COGEA, Belgium in May 1964 and stored at Ostend Airport. Sold to Tony Samuelson in 1965 and registered G-AVAV in November 1966. Restored to airworthy condition in July 1967. Leased to Spitfire Productions Ltd for use in the film Battle of Britain. A forced landing was made at Little Staughton on 9 July 1968 due to engine failure, subsequently returned to flying condition. Later sold to Sir William Roberts and displayed as part of the Strathallan Collection, coded MJ772 / NL-R. Sold to Doug Champlin of Enid, Arizona, registered N8R. Later registered in Germany as D-FMKN.[30] Suffered off-airport landing in field, near Woodchurch, Kent, United Kingdom on 7 September 2015. Pilot uninjured.[31][32] As of October 2016, awaiting repairs, stored at Biggin Hill.[30]

Greece[edit]

Static Display
  • Spitfire LF Mk.IXc MJ755. Built at the Castle Bromwich factory and delivered to No. 43 Squadron RAF in August 1944, which at the time was covering operations in Southern France. In 1947 it was transferred to the Royal Hellenic Air Force and later retired to The Hellenic Air Force Museum.[33]

India[edit]

Static Display

Israel[edit]

TE554, The Black Spitfire
Airworthy

Italy[edit]

MK805, operated by the Italian Air Force in the very last stages of WWII
Static Display

Malta[edit]

Static Display
  • Spitfire F Mk.IXe EN199. On display at the Malta Aviation Museum, Ta Qali, Malta. First flown at Eastleigh on 28 November 1942. The aircraft was restored by Ray Polidano, the Museum's Director, in 1992. The aircraft is named 'Mary Rose' in honour of Ray Polidano's wife and carries the code R-B in memory of the highest-ranking officer who flew it - Wing Commander Ronald Berry D.F.C.[38]

Myanmar (Burma)[edit]

Static Display
  • Spitfire LF Mk.IXe TE513 / UB421. On external display at the newly opened (2016) Defence Services Museum which is North-East of Myanmar's capital city, Naypyidaw, in the Zeyathiri Township.[39]
  • Spitfire LF Mk.IXe TE527 / UB431. Rear fuselage and tail-section suspected to be from this aircraft on display within the newly opened Defence Services Museum on the outskirts of Naypyidaw.[39]
  • Seafire F Mk.XV PR376 / UB409. On external display at the newly opened (2016) Defence Services Museum on the outskirts of Naypyidaw.[39]
Possible buried Spitfire in Burma

In 2012 a great deal of media attention was given to rumours that the RAF had buried a number of Spitfire Mk.XIV aircraft in Burma, unassembled and in their packing crates, during August 1945. However no documentary or other evidence has been uncovered that this actually happened and some have dismissed the whole story as implausible, including military archaeologist Andy Brockman[40]

During April 2012 the UK government announced they were working with the post-junta Burmese government to locate and potentially return a total of 20 aircraft to flying condition. On 16 October 2012 the Burmese government signed an agreement with David Cundall, a British farmer and aviation enthusiast who was leading the search along with his Burmese business partner Htoo Htoo Zaw, allowing them to begin excavations.[41]

Leeds University experts and an academic from Rangoon using sophisticated radar techniques claimed to have discovered one of the sites of the buried aircraft at what is now Yangon International Airport, the former RAF Mingaladon airfield. In addition to the 20 aircraft thought to be at this site, other sites with buried Spitfires were claimed, one with as many as 36 aircraft interred.[42][43]

In January 2013, following investigations at both Yangon International Airport and Myitkyina, archaeologists led by Andy Brockman concluded that there were no aircraft buried at the sites.[44] Despite this, David Cundall continued his search.[45] However, on 16 February of the same year, it was reported that Cundall's sponsors, Wargaming Ltd, no longer believed any Spitfires were ever buried and that any aircraft in the area had been re-exported in 1946. The search was called off.[46] Despite the withdrawal of the major sponsor, David Cundall said at that time that he remained confident and the search would continue.[47]

The Netherlands[edit]

TP263 on display at Overloon
Airworthy
  • Spitfire LF Mk IXc MK732 (PH-OUQ). Operated by The Historic Flight of the Royal Dutch Air Force (Koninklijke Luchtmacht Historische Vlucht) and based at Gilze-Rijen. Built in 1943, it saw action during D-Day. Following restoration to flight it initially carried the Dutch Air Force (Klu) markings H-25. Following this it was painted in the scheme it wore when serving with 485 (RNZAF) Sqn as OU-U / BABY BEA V, but now wears an all-over silver scheme 3W-17 / MK732 of the Royal Netherlands Air Force.[48]
Static Display
  • Spitfire LF Mk.IXc MJ143. On display at the newly opened National Military Museum sited on the former Royal Netherlands Air Force Base at Soesterberg. Previously in storage after being on display for many years at the now closed Militaire Luchtvaart Museum also at Soesterberg. Displayed as H-1, Royal Netherlands Air Force.[49]
  • Spitfire FR Mk.XVIIIe TP263, Displayed at the National War & Resistance Museum. Ex-Indian Air Force HS649, rebuilt to represent a Mk.XIVc. Wears the spurious serial NH649, with the codes 3W-F of No.322 (Dutch) Squadron.[50]

