List of surviving veterans of the Spanish Civil War

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The following is a list of known surviving veterans of the Spanish Civil War (17 July 1936 – 1 April 1939). The total number of participating personnel is unknown, but an estimated 35,000 foreigners fought on the Republican side in what was known as the International Brigades. In addition, Adolf Hitler of Nazi Germany sent as many as 20,000 soldiers (not all at the same time) and Benito Mussolini of Italy sent as many as 60,000 soldiers to fight alongside the soldiers of Spanish General Francisco Franco.

Veterans, for this purpose, are defined as people who were members of the armed forces of one of the combatant forces up to and including the date recognized as the end of the War, which was 1 April 1939.

Republican forces – 30 veterans[edit]

Nationality Name Date of Birth Age Residence Force served Notes
France Almudéver, Vincent 6 July 1917 103 France Unified Socialist Youth Brother of Joseph. Joined in 1936. Fought at Majadahonda and Ebro.[1][2][3]
Spain Astobiza, Juan José Spain Euzko Gudarostea Joined the Martiartu battalion of the PNV.[4]
Spain Llin Belda, Maria "Rosariet" Rosario 1922 Spain Spanish Republican volunteers Served in as a volunteer nurse at the Ontinyent military hospital.[5][6]
Spain Barons Borrellas, Ramon 25 February 1920 101 Spain Spanish Republican Army Served in the 224th Battalion. Fought at the Ebro. Lives in Cardona.[7][8]
Spain Mariné Bruguera, Juan  [ca] 31 December 1920 100 Spain Spanish Republican Army "La quinta del biberón" fighter. Called up in 1938. Served on the Segre. Became a film maker after the war.[9][10]
Spain Canet Català, Andreu 30 November 1920 100 Spain Spanish Republican Army Enlisted in 1938 and joined the 224th Brigade. Served at Balaguer and Ebro. Lives in Cardedeu.[11][12]
Spain Dalmau Colom, Tomàs 6 June 1920 100 Spain Spanish Republican Army Fought on the Segre Front. Lives in Manresa.[13][14][8]
Spain Morera Darbra, Miquel 26 April 1922 99 Spain Spanish Republican Army Joined in 1936 with his father. Served at Teruel, Ebro, and Valsequillo.[15][12]
Spain del Amo Diaz, Alejandro 9 July 1920 100 Spain Euzko Gudarostea Joined the Meabe battalion of the JSU.[16][17]
Spain Cortés Esparraguera, Santos 10 March 1921 100 Spain Spanish Republican Army Joined the 70th Brigade in 1936. Fought at Madrid, Jarama, Guadalajara, Brunete, and Ebro.[18][19]
Spain Ernabide, Ignacio 1 February 1917 104 Spain Euzko Gudarostea Joined the Loiola battalion of the PNV. Served as an instructor due prior weapon experience before the war. Fought at Villarreal.[4]
Spain Gallart, Simó 1920 Spain Spanish Republican Army "La quinta del biberón" fighter. Joined at 18 years old. Fought at Segre and Ebro.[20]
Spain Balbuena Iglesias, Mateo 21 September 1913 107 Spain Euzko Gudarostea
Spanish Republican Army
Participated in the Strike of 1934. Joined the Leandro Carro battalion of the PCE in 1936. Fought at Álava, Biscay, and Bilbao. Later made a lieutenant in the Republican Army. Became a writer after the war.[21][22][4][23]
Spain Cànovas Lapuente, Alfons 4 November 1917 103 Spain Spanish Republican Army Trained with his brother Antoni to participate in the People's Olympiad. Event was cancelled following the outbreak of the Civil War and the brothers enlisted in the Republican Army. Fought on the Aragon front. Later became president of the CN Atlètic-Barceloneta.[24][25][26]
Spain Nogues Martikorena, Gabriel 1920 Euzko Gudarostea [4]
France Almudéver Mateu, Joseph Eduard  [ca] 30 July 1919 101 France International Brigades
Spanish Republican Army
Brother of Vincent. Joined a militia in 1936. Entered the 129th Brigade in 1938. In 2016, declared embassador by Valencia's Government during the October 9 Awards.[27][1][28][29]
Spain Herms Mateu, Josep 11 January 1920 101 Spain Spanish Republican Forces
Nationalist Army
Served as an assistant to his father who was a Republican doctor. Captured by Francoist troops in 1939 and pressed into service before the end of the war.[12][30][8]
Spain Mercader, Artur Tomàs 18 August 1918 102 Spain Spanish Republican Army Enlisted in 1937. Served as a spotter in an artillery unit. Fought at Ebro. Lives in Barcelona.[31][12]
Spain de Miguel Montañés, Miguel 7 June 1921 99 Spain Spanish Republican Air Force Joined the FARE in 1936. Served in a bomber unit. Fought on the Aragon front.[32][33][34]
Spain Arnal Mur, Martín  [es] 12 November 1921 99 Spain CNT-FAI Mobilized in 1938. Fought at Ebro.[35]
Spain Farrés Oliveras, Salvador 4 September 1920 100 Spain Spanish Republican Army Enlisted in 1938. Fought at the Ebro and the Catalonia Offensive.[36][14]
Spain Flórez Peón, Ángeles 17 November 1918 102 Spain Unified Socialist Youth Joined in 1936. Served as a Cook and a Nurse. Arrested in 1937 following the capture of Asturias.[37][38][39]
Spain Pérez, Julián 1919 Spain Unified Socialist Youth
Nationalist Army
Joined Republican forces in 1936. Captured in 1937 and joined Francoist forces to escape staying at a labor camp. Served as a stretcher bearer.[40]
Spain Piñón, Vicens 17 January 1918 103 Spain Spanish Republican Army Joined in 1936. Served as a medic at Belchite.[41]
Spain Pons, Andrés 1917 Argentina Spanish Republican Army Fought at Guadalajara. Became a lieutenant and was captured by Nationalist forces. Spent three years in captivity.[42]
Spain Pons, Joan/Juan Spain Spanish Republican Army "La quinta del biberón" fighter.[24]
Spain Randé Riba, Josep 7 November 1919 101 Spain International Brigades Joined the Rakosi Battalion in 1938. Taken prisoner at Corbera d'Ebre in September, 1938.[43][44]
Spain Sala, Josep 1919 Spain Spanish Republican Army "La quinta del biberón" fighter. Called to service in March 1938.[45]
Spain Toledo, Salvador 12 April 1919 102 Spain Spanish Republican Assault Guard Joined in 1936. Served for three years. Sent to Morocco after the war. Lives in Badajoz.[46]
Spain Navarro Torras, Jaume 2 February 1920 101 Spain Spanish Republican Army Called to service in 1938. Served at Segre and Ebro.[47][12]

