List of surviving veterans of the Spanish Civil War

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The following is a list of known surviving veterans of the Spanish Civil War (17 July 1936 – 1 April 1939). The total number of participating personnel is unknown, but an estimated 35,000 foreigners fought on the Republican side in what was known as the International Brigades. In addition, Adolf Hitler of Nazi Germany sent as many as 20,000 soldiers (not all at the same time) and Benito Mussolini of Italy sent as many as 60,000 soldiers to fight alongside the soldiers of Spanish General Francisco Franco.

Veterans, for this purpose, are defined as people who were members of the armed forces of one of the combatant forces up to and including the date recognized as the end of the War, which was 1 April 1939.

Republican forces – 7 veterans[edit]

Nationality Name Date of Birth Age Residence Force served Notes
France Almudéver, José/Joseph 1919 98 France International Brigade and Second Spanish Republic's Popular Army Joined in 1936. In 2016, declared embassador by Valencia's Government during the October 9th Awards.[1]
Spain Aura Boronat, Francisco 20 December 1918 99 Spain Second Spanish Republic Also survivor of the Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp.[2]
Spain Fernandez del Real, Virgilio 26 December 1918 99 Mexico International Brigade [3]
Spain Gallego-Nicasio, Manuel 17 February 1917 100 Spain Second Spanish Republic Last "La quinta del biberón" fighter. Affiliated with PSOE.[4]
Spain González Pérez, Sandalio 3 October 1910 107 Spain Second Spanish Republic Served in Valencia, Teruel, Jaén, and Granada.[5][6]
Spain Núñez Olivera, Francisco 13 December 1904 113 Spain Second Spanish Republic Also last living veteran of The Rif War.[7][8] Oldest living man in the world since 11 August 2017.
Spain Vivancos, Eduardo 19 September 1920 97 Canada Second Spanish Republic Esperantist, served with the 26th Division (Spain).[9]

Nationalist forces – 2 veterans[edit]

Nationality Name Date of Birth Age Residence Force served Notes
Spain Álvarez Limia, José 4 August 1919 98 Spain Nationalist Army Served in Barcelona. Writer.[10]
Spain Olivera, Faustino 1919 99 Spain Nationalist Army Volunteered in 1937. Wounded on 11 November 1938. Had a bullet removed from his shoulder after 70 years. Lives in Barbastro.[11]

See also[edit]


External links[edit]