New Zealand[edit]

MH367 at the Classic Fighters 2015 airshow at Omaka
Airworthy
  • Spitfire Tr.9 MH367 (ZK-WDQ). Owned by noted aerobatic pilot Doug Brooker and arrived in New Zealand on 11 September 2008. It wears RAF desert colours with the markings of FL-A, a Mk IX flown by the New Zealand Squadron Leader Colin Gray, C/O of 81 Squadron when based in Tunisia in mid-1943.[51] On 15 January 2009, during a transit flight from Auckland, the Spitfire suffered a heavy forced landing on Hood Aerodrome, near Masterton. The propeller, undercarriage and some fuel lines were damaged but the aircraft was repaired.[52] A second landing accident at Ardmore Airport on 2 December 2009 resulted in damage to the undercarriage and propeller. It is believed that a sudden change in wind direction caused the aircraft to run off the end of the runway.[53] On 12 June 2011 the aircraft suffered yet another landing accident, this time tipping onto its nose after landing at Ardmore, damaging the propeller[54]
  • Spitfire LF Mk.IXc PV270 (ZK-SPI). Owned by businessman Brendon Deere and restored to an airworthy condition over five years at Feilding, New Zealand, it flew again on 18 March 2009.[55] The aircraft is based in a purpose-built hangar at RNZAF Base Ohakea along with Brendon Deere's North American Harvard.[56]
  • Spitfire FR Mk.XIVe NH799 (ZK-XIV). Owned by 'The Chariots of Fire Fighter Collection' and based at Omaka airfield, New Zealand. Post restoration first flight 2 April 2015, with John Lamont at the controls. Purchased by the Chariots of Fire Fighter Collection, who are based at Omaka, in 2010. Restored to airworthy condition by Avspecs Limited at Ardmore Airport, Auckland.[57]
Static Display
TE288 on display at the RNZAF Museum
  • Spitfire LF Mk.XVIe TE288. Taken on charge by the RAF on 1 June 1945, the aircraft served with 61 OTU, 501 RAuxAF Squadron (coded RAB-D), and 102 and 103 Fighter Refresher Schools, until placed into storage in 1951. Also used as a prop in the movie "Reach for the Sky", it then spent time as a gate guard at RAF Rufforth, Church Fenton and finally Dishforth, before it was sold in 1963 to Canterbury Brevet Club, Christchurch, New Zealand. For many years it was mounted on a pole near the entrance to Christchurch International Airport. In 1984 it was donated to the RNZAF Museum, and was restored by RNZAF staff at RNZAF Woodbourne. It is displayed at Wigram, without serial number, as 'OU-V' of 485 Squadron.[58]
  • Spitfire LF Mk.XVIe TE456. Taken on charge by the RAF on 8 August 1945, the aircraft initially went into storage at 6 MU at Brize Norton. It was issued to 501 RAuxAF Squadron at Filton in March 1946 (coded RAB-J), and then to 612 RAuxAF Squadron at Dyce in May 1949 (coded '8W-?'). In August 1955 it was used in the movie Reach for the Sky. It has been on static display at the Auckland War Memorial Museum, New Zealand, since 1956 when New Zealander Sir Keith Park, commander of No 11 Fighter Group, arranged for it to be donated.[59]

Norway[edit]

Under restoration to airworthy condition
  • Spitfire Mk IX EN570. Ex Royal Air Force, shot down at Saint-Pol-sur-Ternoise, France in 1943. Under restoration to flying condition for Norwegian Flying Aces incorporating new fuselage and wings.[60]
  • Spitfire LF Mk.IX MK997. Ex Royal Norwegian Air Force, which crashed into Samsjøen Lake in August 1950, killing the pilot. Wreckage raised on 13 August 2018. To be restored to flying condition for Norwegian Flying Aces.[60]
Static Display
Stored
  • Spitfire Mk IX, MJ785, Ex Royal Norwegian Air Force, crashed in the summer of 1945. Under consideration for restoration to flying condition for Norwegian Flying Aces.[60]

Poland[edit]

Static Display

Portugal[edit]

ML255 on display in the Museu do Ar
Static Display
  • Spitfire HF Mk.IXc ML255. Delivered to the South African Air Force in 1948. After being damaged in a collision at AFB Ysterplaat, it ended up derelict in Snake Valley, Pretoria until it was recovered and restored to static display for the SAAF Museum. It was later transferred to the Museu do Ar, at Sintra in Portugal.[64] It wears the Portuguese Air Force markings ML255 / MR+Z.