Nationalist forces – 9 veterans[edit]

Nationality Name Date of Birth Age Residence Force served Notes
Spain Placeres Alpuin, Pedro 29 June 1920 100 Spain Nationalist Army Enlisted in 1936. Served at Aragon. Left service in 1941. Lives on the Canary Islands.[48]
Spain Pérez Casalderrey, José 1 August 1919 101 Spain Nationalist Army Enlisted in 1936. Fought at Asturias, Teruel, Aragon, and Cartagena.[49]
Spain Díaz de Rábago, Andrés  [gl] 17 October 1917 103 Taiwan Nationalist Army
Spain López López, José 1916 Spain Nationalist Army Joined in 1936. Fought at the Ebro. Joined the Blue Division in 1942 and later served in Russia.[50]
Italy Maiorano, Domenico 11 July 1916 104 Italy Italian Royal Navy Enlisted as a volunteer in 1937.[51][52]
Spain Herms Mateu, Josep 11 January 1920 101 Spain Spanish Republican Forces
Nationalist Army
Served as an assistant to his father who was a Republican doctor. Captured by Francoist troops in 1939 and pressed into service before the end of the war.[12][53][8]
Spain Fernández Olmo, José 11 March 1919 102 Spain Nationalist Army Mobilized at 18 years old. Had two brothers in Republican forces. Fought at Madrid and Catalonia.[8]
Spain Pérez, Julián 1919 Spain Unified Socialist Youth
Nationalist Army
Joined Republican forces in 1936. Captured in 1937 and joined Francoist forces to escape staying at a labor camp. Served as a stretcher bearer.[40]
Spain Revesado, Jesús 1918 Spain Nationalist Army Joined at 18 years old. Served in the 13th Battalion. Lives in Salamanca.[54]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]