Serbia[edit]

Spitfire Mk VC Trop in Belgrade Aviation Museum
Static Display
  • Spitfire F Mk.Vc Trop JK808, ser.no. 17-545,[65]

On display at Belgrade Museum of Aviation . Aircraft appears in 352 (Yugoslav) Squadron RAF in March 1945. It flew in 11 missions over former Yugoslavia. Transferred to 1st Fighter Aviation Regiment of Yugoslav Air Force, May 1945, then to Mostar Air Base HQ (today in Bosnia and Herzegovina) in August 1945. In 1949, received YAF serial 9489. Briefly in 112th Fighter Aviation Regiment as a training aircraft, then stored at Mostar. Between 1947 and 1952 in 103rd Reconnaissance Aviation Regiment. Suffered belly landings in February 1949 (left wheel tire fell off on take-off) and February 1950 (engine malfunction). All remaining Spitfires were retired on 18 August 1952.

While others were scrapped or turned into instructional airframes, 9489 (ex JK808) was handed over to Military Museum in Belgrade. It was put on static display first at Kalemegdan (Belgrade fortress) as a part of outdoor Museum exhibition. There it received new coat of paint and an incorrect YAF number 9486. After that it was displayed at Belgrade International Airport, as a part of Belgrade Museum of Aviation exhibition, in a purely fictional paint scheme and markings.[66]

This caused confusion about aircraft true identity. Spitfire with YAF number 9486 was ex-RAF MH592, which ended as instructional airframe at Rajlovac Air Force Technical Training Center,[66] but it is still claimed by some sources (not related to the Museum) to be the aircraft displayed in Belgrade.

Aircraft 9489 (JK808) was thoroughly restored during 1973 by Tehnička direkcija JAT ( JAT Tehnika ) at Belgrade International Airport. After detailed investigation and several paint schemes applied (JK448 code name "W" notably) the true identity of this aircraft was confirmed, based on serial numbers found and archive material as JK808, airframe s/n 17-545, built at Castle Bromwich.[65] An article about restoration and the search for true identity was published in[67] (published in Serbian Cyrillic).

Aircraft on display contains several non-original parts: engine from another aircraft, Soviet-made camera, landing gear parts, re-manufactured instrument panel, standard RAF instruments and other parts from YAF or JAT stocks.[66]

South Africa[edit]

TE213', seen here in happier times before the forced landing
Static Display
  • Spitfire HF Mk.VIIIc JF294. South African National Museum of Military History, Johannesburg.[68] SAAF serial 5501.
Restoration / Stored (Not on Public Display)

Thailand[edit]

SM914, Thailand, 2014
Static Display
  • Spitfire FR Mk.XIVe SM914. Royal Thai Air Force serial KH14-1/93. On display at the Royal Thai Air Force Museum, Bangkok, Thailand[70] It wears Royal Thai Air Force markings with an overall Silver scheme.

United Kingdom[edit]

MH434 in the markings of 222 Squadron., Duxford, 2005.
Airworthy
  • Spitfire F Mk.Ia N3200 (G-CFGJ). Owned and operated by the Imperial War Museum, based at Duxford Airfield. Ex 19 Sqn machine, it sports the QV squadron codes it wore when it was shot down on 26 May 1940 in support of the Operation Dynamo evacuation of Dunkirk with Sqn Ldr Geoffrey Stevenson, 19 Sqn OC, at the controls. N3200 was restored to airworthy condition by Historic Flying Limited, Duxford and its first post-restoration flight took place on 26 March 2014 from the airfield. Donated to the Imperial War Museum Duxford on 9 July 2015 by American billionaire and conservationist Thomas Kaplan[71] (aka Mark One Partnership LLC), accepted on behalf of the museum by its Patron, Prince William (Duke of Cambridge).
  • Spitfire F Mk.Ia P9374 (G-MKIA). Previously owned by the Mark One Partnership LLC, and based at Duxford Airfield. Restored to airworthy condition and made its first post-restoration flight at Duxford on 9 September 2011.[72] In July 2017 it was sold to a private owner in the United States.[73] It wears the exact colours it wore flying with 92 Sqn from RAF Croydon when shot down on 24 May 1940, P9374 / -J, and it landed on the beach at Calais, France. It was flown by Flying Officer Peter Cazenove, who survived the crash and was taken prisoner by the Germans. He was held in Stalag Luft III and involved in the Great Escape.[71]
X4650 on the grass, Duxford, July 2015
  • Spitfire F Mk.Ia AR213 (G-AIST). Acquired by Group Captain Allen H. Wheeler on 25 October 1946. In 1968 it flew in the film Battle of Britain. In April 1989 it was acquired by Sheringham Aviation.[74] In 2002 it underwent another restoration, repainted with 57 OTU colours, and coded "JZ-E".[75]
  • Spitfire F Mk.IIa P7350. Operated by the RAF Battle of Britain Memorial Flight at RAF Coningsby in Lincolnshire. It is the only surviving Spitfire from the Battle of Britain still flying and is believed to be the 14th aircraft of the 11,989 built at Castle Bromwich. The aircraft entered service in August 1940 and during the battle served with 266 and 603 Squadrons.[76]
  • Spitfire LF Mk.Vb AB910. Operated by the RAF Battle of Britain Memorial Flight at RAF Coningsby in Lincolnshire. Built at Castle Bromwich in 1941 and has a front line operational career spanning almost four years.[77]
AR501 at Old Warden before commencement of refurbishment, 2004
  • Spitfire LF Mk.Vc AR501 (G-AWII). Maintained in airworthy condition with the Shuttleworth Collection, returned to airworthy status in March 2018 following a rebuild.[78] AR501 was built by Westland Aircraft at Yeovil and flown by No. 310 (Czech) Squadron at RAF Duxford as AR501 / NN-A in 1942, where it escorted USAAF Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress and Consolidated B-24 Liberator bombers. Joined the Shuttleworth Collection in 1961, it featured in the 1969 film The Battle of Britain.[79]
  • Spitfire F Mk.Vc EE602 (G-IBSY). First post-restoration flight took place on 15 May 2015 at Biggin Hill with Peter Monk at the controls. Restoration carried out over 3 years by the Biggin Hill Heritage Hangar, Biggin Hill. It wears the markings EE602 / DV-V from 129 (Mysore) Sqn RAF, along with the authentic inscription 'CENTRAL RAILWAYS URUGUAYAN STAFF' to replicate the markings it wore as a presentation aircraft donated by the British Community in Uruguay.[80]
  • Spitfire Mk.VIII MT818 (G-AIDN). Two-seat trainer, restored to airworthy condition by Personal Plane Services, Booker, Buckinghamshire, flying on 31 March 2016. Based at Biggin Hill.[81]
EP120 displaying at Duxford
  • Spitfire LF Mk.IXb MH434 (G-ASJV). Owned and operated by The Old Flying Machine Company and based at Duxford. Built at Castle Bromwich, MH434 shot down an Fw 190 in 1943 while serving on 222 Squadron. From the 1980s it was usually flown by Ray Hanna, ex-Red Arrows leader and display pilot up until his death in late 2005.[82] 'MH434' has featured at European air shows and has been in many other TV and films including Operation Crossbow, The Longest day, Battle of Britain and Foyle's War .[82]
  • Spitfire Tr.9 MJ627 (G-BMSB). Serve with 441 Squadron, Royal Canadian Air Force, coded 9G-Q. Sold in 1950 to Vickers for conversion into a two-seat trainer, carried Class B markings G-15-171. To Irish Air Corps in June 1951 as 158; ground instruction airframe from April 1960. Sold to Tim Davies in February 1964, registered G-ASOZ. Sold to Maurice Bayliss in September 1976, re-registered G-BMSB. Restored to airworthy condition and flew again on 8 November 1993 marked 9G-Q. As of October 2016 owned by Warbird Experiences Ltd, based at Biggin Hill airfield.[30]
  • Spitfire LF Mk.IXe MK356. Operated by the RAF Battle of Britain Memorial Flight at RAF Coningsby in Lincolnshire. Built at Castle Bromwich and delivered to RAF Digby in 1944.[83]
ML407 "The Grace Spitfire", Duxford 2001. An ex 485(NZ) Squadron Spitfire LF Mk IX which operated over the beach-head on D-Day.
  • Spitfire Tr.9 ML407 (G-LFIX). Served with 485 Squadron, Royal New Zealand Air Force as ML407 / OU-V. Participated in Operation Overlord. Subsequently served with 341 Squadron, Royal Air Force coded ML-D, 308 Squadron, coded ZF-R, 349 Squadron, coded GE-P, 345 Squadron, coded 2Y-A and 332 Squadron, coded AH-B. To 151 Repair Unit in April 1945 and 29 Maintenance Unit in October 1945. Sold to Vickers-Armstrongs in 1950 and converted to a two-seat trainer. Flew under Class B markings G-15-175. To Irish Air Corps in August 1951 as 162. Withdrawn from service 8 July 1960 and stored. Sold to Tony Samuelson in March 1968, then to Sir William Roberts in 1970 and Nick Grace in 1979. Restored to airworthy condition in 1985, registered G-LFIX.Owned by Carolyn Grace and as of October 2016 based at Sywell, it wears the markings it wore when serving with 485 (New Zealand) Squadron.[84][30]
  • Spitfire Tr.9 PT462 (G-CTIX). Owned by the Dragon Flight and based on a private strip in Rhuallt, North Wales. It wears the markings PT462 / SW-A.
  • Spitfire Tr.9 PV202 (G-CCCA). Served with 33 Squadron, Royal Air Force as PV202 / 5R-Q, then with 412 Squadron as PV202 / WZ-M, later coded WZ-W. To 29 Maintenanc Unite in July 1945. Sold to Vickers-Armstrongs in 1950 and converted to two-seat trainer. Carried Class B marks G-15-174. To Irish Air Corps in June 1951 as 161. Flew until 1 December 1960 when withdrawn from active service due to crack in undercarriage strut. Became an instructional airframe. Sold to Sir William Roberts in April 1970, to Strathallan Collection in 1972. Sold in 1979 to Nick Grace, later sold to Steve Atkins. Registered G-BHGH, later re-registered G-TRIX. Subsequently sold to Richard Parker and restored to airworthy condition, maiden flight on 23 February 1990. Sold to Rick Roberts in 1992. Following a major accident at Goodwood in April 2000, the aircraft was sold to Karel Bos / Historic Flying Limited, based at Duxford and was rebuilt. Re-registered G-CCCA. Returned to airworthy condition as Irish Air Corps 161, subsequently operated in Royal Netherlands Air Force livery as H-98. As of October 2016, airworthy marked as 5R-Q. Operated by the Aircraft Restoration Company and based at Duxford.[30]
  • Spitfire HF Mk.IXe RR232 (G-BRSF). Built at Castle Bromwich in 1943 and returned to the UK by the late Jim Pearce in 1989, now owned by Martin Phillips, operated by the Boultbee Flight Academy and based at Goodwood Aerodrome, West Sussex.[85]
  • Spitfire Tr.9 SM520 (G-ILDA). Restored to airworthy condition and purchased at auction by Steve Brooks, the first person to fly pole-to-pole by helicopter in 2005.[86]
  • Spitfire HF Mk.IXe TA805 (G-PMNF). Flies from the former RAF station at Biggin Hill. After the war it was used by the South African Air Force, recovered from a scrap yard, and returned to England in the early 1990s. It wears 234 Squadron markings TA805 / FX-M.[87]
PL965 taxying out for a display
  • Spitfire PR Mk.XI PL965 (G-MKXI). Operated by the Hangar 11 Collection at North Weald. The aircraft conducted over forty operational sorties with 16 Squadron 1944-45.[88]
  • Spitfire PR Mk.XI PL983 (G-PRXI). Ex RAF Photo-reconnaissance HQ and United States Embassy Flight. Restored to airworthy condition and flew in May 2018.[89]
  • Spitfire LF Mk.XVIe TB885 (G-CKUE). Ex 322 (Dutch) Squadron. Cut into sections and buried at RAF Kenley in 1958. Salvaged 1982. Restored to airworthy status by The Spitfire Company (Biggin Hill). Returned to the air on 4 August 2018. Now wearing TB885 / 3W-V of 322Sqn, she is owned by Dutchman Frits van Eerd, CEO of Dutch supermarket chain Jumbo, who intends to base it with the RNLAF Historical Flight at Gilze-Rijen Air Base.[81][90]
TE184 wearing the short-lived 308 Sqn markings at Kraków Air Show, 2014
  • Spitfire LF Mk.XVIe TE184 (G-MXVI). Operated from the Biggin Hill Heritage Hangar, Biggin Hill, Kent. Since 2017, it has the colours and markings of 9N-B to represent the Mk.XVI flown by Czechoslovak ace Flt Lt Otto Smik who was Squadron Commander of 127 Squadron November 1944 Grimbergen Belgium. During June 2014 it was briefly marked as ZF-U of 308 (Polish) Squadron to replicate the mount of Jerzy Glowczewski (now aged 95), a veteran who had flown a similarly marked and coded Spitfire on 1 January 1945 when he claimed a Fw 190 over Ghent, Belgium. The Air Picnic at the Polish Air Museum in Kraków on Saturday 28 June 2014 was attended by both TE184 in these special markings and also Jerzy Glowczewski, allowing him to be reunited with a machine in 'his' markings. TE184 was brought to Poland for this occasion by Jacek Mainka, the first Pole ever to fly a Spitfire into and in Poland. Jacek's late grandfather, Ryszard Kwiatkowski, was a mechanic with 303 and 308 Squadrons during the war and saw Glowczewski off in ZF-U for that mission.
  • Spitfire FR Mk.XVIIIe SM845 (G-BUOS). Imported from Sweden in 2012 following a fatal incident on 21 August 2010, it flew once again at Duxford on 17 December 2013. Owned by Spitfire Ltd and operated from both Duxford and Humberside. It wears the markings of Post-War (July 1950) 28 Squadron based in Hong Kong of overall silver with a red spinner and coded SM845 / -R.[91]
  • Spitfire PR Mk.XIX PM631. Operated by the RAF Battle of Britain Memorial Flight at RAF Coningsby in Lincolnshire. Built as a high altitude reconnaissance aircraft in November 1945.[92] It currently wears the colours of a PR XIX from No 541 Squadron which performed photographic reconnaissance missions over the Europe from early 1944 to the end of the war.[93]
Static Display
Mk.I P9444 on display in the Science Museum, London
Spitfire F.21 LA198 with the animals at Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum, Glasgow
  • Spitfire LF Mk.XVIe TB752. On display at the Hurricane and Spitfire Memorial Museum at the former RAF Manston in authentic Canadian 403 (Wolf) Squadron markings[104] as TB752 / KH-Z.
  • Spitfire LF Mk.XVIe TE462. On display at the National Museum of Flight, Scotland.[105]
  • Spitfire F Mk.21 LA198. Built in September 1944 at South Marston. Assigned to No 1 Sqn (RAF Manston). On 12 May 1947, allocated to 602 Sqn (City of Glasgow) Royal Auxiliary Air Force. Used in the Battle of Britain film. Aircraft is on display since July 2006 at the reopening of Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum Glasgow.[106] It wears the markings LA198 / RAI-G to replicate the colours it wore during its 602 Squadron service.
  • Spitfire F Mk.24 PK683. On display at Solent Sky in Southampton.[107]
  • Spitfire F Mk.24 PK724. On display at the Royal Air Force Museum, Hendon.[108]
  • Spitfire F Mk.24 VN485. A former Hong Kong Auxiliary Air Force aircraft on display at the Imperial War Museum Duxford[109] it wears an all-over silver scheme with a red/white spinner.
  • Seafire F Mk.XVII SX137. On display at the Fleet Air Arm Museum, Yeovilton.[110]
Restoration / Stored (Not on Public Display)
  • Spitfire F Mk.Ia P9372. Under restoration to fly with the Biggin Hill Heritage Hangar, Biggin Hill, Kent, Dutch sources report she is owned by Dutchman Frits van Eerd, CEO of Dutch supermarket chain Jumbo.[111][112][71][113]
  • Spitfire F Mk.IXc LZ842 (G-CGZU). Under restoration to flight at the Biggin Hill Heritage Hangar, Biggin Hill, Kent. It wears the markings LZ842 / EF-F. Restoration is progressing and the Rolls Royce Merlin X has now been fitted.[114] An ex South African Air Force machine, which previously saw service with 93, 232 & 327 Sqns RAF.
MJ271 on static display at an airshow, Duxford
  • Spitfire LF Mk.IXc MK912 (G-BRRA). Built in 1944, this Spitfire flew for the RAF both during and after the Second World War for a number of different air forces, until being damaged in 1953. Passing through various collections, it was restored between 1992 and 2000, flying again for the first time on 8 September 2000. Previously owned and flown by Ed Russell in Niagara Falls, Ontario, MK912 was sold in 2011 to Peter Monk and based at the Biggin Hill Heritage Hangar, Biggin Hill, Kent.[115] Wears the authentic markings MK912 / SH-L. On 1 August 2015, the aircraft suffered a loss of power on take off from Biggin Hill. It was substantially damaged in the ensuing forced landing. The aircraft's owners have pledged to return the aircraft to airworthy status.[116]
  • Spitfire Tr.9 NH341 (G-CICK). Rebuilt to airworthy condition with ARCo at Duxford. Restored as a two-seat Tr.9.[117] A former 411 Sqn machine, it wears the codes DB-E to reflect those it wore when in service with the squadron.[118]
  • Spitfire F Mk.XII EN224 (G-FXII). Under restoration to airworthy condition at RAF Bentwaters in Suffolk. Previously stated that would be complete by June 2012.[119]
  • Spitfire LF Mk.XVIe RW388. Under restoration at Rochester Airport. Formerly on display at the Potteries Museum & Art Gallery, Hanley, Stoke-on-Trent and planned to return to Stoke post-restoration. It was formally presented to the City of Stoke-on-Trent in 1972 and was built by the contractor Vickers Armstrong, in Castle Bromwich. It is fitted with a Merlin 266 (Packard) engine.[120][121]
  • Spitfire LF Mk.XVIe SL611 (G-SAEA).[122] Remains in storage in Staffordshire.
  • Spitfire PR Mk.XIX PS915. Under major refurbishment at Duxford. Operated by the RAF Battle of Britain Memorial Flight at RAF Coningsby in Lincolnshire. Entered service too late for the war, joining 541 Squadron at RAF Benson in June 1945.[123][124] Before entering refurbishment it wore the colours and markings of PS888, a PRXIX of 81 Squadron based at Seletar in Singapore during the Malaya Campaign. This aircraft conducted the last ever operational sortie by an RAF Spitfire when, on 1 April 1954, it flew a photographic mission over an area of jungle in Johore thought to contain hideouts for Communist guerrillas. For the occasion the aircraft’s ground crew painted the inscription ‘The Last!’ on the left engine cowling[125]

United States[edit]

Airworthy
BL628 on display at Oshkosh 2008
  • Spitfire F Mk.Vb BL628 (N628BL). Owned by Lewis Air Legends and based at Encinal, Texas. It wears the markings BL628 / YO-D of 401 (RCAF) Squadron at RAF Gravesend, which it wore during 1942 as the personal aircraft of G. B. "Scotty" Murray. BL628 had the name Marion painted on the fuselage just forward of the cockpit after the pilot's girlfriend, and this detail has been faithfully replicated.[126]
  • Spitfire F Mk.Vc JG891 (N5TF). Was owned and operated by Comanche Fighters, Texas. The aircraft is listed as exported to the United Kingdom as of 25 October 2017.[127]
  • Spitfire LF Mk.IXe MJ730 (N730MJ). Owned by Jerry Yagen and based at the Military Aviation Museum, Virginia Beach, Virginia. In April 1944 MJ730 was assigned to No. 417 Squadron RCAF, then operating in Italy. It flew 95 missions as escort for American bombers over northern Italy. In June 1946, it was transferred to the Italian Air Force. In 1947, MJ730 was used in the film Thunderbolt!, directed by William Wyler. In 1951 it was sold to the Israeli Air Force, and after service ended up in an Israeli playground. In the 1970s, a collector transported it back to Britain for restoration. FedEx founder Fred Smith bought it in 1986.[128][129][130]
MK959 on display at Oshkosh 2005
  • Spitfire LF Mk.IXc MK959 (N959RT). Owned by the Texas Flying Legends Museum.[131]
  • Spitfire LF Mk.IXe SL633 (N633VS). Owned by John Sessions with the Historic Flight Foundation and based at Paine Field, Washington. An historic machine that has served with the Royal Air Force, the Czechoslovakian Air Force, the fledgling Israeli Air Force, and finally the Burmese Air Force. It wears the markings of the Czechoslovakian Air Force as SL633 / JT-10 of the 4th Air Regiment.[132]
  • Spitfire FR Mk.XIVe NH749 (N749DP). Owned and operated by the Commemorative Air Force, based at Camarillo airport, Southern California. Built in late 1944 'NH749' was shipped to India in July 1945 to serve with the RAF's South East Asia Command (SEAC) squadrons. Rendered surplus to requirements by the Japanese surrender in August 1945 'NH749' was placed in storage and sold to the Indian Air Force in late 1947. In 1978 it was rediscovered and transported to England by the Hayden-Bailey brothers. After restoration to flying condition 'NH749' was sold to Keith Wickenden with the civil registration G-MXIV. 'NH749' was later sold to David Price's Museum of Flying in the United States and was operated from 1985 to 2005 when it was once again sold, this time to the CAF.[133] It wears a SEAC colour scheme with the markings NH749 / -L.
SM969 on static display at an airshow, Duxford UK
BL370 on display at the National World War II Museum, New Orleans
Static Display
MA863 at the National Museum of the United States Air Force
  • Spitfire F Mk.Vc MA863. On display at the National Museum of the United States Air Force, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, near Dayton, Ohio.[135] It wears representative Operation Torch markings as MA863 / HL-B, 31st Fighter Group, 308th Fighter Squadron. Ex Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) A58-246, it served with 54 Squadron (RAF) in early 1944 as the personal mount of Sqn Ldr E M Gibbs wearing the codes DL-A. Later served with 452 Squadron (RAAF) coded QY-F.[136]
  • Spitfire LF Mk.VIIIc MT719 (N719MT). On display at the Cavanaugh Flight Museum, Dallas-Addison Airport, Texas. This aircraft served with No. 17 Squadron (RAF) in both India and Burma during 1944/1945. It was transferred to the Royal Indian Air Force at the end of 1947 and served as an instructional airframe.[137] Today it wears the markings and codes worn during its 17 Squadron service as MT719 / YB-J.
  • Spitfire LF Mk.IXc MK923 (N521R). On display at the Museum of Flight in Seattle, Washington following acquisition in 2000.[138] This Spitfire was formerly owned by the late actor Cliff Robertson. From 1972 until 1994, it was flown by Jerry Billing, a Canadian Second World War Spitfire pilot, until he retired from flying Spitfires at age 75.[138] Billing set a record for most Spitfire experience while flying this Spitfire (52​12 years).[138] During Robertson's ownership and Billing's pilot tenure with MK923, the aircraft was mainly based in Windsor, Ontario, Canada. It wears the markings and codes it wore when serving with No. 126 Squadron at RAF Sawbridgeworth, Hertfordshire in mid to late 1944 as MK923 / 5J-Z.
EN474 on display at the Smithsonian, Washington DC
Restoration / Stored (Not on Public Display)
TE308 at an airshow, 2006
  • Spitfire Tr.9 TE308 (N308WK). Initially allocated to 33 Maintenance Unit, then to 29 Maintenance Unit. Sold to Vickers-Armstrongs in July 1950. Converted to a two-seat trainer. Flew under Class B markings G-15-176. To Irish Air Corps in July 1951 as 163. Wheels-up landing on delivery at Baldonnel Airfield on 30 July. Withdrawn from service 9 September 1961. Sold to Tony Samuelson in April 1968, registered G-AWGB. Restored to flying condition in a month. Appeared in the movie Battle of Britain and also used for aerial filming where a camera was placed in the front cockpit allowing 'through the windscreen' shots to be captured, many of which appear in the film. Sold to Sir William Roberts in April 1970 then sold to Don Plumb in July. Registered CF-RAF. Reconverted to single seater in 1973. Sold to Thomas Watson and registered N92477. Sold to Woodson K. Woods and reconverted to two-seater in 1979, re-registered N308WK. Sold to Bill Greenwood in April 2003. Suffered an accident at Galveston, Texas on 26 April 2008. As of October 2016, under restoration to airworthy condition by QG Aviation.[30]
  • Spitfire LF Mk.XVIe TE392 (N97RW). Owned by the Lone Star Flight Museum (LSFM) in Galveston, Texas and currently in storage following damage sustained during Hurricane Ike.[140] It spent time serving as a gate guard at a number of RAF airfields, including RAF Kemble and RAF Hereford, between 1952 and 1984. Originally built as a low-back airframe with a 'bubble' canopy, it made its way into civilian ownership and was restored into high-back configuration and flew once again in Florida on Christmas Eve (24 December) 1999. It wears the markings and colours TE392 / ZX-Z to represent the personal mount of Sqn Ldr Lance C. Wade No. 145 Squadron RAF, a Texan who flew with the RAF from 1940 to 1944 and went on to become an Ace.[141]
PR503 on display at Oshkosh Air Show, 2010
  • Spitfire LF Mk.XVIe TE476 (N476TE). Owned by Kermit Weeks and under refurbishment at his Fantasy of Flight facility, Polk City, Florida.[142] It wears the markings and colours TE476 / GE-D to represent 'TB900' the personal mount of Sqn Ldr Lallemand OC, 349 (Belgian) Squadron RAF in 1945-1946. The original aircraft, 'TB900', was a presentation Spitfire named "Winston Churchill" and the name is faithfully replicated on Port side of the fuselage just below the cockpit along with the tally of aircraft kills and tank victories. Merlin engine fired up again on 14 January 2015 after 17 years of inactivity.[143]
  • Seafire FR Mk.47 VP441 (N47SF). The final variant of the Spitfire family. Owned by Jim Smith and based at his private facility in Montana following restoration by Ezell Aviation.[144]

Zimbabwe[edit]

PK355 on display at Gweru, January 2006
Static Display
  • Spitfire F Mk.22 PK355. On display at the Gweru Military Museum, Gweru, Zimbabwe since 1993. PK355 was built at the Castle Bromwich factory, Birmingham and delivered to the Southern Rhodesian AF as SR.65 on 28 March 1951, it transferred to the Royal Rhodesian AF as RRAF65 in October 1954. After its active service PK355 was initially displayed at the Bulawayo Museum from June 1955 to 1957, then went on to be displayed mounted on a plinth at Thornhill Air Base, Rhodesia between 1960 and 1981. Displayed between 1981 and 1990 at New Sarum Air Base in the Zimbabwe Air Force Museum before transferring to its current location.[145]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

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Bibliography[edit]

  • Deere, Brendon. Spitfire:Return to Flight. Palmerston North, New Zealand: ITL Aviation Limited, 2010. ISBN 978-0-473-16711-0
  • Green, Peter. "Spitfire Against a Lightning." FlyPast, No. 315, October 2007.
  • Price, Alfred. Spitfire: Fighter Supreme. London: Arms & Armour, 1991. ISBN 1-85409-056-9.
  • Ellis, Ken (2008). Wrecks and Relics. Manchester: Crecy Publishing. ISBN 978-0-85979-134-2.

External links[edit]